25_47BoatCrew_Kolarich_ by cuiliqing

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									                                          Boat Crew Study Guide
                                          SN Brook Kolarich June 2012
                                                STA Montauk

The 8 responsibilities of a boat crewman
     Helm
     Anchor watch
     Lookout
     Tow watch
     Rig towing and mooring lines
     Operate damage control equipment
     Act as a surface swimmer
     Administer first aid

Reporting a Contact as a Lookout
Description-Bearing-Distance
“I have a white fishing vessel bearing 2-1-0, 200 yards out”
Bearing drift: Alert coxswain as to direction contact is traveling, either right or left bearing drift, or a
possible overtaking situation.
Aspect: What part of the vessel do you see? Port, stern, bow, etc. At night, use navigation lights to identify.
Target Angle: Used for contacts in the air such as helos and airplanes.

First Aid

Shock: Shock is a depressed physiological or psychological state.

Shock Syndrome: A set of symptoms which can occur either singly or as a group. These symptoms are
unique to each person and can change throughout the process of treating an injury. Symptoms may develop
rapidly or may have a delayed onset. Each symptom may manifest differently in each person.

Causes of shock:
    Trauma
    Allergic reactions
    Hypothermia
    Drugs
    Toxins
    Emotional state
    Heart attack or stroke

Symptoms of shock:
    Restlessness
    Fainting
    Thirst
    Nausea
    Fright
    Anxiousness
    Weakness
    Dizziness

Signs of shock:
     Weak and rapid pulse
     Shallow, rapid, or irregular breathing
     Cold, clammy, sweating skin
     Dilated pupils
     Altered or changing state of consciousness


Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
Treating Shock:
 If not hypothermic, have person lie on their back and elevate their legs. If victim is unconscious, check
vitals and start rescue breathing or CPR as necessary.

Fatigue: Mental and physical fatigues are among the greatest dangers during boating operations. Fatigue
reduces the powers of observation, concentration, and judgment.

Situations that may cause fatigue:
     Extreme hot or cold weather conditions
     Eye strain from lookout, sun conditions, sea spray, etc
     Effort to maintain balance
     Stress
     Loud noises
     Lack of sleep
     boredom

Three types of bleeding:
     Arterial: From an artery, bright red, gushes forth in spurts that are in synch with person’s pulse
     Venous: From a vein, is dark read and comes in a steady flow
     Capillary: From capillaries, is bright red and oozing

Controlling bleeding:
     Direct pressure: The best method of controlling hemorrhaging is by applying direct pressure to
         the wound. The palm of a gloved hand should be placed over the wound. Sterile, disposable gloves
         should be used. To reduce the flow of bleeding, the injury should be raised so it is at a level higher
         than the heart.
     Pressure points: If bleeding persists after applying direct pressure, you may need to apply pressure
         to a pressure point to stop the flow of blood to the area. Apply direct and constant pressure.




                                                                                                 Temporal
                                                                                                 Facial
                                                                                                 Carotid
                                                                                                 Subclavian
                                                                                                 Axillary
                                                                                                 Brachial
                                                                                                 Radial/Ulnar
                                                                                                 Femoral Upper
                                                                                                 Femoral Lower
                                                                                                 Popliteal
                                                                                                 Dorsalis Pedis




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
        Elevation: Elevate the bleeding body part above the heart.
        Tourniquet: If severe bleeding cannot be controlled after trying all other means and the
         victim is in danger of bleeding to death, use a tourniquet. Remember that a tourniquet is useful
         only on arms and legs. A tourniquet is a constricting band placed around an extremity, then
         tightened until bleeding from an artery has stopped. When a tourniquet is required, use the
         tourniquets available in a standard Coast Guard first aid kit. Otherwise, use any wide
         gauge material such as a webbed belt strap with a buckle. This should be used as a last resort.
         When used, write the time on the victim’s forehead that the tourniquet was tied.
              o Refer to the following procedures when applying a tourniquet:
                   1) Place the tourniquet two to three inches above the wound, but not touching
                      the wound edges. If the wound is in a joint area or just below a joint, place
                      the tourniquet directly above the joint.
                   2 )Wrap the tourniquet band tightly around the limb twice and secure it in
                      place.
                   3) Attach a note to the victim giving the location of the tourniquet and the time
                      that it was applied. Always leave the tourniquet exposed to view. If it is not
                      possible to attach a note, write the letter “T” on the patient’s forehead with a
                      grease pen, lipstick, or other suitable marker, and show the time it was applied.
                   4) After making the decision, and applying a tourniquet, DO NOT LOOSEN.
                   5) Continue to treat for shock and obtain medical attention IMMEDIATELY.

Compound (open) Fracture: The bone has broken and an open wound is present. The bone may be
protruding out of the wound or skin.

Simple (closed) Fracture: The bone is broken or cracked but no open wound is present. Care must be taken
to limit movement of the bone to prevent an open fracture form occurring.

Three types of burns:
     1st degree: Mildest type of burn. Only the outer most layers of skin are affected. Produces redness,
         increased warmth, tenderness, and mild pain.
     2nd degree: Extend through the outer layers of skin into the inner layers, but not enough to prevent
         rapid regenerative growth of skin cells. Blisters, severe pain, redness, and warmth may be present.
     3rd degree: These types of burns penetrate the full thickness of the skin, destroying both the inner
         and outer layers. Severe pain may be present but is commonly absent as the nerve endings may be
         burnt off. Color may range from white and lifeless to charred and black. Healing requires many
         months and commonly skin graphs are needed.
Burn treatment:
     1st degree: Immerse in cold water until pain subsides, cover with a sterile dressing.
     2nd degree: Immerse in cold water until pain subsides, do not break the blisters, wrap in sterile
         dressing
     3rd degree: Cover burn to prevent infection. Treat for shock, do not give person any food or water,
         and check vitals every five minutes, alert EMS as soon as possible.

