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					 UNIVERSITY OF PESHAWAR




DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

        Self Assessment Report




                Submitted to
Quality Enhancement Cell University of Peshawar
                October, 2009




                Prepared by
               Dr. Huma Javed
                              Table of contents


Introduction                                                  01
Criterion-1: Programme Mission, Objectives and outcomes       02
Criterion 2: Curriculum Design and Organization               04
Criterion 3: Laboratories and Computing Facilities            22
Criterion 4: Students Support and Guidance                    24
Criterion 5: Process Control                                  25
Criterion 6: Faculty                                          27
Criterion 7: Institutional Facilities                         33
Criterion 8: Institutional Support                            35

                                  Annexure

Annexure I: Faculty Resume
Annexure II: Results of Course Evaluation Questionnaire




                                                          i
Introduction
The department of Geography, University of Peshawar was established in 1956
through the efforts of Prof. Mohammed Ashraf Khan Durrani, a graduate of Aligarh. Since
its inception its growth and progress both in terms of faculty, students, equipment
and space have been quite impressive. It has produced prominent geographers who
have served the nation in different capacities.

The department is committed to quality teaching and research, addressing diverse
dimensions of physical and applied geography, environment and natural
resources. The department started a new Master’s degree programme in the field
of environmental planning & management in 1988, which was later on upgraded to
a separate full-fledged post-graduate department and named Environmental
Science. The Department also started another Master program in Urban and
Regional Planning with the collaboration of Nottingham University, UK and was
renamed as the Department of Geography, Urban and Regional Planning in 1993.

Though the scope, status and market demand of the discipline remained diverse in
Pakistan for the last about three decades, the work done by Pakistani geographers
has not been duly recognized as compared to the developed world, where
geographers are contributing a lot in nation building processes.

The introduction of social sciences at the expense of Geography in the schools has
further reduced its importance. However, despite such setbacks the efforts at post-
graduate (Master level) is highly appreciated by the departments/organizations other
than teaching where geography graduates are employed. Nevertheless, the
government has now realised the importance of the subject and it has been decided
by the central government to introduce Geography at the school level from session
2009 onwards. For this purpose efforts are under way in the relevant bodies from the
formulation of curriculum to the writing of text books for schools.

The programme of geography in the University of Peshawar is designed to provide
necessary skills in understanding man-environment relationship. The geography
curriculum highlights the natural processes and their impacts on the society.
Moreover, man as a principal agent of change and transformation has been given
substantial importance in the curriculum. Additionally, new and modern tools have
been introduced to measure these changes in an efficient way.

Recognizing the importance of consistent changes in the field of geography in
national and international scenario, the department regularly updates its
curriculum and has recently incorporated the emerging tools of geographical
information system (GIS) and computing. The department provides a variety of
programs, services and resources to enhance students’ professional training and
career opprtunities. Apart from an excellent collection of books and journals in its
seminar library, the department has a good collection of maps, topographic
sheets, air photographs, satellite imageries, survey and cartographic equipments.
Besides, a computer laboratory has also been established in the department.




                                                                                     1
The department regularly holds national and international seminars in the fields of
geography, planning and natural resource management. The faculty is actively
engaged in a number of research projects some of which are internationally
collaborated and funded.

This Self Assessment Report (SAR), the first of its kind contains eight sections. The
first section outlines the programme mission and objectives. The second section
provides information about the curriculum development and its organisation. Section
three enlists the laboratories and other relevant information. This section is followed
by student support and guidance. The remaining sections from four to eight provide
information about student support, process control, faculty characteristics and
institutional facilities and support provided by the university.



SECTION-1

Components of Self Assessment Process: As per the Self Assessment
Manual, Self Assessment has been done on the basis of the following eight criteria:

Criterion-1: Programme Mission, Objectives and outcomes
Introduction

The mission of the Department of Geography is to serve the country by producing
qualified world-scale competent geographers, who can meet the demand of
government, non governmental organizations and academia as a qualified and
skilled workforce.

Mission Statement of the Department of Geography

The dynamics of the changing world has increased manifolds the need for
appreciating, recording and mapping those changes. The Department of
Geography plays an important role in the capacity building of the nation’s youth to
face these challenges, thus contributing to the overall growth and development of
the country. The department ensures that the youth gets the assistance, guidance
and environment conducive for sharpening their natural talent and to play their
due role as a responsible citizen for the overall societal uplift.

The strategic objectives of the department are as below:

Strategic Plan

Vision Statement

To be a model department with focus on enhancement and sustenance of an
academic environment conducive to excellence in teaching, research and
community services.




                                                                                      2
The department goals have been identified in terms of student performance,
enhanced learning and research.

Goal No 1: Intensive learning Geographical knowledge

To provide best possible quality programme in geography

Characteristics/Measures

      Comprehensive broad-based graduate programme
      Conducive environment for the development of research, ethical and
       leadership skills

Strategies

      To strictly continue policy of merit in enrolment of students
      Keep the curriculum up to date according to the needs of the market
       through the Statutory Bodies
      To establish the essential/needed laboratories in the department within the
       financial resource provisions

Goal No 2: Research at Graduate Level

To continue to strive and maintain the recent ranking position of No. 1 given by
Pakistan Council of Science & Technology (PCST) between similar departments
in the country.

Characteristics/Measures

      Introduce thesis at Master level for all the students (currently not offered)
      Create conducive environment for research in the department
      Develop partnership with established government and non governmental
       research organisations.
      Follow the new/improved entry requirements to MPhil and PhD program of
       the department

Strategies

      Provide all possible facilities for the research students currently working in
       the department
      Critically review and revise the existing curriculum of Master, MPhil and
       PhD programmes for the achievement of the goal
      Improve research infrastructure in the department through the improvement
       of library, usage of digital library resources and provision of lab facilities
      Acquire funds/scholarships/research grants from the university and HEC for
       PhD scholars
      Organise national and international conferences to share research done in
       different areas




                                                                                   3
Goal 3 Establishing Partnership with Government and NGOs

Pursue a policy of cooperation with governmental and non governmental
organisations for different projects and explore better employment opportunities
for the graduates of this department. A recent example has been a collaborative
research programme with an international NGO, CIET where the graduates of the
department were involved in data collection and analysis.

Characteristics/Measures

      Hold long term partnership with government line departments and NGOs
      Provide training facilities to workers in government and non- government
       organizations
      Through consultancy with the government and non-government
       organizations
      Seek internship programmes for the graduates

Strategies

      Develop effective partnership between faculty and government agencies
      Enhance relationship through training, cooperation, joint venture with NGOs
       and government line departments
      Establishing a programme advisory committee for consultation in the
       improvement of curriculum of the programme

Standards:

Standard 1-1: Documented measurable objectives

   1. To impart high quality education in the field of geography to enable the
      graduates to apply their knowledge and skills for the betterment/prosperity
      of the society.

