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					                    A plant is a(an)
1. unicellular               25%   25%   25%   25%
   prokaryote.
2. multicellular
   prokaryote.
3. unicellular
   eukaryote.
4. multicellular
   eukaryote.


1   2   3   4   5             1     2     3     4
    Which of the following is NOT a
     characteristic of all plants?
1.       are eukaryotic      25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       have cell walls
3.       produce seeds
4.       are multicellular




1    2    3   4   5          1      2     3     4
     To produce spores, all plants
            must undergo
1.       mitosis.         25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       meiosis.
3.       fertilization.
4.       asexual
         reproduction.




1    2    3   4   5       1      2     3     4
            Plants use the energy of
                   sunlight to
1. exchange gases         25%   25%   25%   25%
   with the atmosphere.
2. take in water from
   the soil.
3. carry out cellular
   respiration.
4. carry out
   photosynthesis.


1   2   3    4   5        1      2     3     4
    Without gas exchange, a plant
         would be unable to
1.       make food.          25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       absorb sunlight.
3.       make minerals.
4.       absorb water from
         the soil.




1    2    3   4   5          1      2     3     4
     Which of the following is NOT
                 true?
1.       Plants have adaptations that maximize
         light absorption.                       25%   25%   25%   25%
2.       Plants require more water on a sunny
         day.
3.       Plants get the water they need from
         the atmosphere.
4.       Plants can lose water while
         exchanging gases with the
         atmosphere.
                                                 1      2     3     4




1    2    3   4   5
        The first plants evolved from
1. mosses.                   25%   25%   25%   25%
2. an organism similar
   to multicellular green
   algae.
3. a protist that lived on
   land.
4. photosynthetic
   prokaryotes.


1   2    3   4   5           1      2     3     4
        Living on land required that
                   plants
1. evolve              25%   25%   25%   25%
   photosynthetic
   pigments.
2. conserve water.
3. exchange gases.
4. have cell walls.



1   2   3   4   5       1     2     3     4
                       Without plants,
1.       animals could not live on
                                      25%   25%   25%   25%
         land.
2.       there would be no green
         algae in the oceans.
3.       animals could not undergo
         cellular respiration.
4.       there would be no carbon
         dioxide in the atmosphere.




1    2     3   4   5                  1      2     3     4
    Which of the following statements
       is true about bryophytes?
1.       They have specialized tissues that      25%   25%   25%   25%


         conduct water.
2.       They draw up water by osmosis.
3.       They are not highly dependent on
         water.
4.       They are a group of plants made up of
         algae and mosses.                       1      2     3     4




1    2    3   4   5
Bryophytes need standing water
              to
1. reproduce.         25%   25%   25%   25%

2. draw up water by
   osmosis.
3. undergo
   photosynthesis.
4. grow tall.



1   2   3   4   5     1      2     3     4
         Because bryophytes do not
         have vascular tissue, they
1.       do not conduct water.     25%   25%   25%   25%
2.       grow close to the
         ground.
3.       can draw up water only
         a few centimeters above
         the ground.
4.       all of the above




1    2    3   4   5                1      2     3     4
     In liverworts, the structures that
    produce eggs and sperm look like
1.       fronds.       25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       horns.
3.       liver.
4.       tiny green
         umbrellas.




1    2    3   4   5    1      2     3     4
    Which one of the following structures
    has functions similar to that of roots?

1.       gemma           25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       rhizoid
3.       capsule
4.       stalk




1    2    3   4   5       1     2     3     4
     Which of the following is NOT
         true about mosses?
1.       They are the most common               25%   25%   25%   25%

         bryophytes.
2.       Long, thin cells called gemmae
         anchor them in the ground.
3.       They are the most abundant plants in
         polar regions.
4.       Some mosses form clumps of
         gametophytes growing together.         1      2     3     4




1    2    3   4   5
     What is the sperm-producing
      structure of a bryophyte?
1.       gemma         25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       archegonium
3.       rhizoid
4.       antheridium




1    2    3   4   5    1      2     3     4
Which of the following is LEAST
    related to the others?
1.       protonema     25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       sporophyte
3.       gametophyte
4.       rhizoid