Anaphylactic shock:
    A rapid, extreme allergic reaction.
    Symptoms:
            o Itching skin
            o Hives
            o Flushing
            o Swelling lips, hands, tongue, feet or throat
            o Abdominal cramps
            o Coughing
            o Headache
            o Shortness of breath



Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
              o Loss of consciousness
              o Altered mental status
     Treatment:
              o Requires medication to counteract the allergic reaction to the substance.
              o If the victim carries an epinephrine kit, crewmembers may assist them in administering it,
                  if trained.
              o The victim should be treated for shock, and if necessary, administered CPR.
              o Some cases of anaphylactic shock are so extreme death may occur in just a few minutes.
Heart attack:
     A heart attack is always considered a medical emergency since the victim is in significant danger
         of going into cardiopulmonary arrest and dying.
     Medical assistance should be contacted immediately.
     Symptoms:
              o Severe, crushing type pain under the breastbone, arms, neck, and jaw.
              o Profuse sweating, shortness of breath
              o Extreme anxiety
              o Nausea and vomiting
              o Bluish discoloration of lips, fingernails, and skin
     Treatment
              o Keep the victim quiet and at rest
              o Administer oxygen if trained to do so
              o Place victim in a position that comfortable to them
              o Seek immediate medical attention and notify local EMS
              o Determine if the victim is taking any medication for their heart such as nitroglycerine
              o Reassure the patient that assistance is on the way or that transportation to a hospital is
                  imminent
              o Transport the victim as quickly as possible

Scuba incident (BENDS):
     Also known as decompression sickness
     Treatment:
             o Immediately notify EMS and start transport to nearest recompression facility
             o Place the diver on their left side with head down and provide oxygen if available
             o Treat for shock but do no elevate legs
             o Get dive profile ( how deep & for how long)
             o Secure dive gear for transport with victim

Hypothermia:
    A lowering of a person’s core body temperature.
    Signs and symptoms:
           o Low body temperature
           o Low blood pressure
           o Slow, weak pulse
           o Unconsciousness
           o Cold skin, possible shivering or chattering of the teeth
           o May seem disoriented
           o Slow and labored breathing
           o Slurred speech
           o Dilated pupils
    Body temperature:
           o Body temp is the most useful yard stick for identifying hypothermia. Victims will have a
             rectal temperature below normal. Only rectal temperatures are of value, since it is the
             body’s core temperature that determines the severity of hypothermia.
    Treatment:
           o Remove wet clothing and replace with dry clothing or blankets in a warm environment.



Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
Emergencies caused by heat: Cramps, Heat Exhaustion, and Stroke.

Stroke:
     A stroke is any bleeding or clotting affecting the blood vessels of the brain.
     Symptoms: Person may not be sweating any more
           o Unconsciousness
           o Shock
           o Confusion
           o Dizziness
           o Facial droop
           o Impaired vision
           o Difficulty speaking
           o Seizures
           o Numbness/weakness on one side of the body
     Treatment:
           o Activate EMS and notify local medical assistance immediately
           o Treat for shock
           o Help the victim maintain an open airway and provide rescue breathing if necessary

Cramps:
    Painful contractions of various skeletal muscles. Caused by depletion of salt from body fluids.
    Treatment: drink cool fluids.

Heat Exhaustion:
     Too much fluid lost by perspiration
     Treatment: remove patient from environment and place them on their back with legs elevated.
        Cool the patient and if conscious, administer sips of cool water or sports drink and treat for shock.


Personal Protective Equipment




                                                         • Work Uniform Type III PFD and BC Survival Vest: Water
                                                         Temp 60°F + / Air Temp 30°F +

                                                         • Anti-Exposure Suit and BC Survival Vest: Water Temp 50° to
                                                         60°F / Air Temp 50° F+ (Mustang)

                                                         • Dry Suit W/ layer 1 and 2, Undergarments, Type III PFD, BC
                                                         Survival Vest, Neoprene Hood: Water Temp 50°F and below /
                                                         Air Temp 50°F and below.




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
Stability

Center of gravity: The center of gravity is the point at which the weight of the boat acts vertically
downwards. Thus, the boat acts as if all of its weight were concentrated in one point – the center of gravity.
Generally, the lower the center of gravity, the more stable the boat.

Buoyancy: Buoyancy is the upward force of water displaced by the hull. The force of buoyancy keeps the
boat afloat; however it may be overcome if too much weight is added.

Equilibrium: When a boat is at rest, the center of gravity acting downwards is directly above the center of
buoyancy acting upwards. At this point the boat is considered to be in equilibrium.




Rolling: When a boat rolls, the center of gravity will move in the same direction as the roll.

Heeling: In heeling, the underwater volume of the boat changes shape, causing the center of buoyancy to
move.




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
Listing: If the center of gravity is not in the centerline of the boat, the boat will heel until equilibrium is
reached with the centers of gravity and buoyancy in alignment.

The two types of stability are:
     Transverse: Athwart ships. This type of stability tends to keep the boat from rolling & capsizing.
     Longitudinal: Fore & aft. This type of stability tends to balance the boat preventing it from
        pitching end-over-end (pitch-polling).