   2. To equip the students with the following modern tools in the applied
      aspects of modern geography and research methodologies to make them
      skilled researchers thus more useful for solving practical problems and be
      useful for the society:

           Geographical/Information system (GIS)
           Remote Sensing
           Land Use Planning
           Use of Statistical Techniques
           Computer aided Cartographic Techniques

   3. To inculcate culture of research and ethical values in teaching faculty and
      students.




                                                                                    4
Meeting Standards 1-1:

      a.   Constantly updating curriculum
      b.   Small scale projects based on field studies
      c.   Writing, presentation/communication exercises
      d.   Infrastructure provisions
      e.   Linkages with government and non-governmental organizations
      f.   Qualified teachers
      g.   Development of linkages with national and international institutions
      h.   Alumni Association
      i.   Employer feedback


         Table 1
 Objective How Measured            When             Improvement         Improvement
                                   Measured         identified          made
             Graduating            2007, at the     More courses        Proposal
             Students              end/completi     related to          made for
     1.      Survey/input and      on of the        analytical skills   approval by
             tests conducted for   academic                             the Board of
             evaluation            session                              Studies
                                                    More emphasis       Proposal for
                                                    on the use of       establishment
                                                    GIS/Remote          of
     2.              -do-               -do-        Sensing             GIS/Remote
                                                                        Sensing
                                                                        Laboratory
                                                                        forwarded to
                                                                        the VC
             Research projects                      Introduction of     Proposal
             as part of                             Thesis at           made for
     3.      curriculum                 -do-        Master Level to     approval by
                                                    expand the          the Board of
                                                    scope of small      Studies
                                                    project reports


Standard 1-2: Programme Outcomes

Geography graduates shall have the ability to be:

      1.   A good teacher to disseminate relevant knowledge to the students
      2.   A good worker/researcher in any government or non-governmental
           organization such as planning agencies etc.
      3.   To prepare projects on micro and macro level and work effectively in
           teams.
      4.   Well versant in modern analytical techniques.




                                                                                  5
Meeting Standards 1-2: Programme Outcome Measurement

A number of surveys as per QAA questionnaires were initiated to assess the
programme outcomes/graduates of the Department of Geography. These
included, graduating student survey, alumni survey and employer survey. Since
majority of the geography graduates enter teaching profession at colleges,
questionnaires were sent to all the Principals of public sector colleges for their
feedback. Except for the graduating student survey, however, very few responses
of employer feedback were received.

Therefore, the results of only the graduating student surveys are presented here.
A total of 62 graduating students filled the survey forms. The questionnaire
contained 9 questions.

Programme Assessment Results:

The results of programme assessment by the graduating students are presented
in the following table and graph:

Table 2: Graduating Student Survey (Responses/Satisfaction Level)
Q.1 Workload in the Programme
Strongly                                                Strongly
agree        %     Agree %      Cum %   Disagree   %    disagree   %    Cum %
    26       42       18   29      71      16      26       2      3      29
Q.2 Enhancing team working ability
    27       44       31   50      94      3       4       1       2       6
Q.3 Support learning
    24       39       30   48      87      6       10      2       3      13
Q.4 Analytical Skills
     8       13       21   34      47      24      39      9       14     53
Q.5 Independent Thinking
    15       24       29   47      71      10      16      8       13     29
Q.6 Written and communication skills
    10       16       28   45      61      19      31      5       8      39
Q.7 Planning abilities
    17       27       22   35      62      17      27      6       11     38
Q.8 Advance courses in this program
     5        8       18   29      37      23      37      16      26     63




                                                                                6
                                           Graduating Students Survey

                    60%

                    50%
    Responses (%)




                    40%

                    30%

                    20%

                    10%

                      0%
                             Q.1     Q.2         Q.3         Q.4           Q.5         Q.6         Q.7         Q.8
                                                              Questions Asked

                                   Stongly Agree             Agree          Disagree           Strongly Disagree




The responses were also categorized into two i.e. Agree and Disagree (merging
strongly agree/agree and strongly disagree/disagree). The result on this basis is
shown in the following graph:

                                                 Graduating Students Survey

                    100%


                    90%


                    80%


                    70%
   Responses (%)




                    60%


                    50%


                    40%


                    30%


                    20%


                    10%


                     0%
                           Q.1     Q.2     Q.3         Q.4           Q.5         Q.6         Q.7         Q.8
                                                             Questions Asked
                                                             Agree         Disagree




                                                                                                                     7
Majority of the students (71%) are of the view that workload in the programme is
quite heavy. The opinion of 94% of the total surveyed students reveals that this
programme enhances their learning skills.

However, only 44% of the graduate students were of the view that the present
programme contains few courses that enhance their analytical skill. This would be
kept in mind while making the curriculum and these results will be communicated
to the Board of Studies members for consideration.

Out of the total students surveyed 71% were of the view that this programme
imparts independent thinking and inculcates decision making capability. This is of
course encouraging.

Both writing and communication skills are very important for expression and 61%
student said that this program enables them to communicate with others through
speech and writing. After going through this program majority of the students were
able to plan independently.

However, 37% of the students disagree that after successfully going through this
programme they will be able to take advance courses. This matter needs the
consideration of the faculty at every level. A serious brainstorming is needed to
rectify this problem.

The overall result, however, shows that the students are satisfied with the
programme.

Table 3: Objectives vs Outcomes
                                 EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES
                    Well versant Capable of Understand    & Be a good
                    in         the Solving   Practise       disseminator/
PROGRAMME           application of practical professional   Teacher     of
OBJECTIVES          knowledge       problems ethics         knowledge
                    and skills
To impart high
quality education         X                          X            X
in geography
To equip the
students       with       X              X
modern
analytical tools
To       inculcate
culture          of       X                          X      X
research       and
ethical values


Meeting Standard 1-3:

The results have been communicated to the faculty concerned for corrective
measures where needed.


                                                                                8
Standard 1-4: Overall performance

Table 4: Table showing admission in different programmes from 2000 to 06
Level of                2002-03                 2003-04                   2004-05                2005-06
Education         M       F   Total        M       F    Total         M      F     Total    M      F     Total
Master            12     18       30      26      19      45      50        28      78      47    25       72
16 years of
Education
Master (H)        3       4       7        9       -      -           2      1      3        6       -     6
16+ years of
Education
M.Phil             -      -        -       -       -       -       1         -       1       5     6       11
Ph.D               -      -        -       -       -       -       1         -       1       2     2        4
Total:            15     22       37      35      19      54      54        29      83      60    33       93

Table 5: Number of student on reserved/ seats
Level of                2002-03                2003-04                    2004-05                2005-06
Education          M      F Total        M       F   Total        M         F    Total      M      F   Total
Master 16          02     2     4        4       1     5          4         4     8         6      3     9
years of Edu.



