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Climograph Project.ppt _PC_

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Climograph Project.ppt _PC_ Powered By Docstoc
					http://houstonhs.scsk12.org/~mrobinson
Climographs Created in Excel
http://countrystudies.us/united-states/weather
Example             Jan     Feb     Mar     Apr    May     Jun      Jul    Aug     Sep     Oct     Nov     Dec           #5            Jan    Feb     Mar    Apr   May     Jun    Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct    Nov    Dec

Avg. Temp. Fº       26°     30°     35°     45°     54°     64°     71°    68°     60°     48°     36°     27°      Avg. Temp. Fº       40°    44°    54°    64°    71°    78°    84°    81°    74°    64°    54°    44°

Avg. Precip. in.   0.3 in 0.3 in 0.8 in 1.0 in 2.3 in 1.9 in 2.7 in 2.4 in 0.9 in 0.6 in 0.5 in 0.3 in              Avg. Precip. in.   3.7 in 4.4 in 5.4 in 5.5 in 5.0 in 3.6 in 3.8 in 3.4 in 3.5 in 3.0 in 5.1 in 5.7 in

ANSWER: Limon, Colorado- Semiarid (Steppe)                                                                          ANSWER: Memphis, Tennessee- Humid Subtropical

     #1             Jan     Feb     Mar     Apr    May     Jun      Jul    Aug     Sep     Oct     Nov     Dec           #6            Jan    Feb     Mar    Apr   May     Jun    Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct    Nov    Dec

Avg. Temp. Fº       72°     72°     72°     74°     74°     75°     76°    76°     76°     76°     74°     72°      Avg. Temp. Fº      -10°    -4°    11°    31°    48°    60°    64°    57°    46°    25°     4°    -7°

Avg. Precip. in.   9.9 in 8.9 in 14.4 in 12.5 in 9.9 in 6.3 in 9.7 in 9.3 in 8.5 in 9.6 in 15.6 in 10.5 in          Avg. Precip. in.   0.5 in 0.4 in 0.4 in 0.3 in 0.6 in 1.4 in 1.9 in 2.0 in 1.0 in 0.9 in 0.8 in 0.9 in

ANSWER: Hilo, Hawaii- Humid Tropical                                                                                ANSWER: Fairbanks, Alaska- Subarctic

     #2             Jan     Feb     Mar     Apr    May     Jun      Jul    Aug     Sep     Oct     Nov     Dec           #7            Jan    Feb     Mar    Apr   May     Jun    Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct    Nov    Dec

Avg. Temp. Fº       40°     44°     47°     51°     57°     64°     68°    68°     64°     55°     46°     40°      Avg. Temp. Fº       58°    60°    61°    64°    66°    70°    74°    75°    74°    70°    64°    58°

Avg. Precip. in.   5.4 in 3.9 in 3.6 in 2.4 in 2.1 in 1.5 in 0.6 in 1.1 in 1.8 in 2.7 in 5.3 in 6.1 in              Avg. Precip. in.   2.9 in 3.1 in 2.6 in 1.0 in 0.3 in 0.0 in 0.0 in 0.1 in 0.5 in 0.3 in 2.0 in 2.0 in

ANSWER: Portland, Oregon- Marine                                                                                    ANSWER: Los Angeles, California- Mediterranean

     #3             Jan     Feb     Mar     Apr    May     Jun      Jul    Aug     Sep     Oct     Nov     Dec           #8            Jan    Feb     Mar    Apr   May     Jun    Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct    Nov    Dec

Avg. Temp. Fº       -17°   -20°    -15°     -1°     22°     37°     46°    44°     33°     15°     -4°     -13°     Avg. Temp. Fº       54°    58°    62°    70°    78°    88°    94°    92°    86°    75°    62°    54°

Avg. Precip. in.   0.15 in 0.13 in 0.14 in 0.1 in 0.08 in 0.37 in 0.72 in 0.95 in 0.65 in 0.40 in 0.14 in 0.19 in   Avg. Precip. in.   0.7 in 0.7 in 0.9 in 0.3 in 0.1 in 0.1 in 0.8 in 1.0 in 0.9 in 0.7 in 0.7 in 1.0 in

ANSWER: Prudhoe Bay, Alaska- Tundra                                                                                 ANSWER: Phoenix, Arizona- Arid (Subtropical Desert)

     #4             Jan     Feb     Mar     Apr    May     Jun      Jul    Aug     Sep     Oct     Nov     Dec           #9            Jan    Feb     Mar    Apr   May     Jun    Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct    Nov    Dec

Avg. Temp. Fº       67°     68°     72°     75°     78°     81°     84°    84°     82°     78°     74°     68°      Avg. Temp. Fº       25°    28°    38°    50°    61°    71°    75°    74°    68°    56°    44°    30°