The two forces that effect stability are:
     Static: Caused by placement of weight within the hull.
     Dynamic: Caused by actions outside the hull such as winds & waves.
     Bonus: If ice adheres to the hull it becomes a static force effecting stability, since it can offset the
        weight of the boat causing it to heel.


Sound Signals

Short: About 1 second
Long: 4 – 6 seconds

International

   I am altering my course to starboard, passing port to port

         I am altering my course to port, passing stbd to stbd
              I am operating astern propulsion

                  Danger

                 Not under command, restricted ability to maneuver, constrained by draft, engaged in
fishing, sailing, towing, and pushing ahead.

Inland

  I intend to leave you on my port side, altering my course to stbd

         I intend to leave you on my starboard side, altering my course to port




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
Anchored Vessels/ Vessels Aground

          Vessel <100M Anchored: Rapid ringing of the bell for 5 seconds every minute.
          Vessel >100M Anchored: Rapid ringing of the bell for 5 seconds, followed by rapid ringing of the
           gong for 5 seconds every minute.

          Vessel Aground: 3 distinct strokes of bell, followed by ringing of the bell for 5 seconds, followed
           by 3 distinct strikes of the bell.




Navigation

Day Shapes:


    Anchored




    Vessel not under command




        Vessel aground




    Restricted ability to maneuver



    Towing



    Constrained by draft



    Sailing


    Fishing




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
Night Lights:

R
W Fishing (lines) “red over white, fishing tonight”

G
W Fishing (nets) “green over white, trolling tonight”

W
R Piloting vessel “white over red pilot ahead”

R
R Not under command “red over red the captain is dead”

R
R
R Constrained by draft

R
W
R Restricted ability to maneuver “white over red the work I dread”

    G
G       G     Mine Sweeping



Vessel Navigation Lights: Colors & Arcs of Visibility
        Tow: Normally yellow over yellow (pushing) or yellow over white (stern tow)
        Masthead light: Red over green if sailing at night




                                                               Red              Green




                                                                                        Port: 112.5* red
                                                                                        Stbd: 112.5* green
                                                                                        Tow: 135.0* yellow
                                                                       Green
                                                                                        Anchor: 360.0* white
        Red                                                                             Stern: 135.0* white
                                                                                        Mast: 225.0* white
                                                 225*


                                                                     White




                                                          Yellow




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
Day Beacon: Day beacons are unlighted fixed structures fitted with a day board for daytime identification.

Identify a nun buoy and a can buoy:

    • Nun buoy: Red, even numbers, pass on starboard side when returning from sea, port side when going
        out to sea.

    • Can Buoy: Green, odd numbers, pass on port side when returning from sea, on stbd side when going
        out to sea.

Charts

        = Latitude

      = Longitude
1nm= 2,000 yards
1degree = 60 min
1 min= 60 seconds
Compass

Magnetic Compass: The magnetic compass is the standard equipment on all boats. The magnetic compass
determines the boat’s heading.

True Direction: Printed around the outside of the compass rose.

Variation: The difference in degrees between the true and magnetic north for the area covered by the chart.
Commonly printed in the middle of the compass rose.

Deviation: The amount of deflection influenced by a vessel and its electronics on the compass. It varies
according to the heading of the vessel and can be caused by metal objects around the compass, electrical
motors, etc.

Set: Direction

Drift: Speed

Datum: The most probable location of a search-object for set and drift over a given period of time.

3 & 6 minute rule:

The 3 & 6 minute rules are used to quickly solve for distance in nautical navigation.
1 nm = 2,000 yards
1 kt = 1nm/hr        1 kt = 2,000 yards/hour (this is equivalent to MPH)

3 Minute Rule: (Speed - 2 to left/ Distance - 2 to right)

3min(yards)

          To find your speed in knots, move decimal 2 places to the left

           600 yards = _____ kts        600 yards = 6.00 kts

           1873 yards = _____ kts       1873 yards = 18.73 kts




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
        To find your distance in yards, move your decimal 2 places to the right

         10 kts = _____ yards           10 kts = 1000 yards

         12.3 kts = ____ yards          12.3 kts = 1230 yards

6 Minute Rule: (Speed - 1 to right/ Distance - 1 to left)

6min(nm)

        To find your distance in nm move decimal one place to the left

         12 kts = ____ nm                12kts = 1.2 nm

         16.7 kts = ____ nm              16.7 kts = 1.67 nm

        To find your speed in knots move decimal one place to the right

         1.0 nm = ____ kts              1.0 nm = 10.0 kts

         1.99 nm = ____ kts             1.99 nm = 19.9 kts

Solving for an unknown variable: Speed, Distance, & Time

60D=SxT
                                            60 D = SxT
“60 D street”                               60 (4) = S x 10
                                            240 = S x 10
D= Distance in nm                           10         10
                                            24 = S
                                            Speed is 24 kts
S= Speed in kts