Publications:

Table 6: International
S.No.           Author                         Title of Article                         Journal
 1.     S. Akhtar Ali Shah        Strategic Niche Management for                 Journal of Technology
                                  intelligent     Transport    System            Management,
                                  deployment and development in                  S.Korea-2007
                                  developing countries
 2.     -do-                      A retrospective précis of planning             -do-
                                  intelligent Transport System in
                                  Korea
 3.     -do-                      Development of Distributed Real                Iranian  Journal  of
                                  Time Decision Support System for               Science & Technology
                                  Traffic Management Centres using               -2007
                                  Microscopic CA Model
 4.     -do-                      Intelligent transportation System-Is           Journal of Advanced
                                  it a Compatible Tool for Developing            Transportation-
                                  countries?                                     http://www.advanced-
                                                                                 transport.com/vol_
                                                                                 no3_3.htm
 5.     Amir Khan                 Building Damages and Casualties                IGU-2007 Proceedings
                                  in   Recent     Earthquakes and
                                  Tsunamis in Asia-A cross-event
                                  survey of survivors

Table 7: National
S.No.   Author                                 Title of Article                            Journal
1.      Amir Khan                      A Study on Injuries and
                                       Social effect on the survivors
                                       of the 8th October Earthquake
                                       in Northern Pakistan




                                                                                                                 9
Table 8: Local
S.No.            Author                 Title of Article          Journal
1.        Fazlur Rehman         Ownership and Management PUTAJ          Science,
                                of Irrigation Water in the University         of
                                Eastern Hindu Kush: A Study Peshawar
                                of Mehlp Valley, Chitral,
                                Northern Pakistan

Table 9: Conferences/Seminars Organized
S.No.       Title of Seminar           Venue             Scope           Date
  1.      Students Seminar      Department of            Local       October 10-14,
          Week                  Geography                                2006
     2.   World Environment             -do-               -do-       June 5, 2007
          Day



Conferences/Workshops Attended by Faculty:
Table 10: International
S,No.     Participant           Conference/Workshop            Venue and Date
                                Theme
1.        S. Akhtar Ali Shah    Ist International Conference   Islamabad,       2-3
                                on Advances in Space           September 2006
                                Technologies
2.        -do-                  Urban Transport and the       Prague,        Czech
                                Environment in the 21st       Republic, 12-14 July,
                                Century                       2006
3.        -do-                  Ist ITS Arab Conference       Dubai,      December
                                                              2006
4.        Mrs, Iffat Tabassum   International Conference on Laos,       Kampuchia,
                                Sustainable Sloping Land 2006
                                and Watershed Management
5.        Mr. Saifullah         International        Regional Hanoi-Vietnam, 2007
          (PhD Scholar)         Conference                 on
                                Environmental Planning and
                                Management in SE Asian
                                Countries
6.        Ms. Shehla Gul        One-day       workshop    on” Peshawar, July 5th,
                                Qualitative and Quantitative 2006
                                Research           Paradigms”
                                organized by British Council



Table 11: National
S.No      Participant           Theme of Conference         Venue and Date
 1.       Amir Khan             12th      All      Pakistan Lahore, March 19-
                                Geographical Conference     22,2007
     2.   -do-                  7th   Annual     Population University        of
                                Research Conference         Peshawar, November
                                                            28-30, 2006
                                  th
     3.   Zulfiqar Ali          12        All      Pakistan Lahore, March 19-22,
                                Geographical Conference     2007


                                                                                      10
 4.      Mahmood ul Hassan GEF      Project    Workshop              Islamabad, May 14-16,
                           organized by Ministry of                  2007
                           Environment
 5.      Fazl-ur-Rehman    Training     Workshop      on”            Lahore,   March      09,
                           Quality Assurance in Higher               2007
                           Education” organized by
                           PIQC
 6.      Ms. Shehla Gul     Workshop on” Up gradation                Peshawar, July 5,
                            of the Environmental Profile             2006
                           of NWFP” organized by EPA
 7.      Mahmood-ul-Hassan Workshop on Plant                         Univ; of Peshawar,
                           Biodiversity, organized by                November 23-25,
                           Univ: of Peshawar                         2006


Table 12:Training Received/Impated by Faculty
S.No.     Faculty Member          Title of Training         Venue               Date
  1.     Ms. Shehla Gul         Earthquake              University      of November 13-
                                vulnerability     and   Peshawar           24, 2006
                                Muti-Hazard Risk
                                Assessment-
                                Organized by NCE
                                in Geology
 2.      -do-                   Faculty                 University      of July 24-August
                                Development             Peshawar           23, 2006
                                Programme-
                                Organized by HEC
 3.      Atta-ur-Rehman         Refresher CourseUniversity  of              December 17-
                                                Karachi
                                in Digital Library                          23, 2006
 4.      -do-                   GIS and Remote  Pakistan                    June     11-15,
                                Sensing         Academy     of              2007
                                                Rural
                                                Development,
                                                Peshawar
 5.      Amir Nawaz, Fazl- Crisis Management -do-                           June    18-22,
         ur-Rehman      and                                                 2007
         Atta-ur-Rehman
 6.      Amir Khan          Imparted training Quetta                        May 21, 2007
                            on” How to write a
                            scientific Research
                            Paper” organized
                            by University of
                            Baluchistan




Table 13: Research Projects Submitted by Faculty
 S.No.      Faculty Member                          Title of Project
   1.     Prof. Dr. Amir Khan    A Study of Environmental Impact of Ghazi-Barotha
                                 Hydro Power Project on the Local Environment of
                                 Ghazi tehsil
   2.     Prof. Dr. Amir         Role of GIS and Remote Sensing in Flood Hazard
          Nawaz Khan             Management



                                                                                                11
Table 14: Journal published by Department
Title of Journal     Editor     First         ISSN No.         Funding         No.    Of
                                Issue                          Source(s)       Issues
Pakistan Journal Prof. Dr. Amir 1991          1023-5108        HEC      and    12,
of Geography     Nawaz Khan                                    Univ:      of   1991-
                                                               Peshawar        2002


Table 15: Books/ monographs
S.No.   Author                Title                             Published in
  1.    Fazl-ur-Rehman        Persistence               and     Bonner
                              Transformation in the Eastern     Geographische
                              Hindu Kush: A Study of            Abhandlungen, Bonn,
                              Resource         Management       Germany (2007)
                              Systems in Mehlp Valley,
                              Chitral, North Pakistan
 2.     Amir Khan             Environmental and Socio-          Rome,          Societa
                              Cultural impacts of Ghazi-        Geographica    Italiana
                              Barotha Hydro-power Project       (2007)
                              on Ghazi Tehsil, Pakistan in
                              IGU Home of Geography
                              Book titled” Managing Water
                              Resources in a Changing
                              Physical       and      Social
                              Environment
 3.     Shehla Gul            Geography Text Book- Class        Peshawar,        Gaba
                              VI                                Publishers
 4.     Iffat Tabassum        Geography       Text    Book-     NWFP Text        Book
                                         th th th
                              Classes, 6 ,7 ,8                  Board



SECTION-2

Criterion 2: Curriculum Design and Organization

Degree Title: Master (MSc) in Geography

Intent: Curriculum for the Department of Geography is organised and updated
through different bodies. At the department level Board of Studies, comprising of
senior faculty members and some prominent scholars from within the country, is
responsible for updating the curriculum. This body is authorised to formulate
syllabus and course content. The chairman of the Department is the convener of
this body.

