Bihar Assembly Analysis - 2009 - English by keralaguest

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 16

									    QUESTION ANSWER ANALYSIS OF
       BIHAR ASSEMBLY, 2009

                             14th Vidhan Sabha
                  Session 12: 29th June to 30th July, 2009
                                     &
                          th
            Session 13: 18 December to 24th December, 2009




An Analysis of Questions Raised in the Bihar Assembly on issues related
                 to the Millennium Development Goals

                              January, 2010




                                   1
Contents
About the Brief............................................................................................................................... 3
Using the Analysis ......................................................................................................................... 3
   MDG Related Questions out of Total Questions ...................................................................... 4
Qualitative analysis ....................................................................................................................... 4
   Millennium Development Goal 1: “Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger” - Theme wise
   Division ...................................................................................................................................... 4
       Gaps ........................................................................................................................................ 5
   Millennium Development Goal 2: “Achieve Universal Primary Education”- Theme wise
   Division ...................................................................................................................................... 5
       Gaps ........................................................................................................................................ 5
   Millennium Development Goal 3: “Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women”-
   Theme wise Division ................................................................................................................. 5
       Gaps ........................................................................................................................................ 6
   Millennium Development Goal 4: “Reduce Child Mortality” - Theme wise Division ........... 6
       Gaps ........................................................................................................................................ 6
   Millennium Development Goal 5: “Improve Maternal Health” - Theme wise Division ....... 7
       Gaps ........................................................................................................................................ 7
   Millennium Development Goal 6: “Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other Diseases” -
   Theme wise Division ................................................................................................................. 7
       Gaps ........................................................................................................................................ 8
   Millennium Development Goal 7: “Environment Sustainability”- Theme wise Division .... 8
       Gaps ........................................................................................................................................ 8
   Millennium Development Goal 8: “Develop a Global Partnership for Development” ......... 8
Quantitative Analysis .................................................................................................................... 9
   Top 15 Members of Legislative Assembly ............................................................................... 9
   Party Wise Distribution of MDG Centric Questions ................................................................ 9
       Percentage Distribution of MDG Centric Questions ............................................................ 10
   Ministry wise Questions ......................................................................................................... 10
   State and Constituency Specific Questions............................................................................ 13
       Distribution of Region Specific Questions ........................................................................... 13
   MDG Centered Participation of Women MLAs in Bihar Assembly ...................................... 14
Annexure 1 .................................................................................................................................... 14
Categorisation of Millennium Development Goals ................................................................... 14



                                                                         2
About the Brief
This document has been prepared with the objective of understanding the nature of
proceedings in the Bihar Assembly Session 12, held from 29th June to 30th July and Session 13,
held from 18th December to 24th December, 2009 from the perspective of the Millennium
Development Goals (MDG).




   Analysing key issues from among the Millennium Development Goals that the Assembly is
    discussing
   Tracking Political Parties and individual Members and assessing the issues they choose to
    highlight from among the MDGs
   Understanding the kind and the number of questions asked to individual Ministries
   Following constituency specific issues
   Identifying aspects of MDGs which have not been discussed in the Assembly




Using the Analysis
The analysis of MDG related proceedings is useful in the following ways:

Methodology

The report is based on the analysis of starred questions and short notice questionsi raised in the
fourteenth Bihar Assembly in the year 2009. The questions were accessed from the secretariat
of Bihar Vidhan Sabha. The analysis focused on the content of questions that talked about any
of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The categorization of the questions under
various MDGs was done on the basis of classifications in the Millennium Development Goals
Report 2009, available on the United Nations website.

The analysis has been divided into two parts: Quantitative and Qualitative.

Qualitative Analysis

The qualitative analysis captures all MDG related questions by categorizing them into themes
and sub-themes. The level and nature of attention given to different aspects of each of the
MDGs in the Assembly Proceedings thus become clear. Key issues that were neglected in the
Assembly discourse have also been highlighted in this report. Refer to annexure 1 for a detailed
understanding of how questions in the Assembly have been categorized under various MDGs.

Quantitative Analysis


                                                3
This brings out the number of MDG related questions asked by each of the Members of
Legislative Assembly (MLAs), especially women MLAs, and Parties. The number of questions
asked from each of the Ministries has also been captured. Number of MDG related questions
that relate to the entire state and the ones that relate only to an Assembly Constituency have
                                                               also been highlighted.

