Intervention by ewghwehws

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									Ethnic Conflicts and Failed States



Matthew Fehrs
Guest Lecture



November 21st, 2005
Introduction to International Relations
Introduction

Why is this topic important?

Definitions

Causes of civil wars

Role of intervention

Prevention and Solutions
Why is this important?
Frequency
Why is this important?
 Frequency

                                  Number   Deaths
                                           (in millions)




             Interstate             25      3.33
                War

              Civil War            127      16.2

Source: Fearon and Laitin, 2003
Why is this important?
Frequency

                                       Number   Deaths
                                                (in millions)




       Interstate                        25      3.33
          War

        Civil War                       127      16.2

     Source: Fearon and Laitin, 2003
Why is this important?
Frequency

Spillover
Why is this important?
Spillover
Why is this important?
Frequency

Spillover

Normative Grounds

Policy Dilemmas
Definitions
General

Motivation
  Ethnic
  Ideological

Goals
  Secession
  Control
Types of Civil Wars

                  Secessionist Control


    Ideological   United        Russian
                  States        Chinese

    Ethnic        Indonesia     Lebanon
                  Philippines
Types of Civil Wars
Spain
  Ideological
  Control




Source: http://www.history-of
    flight.net/Aviation%20history/WW2/3.jpg
Types of Civil Wars
Sudan
  Ethnic Conflicts
  Secessionist
Causes of Civil Wars
Security Dilemma in Failed States

Elite Manipulation of Ethnic Diversity

Greed

Grievance
Security Dilemma in Failed States

Serbia,
Croatia,
Bosnia and
Herzegovina,
Montenegro,
Slovenia,
Macedonia
Elite Manipulation
Slobodan Milosevic




George Rutaganda
Greed: Conflict Diamonds




               Source: Amnesty International
    Grievance
     Voting



     Vs.



     Violence




Sources: CNN, http://www.needlenose.com/i/swopa/RamadiStreet.jpg
    Intervention
     Spectrum




Speeches                       Economic Aid   Support Opposition Military Action


Low Coercion                            Moderate Coercion         High Coercion
Adopted from Nye, 158, Figure 6.1
Intervention
Sovereignty vs. Human Rights
Intervention
Sovereignty vs. Human Rights

Schools of Though
  Realist
  Cosmopolitan
  State Moralists
Intervention
Sovereignty vs. Human Rights

Schools of Though
  Realist
  Cosmopolitan
  State Moralists

Problems
Prevention
Separation
  Regional Autonomy
  Statehood
Prevention
Separation
  Regional Autonomy
  Statehood

Outside Guarantees
Prevention
Separation
  Regional Autonomy
  Statehood

Outside Guarantees

Power Sharing
Further Interest?
Websites:
  International Crisis Group
  Human Rights Watch
  Alertnet
Documentaries
  Frontline, “Ghosts of Rwanda”
Books
  We Wish to Inform You That Tomorrow We Will be
    Killed With Our Families: Stories from Rwanda -
    Gourevitch
  A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide
    - Power

								
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