After the approval, courses are sent to the Board of Faculty for approval. The
Dean of the Faculty who is also the Convener conducts the meeting.



                                                                                          12
According to the University Rules, after the approval of courses from the Faculty
Board these are placed before the Academic Council at the University level for
approval. Finally formal approval of all the courses is accorded by the Syndicate
and Senate of the University of Peshawar for implementation.

Definition of Credit Hours

Since this program is functioning under the conventional system therefore, this
item is not relevant.

Degree Plan

The Degree Programme consists of two academic years with 1200 marks equally
divided in two years. As a whole the student has to study eight theory papers of
100 marks, out of this, 20 marks are assigned for internal evaluation through
assignments, test and exercises by the concerned teacher and the remaining 80
marks for each theory paper are assigned for external evaluation as per university
of Peshawar examination rules. Besides, in the first year there are 100 marks for
practical examination and in the second year there are 200 marks. The evaluation
is done as per university rules and external examiners are appointed by the
Controller of Examinations for this purpose.


Compulsory Courses:

MSc Previous                                     MSc Final
1. Geomorphology                          1. Economic Geography
2. Climatology                            2. Political Geography
3. Settlement Geography                   3. Geography of Pakistan
4. Geographic Thought                     4. Quantitative Techniques

Optional Courses:
                                         1. Urban Planning
                                         2. Quaternary Geology

Standards: 2.1 Assessment of the Geography Curriculum
The assessment of curriculum is done in the following table and the courses are
cross tabulated according to the programme out comes.




                                                                               13
Meeting Standard 2.1: Courses vs. Programme Outcomes

Table 16: Courses vs programme Outcomes
 Courses or Group                             Outcomes
 of Courses             Well        Capable of Understand         Be a good
                        versant in Solving        & Practise      disseminator/T
                        the         practical     professional    eacher       of
                        application problems      ethics          knowledge
                        of
                        knowledge
                        and skills
 1.Geomorphology             X                          X                X
 2.Climatology               X            X
 3.Settlement                X            X             X                X
 Geography
 4.History           of                                 X                X
 Development         of
 Geographical
 Thought
 5.Economic                  X                          X                X
 Geography
 6.Political Geography       X                          X                X
 7.Geography         of                                                  X
 Pakistan
 8.Quantitative              X            X                              X
 Techniques


Criterion 2: Standard 2-2: Elements vs. Courses

Meeting Standard 2-2: Percentage of Elements in Courses
Table 17
              Elements                            Courses
Theoretical Background                              30
Problem Analysis                                    30
Solution Design                                     40

Standard 2-7: Enhancing Communication Skills
For the development of communication and problem solving skills, all the students
of the MSc final are given small projects. They collect data, analyse it and make
presentation and finally make a report. The whole process is monitored by the
respective teachers. All the students are divided into groups and a specific
number of groups are allocated to individual teacher.

The teacher/supervisor provides guidelines for data collection, analysis and
presentation. Usually every year after the completion of the theory examination a
seminar week is organised and every group presents their work before the faculty
and students.


                                                                              14
SECTION-3

Criterion 3: Laboratories and Computing Facilities

There are five laboratories In the department. The facilities and shortcomings of
these laboratories are listed in the relevant sections.

Computer Lab:

At present there are two computer labs in the department. The number of
computers available to the students is 26. This is not sufficient for the needs of
more than 150 students. The size of the labs is also small. The teachers have to
organise the exercises in different shifts and with large groups.

GIS and Remote Sensing Laboratory

The same computer labs are also used for exercises in GIS and Remote Sensing
in addition to problem mentioned in 3.1.1. The capacity of the computers is quite
small to handle large size data and secondly the department has no licensed/
legal software to teach to the students. The software for GIS and Remote Sensing
are very expensive and it is not possible for the department to purchase them. As
a result computers of this department are run by using illegal/pirated software. The
pirated software is not reliable and sometimes creates problems particularly in the
analysis of data. Moreover, the department also needs latest and high resolution
satellite images for exercises.

Geomorphologic Laboratory

The department is trying to establish a geomorphologic laboratory in the
department. It is still in the initial stage and hopefully within two years there will be
full-fledged laboratory for the analysis of rock and soil samples. The absence of
geomorphologic lab is one of the hindrances in applied research in
geomorphology and this lab if established will solve the problem.

Photogramatic Laboratory

Aerial photographs are also used in geographic teaching and research. Recently
these photographs have been replaced by satellite images. The Department has a
limited number of aerial photographs and satellite images. A good collection of
these photographs and images is still required for teaching and research. A
geography graduate has been appointed to work as a Photogramatist/incharge of
the lab but in the absence of this lab he has been assigned to look after the
computer lab.




                                                                                      15
Weather Station

Climatology and Meteorology is taught in the department as part of the physical
geography course. Only theoretical part of the course is taught without actual
weather station and data collection.

This is one of the major needs of the department and hopefully in the coming
session the Department will be able to acquire an automatic weather station. The
climatic data collected by this weather station can be shared with other
departments of the university as well as with Meteorology Department of the
provincial government.

Survey Equipments

The Department has up-to-date survey equipments. These include; plain tables,
magnetic compasses, theodolite and other related accessories. These are mostly
used for conducting required field surveys by the students. With the increase in
the number of the students, the number of equipment is not enough and,
therefore, they have to work in large groups. This usually creates problems for the
students and the teachers in keeping every one involved.

Standard 3-1: Lab Manuals

There are no manuals as such for the use of laboratory equipments; the faculty
demonstrates various procedures to the students in the lab and in the field.

Standard 3-2 Laboratory Personnel
Since most of the labs are in the process of establishment therefore, there are no
personnel to look after them. One Photogramist has been appointed but he is
currently managing the computer laboratory.

Standard 3-3: Computing Infrastructure and Facilities

The number of computers is less than the number of students, therefore the the
teachers organize their use for exercises in groups.

Most of the curriculum requires practical studies in the field outside the campus
and require transport facility. For geography the laboratory is located in the field
that is why a number of field visits have been incorporated in the curriculum.
Most of these trips are conducted on single day basis in the vicinity of Peshawar.
Sometimes a study trip of longer duration is also necessary for spatial studies for
which a vehicle is essential to save expenditure on hired transport. The
Department does have a four-wheeled vehicle (a Wagoner) for four passengers,
but since the number of students has increased manifold, the Department needs a
larger transport facility. The University is also short of enough vehicles to cater to
the research needs of all the departments.