                                                             MDG Related Questions out
                                                             of Total Questions
                                                             Graph 1

                                                            Out of the 2365 questions
                                                            analysed in the Bihar Assembly,
                                                            783 could be categorized as
                                                            related to the Millennium
Development Goals, which constitute 33% of the total questions asked.




Qualitative analysis

Millennium Development Goal 1: “Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger” - Theme
wise Division (Figures in Percentage)
Graph 2




In MDG 1, out of the total questions (232) asked, the maximum were on Central schemes and
programmes (98 in total), of which 22 were based on the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural
Employment Guarantee Scheme, 7 on economic and social development of people living below
the poverty line, and 27 on the status of Indira Awas Yojana. 39 questions were related to food
security under which procurement of food crops, distribution of grain, details of support price
and fair price shops were the issues discussed. Among the questions based on state schemes
and programmes (48 in total), 9 questions were directed towards welfare measures undertaken
                                              4
for the scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and the below poverty line citizens. 7 questions were
on land reforms and related rehabilitation efforts.

Gaps
There was no discussion on the MDG 1 target of reducing starvation deaths. While only one
question was asked on the status of development of backward regions in Bihar, no question
was asked on provision of health security for the poor.

Millennium Development Goal 2: “Achieve Universal Primary Education”- Theme
wise Division (Figures in Percentage)
Graph 3




Out of the 116 questions asked on the second Millennium Development Goal, 73 were about
infrastructure and administration related aspects of existing schools and 11 were on
functioning of Centrally Sponsored Schemes and Programmes. The latter addressed issues
related to Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan and Mid Day Meal Scheme. 30 questions were raised on
status of education of students belonging to the scheduled caste and scheduled tribe families.

Gaps
No questions were asked on learning achievements of pupils, teaching quality, pedagogy and
regulation of private sector involvement in the education sector. Only 1 question each was
addressed towards the status of education centric state sponsored schemes and improving
literacy rates of 15-24 year olds.

Millennium Development Goal 3: “Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women”-
Theme wise Division (Figures in Percentage)

Graph 4




                                               5
34 women related questions were raised in the Bihar Assembly, out of which 24 were on
opportunities to provide them with better quality education and 5 were on instances of
violence against women.

Gaps
Only one question was addressed towards central schemes and programs and two questions
sought to know the status of existing women centric state schemes and programs. Participation
of women in political decision making and employment generation for women are two
important targets under MDG 3. While only one question was asked on employment
opportunities for women, their political participation was left out of the ambit of discussion.
Health of women, and formulation and implementation of protective laws for their safety were
not discussed in the Assembly. Poor sex ratio in primary schools- another MDG 3 target was
also not addressed.

Millennium Development Goal 4: “Reduce Child Mortality” - Theme wise Division
(Figures in Percentage)

Graph 5




17 questions were asked on MDG 4, out of which the maximum at 14, were on status of
Integrated Child Development Scheme – a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. 2 questions were
raised on issues of provision of funds, and opening up of new centers of Aanganwadis.

Gaps
There was only one question each on the status of health of children in the state and condition
of child state homes. Issues such as child mortality, infant and neo natal deaths, and status of

                                               6
children living in the streets were left out of the Assembly discussions. Vaccination of one year
old children against measles- one of the targets under MDG 4, was also not raised in the
Assembly.

Millennium Development Goal 5: “Improve Maternal Health” - Theme wise Division




Only 9 questions were asked on maternal health in the state of Bihar, out of which 5 were on
Central schemes and programs, including 1 question on Janani Suraksha Yojana and 3 on state
schemes and programs.

Gaps
Only 1 question was asked on maternal deaths. There was no discussion on pre-natal diagnostic
tests. Maternity leave as a subject was left out altogether. Other MDG 5 targets such as
proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel; achieving decline in adolescent
fertility and contraceptive prevalence rate were not discussed.

Millennium Development Goal 6: “Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other Diseases” -
Theme wise Division (Figures in Percentage)

Graph 6




In all, there were 127 questions on MDG 6. The maximum number of questions (115) was asked
on health infrastructure. Most of the health infrastructure related questions were on 1) lack of
equipment and medical staff in urban and rural areas, 2) vacancies in health centres and district
hospitals and 3) construction of new medical centres. 5 questions highlighted issues pertaining
to purchase and manufacture of spurious drugs while 1 question targeted malpractices in the
health industry.

                                               7
Gaps
No discussion took place on the status of AIDS patients in the state, their growing numbers,
development and provision of shelter homes for them, status of women infected with the virus,
availability of antiretroviral drugs, or prevention programmes and support systems for children
orphaned by AIDS. Only 1 question was asked on related state schemes and programs.
Research and development and prevention and management of emerging diseases were also
left out of the gambit of discussion.