1    2    3   4   5    1      2     3     4
In bryophytes, haploid reproductive
     cells are produced by the
1. haploid stage.     25%   25%   25%   25%

2. diploid stage.
3. gametophyte and
   sporophyte.
4. all of the above




1   2   3   4   5     1      2     3     4
    Which of the following includes
           all the others?
1.       xylem             25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       vascular tissue
3.       phloem
4.       tracheids




1    2    3   4   5        1      2     3     4
        Xylem and phloem are NOT
1. conducting          25%   25%   25%   25%
   tissues.
2. vascular tissues.
3. present in
   bryophytes.
4. present in ferns.



1   2   3   4   5      1      2     3     4
         Xylem tissue is important to
              ferns because it
1.       can conduct water over     25%   25%   25%   25%
         long distances.
2.       allows water to diffuse
         into the roots.
3.       carries carbohydrates to
         all parts of the plant.
4.       allows ferns to
         reproduce in dry
         environments.



1    2    3   4   5                 1      2     3     4
                    Club mosses are
1. nonvascular               25%   25%   25%   25%
   plants.
2. seed plants.
3. seedless vascular
   plants.
4. none of the above



1   2   3   4   5            1      2     3     4
                Horsetails do NOT
1. have xylem             25%   25%   25%   25%
   tissue.
2. produce seeds.
3. have roots.
4. have phloem
   tissue.



1   2   3   4   5         1      2     3     4
              Which of the following
               statements is true?
1.       Ferns can thrive in areas
                                        25%   25%   25%   25%
         with little light.
2.       Unlike club mosses, ferns
         grow in moist environments.
3.       Fern fronds grow from the
         plant’s roots.
4.       The leaves of Equisetum lack
         bundles of vascular tissue.




1    2    3   4   5                     1      2     3     4
                    Fern spores are
1. produced by the           25%   25%   25%   25%
   gametophyte.
2. produced in the
   rhizomes.
3. called sori.
4. produced in
   sporangia.


1   2   3   4   5            1      2     3     4
         Which of the following
     structures in ferns is diploid?
1.       gametophyte   25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       sporangium
3.       egg
4.       spore




1    2    3   4   5    1      2     3     4
     How is the fern life cycle different
        from the moss life cycle?
1.       A fern gametophyte always has       25%   25%   25%   25%

         both archegonia and antheridia.
2.       The young gametophyte is haploid.
3.       The mature sporophyte is diploid.
4.       The mature sporophyte grows from
         the gametophyte.
                                             1      2     3     4




1    2    3   4   5
     Which of the following includes a plant
     embryo, a food supply, and a protective
                   covering?
1.    pollen grain         25% 25%    25%  25%

2.    spore
3.    seed
4.    gametophyte




1    2   3   4   5         1     2     3    4
    Seed-bearing plants differ from
        all other plants in that
1.       they have vascular        25%   25%   25%   25%
         tissue.
2.       they do not have a
         gametophyte
         generation.
3.       their gametes do not
         require water for
         fertilization to occur.
4.       all of the above



1    2    3   4   5                1      2     3     4
     The gametophytes of gymnosperms are
    found inside reproductive structures called

1.       flowers.          25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       cones.
3.       embryos.
4.       angiosperms.




1    2    3   4   5         1     2     3     4
    When land environments became
      drier millions of years ago,
1.       many moss and fern        25%   25%   25%   25%
         species became extinct.
2.       mosses evolved
         vascular tissue.
3.       mosses and ferns no
         longer required water
         for reproduction.
4.       many angiosperm
         species became extinct.



1    2    3   4   5                1      2     3     4
The most ancient surviving seed
        plants are the
1.       mosses.        25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       liverworts.
3.       ferns.
4.       gymnosperms.




1    2    3   4   5     1      2     3     4
               Which of the following
              statements is NOT true?
1.       Seed plants can coexist with          25%   25%   25%   25%

         seedless plants.
2.       The evolution of seed plants
         caused many species of mosses
         and ferns to become extinct.
3.       Early seed plants were successful
         because they were adapted to dry
         environments.                         1      2     3     4




4.       Fossils of seed-bearing plants
         exist from almost 360 million years
         ago.

1    2    3    4   5
 The four groups of gymnosperms
are conifers, cycads, ginkgoes, and
1.       bryophytes.    25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       horsetails.
3.       liverworts.
4.       gnetophytes.