There are no proper safety arrangements. No fire extinguishers have been
installed in any lab of the Department. No security plan is in place in case of


                                                                                   16
emergency. Like many other departments of the University, Department of
Geography is located in the second floor with no emergency exists. The building is
L-shaped and has a single access. At the time of an emergency, e.g. fire or
earthquake it is quite impossible for the students working in the laboratory to be
evacuated safely.
Besides, the laboratories are located in the extreme corners of the building away
from the only access/exit. However, in case of medical emergencies, the
university provides ambulance service. The Khyber Teaching Hospital is located
at a five minutes walk/drive. Moreover, most of the equipment in the department is
not so dangerous to cause any harm during and hazard.


SECTION-4

Criterion 4: Students Support and Guidance

The University of Peshawar organizes student support programmes at three levels
i.e. Provost Office for student accommodation and other related affairs, the
Director Admissions Office to provide admission forms, prospectus and
information related to scholarship schemes etc. to applicants/students seeking
admission in the University. The Department in its own capacity arranges
orientation classes and guided tours of the department as well as provide printed
material about the courses and faculty. The parents of the students are also
briefed about the activities of the department and the required field trips. However,
there is no formal parent/teacher association/interaction.

Standard 4-1: Frequency of Courses

The Programme is running in an annual/conventional system and the students are
evaluated at the end of the academic year. Besides the compulsory/core courses
optional courses are also offered according to the demand of the students as well
as the capacity of the available faculty. For PhD and M.Phil programmes,
however, a variety of courses are offered according to demand of the students
and interest of the faculty.

The number of courses offered is limited because of non availability of faculty in
other specializations.

No course outside the department is offered to the students because of limitations
of the conventional/annual system of examination.

Standard 4-2: Structure of the Courses

At the time of courses formulation both theoretical aspects and field components
are kept in mind. Theoretical problems are effectively explained and based on the
assignments given to either group of students or individuals.




                                                                                  17
During the lectures the students are encouraged to ask questions and discuss
phenomena which need explanation. The field component is also included in the
curriculum and short field studies are regularly arranged.

The field visits are providing stimulation for discussion as well as teacher/student
interaction. However, at present due to large number of students this can not be
done effectively.

Standard 4.3: Guidance to the Students

A number of steps have been taken to provide students guidance. There is a
permanent committee on students’ affairs of the department. The chairman of the
department is the head of this committee and one male and female teacher as
members.
The female students receive counselling from the female teachers. In addition to
this committee the student proctors also provide guidance as well as help maintain
discipline. They are appointed by the university on the recommendation of the
chairman of the department.

In case of any problem or need the faculty members are always available to give
advice to the students. However, there is no counselling cell as such in the
department.

For the last one year the University has introduced Tutorial System in all the
departments. Wednesdays are reserved for student counselling as well as for
extracurricular activities including seminars etc.

Each teacher is assigned a group of students to keep them involved in arranging
and participating in such activities. For the increasing number of students it is not
possible for the department to organise seminars within the department due to
lack of any hall. This is a limitation of the department.

The department realizes the need for exploring job opportunities for its graduates.
The efforts of individual faculty members through consultancy services with non-
governmental agencies have opened up new areas where geography graduates
have proved their worth.

The Department organises seminars/conferences where the graduates have the
opportunity to meet potential employers. The student projects are presented in a
seminar week to which representatives of different line agencies and non
governmental organizations are invited. This helps in finding different opportunities
for employment for the graduates of the department.
Short training and diploma courses such as GIS and Remote Sensing Diploma
Courses are also offered by the department to enhance their market value.




                                                                                  18
SECTION-5

Criterion 5: Process Control
This includes student admission, student registration, faculty recruitment, teaching
and evaluation. Most of these activities are centralised and dealt with by the
relevant sections in the University Administration. There are different statutory
bodies for carrying out almost all these activities.

Standard 5.1: Programme Admission Criteria

Admission criterion to this program is based on at least second division in BA/BSc
from any recognised college. The only prerequisite is that the candidate applying
for admission in the programme must have studied Geography in BA/BSc. For this
purpose an advertisement is given in the leading national dailies by the Director
Admissions.

Application forms are received and based on merit prescribed number of
candidates are selected. The process of admission of students in the department
takes more or less one month to complete. Table Nos. 5.1 and 5.2 show student
enrolment for 4 academic sessions (2000-06) in different programmes running in
the department.

Standard 5.2: Process of Registration
After the completion of admissions the name of the students are forwarded to the
student affair office for proper registration in the particular programme, in this case
MSc geography. Registration number are issued to the students migrated to this
university from another university.

5.3: Recruiting Process

The vacant or newly created positions are advertised in the national dailies;
applications are received and processed by the Establishment Section of the
University. Call letters are issued to short listed candidates to pass a written test in
the subject, make a presentation to the faculty. Those who qualify this are asked
to appear before a Selection Board for interview. The list of selected individuals is
placed before the Syndicate for approval. Promotion cases are also processed by
the University on the recommendations of the Head of the Department.

5.4: Teaching and Delivery of Course Material

In order to provide excellent teaching and learning environment not only the
courses are updated from time to time, but emphasis is also placed on the delivery
of the lectures.
To achieve this goal, modern teaching aids such as overhead projectors,
multimedia, audio visual aid facilities are also utilised together with traditional
chalk and board method. Most of the lectures are also supplemented by slides,
pictures and models.



                                                                                     19
At the beginning of the session courses and practical works are assigned to the
teachers. The teachers follow the approved syllabus and make sure to complete it
within the time period. In case of leave of a faculty the chairman makes alternate
arrangement before hand. The progress is regularly reviewed in the staff
meetings.

5.5 Completion of Program requirements

A few months before the completion of the courses the students are asked to fill
the examination forms and the department collectively submits these forms in the
controller of examinations office.
The Controller announces the date of commencement of examination. After a
couple of months the controller’s office notifies the results of the students.
Candidates scoring 60% or more marks are declared as first division holders. Gold
medal is also awarded to the students who have scored highest marks both in
MSc previous and final examinations. Degrees are usually awarded to students on
the occasion of convocation held on 30 October every year which is the
foundation day of the university.

SECTION-6

Criterion 6: Faculty
Almost all the faculty members of the department of geography are full time
employees of the University. They have diverse fields of specialization and most
of them are trained in the technologically advanced counties of the world. They
are devoted for the promotion of the discipline and working very hard to enhance
both teaching and research in the department. They have sufficient teaching and
research experience to plan and deliver the lessons. The faculty of the department
of geography exhibits an impressive level of competence in their respective areas
of specializations through their academic and research work experience.

Standard 6.1: Full Time Faculty
The number of sanctioned posts and filled posts in the department is provided in
the following tables.

