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                                     Panning is for action shots of subjects moving at a fairly even pace in
                                        one direction – This contradicts all thoughts about holding your camera
                                        steady – panning means swinging the camera horizontally with the moving
                                        subject, to record a panorama; requires steadiness – as follow through
                                        camera motion must be smooth and level. Example: Assume your target is
                                        a boy on a bike. Center the subject in your viewfinder until the boy and
                                        bike are where you want them, then click your picture and continue to
follow the subject for a moment – the way a golfer swings through after his driver has made contact with the
ball. In this way it is possible to maintain a smooth motion throughout the entire operation. Practice pressing
the shutter release gently.

When the panning is done correctly, the subject will be in reasonably sharp focus and have a blurred
background. The backgrounds will have a definite blurred illusion of movement. If your swing the camera
slowly there will be less blur; if your swing it fast, there will be more blur which will heighten the impression of
speed.                                                           •Use 1/15 of a second to pan the subject.

                            Stopping Action is when film is exposed to record a moving subject, in a
                            fraction of a second. A shutter speed of 1/500 second permits 1/10 as much
                            movement on the film as a 1/60 shutter speed setting. In other words, the 1/60
                            seconds allows ten times as much chance for blur on the film as 1/500. *

                            A shutter speed that records action without blurring is said to stop, or freeze the

                            •Using shutter speeds of 500 or higher will give you the clearest STOP ACTION.

                                              Blurred Action is using a slow shutter speed below 1/60. The
                                              action being photographed will register “blurry” on the film. In a
                                              photograph utilizing this movement technique, the background
                                              should be clearly focused and only the subject will show
                                              movement or blur.

                                                 At a very slow shutter speed, 1/30 or less, use a tripod, or the
                                                  entire picture will blur.

                                             •Be sure to read your light meter and change the aperture
accordingly. If you have a slow shutter speed you will need a small aperture opening. If you have a fast shutter
speed, you will need a larger aperture opening.

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