Avg. Precip. in.   2.0 in 2.1 in 2.4 in 2.9 in 6.3 in 9.3 in 5.7 in 7.6 in 7.6 in 5.6 in 2.7 in 1.8 in              Avg. Precip. in.   1.9 in 1.6 in 2.9 in 3.8 in 3.6 in 4.1 in 3.8 in 3.9 in 3.5 in 2.4 in 3.1 in 2.8 in

ANSWER: Miami, Florida- Humid Tropical Wet and Dry                                                                  ANSWER: Chicago, Illinois- Humid Continental



                                                                                                                                                               Answer Key
Climate Identification                                                                                                                 Name:__________________________________________________________________________

     Example              Jan     Feb     Mar     Apr      May    Jun     Jul     Aug    Sep     Oct     Nov      Dec           #5           Jan    Feb      Mar    Apr    May   Jun    Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct    Nov       Dec

     Avg. Temp. Fº        26°     30°     35°     45°      54°    64°     71°     68°    60°     48°     36°      27°      Avg. Temp. Fº      40°    44°     54°    64°    71°   78°    84°    81°    74°    64°    54°       44°

     Avg. Precip. in.    0.3 in 0.3 in 0.8 in 1.0 in 2.3 in 1.9 in 2.7 in 2.4 in 0.9 in 0.6 in 0.5 in 0.3 in              Avg. Precip. in.   3.7 in 4.4 in 5.4 in 5.5 in 5.0 in 3.6 in 3.8 in 3.4 in 3.5 in 3.0 in 5.1 in 5.7 in

    ANSWER:                                                                                                               ANSWER:




           #1             Jan     Feb     Mar     Apr      May    Jun     Jul     Aug    Sep     Oct     Nov      Dec           #6           Jan    Feb      Mar    Apr    May   Jun    Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct    Nov       Dec

     Avg. Temp. Fº        72°     72°     72°     74°      74°    75°     76°     76°    76°     76°     74°      72°      Avg. Temp. Fº     -10°    -4°     11°    31°    48°   60°    64°    57°    46°    25°     4°       -7°

     Avg. Precip. in.    9.9 in 8.9 in 14.4 in 12.5 in 9.9 in 6.3 in 9.7 in 9.3 in 8.5 in 9.6 in 15.6 in 10.5 in          Avg. Precip. in.   0.5 in 0.4 in 0.4 in 0.3 in 0.6 in 1.4 in 1.9 in 2.0 in 1.0 in 0.9 in 0.8 in 0.9 in

    ANSWER:                                                                                                               ANSWER:




           #2             Jan     Feb     Mar     Apr      May    Jun     Jul     Aug    Sep     Oct     Nov      Dec           #7           Jan    Feb      Mar    Apr    May   Jun    Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct    Nov       Dec

     Avg. Temp. Fº        40°     44°     47°     51°      57°    64°     68°     68°    64°     55°     46°      40°      Avg. Temp. Fº      58°    60°     61°    64°    66°   70°    74°    75°    74°    70°    64°       58°

     Avg. Precip. in.    5.4 in 3.9 in 3.6 in 2.4 in 2.1 in 1.5 in 0.6 in 1.1 in 1.8 in 2.7 in 5.3 in 6.1 in              Avg. Precip. in.   2.9 in 3.1 in 2.6 in 1.0 in 0.3 in 0.0 in 0.0 in 0.1 in 0.5 in 0.3 in 2.0 in 2.0 in

    ANSWER:                                                                                                               ANSWER:




           #3             Jan     Feb     Mar     Apr      May    Jun     Jul     Aug    Sep     Oct     Nov      Dec           #8           Jan    Feb      Mar    Apr    May   Jun    Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct    Nov       Dec

     Avg. Temp. Fº        -17°   -20°    -15°     -1°      22°    37°     46°     44°    33°     15°     -4°     -13°      Avg. Temp. Fº      54°    58°     62°    70°    78°   88°    94°    92°    86°    75°    62°       54°

     Avg. Precip. in.    0.15 in 0.13 in 0.14 in 0.1 in 0.08 in 0.37 in 0.72 in 0.95 in 0.65 in 0.40 in 0.14 in 0.19 in   Avg. Precip. in.   0.7 in 0.7 in 0.9 in 0.3 in 0.1 in 0.1 in 0.8 in 1.0 in 0.9 in 0.7 in 0.7 in 1.0 in

    ANSWER:                                                                                                               ANSWER:




           #4             Jan     Feb     Mar     Apr      May    Jun     Jul     Aug    Sep     Oct     Nov      Dec           #9           Jan    Feb      Mar    Apr    May   Jun    Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct    Nov       Dec

     Avg. Temp. Fº        67°     68°     72°     75°      78°    81°     84°     84°    82°     78°     74°      68°      Avg. Temp. Fº      25°    28°     38°    50°    61°   71°    75°    74°    68°    56°    44°       30°