Table 18: Sanctioned/Filled Posts of Full Time Faculty Members
 Designation        2002-03           2003-04            2004-05            2005-06

               M     F   Total   M     F   Total    M     F   Total    M      F       Total
 Professor.    3     -    3      3     -        3   3     -        3   3      -        3
 Associate.    3     -    3      3     -        3   3     -        3   3      -        3
 Professor.
 Assistant     5     1    6      5     1        6   5     1        6   5      1        6
 Professor
 Lecturer      6     1    7      6     1    7        6    1    7       6      2        8
 Total         17    2    19     17    2    19      17    2    19      17     3        20




                                                                                              20
Table 19: Faculty with PhD Degree
S.#     Faculty      Designation      specialization            University      Funding
 1.     Amir Khan    Professor        Environmental/Urban/Re    Nottingham,     UK
                                      gional Planning/Social    UK
                                      Geography, GIS/RS
 2.     Amir         Professor        Applied                   Nottingham,     UK
        Nawaz                         Geomorphology, Natural    UK
                                      Hazards and Disaster
                                      Planning              &
                                      Management, GIS/RS
 3.     Mahmud-      Professor        Geomorphology,            Peshawar,       Univ: of Peshawar
        ul-Hassan                     Quaternary     Geology,   Pakistan
                                      Aerial     Photography,
                                      Pakistan Studies
 4.     Fazl -ur -   Asstt. Prof.     Mountain    Geography,    Bonn,           DAAD, Germany
        Rehman                        Natural        Resource   Germany
                                      management
 5.     S. Akhtar    Lecturer         Civil    Engineering,     Seoul,      S. S. Korea
        Ali Shah                      Environmental             Korea
                                      Planning
 6.     Muhamma      Asstt. Prof.     Geomorphology,            Peshawar,       Univ:          of
        d Jamal                       GIS/RS                    Pakistan        Peshawar
        Nasir

Table 20: Faculty distribution by programme areas
Programme area of Courses in the Number                                       of Number of
Specialization           area and average Faculty                                Faculty with
                         number           of members                          in PhD
                         sections per year   each area
Geomorphology                                       3                                   2
Urban/Regional                                      4                                   2
Planning
Settlement Geography                                3                                   1
Economic Geography                                  3                                   0
Political Geography                                 2                                   1
Geographic Thought                                  3                                   1
Quantitative                                        2                                   1
Techniques

Table 21: Para teaching Staff
 S.No                               Post                                      Grade
   1.      Librarian                                                            17
   2.      Field Superintendent                                                 16
   3.      Cartographer                                                         16
   4.      Senior Assistant                                                     14
   5.      Photogramatist                                                       11
   6.      Sr. Clerk                                                            9
   7.      Lab. Attendant                                                       7
   8.      Naib Qasid Sr.                                                       5
   9.      Naib Qasid Jr.                                                       2
  10.      Driver                                                               1



                                                                                             21
6.3 Faculty Development

Currently three faculty members of this department are on study leave for
improving their qualification in different universities within Pakistan. All of them
have availed study leave with pay and one of them is also receiving scholarship
from HEC.

Incentives in the form of allowances to thesis supervisors are being processed by
the university. This is to promote high standard research and supervision for
higher degrees. This new programme will hopefully be implemented from the
coming session and it is hoped that it will motivate the faculty members.


Faculty Survey:
Faculty survey was conducted on the prescribed proforma of HEC, the results are
tabulated below:

Table 21: Faculty survey Results
                    Research Teaching and Community Service
   Very                                                                   Very
 Satisfied   %    Satisfied     %    Neutral   %   Dissatisfied   %    dissatisfied   %
    0        0       2          40        3     60        0       0         0         0
                                   Intellectual Stimulation
    0        0       2          40        3     60        0       0         0         0
                                  Teaching and Research
    3        60      2          40        0               0       0         0         0
                                 Interaction with students
    3        60      2          40        0               0       0         0         0
                                         Cooperation
    3        60      1          20        1     20        0       0         0         0
                                       Monitoring                                     0
    0        0       1          20        4     80        0       0         0         0
                                   Administrative support
    2        40      2          40        1     20        0       0         0         0
                                      Faculty Promotion
    0        0       1          20        0               2       40        2         40
                              Prospects for advancement                               0
    0        0       0           0        2     40        2       40        1         20
                                Salary and other Packages
    0        0       4          80        1     20        0       0         0         0
                                         Job Security
    4        80      0           0        1     20        0       0         0         0
                                       Time for family
    0        0       4          80        1     20        0       0         0         0
                                 Climate of the Department
    4        80      1          20        0               0       0         0         0




                                                                                           22
Publications:

Table 22: International
S.#         Author                 Title of Article                     Journal
 1.     S. Akhtar Ali Strategic Niche Management for             Journal of Technology
        Shah          intelligent      Transport     System      Management,
                      deployment and development in              S.Korea-2007
                      developing countries
 2.     -do-          A retrospective précis of planning         -do-
                      intelligent Transport System in
                      Korea
 3.     -do-          Development of Distributed Real            Iranian  Journal  of
                      Time Decision Support System for           Science & Technology
                      Traffic Management Centres using           -2007
                      Microscopic CA Model
 4.     -do-                                                Journal of Advanced
                      Intelligent transportation System-Is it
                      a Compatible Tool for Developing      Transportation-
                      countries?                            http://www.advanced-
                                                            transport.com/vol_
                                                            no3_3.htm
 5.     Amir Khan        Building Damages and Casualties in IGU-2007 Proceedings
                         Recent Earthquakes and Tsunamis
                         in Asia-A cross-event survey of
                         survivors


Table 23: National
S.No.    Author                         Title of Article                Journal
1.       Amir Khan              A Study on Injuries and
                                Social effect on the survivors
                                of the 8th October Earthquake
                                in Northern Pakistan


Table 24: Local
S.#            Author                   Title of Article          Journal
 1.     Fazlur Rehman           Ownership and Management PUTAJ          Science,
                                of Irrigation Water in the University         of
                                Eastern Hindu Kush: A Study Peshawar
                                of Mehlp Valley, Chitral,
                                Northern Pakistan


Table 25: Conferences/Seminars Organized
S.#        Title of Seminar            Venue               Scope            Date
 1.     Students Seminar        Department of              Local        October 10-14,
        Week                    Geography                                   2006
 2.     World Environment               -do-                 -do-        June 5, 2007
        Day