T= Time in minutes



                Shank


    Flukes

                                Stock




             Crown

Boat Specifics: 25’ RBS

Cabin                                   5052 MGA



Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
Hull                                  ¼” 5086 MGA
Decks and side plates                 3/16” 5086 MGA
Length of hull                        25’
Length over all                       29’ 6 ½”
Length at waterline                   22’ 8 ½”
Beam                                  8’6”
Operational draft                     39”
Draft with engines up                 23 ¼”
Height of mast tailored               12’ 8”
Radar dome tailored                   11’ ½”
Searchlight tailored                  9’7”
Highest fixed point, tailored         9’1/2”
Crew capacity                         04
Passengers                            06
Seating total                         10
Fuel tank capacity                    105 gallons
Boat weight, outfitted, no crew       7400lbs
Boat maximum, outfitted, 10 pob       9200lbs
Weight tailored, outfitted, no crew   9450lbs
Max speed                             46 kts @ 6000 RPM
Cruise speed                          35kts @ 4500 RPM
Max range at cruise                   150nm
Max winds                             25 kts
Max seas                              6ft no surf
Max towing capacity                   10 disp. Tons
Max operating distance                10 nm
Outside air temperature               0-105 F
Outside water temperature             28-95 F
Tow reel                              300’ of 2 ¼” DBN
Anchor line                           250’ of 1 ½” DBN
Heating system                        2.5 gallon diesel tank
Props                                 14” diameter
                                      19” pitch
Engines                               Twin Honda 4 stroke
                                      outboard engines
                                      225 HP
Fire extinguishers                    2 B-1 with 2lbs of
                                      dry chemical agent.
                                      Discharges in 9-10
                                      seconds.


Boat Specifics: 47’ MLB

Cabin                                           5456 MGA
Length of hull                                  47’11”
Length over all                                 48’11”
Beam                                            15’0”
Draft                                           4’6”
Freeboard                                       -
 Bow                                            6’8”
 Amidships (deck recess)                        2’2”
 Aft                                            7’1”
Highest fixed point (radar junction box)        18’6”



Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
Highest point of mast (DF antenna)              24’ 6”
Highest unfixed point (HF antenna)              28’4”
Portable water capacity                         5 Gallons
Engines                                         DDEC-
                                                6V92TA
                                                Twin Detroit
                                                diesel
                                                electronically
                                                controlled
Rated Horsepower                                435 Bitt
                                                Horsepower
                                                At 2050 RPM
Reduction Gear                                  Reintjes
                                                WVS 234 UP
                                                (u-drive propul)
                                                2:1
                                                REDUCTION
Electrical Generation                           Dual
                                                Alternators
Propellers                                      Fixed 4-bladed
                                                28” diameter
                                                36” pitch
Displacement                                    -
 Hoisting condition fully outfitted, no crew    40,000 lbs
Fuel type                                       Diesel
Fuel Capacity                                   -
 100%                                           394 Gallons
 95%                                            373 Gallons
 90% (usable)                                   353 Gallons
Max speed                                       25kts
Cruise speed                                    20kts
Range (cruising RPM, calm waters)               200 nm
Max winds                                       50kts
Max seas                                        30’
Max breaking seas (surf)                        20’
Max personnel including crew                    34 people
Max operating distance from shore               50nm
Max RPM                                         2050 @ 2050
                                                RPM
Cruising RPM                                    1850 @ 1850
                                                RPM
Ice breaking capabilities                       Light surface
                                                ice
Tow capacity w/ 3 ¼ “ line                      150 Disp tons
Tow capacity w/ 2 ¼ “ line                      50 Disp tons
Height of eye from open bridge                  14’
Length at waterline                             43’

47’ Watertight Compartments:

1. Lazarette: Transom to frame 1
2. Engine Room: Frame 1 to frame 5
3. Survivor’s Compartment: Frame 5 to frame 8
4. Aux Space: Frame 8 to frame 10
5. Forward Compartment: Frame 10 to frame 15


Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
6. Forpeak: Frame 15 to bow
7. Enclosed Bridge: Frame 8 to frame 10 above the main deck

47’ Fire Extinguishers:
         Survivors Compartment:
         5 lb CO2 Extinguisher: 4-6’ with 30 sec discharge
         10 lb PKP Extinguisher: 6-8’ with 30 sec discharge

         Aux Space:
         (2) 25lb CO2 bottles for fixed System

         Closed Bridge:
         5 lb CO2 Extinguisher: 4-6’ with 30 sec discharge
         10 lb PKP Extinguisher: 6-8’ with 30 sec discharge

25’ Fire Extinguishers:
         Two B-1 Fire extinguishers on board. One is in the cuddy cabin on the port side, and one is in the
         aft starboard deck box. Each extinguisher contains two pounds of dry chemical agent (ammonium
         phosphate) that will discharge in 9 – 10 seconds once the handle is activated. This type of
         extinguisher is designed to be used on class A, B, & C fires.

Control Panel Indicators: 25’ RBS

Overheating Indicator: If red indicator light comes on, the engine speed will be gradually reduced to
approximately 1800 RPM and the engine will stop after 20 seconds. The overheating indicator is activated
via the engine control module by two overheat sensors mounted on the engine.

Oil Pressure Indicator: If oil pressure becomes low, < 23psi at 1800 RPM, the green oil light will come on.

Alternator Indicator: The red indicator light will come on if there is a malfunction in the charging system. .
Each 12 volt alternator is rated at 60amp at 2300 PRM, and 48 amps at 1000 RPM.

Programmed Fuel Injection Indicator: The red indicator light will come on when the ECM senses an
abnormality from one of the nine engine-mounted sensors.

BECCES

Loss of control of engine RPM:
Crewmember should:
     Check throttle and shift control cables
     Check throttle arm and engine
     Report all findings to coxswain

Loss of fuel pressure:
Crewmember should:
     Check aft compartments and aft deck for fuel
     Check for fuel around engine cover
     Check condition of fuel filters
     Check engine fuel lines
     Check engine fuel filter and water separator

Loss of lube oil pressure:
Crewmember should:
     Check outboard engine area for oil
     Verify oil level on dipstick



Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
    Check that spin-on oil filter is tightly installed
    Check oil drain fitting for security
Overheating engine:
Crewmember should:
    Check engine cover with back of hand for signs of overheating
    Check engine cover for signs of steam
    If possible, tilt engine forward and check cooling water intake for obstructions

Fire in the engine room:
Crewmember should:
      Yell “Fire Fire Fire”
      One crew member will relay information between the engineer and the coxswain
      One crew member should go to aft deck. “Standing by to close the vents!”
              - “Standing by to move pump forward!”
              - “Standing by to anchor!”
      If there is a fire in the Aux space, you will see smoke leaving the vents on the sides of the 47’,
          may feel heat in the boat.