1    2    3   4   5     1      2     3     4
    Which gymnosperms produce
          exposed seeds?
1. conifers only         25%   25%   25%   25%
2. conifers and cycads
   only
3. conifers and
   ginkgoes only
4. conifers, cycads,
   gnetophytes, and
   ginkgoes


1   2   3   4   5        1      2     3     4
     There is evidence that Ginkgo
                 biloba
1.       was the first gymnosperm to have   25%   25%   25%   25%

         evolved.
2.       evolved before most other living
         species of seed plants.
3.       evolved from an angiosperm.
4.       has characteristics that differ
         greatly from its ancestors.
                                            1      2     3     4




1    2    3   4   5
Angiosperms produce seeds inside
   protective structures called
1.       pollen grains.   25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       cones.
3.       ovaries.
4.       petals.




1    2    3   4   5       1      2     3     4
       Which term below is least
     closely related to the others?
1.       fruit        25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       seed
3.       ovary
4.       cone




1    2    3   4   5   1      2     3     4
    The specialized reproductive structure
      that evolved most recently is the

1.       seed.           25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       pollen grain.
3.       ovary.
4.       gametophyte.




1    2    3   4   5      1      2     3     4
     An example of a monocot is a
1.       tomato.      25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       lily.
3.       rose.
4.       daisy.




1    2    3   4   5   1      2     3     4
        The number of seed leaves
              distinguishes
1. club mosses from   25%   25%   25%   25%
   mosses.
2. angiosperms from
   gymnosperms.
3. two classes of
   angiosperms.
4. seed plants from
   seedless plants.


1   2   3   4   5     1      2     3     4
    Unlike a dicot, a monocot has
1. four or five petals    25%   25%   25%   25%
   per flower.
2. two cotyledons.
3. taproots.
4. parallel leaf veins.




1   2   3   4   5         1      2     3     4
    Flowering plants that complete a life cycle
    within a single growing season are called

1.       annuals.          25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       dicots.
3.       perennials.
4.       monocots.




1    2    3   4   5         1     2     3     4
         Which type of plant lives the
                  longest?
1.       annual              25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       biennial
3.       perennial
4.       none of the above




1    2    3   4   5          1      2     3     4
               Which of the following
              statements is NOT true?
1.       The roots of a perennial do not die at
         the end of the growing season.
2.       A biennial is smaller during its         25%   25%   25%   25%
         second growing season.
3.       The stems of some perennials die at
         the end of the growing season.
4.       A biennial flowers only once.



                                                  1      2     3     4




1    2    3    4   5
If an organism is multicellular, it cannot be a
    plant. _________________________

1. True                      50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5            1            2
   Losing excessive amounts of water through
evaporation may affect a plant’s ability to carry out
 photosynthesis. _________________________

1. True                         50%         50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5                1             2
Figure 22–1 shows the evolutionary relationship of
   the major plant groups living on Earth today.
         _________________________

1. True                                50%    50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5                      1        2
 Bryophytes are low-growing because they
           lack vascular tissue.
      _________________________
1. True                    50%    50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5         1         2
     Bryophytes include ferns, liverworts, and
    hornworts. _________________________

1. True                       50%       50%
2. False




1    2   3   4   5            1           2
  Having archegonia and antheridia located
 on the same moss plant would help ensure
 fertilization. _________________________
1. True                     50%      50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5         1           2
    Xylem tissue transports solutions of nutrients and
      carbohydrates produced by photosynthesis.
             _________________________

1. True                            50%        50%
2. False




1    2   3   4   5                 1             2
    The thick cell walls of tracheids prevent the cells
     from bulging when water moves through them.
            _________________________

1. True                            50%         50%
2. False




1    2   3   4   5                  1             2
   Tracheids extend from the roots to the
          leaves of a club moss.
      _________________________
1. True                    50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5           1          2
A frond is part of a fern’s haploid stage.
    _________________________