                                                                                         23
Conferences/Workshops Attended by Faculty:
Table 26: International
S,#     Participant           Conference/Workshop Theme               Venue and Date
 1.     S. Akhtar Ali Shah    Ist International Conference on         Islamabad,          2-3
                              Advances in Space Technologies          September 2006
 2.     -do-                  Urban      Transport      and   the     Prague, Czech Republic,
                                                     st
                              Environment in the 21 Century           12-14 July, 2006
 3.     -do-                  Ist ITS Arab Conference                 Dubai, December 2006
 4.     Mrs, Iffat Tabassum   International     Conference     on     Laos, Kampuchia, 2006
                              Sustainable Sloping Land and
                              Watershed Management
 5.     Mr. Saifullah         International Regional Conference       Hanoi-Vietnam, 2007
        (PhD Scholar)         on Environmental Planning and
                              Management in SE Asian Countries
                                                                                      th
 6.     Ms. Shehla Gul        One-day workshop on” Qualitative        Peshawar, July 5 , 2006
                              and       Quantitative     Research
                              Paradigms” organized by British
                              Council

Table 27: National
S.#     Participant           Theme of Conference                     Venue and Date
                                th
 1.     Amir Khan             12     All Pakistan Geographical        Lahore,    March    19-
                              Conference                              22,2007
                               th
 2.     -do-                  7 Annual Population Research            University of Peshawar,
                              Conference                              November 28-30, 2006
                                 th
 3.     Zulfiqar Ali          12     All Pakistan Geographical        Lahore, March 19-22,
                              Conference                              2007
 4.     Mahmood ul Hassan     GEF Project Workshop organized          Islamabad, May 14-16,
                              by Ministry of Environment              2007
 5.     Fazl-ur-Rehman        Training Workshop on” Quality           Lahore, March 09, 2007
                              Assurance in Higher Education”
                              organized by PIQC
 6.     Ms. Shehla Gul         Workshop on” Up gradation of the       Peshawar, July 5, 2006
                                Environmental Profile of NWFP”
                                        organized by EPA
 7.     Mahmood-ul-Hassan     Workshop on Plant Biodiversity,         Univ; of Peshawar,
                              organized by Univ: of Peshawar          November 23-25, 2006

Table 28: Training Received/Impated by Faculty
S.No.     Faculty Member           Title of Training         Venue               Date
  1.     Ms. Shehla Gul          Earthquake              University      of November 13-
                                 vulnerability     and   Peshawar           24, 2006
                                 Muti-Hazard Risk
                                 Assessment-
                                 Organized by NCE
                                 in Geology
 2.      -do-                    Faculty                 University      of July 24-August
                                 Development             Peshawar           23, 2006
                                 Programme-
                                 Organized by HEC
 3.      Atta-ur-Rehman          Refresher Course        University      of December 17-
                                 in Digital Library      Karachi            23, 2006
 4.      -do-                    GIS and Remote          Pakistan           June     11-15,
                                 Sensing                 Academy         of 2007
                                                         Rural


                                                                                                24
                                               Development,
                                               Peshawar
 5.     Amir Nawaz, Fazl- Crisis Management -do-                        June      18-22,
        ur-Rehman      and                                              2007
        Atta-ur-Rehman
 6.     Amir Khan          Imparted training Quetta                     May 21, 2007
                           on” How to write a
                           scientific Research
                           Paper” organized
                           by University of
                           Baluchistan

Table 29: Research Projects Submitted by Faculty
S.No.   Faculty Member                             Title of Project
  1.  Prof. Dr. Amir Khan      A Study of Environmental Impact of Ghazi-Barotha Hydro
                               Power Project on the Local Environment of Ghazi tehsil
  2.    Prof. Dr. Amir Nawaz   Role of GIS and Remote Sensing in Flood Hazard
        Khan                   Management

Table 30: Journal published by Department
Title of Journal    Editor      First         ISSN No.          Funding         No.    Of
                                Issue                           Source(s)       Issues
Pakistan Journal Prof. Dr. Amir 1991          1023-5108         HEC      and    12,
of Geography     Nawaz Khan                                     Univ:      of   1991-
                                                                Peshawar        2002

Table 31: Books/ monographs
S.#    Author           Title                                     Published in
 1.    Fazl-ur-         Persistence and Transformation in         Bonner Geographische
       Rehman           the Eastern Hindu Kush: A Study of        Abhandlungen,  Bonn,
                        Resource Management Systems in            Germany (2007)
                        Mehlp Valley, Chitral, North Pakistan
 2.    Amir Khan        Environmental and Socio- Cultural         Rome,           Societa
                        impacts of Ghazi-Barotha Hydro-           Geographica     Italiana
                        power Project on Ghazi Tehsil,            (2007)
                        Pakistan in IGU Home of Geography
                        Book     titled”  Managing      Water
                        Resources in a Changing Physical
                        and Social Environment
 3.    Shehla Gul       Geography Text Book- Class VI       Peshawar,       Gaba
                                                            Publishers
 4.    Iffat Tabassum   Geography     Text    Book-Classes, NWFP Text Book Board
                        6th,7th,8th




                                                                                           25
SECTION -7

Criterion 7: Institutional Facilities

7.1 Introduction

The faculty members of the department of Geography have access to computers,
internet facility, and a significant number of maps, aerial photographs and books.
However, there is a lack of technical support for problems related to hardware and
software.

The faculty have access to printing and copying facilities in the department. The
above-mentioned factors are helpful in providing favourable environment for
imparting quality education to the students and producing good quality research.

7.2 Infrastructure

The Department has indicated the following shortcomings/problems:

1.      Many faculty members do not have their own PC and they share with one
        another. This creates problem of wastage of time. Every teacher may be
        provided with PC.
2.      Most of the computers are very old and obsolete. Latest PC with better
        speed will increase the working capacity.
3.      All the software used in the department is pirated copies and this creates
        a lot of problem and a constant warning from the Microsoft Company.
        One licensed copy of each software need to be provided to the
        department, this would solve this problem.
4.      Attack of virus from the net is a daily phenomenon and it creates wastage
        of time and corruption of files in the PC.
5.      The most important tool of geographers is Maps. Of course the
        department has a very good and updated collection of maps of Pakistan
        and other countries, the problem is that more than 50% of the large scale
        maps of Pakistan are not available due to security reasons. This is the
        main problem in the development of data base in GIS and Remote
        Sensing.
6.      Similarly aerial photographs are not available for the whole of Pakistan on
        a suitable scale. This is the main problem that students are unable to use
        these tools for research.

7.3 Library Facility

Central Library:

The Central Library of the University has very limited facility both in terms of
number of book, journals and periodicals. The overall environment of the library is
not conducive for research. No catalogue system is available for the students and
faculty to search for literature and books.



                                                                                26
Most of the books are quite old and the organization is very poor. Other facilities in
the reading rooms are negligible. There is no facility to work with a laptop in the
library.
However, things are now changing and it is hoped that with the passage of time
some improvement can be seen in the central library of the university.

Seminar Library:

There is a seminar library in the department of geography as well. Most of the
literature needs of the students and faculty are fulfilled from here. There are more
than 100,000 books in the library, most of these books are very old and
photocopies and duplicates of the originals. No systematic catalogue is available
and due to limited space the books have been dumped in the cupboards.
This creates a lot of problems for searching literature and books in the library.
Moreover, there are sporadic issues of few international journals. This is very
unfortunate situation both for research and teaching.