Hitting a submerged object:
Crewmember should:
      Look behind the boat. “20 foot log 100ft off your port quarter!”
      One crew member will relay information between the engineer and the coxswain while they run a
         vibration test.
      Other crew member will check bilge panel and compartments for water, always visually checking
         and asking permission to enter each compartment.


Underway Limits

       Boat                Seas < 4ft            Seas > 4 ft         Heavy Weather             Hours Rest
        47’                  10 hrs                8 hrs                 6 hrs                   8 hrs
        25’                   8 hrs                6 hrs                  N/A                    8 hrs

Heavy Weather

Heavy weather is defined as seas, swell, and wind conditions combining to exceed 8 feet
and/or winds exceeding 30 knots. If heavy weather is forecasted, it should be considered
when planning a mission. Reliable and up to the minute information is critical for planning.

Any crew operating in heavy weather or surf must be properly equipped, as follows:
   • Required hypothermia protective clothing.
   • Helmet (helmet straps must be secured and adjusted properly).
   • Survival vest and equipment.
   • Waterproof footwear and gloves should be worn.
   • Eye protection may be necessary for visibility, particularly for persons wearing glasses,
        and will also protect against glass shards should a window be broken.
   • Boat crew safety belt must be worn and adjusted correctly.
   • Personal seat belt must be worn when in a seat.
   • The coxswain is responsible for ensuring that all required equipment is worn, and worn
        correctly.

Damage Control




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
Capsizing: Average underwater time is 8-12 seconds. When boat returns to surface, assess situation. Check
status of crew, check for lines overboard, if engines work, move to safe water. During heavy weather crew
will be strapped in.

25 Capsizing: Boat will float if capsized!
Egress Procedures
     Brace for impact
     Remain strapped in until motion has subsided
     Plan egress with crew
             o Best swimmer first then the weakest swimmer




                                                                   -    Swim clear and away
                                                                   -    Muster account for missing
                                                                   -    Remain upwind/up current
                                                                   -    Attempt to climb on hull
                                                                   -    Check injuries provide first aid
                                                                   -    Inventory signaling equipment, PLB
                                                                   -    Check for gas before lighting off pyro
                                                                   -    Stay with the boat


P-6 Dewatering Pump:

    •   Engine is 6.5 horsepower and pumps 250 gallons per minute with a 12 foot lift. The P-6 can run
        for 4-5 hours on a full tank of gas and can connect to either the fire fighting standpipe to suck
        water straight from the ocean or connect to the dewatering standpipe to suck water out of the
        engine room.

Bilge Pump System:

    •   7 Bilge Pumps rated at 33 GPM. Bilge Alarm activates at 5”, Pumps activate at 10” until no load
        is detected by pumps. 25’ has hand bilge pump system with 24” hose under starboard aft seat next
        to the cabin dewatering pump.


                Port                         Stbd              47’ bilge alarm:
                                                                        - U/W: Intermittent 8 second horn blast
                                                                        - Moored: Continuous horn blast
                                                                        - Bilge pump panel located on aft
                                                                             bulkhead in enclosed bridge
                                                               25’ cabin dewatering pump:
                                                                        - 1,100 gallons an hour
                                                                        - Activates at 2 1/8”
                                                                        - Turns off when no load is sensed by
                                                                             the pump’s impeller
                                                                        - Discharge is located on the aft stbd
                                                                             exterior cabin bulkhead, above the
                                                                             deck edge walkway




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
              Location                                 Discharges

              1. Forward Compartment                   1. Starboard

              2. Aux Space                             2. Port

              3. Port Reduction Gear                   3. Port Side W/ Fwd Engine Room

              4. Stbd Reduction Gear                   4. Stbd Side W/ Aft Engine Room

              5. Fwd Engine Room                       5. Port

              6. Aft Engine Room                       6. Stbd

              7. Lazarette                             7. Port Transom




CO2 System: The carbon dioxide fire suppression system is used for fire fighting in the engine room only.
The system is only to be used in emergency situations. All personnel must be evacuated from the
compartment and all water tight doors sealed prior to activation of the system.
    • Activation: The CO2 system can be activated from three locations on the 47’ MLB. Actuators
         (located in the enclosed bridge between the chairs and one on the aft bulkhead of the survivor’s
         compartment) punctures a nitrogen cylinder which charges the activation piping. This activation
         system releases a pressure switch on the control head of the CO2 storage containers releasing the
         CO2 into the piping. A third way to activate the system is by removing the locking pin and
         manually rotating the activation lever on the CO2 bottle control head.

  Step                                                  Action
   1       The discharge manifold lines are charged to a pressure operated
           siren and a pressure switch which energizes the pre-discharge
           warning strobe light, the engine stop solenoids, and the red “CO2
           Pre-discharge” light located on the CO2 system indicator panel in
           the Survivors compartment. A separate line sends CO2 to a
           warning siren in the engine room.
   2       Along a separate discharge line, the pressurized CO2 activates the
           time delay cylinder mounted on the aft starboard bulkhead of the
           Survivors compartment
   3       The discharge delay cylinder delays release of CO2 into the engine
           room compartment for 30 seconds. This delay allows time for the
           siren and strobe to warn personnel to evacuate the compartment.
           If all personnel are accounted for, or for manual activation in the
           event of malfunction, the delay cylinder may be overridden by
           rotating the manual control lever on the discharge delay cylinder
   4       Once the discharge delay cylinder is activated, CO2 will be
           released into the compartment. In addition, the discharged CO2


Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
             will pressure activate the engine room air damper and the red
             “CO2 Discharge” light located on the CO2 system indicator panel.