     Avg. Precip. in.    2.0 in 2.1 in 2.4 in 2.9 in 6.3 in 9.3 in 5.7 in 7.6 in 7.6 in 5.6 in 2.7 in 1.8 in              Avg. Precip. in.   1.9 in 1.6 in 2.9 in 3.8 in 3.6 in 4.1 in 3.8 in 3.9 in 3.5 in 2.4 in 3.1 in 2.8 in

    ANSWER:                                                                                                               ANSWER:



                   A- Tropical                                       B- Dry                                         C- Mild                                 D- Continental                              E- Polar

                 Humid Tropical                                   Arid (Desert)                                Humid Subtropical                           Humid Continental                            Tundra

                                                                                                                    Marine                                     Subarctic
                 Humid Tropical                               Semi-Arid (Steppe)                                                                                                                         Ice Cap
                  Wet and Dry                           (example- not one of the 9 tables)                                                                                                    (not one of the tables above)
                                                                                                                Mediterranean
Example                                       1                                               2                                              3                                                  4




5                                             6                                               7                                              8                                                  9




                            CLIMATE                                          PRECIPITATION QUALIFICATIONS                                                          TEMPERATURE QUALIFICATIONS

Humid Tropical (Tropical Wet) (Af)                              Rainfall year round.                                       Warm year round with coolest month’s average temperature above 64.4ºF.

Humid Tropical Wet and Dry (Tropical Wet and Dry) (Am and Aw)   Dry season in the winter or summer months.                 Warm year round with coolest month’s average temperature above 64.4ºF.

Arid (Desert) (BWn and BWk)                                     Almost no precipitation year round                         Temperatures may vary with no more than one month’s average temperature below 32ºF.

Semi-arid (Steppe) (BSn and BSk)                                Receives some precipitation (not enough for a surplus)     Temperatures may vary... must calculate Precipitation Threshold to determine if a locale is semiarid.

Humid Subtropical (Cfa)                                         Precipitation year round.                                  Coldest month’s average temperature is above 32ºF but below 64.4ºF; warmest month’s average is above 71.6ºF

Marine (Cfb)                                                    Precipitation year round.                                  Warmest month’s average temperature is below 71.6ºF; coldest month’s average is above 32ºF.

Mediterranean (Csb)                                             Dry season in the summer and a wet season in the winter.   Coldest month’s average temperature is above 32ºF but below 64.4ºF; warmest month’s average is above 71.6ºF

Humid Continental (Dfa, Dfb, Dwa, and Dwb)                      Precipitation year round.                                  Coldest month’s average temperature is below 32ºF; warmest month’s average is above 50ºF

Subarctic (Dfc, Dwc, Dfd, and Dwd)                              Precipitation year round (not large amounts).              Four or less months have an average monthly temperature above 50ºF.

Tundra (ET)                                                     Some precipitation (polar desert).                         Warmest month’s average temperature is below 50ºF but above 32ºF.

Ice Cap (EF)                                                    Little precipitation.                                      All month’s temperature averages are below 32ºF.
Semiarid Identification Process

• Step One- multiply the average annual temperature in ºC by 20.


• Step Two- Determining Precipitation Threshold: Take the number in Step
  One add 280 if 70% or more of the total precipitation is between April through
  September in the Northern Hemisphere (October-March in Southern). Add 140
  if 30%-70%. Add 0 if less than 30%.


• Step Three- Determine the area’s annual precipitation in millimeters.


• Step Four- If the area’s annual precipitation is less than the precipitation
  threshold but more than half the precipitation threshold then it is a semiarid
  climate.
Limon, Colorado

• Step One- 8.3ºC x 20 = 166


• Step Two- 80% of the rainfall falls between April to September


        • 166 + 280 = 446 is the Precipitation Threshold


• Step Three- 14 inches = 355.6 millimeters


• Step Four- 355.6 is less than 466 and more than half of 466...thus making
  Limon, Colorado a semiarid climate classification.
Does Hays, Kansas have a semiarid climate?

  Hays Kansas       Jan      Feb      Mar      Apr      May      Jun       Jul     Aug      Sep      Oct      Nov      Dec

 Avg. Temp. Fº       27°      32°      41°      54°      64°      74°      78°      77°      67°      55°      41°      30°

 Avg. Precip. in.   0.3 in   0.5 in   1.8 in   2.0 in   2.7 in   3.3 in   3.5 in   2.6 in   2.3 in   1.4 in   0.9 in   0.5 in
Barrow                                                              Fairbanks


         ALASKA CLIMATES



Nome                                                                Anchorage




Kodiak                                                                Sitka
                                           CLIMATES ZONES




           SOURCE: http://countrystudies.us/united-states/weather
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