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					GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS
LOK SABHA
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO      132
ANSWERED ON     01.08.2011

POLLUTION IN RIVERS
132 . Shri BHUPENDRA SINGH
Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS be pleased to state:-


(a) whether according to recent report of Central Pollution Control Board the water of major rivers
in the country has been found polluted;

(b) if so, the details thereof;

(c) the plan of the Government to make pollution free the major rivers in the country including
Ganga, Yamuna, Narmada etc.;

(d) the details of funds sanctioned, released and incurred for the purpose during the last three years,
river-wise; and

(e) the steps taken/proposed to be taken to reduce pollution of these rivers?
ANSWER

THE MINISTER OF STATE (INDEPENDENT CHARGE) FOR ENVIRONMENT AND
FORESTS (SMT. JAYANTHI NATARAJAN)

(a) to (e)     Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) is monitoring water quality of rivers at 1085
locations covering 383 rivers in terms of Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Bio-chemical Oxygen Demand
(BOD) and Fecal Coliforms etc. Based on BOD levels, 150 polluting river stretches have been
identified by CPCB.

Conservation of rivers is an ongoing and collective effort of the Central and State Governments.
This Ministry is supplementing the efforts of the State Governments for abatement of pollution in
rivers through the National River Conservation Plan (NRCP). Creation of infrastructure for sewage
management and disposal is also being undertaken through other central schemes, such as
Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission and Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme
for Small and Medium Towns, as well as under state schemes.

The river conservation programme started with the launching of the Ganga Action Plan (GAP) in
1985 in the identified polluted stretches of the river Ganga. The Plan was expanded to include other
major rivers under NRCP, which presently covers 39 rivers in 185 towns spread over 20 states. The
schemes are implemented on a cost sharing basis between the Centre and the States.

An expenditure of Rs.4475 crore has been incurred and sewage treatment capacity of 4417 million
litres per day (mld) has been created so far under NRCP. Pollution abatement schemes undertaken
include interception, diversion and treatment of sewage; low cost sanitation works on river banks;
electric/improved wood crematoria etc.

The Central Government has constituted the National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) in
February, 2009 as an empowered authority for conservation of the river Ganga by adopting a
holistic approach. The Authority has decided that under ‘Mission Clean Ganga’, it will be ensured
that by year 2020, no untreated municipal sewage and industrial effluents flow into Ganga.

For abatement of pollution of river Yamuna, Yamuna Action Plan (YAP) is being implemented by
the Government with assistance from Japan International Cooperation Agency in the three states of
Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Delhi in a phased manner. Besides YAP, the Government of NCT of
Delhi has taken up sewerage and sewage treatment works under other schemes to fully address the
pollution load being discharged into Yamuna. For conservation of river Narmada, pollution
abatement works have been taken up in the towns of Jabalpur and Hoshangabad in Madhya
Pradesh.

A statement indicating details of funds sanctioned and released to the States and expenditure
incurred during the last three years is at Annexure.

                                                  Annexure
      Annexure referred to in reply to parts (a) to (e) of Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No.132 to be
                                                  answered
                        on Monday, the 1   st August, 2011 on ‘Pollution in Rivers’
State-wise and Year-wise funds released and expenditure incurred during 2008 to 2011 under
National River Conservation Plan
                                                                                                  (Rs. in crore)
                                                     Funds Sanctioned & Released      Expenditure incurred
Sl.    State               River                               by the GoI           (including states’ share)
                                                     2008-09 2009-10       2010-11 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11
1      Andhra Pradesh      Godavari & Musi               25.38       36.89     0.00 101.04       4.65 23.08
2      Bihar               Ganga                          0.00       15.37    20.00    -       -          -
                           Damodar, Ganga &
3      Jharkhand                                          0.00       0.00      0.00    -             -             -
                           Subarnarekha
4      Gujarat             Sabarmati                      1.49       0.00      0.39    -             -                 0.62
5      Goa                 Mandovi                        0.00       0.00      0.00    -                 2.57      -
                           Bhadra, Tunga-bhadra,
6      Karnataka           Cauvery, Tunga &               2.25       0.00      0.96        0.85          0.10      -
                           Pennar
                           Krishna, Godavari, Tapi
7      Maharastra                                         0.35       7.38     11.82        0.38     0.42               3.87
                           & Panchganga
                           Betwa, Tapti,
                           Wainganga, Khan,
8      Madhya Pradesh      Narmada, Kshipra,              3.35       0.90      0.00        1.96          2.67      -
                           Beehar, Chambal &
                           Mandakini.
9      Orissa              Brahmini & Mahanadi           16.44       0.00     0.00       0.26            5.78       3.78
10     Punjab              Satluj & Beas                  0.00       0.00    45.75     14.07             4.95      26.61
11     Rajasthan           Chambal                        0.00      20.00     0.00     -             -             22.41
                           Cauvery, Adyar, Cooum,
12     Tamilnadu           Vennar, Vaigai &               9.52       3.10      0.00    24.13             3.25          5.18
                           Tambarani
13     Delhi               Yamuna                        45.85      66.50    83.29     69.15        119.12      181.63
14     Haryana             Yamuna                        20.80      14.90     4.10     24.70         15.41        2.58
                           Yamuna, Ganga &
15     Uttar Pradesh                                    105.60     112.80   238.59    171.98        153.64      196.19
                           Gomti
16     Uttrakhand          Ganga                          2.50      17.94    31.88     13.81         16.50             8.47
                           Ganga, Damodar &
17     West Bengal                                       29.60      57.08   194.13     30.64         28.14         44.19
                           Mahananda
18    Kerala               Pamba                          1.00       0.00     0.00     -             -           -
19    Sikkim               Rani Chu                       5.00      15.00    26.14         6.54      13.70       39.10
20    Nagaland             Diphu & Dhansiri               0.00       0.00     0.00     -             -           -
Total                                                   269.13     367.86   657.05    459.51        370.90      577.71

				
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