Fire Types

Fire Type      Fuel                                                        Extinguishing Agent
A              Common Combustibles: Wood, paper, rubber, and               H20, PKP
               some plastics
B              Combustible Liquids: Petroleum products such as oil         AFFF (aqueous film forming
               and gas, etc                                                foam), PKP, CO2
C              Energized Electrical Circuits: Appliances, conductors,      CO2, PKP
               breakers, etc
D              Combustible Metals: Magnesium, Titanium, Potassium,         Sand (placed under metal), H20
               & Sodium                                                    (high intensity fog)
Kilo Fire      Grease Fire                                                 AFFF, CO2




Emergency Signals

                                                              Inland: 50 flashes of light per minute
                                                              can signal distress

                                                              Pyro:
                                                              Red Star Shells
                                                              Red Star Shells Parachute
                                                              Dye Marker
                                                              Smoke
                                                              Flames on a Vessel
                                                              Gun at 1 min Intervals
                                                              Fog Horn Continuous Sounding

                                                              Electronic:
                                                              Mayday
                                                              Radio Telegraph Alarm
                                                              Radio Telephone Alarm
                                                              SOS
                                                              EPIRB

                                                              Visual:
                                                              November/Charlie
                                                              Waving Arms
                                                              Square Flag & Ball
                                                              Orange Flag with Black Square and Ball

Emergency Signal Mirror:
   • The emergency signal mirror is a pocket sized mirror with a sighting hole in the center and a
       lanyard attached. The mirror is used to attract the attention of passing aircraft, boats, or ground


Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
         rescue teams by reflecting light at them. Directions are printed on the back and the signal can be
         seen for a great distance.

Signal Whistle:
    • The whistle is a small, hand-held device that produces a loud sound when it is blown.
        The standard whistle is constructed of plastic and resembles a police officer’s
        whistle. It can be heard up to 1100 yards away, good for use during heavy weather.

Illumination Signal Kit (MK-79):
     • A pyrotechnic illumination signal that contains seven screw-in cartridge flares and one pencil type
         projector. Produces a red star display at an altitude of 250-650 ft for a minimum of 4.5 seconds at
         12,000 candle power.

Distress Signal Light:
    • Lightweight battery operated strobe light. Flashes approximately 50 times a minute at 150,000
         candle power. Battery can last 9 hours if used continuously, 18 if used intermittently.

Survival Knife:
    • Used to free crewmembers from entangled line. Tip is blunted to prevent personal injury or
         damage to personal protective equipment.



Personal Locator Beacon (P-PIRB):
    • Capable of broadcasting a distress signal that can be received and tracked world-wide. Broadcasts
         on both 406 MHz and 121.5 MHz, accurate within 3 nm. Lasts 24 hours, run by NOAA.

Parachute Illumination Signal (MK-127):
    • Nighttime illumination signal device. Reaches 650-700 ft in elevation producing a suspended
        white star display that burns for about 36 seconds at 125,000 candle power and descends at a rate
        of 10-15 ft/second.

Marine Smoke and Illumination Signal (MK-124):
        • A pyrotechnic smoke and red flare illumination signal used during the day or night. Each end
           burns for 20 seconds. The day end produces orange smoke whereas the night end produces a
           red flare and is identified by two raised metal bands around the circumference and three raised
           bumps that glow in the dark.




Item                       Description
  1                  Emergency Signal Mirror
  2                           Whistle
  3      Marine Smoke and Illumination Signal (MK-124)
  4              Illumination Signal Kit (MK-79)
  5                    Distress Signal Light
  6                       Survival Knife
  7                  Personal Locator Beacon


Line Specifications

25’ RBS:
    • Anchor Line: 1 ½” DBN, 250 ft



Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
    •   Anchor Chain: ¼” PVC coated, 4 ft
    •   Tow Line: 2 ¼” DBN, 300ft
    •   Skiff Hook Line: 1 ½”, 9 ft
    •   Mooring Lines: Either 2” or 2 ¼” DBN, 25 ft
    •   Alongside Lines: Either 2” or 2 ¼” DBN, 35 ft


47’ MLB:
    • Anchor Line: 2 ¼” DBN, 300 ft
    • Anchor Chain: 3/8” stainless steel, 9 ft
    • Tow Line Upper Reel: 2 ¼” DBN, 300ft
    • Tow Line Lower Reel: 3 ¼” DBN, 900ft
    • Drouge/Grapnel Line: 2 ¼” DBN, 200ft
    • Skiff Hook Line: 2” DBN, 25ft
    • Heaving lines: minimum of 70ft, 2 each
    • Alongside Lines: 8 each, 4 smaller, 4 larger


47” through-hole fittings: “The slithering snake had every single rat”
    • Transducer (measures depth)
    • Speed Log
    • Sea-Chest Valve (sucks in raw water to cool engines)
    • H-Vac (air conditioning & heat)
    • Exhaust vents x 2
    • Shaft Strut Extensions x 2 (holds props out in water)- also the lowest part of the boat in the water
    • Rudder Posts x 2




                     0-0-0




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
3-1-5                                                       0-4-5




2-7-0                                                       0-9-0




                                                            1-3-5
2-2-5




                             1-8-0

        Boat Characteristics

        Three Hull Types:
            1. Displacement Hull: Pushes away water allowing the hull to settle in the water. Underway, the hull
                pushes water away creating waves.
            2. Planning Hull: At rest the planning hull and displacement hull both displace water around them.
                Once underway, the planning hull skims along the surface lifting the hull up and onto the surface
                of the water.
            3. Semi-Displacement Hull: Has characteristics of both displacement and planning hulls. Up to a
                certain power and speed the hull remains in a displacement mode, but beyond a certain point the
                hull is raised to a partial plane.