1. True                  50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5         1          2
    The most important adaptation that enabled the ancestors
        of gymnosperms and angiosperms to live in dry
                 environments was the spore.
                _________________________
1. True                               50%          50%
2. False




1     2   3   4   5                    1              2
    Welwitschia is a gnetophyte that lives in the
     desert. _________________________

1. True                        50%        50%
2. False




1    2   3   4   5              1           2
Unique reproductive features commonly known as
   flowers are characteristic of gymnosperms.
         _________________________

1. True                     50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5            1           2
  If a seed has two cotyledons, it will have
                fibrous roots.
        _________________________
1. True                     50%         50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5            1           2
Biennials are pollinated during their first year
 of growth. _________________________

1. True                      50%        50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5             1           2
          Participant Scores
0   Participant 1
0   Participant 2
0   Participant 3
0   Participant 4
0   Participant 5
The ____________________ of
all plants are made of cellulose.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
                  Plants need to exchange
______________________________ with the atmosphere
 in order to carry out the processes of photosynthesis and
                          respiration.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    38

Figure 22–1
    According to Figure 22–1, cone-bearing
            plants evolved before
          ____________________.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
      Figure 22–1 shows that plants evolved
    _________________________ before they
                 evolved seeds.




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
        The sperm of bryophytes need
    ____________________ to reach eggs of
              other individuals.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
          If you planted a bryophyte in a dry
        environment, it would lose water by the
         process of ____________________.




1   2    3   4    5
             0 of 5
    Water moves from cell to cell in the rhizoids
           of a moss by the process of
            ____________________.




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
    The capsule of a moss produces
       ____________________.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
     In moss plants, the diploid zygote is the
    beginning of the ____________________
             stage of the life cycle.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    Ferns can live in shaded areas of a forest
         most likely because they have
           ____________________.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    If a sorus on a fern contains 1000 spores, it
               will produce about 1000
              ____________________.




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
    Most seeds can survive extreme heat for
     long periods because they have a(an)
           ____________________.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
Depending on its life span, a plant can be an
          annual, perennial, or
        ____________________.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
        Farmers must plant wheat each year
             because wheat is a(an)
            ____________________.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    The ____________________ of an
herbaceous perennial do not die over winter.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    Why is the sporophyte phase of
           all plants diploid?




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
     Why is diffusion the process in which water and
    nutrients move throughout simpler types of plants
          but not through more complex plants?




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
   Why are bryophytes considered to be
successful land plants even though they are
             not fully terrestrial?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    How are the rhizoids of mosses similar
      to roots? How are they different?




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
    Why is Equisetum sometimes
       called scouring rush?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
     Why are the roots, stems, and leaves of
    ferns and their relatives considered to be
                       true?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    Describe the structure of a fern
            gametophyte.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
            What is a pollen grain?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    What formed the coal deposits
    in the eastern United States?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    What does the term living fossil
               mean?




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
      Although cycads do not need water to
    reproduce, they grow in wet environments.
                  Suggest why.




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
                     Define fruit.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    What could cause an angiosperm seedling
    to grow a long distance from the location of
                 its parent plant?




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
    Contrast the number of cotyledons
         in a monocot and dicot.




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
Are lilies more closely related to corn or
     to roses? Explain your answer




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    Describe similarities between multicellular
     green algae and plants. What do these
              similarities suggest?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    What is the evolutionary relationship between the
    angiosperms and gymnosperms living today? Did
    the angiosperms evolve from the gymnosperms?




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
    Describe how a sporophyte is formed
    during the life cycle of a moss plant.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
        Explain the importance of
        vascular tissue in plants.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    Compare and contrast the sporophyte stages of mosses
       and ferns. Include at least two similarities and two
     differences. Then, do the same for their gametophyte
                             stages.




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
What structure in the fern life cycle is analogous to
the embryo in a seed? How are the two structures
         similar? How are they different?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
     How do animals aid in the
    reproduction of seed plants?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
     What is a seed fern, and why are
    seed ferns important to biologists?




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
  How might Earth be different today if the
continents had not become much drier about
           400 million years ago?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
         Compare and contrast
    angiosperms and gymnosperms.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5

				
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