Due to limited space, the working environment in the library is not good. It is most
of the time full and no space is available for reading. Only 50 seats are available
for more than 150 students. There is a professionally trained librarian who takes
keen interest in the up gradation and organization of the library. The library is also
air conditioned and provides a nice opportunity in summer season for reading
subject to availability of seat. The funds available for the purchase of books are
very limited. This year 50,000 rupees have been sanctioned for the purchase of
books. Since books on geographical themes are mostly written by foreign authors
and the price is very high, from the available funds only few books can be
purchased. The department is not on the regular subscription list of any national
and international journals. Only two journals are sending their issues to the
department library. These too are incomplete sets.

However, the HEC has subscribed many e-journals and electronic books on its
digital library. This is highly appreciated. Nevertheless, many articles from the
digital library are available on payment and the university library is supposed to
provide these on personal request. This is not happening. Moreover, for reading
the articles a hard copy is needed and every student and faculty has no printer
facility and it is quite expensive to make copies in the market. This problem has
multi dimensional impacts on teaching and research and therefore, an immediate
solution is needed for the enhancement of teaching and research.

7.4 Map Collection and Cartographic Equipment

The department has a very nice collection of maps of various scales and themes.
Recently the topographical map collection has been updated. However, many of
the maps are very old and currently available foreign published maps are very
expensive. Moreover, most of the topographic sheet on 1:50,000 scales are also
restricted for public use. That is actually creating a big problem for the teachers
and student not only for conducting research but also teaching and field visits. The
procedure to get these sheets from the survey of Pakistan is also a cumbersome
job and it takes many years of consistent efforts to requisition them and that too
with no certainty. Sometimes the requests are turned down after many years of


                                                                                   27
efforts. Likewise maps of the urban centres are also not available for consultation
and teaching purposes. Without maps, which is an essential tool of geographers it
is difficult to make students appreciate various geographical phenomena.

7.5 Class Room and Faculty Offices

Space in terms of faculty offices and class rooms is one of the main problems of
the department. The number of class rooms is not only limited but also lacks some
of the basic facilities. Only a single multi media is available in the department for
four classes. Moreover, for carrying out practical exercises and conducting interim
test no room is available. This affects the quality of teaching and delivering of
lectures. There is no hall or auditorium for seminars.
For these purposes the library is used and thus library is not available for the
students for many hours during the session.

The problem of faculty offices is a burning issue in the department. Only three
Professors have their own single offices and the remaining faculty members share
rooms. The situation is deplorable and up to four faculty members are sharing a
12X12 feet room. This badly affects heir capacity of work and preparation for
classes. Particularly when this problem is looked in our social setup and system of
teaching and student counselling than it can be easily understood that most of the
teachers are wasting time in these overcrowded offices. The only solution is to
provide enough space for work to each faculty.

SECTION 8:

Criterion 8: Institutional Support
.
8.1 Introduction

The University is trying its level best to strengthen all the postgraduate
departments. The main objective is to provide excellent education and training to
the students. Moreover, the university is providing good facilities to attract highly
qualified faculty. Nevertheless, there are no scholarships for the PhD scholars and
no system of research assistants and student help. It is badly felt that more efforts
are needed. To motivate teachers to do research incentives should be given to
highly qualified and skilled teachers as well as to good students for research. This
is essential to retain qualified teachers. Additionally, there is a need for increasing
the financial resources allocated to the department to acquire and maintain library,
laboratories and computer facilities. The university should plan for future to
provide enough space for the department for library, faculty offices and class
rooms.




                                                                                    28
8.2 Support and Financial Resources

Some factors that can contribute positively to the motivation of the faculty are
recommended as follows:
    Giving Scholarship to all the faculty members who have not yet completed
     their PhDs.
    Provide research Grants to the young faculty members for conduction
     innovative research.
    Support the young researchers for publication of their research articles in
     reputed journals.
    Provide sabbatical leave for every 5 o 6 years of regular service for field
     research.
    The process of promotion should be streamlined and properly adopted for
     all the faculty members based on merit.
    Discrimination and favouritism need to be discouraged at all levels for the
     achievement of transparency particularly in promotions.

8.3 Graduate Students and Research Scholars

In the Department of Geography students are enrolled in different programmes.
Moreover, some of the faculty members are also teaching courses in different
departments of the university as part time teachers. All the enrolment is done
according to the university rules and on the basis of merit.

The intake is once a year, however, the MPhil and PhD Scholars are enrolled
semester-wise i.e. two intakes per year. A general merit is followed and the
prerequisite is to pass the indigenous GRE examination. This has been adopted
as per HEC directives. Detail of the students and research scholars is provided in
the following table.

Table 32: Student Enrolment in different programmes from 2003 to 2007

Level of         2002-03            2003-04            2004-05            2005-06            2006-07
Education   M     F    Total   M     F    Total   M     F    Total   M     F    Total   M     F    Total
Master      12    18    30     26    19    45     50    28    78     47    25    72     53    32    85
16 years
of Edu
 st
1 Year
  st
(1
Semester)
 nd
2 Year      12    25    37     12    18    30     26    19    45     50    28    78     50    31    81
  rd
(3
Semester)
Master      3     4     7      9           9      2     1     3      6           6      6      -    6
(H) 16+
years of
Edu
 st
1 Year      8           8      2     3     5      6           6      2     1     3      5     1     6
  st
(1
Semester)
M. Phil.                                          1           1      5     6     11     4     6     10
Ph.D.                                             1           1      8     2     10     2     2      4




                                                                                                    29
8.4 Financial Resources

The Total Budget for the financial year is Rs. 90,000. That is not sufficient for the
purchase of necessary items and needs to be enhanced particularly for the
purchase of books, research journals and periodicals. Enough money should be
provided for the purchase of maps, cartographic items, maintenance of computers
and purchase of consumable items.

Objectives for the 2007-08 Session:

   1.       Establishment of Geomorphologic Lab
   2.       Establishment of Weather station
   3.       One-year Post-graduate Diploma in Geomatics (GIS/RS)
   4.       Golden Jubilee Celebrations
   5.       Holding National Geographic Conference


Vision for the Future:

To maintain the First Position among similar Departments in the country awarded
by Pakistan Council of Science and Technology (PCST).

To be recognized for quality researchers both nationally and internationally.




Prepared by:                                         (Prof. Dr. Mahmood-ul-Hassan)
                                                      Chairman,
                                                      Department of Geography
                                                      University of Peshawar




Checked by:                                          (Muhammad Taimur Khan)
                                                     Director,
                                                      Quality Enhancement Cell
                                                      University of Peshawar



Date of submission to HEC:                            31.10.2007




                                                                                  30

				
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