        Keel Types:
            1. Bar Keel: The bar keel is popular because of its stiffeners (vertical or upright members which
                increase strength) which protect the boat’s hull plating if the boat grounds on a hard bottom. It
                also reduces rolling. However, the bar keep extends beneath the bottom of the boat, increasing the
                draft.
            2. Flat Plate Keel: The flat plate keel has a plate that is perpendicular to the centerline of the hull. A
                vertical center keel that runs internal to the hill at the centerline typically supports the flat plate
                keel.

        Radio Communication

        CH (6) / 156.3 MHz SAR Ship – Ship
        CH (12) / 156.6 MHz Ship – Ship
        CH (13) / 156.65 MHz Bridge – Bridge
        CH (16) / 156.8 MHz International Distress
        CH (21) / 157.05 MHz Intra CG (Secondary)



        Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
CH (22A) / 157.1 MHz CG – Non
CH (23A) / 157.15 MHz (Primary)
CH (81) 157.075 MHz
CH (83) 157.175 MHz


Stokes Litter




                                                         1.) Gray
                                                         2.) Blue
                                                         3.) Red
                                                         4. )Green
                                                         5.) Black




Who Has the Right of Way

“Only Non-rates Fool Senior People Sometimes”

    1.   Overtaking
    2.   Not under command
    3.   Restricted ability to maneuver
    4.   Fishing
    5.   Sailing vessel
    6.   Power driven
    7.   Sea plane



47’ Reduction Gear
The 47FT MLB uses Reintjes WVS 234 UP Marine Reduction gears located in the Survivors compartment
to port and starboard of the fuel tank between Frames 6 and 7. The gear is a “U” drive unit where the output
and input flanges are on the same side of the gear and parallel. The reduction ratio is 2:1 in forward and
reverse. The gear uses 7.1 gallons of 30-weight lubricating oil for clutch-apply pressure and lubrication. A
temperature regulating valve and gear oil cooler maintain oil temperatures between 140-176°F.




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
47’ MLB Damage Control Kit




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
AOR Information

Buoys

    1.   Morse Alpha Buoys
            a. Montauk Point- “MP”
            b. Montauk- “M”
            c. North Channel- “N”
            d. South Channel- “S”
            e. Three Mile- “TM”
            f. Plum Island- “PI”
    2.   Buoy Description
            a. Morse Alpha (white light flashes Morse Code for A-“ come home”) 1 + 1 = 1 short, 1
                long
                       i. red and white
                      ii. vertical striped
                    iii. labeled with letters
                     iv. mark safe water




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
             b.   Nun Buoy
                        i. Red- red right return
                       ii. Labeled with even numbers
                      iii. Red Right Returning when coming from Sea
                      iv. Indicate the right side of the channel
             c.   Can Buoys
                        i. Green
                       ii. Labeled with odd numbers
                      iii. Indicate left side of the channel
             d.   Junction Buoys
                        i. Preferred channel buoys
                       ii. Green over Red or Red over Green
                      iii. Flash 2, pause, 1 (2+1)
                      iv. 3 in our AOR
                               1. Sag Harbor (G/R/G), every 6 seconds
                               2. Midway Shoals – by Plum Gut (G/R/G), every 6 seconds
                               3. Shagwong Rock (G/R/G), every 6 seconds
             e.   Montauk Jetties
                        i. West Jetty: Red Triangle, 5 meters, #2, Flashes Red every 2.5 seconds, 36 ft tall
                       ii. East Jetty: Green Square, 4 meters, #1, Flashes Green ever 4 seconds, 33 ft tall

        G ”9” – Marks Cerberus Shoals
        FL G 4s        Green can buoy #9 flashes green every 4 seconds


South Channel Buoy Sequence
     2, 4, 6, 8, 11, 13 (by lion head rock), 14 ( red nun- marks crow shoal)

       Red Nun     Green Can

What is the significance of Georgica Pond?
    Visual for marking the boarder of our AOR

Key operating areas for our AOR:
     Gardiners Island, Plum Island, and harbors
     Entrance to Three Mile Harbor
     Entrance to Sag Harbor
     South side of Montauk to Napeague Stretch
     Entrance to Greenport Harbor
     Approaches to New London and part of Long Island Sound

Light Houses:
    1. Long Beach Light House (Bug Light House)
    2. Montauk Point Light House
    3. Little Gull Light House
    4. Orient Point Light House
    5. Cedar Point Light House (Extinguished) – replaced by 3CI light (green)
    6. Plum Island Light House

What two buoys are north of Shagwong Point?
   1. SR Buoy ( Junction Buoy)
   2. 7SR Buoy (Can Buoy)


What is just North of Bostwick Point on Gardiners Island?



Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
        The Ruins

What buoy is just north of the Ruins?
    1GI Buoy

What is the Northern & Southern most point of Shelter Island?
    Hay Beach/ Mashomack Point



Commercial Assistance Companies

    1.   Douglas Marine (Moriches, Shinnecock, Orient) – 2 boats, Tows vessels up to 80 ft, Dewatering
         Pumps O/B, 1-3 Divers Available with 1 hour advance notice, Containment Boom Available.

    2.   Safe Sea (Block Island) 6 boats, Tows vessels up to 80 ft, Dewatering pumps O/B, DF
         Capabilities O/B, 3 divers available with 1 hour advance notice, containment boom available, 50
         ton crane available 24 hours a day with notice.

    3.   Sea Tow Eastern Long Island (South Hold) 5 boats, Tows vessels up to 80 ft, dewatering pumps
         O/B, DF capabilities O/B only 1 boat, 3 divers available with 1 hour advance notice, containment
         boom available, 50 ton crane available 24 hours a day with notice.

    4.   Sea Tow Montauk (Summer Only) 1 boat

    5.   All Island Divers (Huntington) Hull maintenance, video damage, inspection, zinc and prop
         replacement, search and recovery.

Hospitals
   1. Greenport (Dock and Helo Pad)
   2. South Hampton (Helo Pad )

Hypobaric Chambers
   1. Stonybrook Hospital
   2. Gronton, CT
   3. Mt. Sinai,NY

Nearest Air Support
    Air Station Cape Cod-Jayhawk and Falcon
    Air Station Atlantic City- Dolphin and Jayhawk
    Air Station Elizabeth City- Dolphin, Jayhawk and C-130 Hercules

DF (Direction Finder)
Direction Finder on 47279/47301
     Reads in True Bearing
     Get a line of direction for EPIRB on Ch. 99 – Set Ch. Selector Knob to 121.5
     Can get a line of direction for lost or disoriented boater on CH 16 or 22A – ask for either a short
         count (1-5 and back to 1) or a long count (1-10 and back to 1)
     Check the signal for strength (2-4-6-8-10) 2 is weak, 10 is strong
     Request other stations to get a line of direction to narrow down the vessels position

Free Surface Effect: When a liquid can move freely within a space, such as gas moving in the gas taking
of the 47’. Can affect the stability of a vessel.




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
Free/Open Communications with the Sea: When water can move freely in and out of a boat. Such as
when there is a hole in the hull.

Pitch: The distance a boat travels through a semi-solid with one rotation of the blade.

Cavitation: Cavitation usually occurs when the propeller rotates at a very high speed and a partial vacuum
forms air bubbles at the tips of the propeller blades. Cavitation occurs more often when trying to go in
reverse, especial with outboard motors.



CG-P6 Dewatering Pump
-250 gallons/minute
-12ft suction lift
-Under load this pump will dewater for 4-5 hours on a full tank of gas
-6 ½ horsepower, 4-cycle gasoline engine
-Uses a detachable portable fuel tank enabling rapid changing if needed

Helo-Ops
Items to keep out:
             - Life-rings with strobe
             - Rescue throw bags
             - Flags (optional)
             - Grounding wand and clip
Items to stow:
             - HF antenna (28’4”)
             - All boat covers
PPEs:
             - Helmet
             - Goggles
             - Line handling gloves
             - Rain Gear/Mustang/Drysuit
             - Type III
             - SAR Vest

Anchoring
Length of line is determined by depth of water multiplied by
             - 5 - Calm seas
             - 7 - Moderate seas
             - 10 - Heavy weather
When standing anchor watch:
             - “Anchors holding!”
             - Use clock “ 6 o’clock”
             - Strain: light, moderate, heavy
             - Anchor is “up and down”
When bringing anchor onboard:
             - Anchor is fouled: muddy, sand, seaweed, etc.
             - Anchor is shod: lines entangled in anchor
When throwing anchor over:
             - “Anchors away!”

Towing
When standing tow watch:
            - Use clock “6 o’clock!”
            - Strain: light, moderate, heavy
            - Vessel is: veering, yawing, in-step



Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012
              -    Always alert coxswain as to how much line is out when working the bit
              -    When making or breaking the bit, alert coxswain as to how many turns are on the bit



Conversions
Seconds to minutes- multiply by 60
41* 39.10 = .10x60 = 6 = 41* 40’ 00” because you can only have 60 seconds in 1 minute
41* 18.50 = .50x60 = 30 = 41* 18’ 30”
Minutes to seconds- divide by 60
41* 20’ 40”= 40/60 = .66 = 41* 20.66
41* 51’ 30” = 30/60 = .5 = 41* 51.5


Knots

Bowline                                                The bowline is a versatile knot and can be used
                                                       anytime a temporary eye is needed in the end
                                                       of a line. It also works for tying two lines securely
                                                       together, though there are better knots for
                                                       this. An advantage of bowlines is that they do not
                                                       slip or jam easily.



Clove Hitch                                            A clove hitch is preferred for securing a heaving
                                                       line to a towline. It is the best all-around
                                                       knot for securing a line to a ring or spar. Correctly
                                                       tied, a clove hitch will not jam or loosen.
                                                       However, if it is not tied tight enough, it may work
                                                       itself out. Reinforcing it with a half hitch
                                                       will prevent this from happening.


Slip Clove Hitch                                       A slip clove hitch should be used in lieu of a clove
                                                       hitch when a quick release is required. It
                                                       should be tied in the same manner as the clove hitch
                                                       but finish it with a bight to allow for
                                                       quick release.
Double Becket Bend                                     Lines can be lengthened by bending one to another
                                                       using a becket bend. It is the best knot
                                                       for connecting a line to an eye splice in another line.
                                                       The double becket bend works for joining lines of
                                                       unequal size.




Station Montauk Boat Crew Study Guide - SN Kolarich, June 2012

								
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