Millennium Development Goal 7: “Environment Sustainability”- Theme wise Division
(Figures in Percentage)

Graph 7




Out of the 249 questions on MDG 7, 97 were centered on drinking water and related issues, 89
on relief from floods and drought and rehabilitation of families rendered homeless, and 34 on
urban slums and provision of sanitation facilities. 16 questions were addressed towards forest,
biodiversity and wasteland conservation, 7 were on water conservation, and 2 on waste
management.

Gaps
There was very little discussion on usage of clean technology, climate change, and related
Central schemes and programs, with only one question each being asked on all. Environment
impact assessment was not discussed in the Bihar Assembly. Other MDG 7 targets such as
reduction in ozone depleting substances, improved fisheries for fish stocks, reduction in burden
on women for water collection, introduction of low cost interventions to improve lives of slum
dwellers have received no attention in these sessions.

Millennium Development Goal 8: “Develop a Global Partnership for Development”
No question suitable of being categorized under MDG 8 was discussed in the Bihar Assembly.

                                               8
Quantitative Analysis
Top 15 Members of Legislative Assembly
Table 1

                                                                                    Number of Questions
S.                                    Assembly                                      asked by each of the
No.        Name of the MLA            Constituency                Party             MLAs
       1   Ramdeo Verma               Vibhutipur                  CPI (M)                    20
       2   Amarnath Yadav             Darauli                     CPI ML                     19
       3   Ramdas Rai                 Taraiya                     RJD                        18
       4   Akhatarul Iman             Kishanganj                  RJD                        17
       5   Izhar Ahmed                Ghanshyampur                LJP                        17
       6   Pradip Kumar               Warshaliganj                Ind.                       17
       7   Sunil Kumar Pushpam        Hasanpur                    RJD                        17
       8   Abdul Bari Siddiqui        Bahera                      RJD                        15
       9   Dr. Achyutanand Singh      Jandaha                     LJP                        15
      10   Prem Ranjan Patel          Surajgarha                  BJP                        14
      11   Maheshwar Singh            Harsiddhi                   LJP                        13
      12   Shivchandra Ram            Mahua                       RJD                        13
      13   Sunila Devi                Shiekhpura                  INC                        13
      14   Vinod Narayan Jha          Pandaul                     BJP                        13
      15   Vishwa Mohan Bharti        Chattapur                   JDU                        13

Table 1 lists the top 15 MLAs who have asked the maximum number of MDG related questions
in the Assembly. It shows that Shri Ramdeo Verma of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) has
asked the maximum number of MDG centric questions (20), followed by Shri Amarnath Yadav of the
Communist Party of India (Marxist Leninist). Shri Ramdas Rai asked the maximum number of questions
from among the MLAs of Rashtriya Janata Dal.

Party Wise Distribution of MDG Centric Questions
Table 2ii
List of          Number of         MDG 1        MDG         MDG   MDG       MDG 5    MDG     MDG     MDG
Parties          Questions                      2           3     4                  6       7       8
                 asked
       RJD               260          81           39        7       5        2        48      78      0
       BJP               140          32           16       12       5        1        16      58      0
       JDU               129          30           15        7       3        2        24      48      0
       LJP               57           24           7         3       2        1         8      12      0
       Ind.              38           12           6         1       1        1         6      11      0

                                                        9
      INC             33              6          6         2         0         0       7       12    0
      BSP             31              8          8         0         0         0       4       11    0
      CPM             20              8          3         3         0         1       3       2     0
      CPI             19              8          1         0         1         0       2       7     0
     CPIML            19              8          6         0         0         1       2       2     0
    CPIMLL            16              8          3         0         0         0       1       4     0
       SP             14              4          3         0         0         0       5       2     0
      NCP             6               3          2         0         0         0       0       1     0
     AJVD             0               0          0         0         0         0       0       0     0

  The above table contains a list of MDG centric questions, asked by members of each of the
  Parties in descending order. The maximum number of MDG centric questions was raised by the
  Rashtriya Janata Dal followed by the Bhartiya Janata Party. All the Parties asked maximum
  questions on MDG 1-“Ending Poverty and Hunger” followed by MDG 7- “Environment
  Sustainability”.


  Percentage Distribution of MDG Centric Questions

  Graph 8 (Figures in Graph in Absolute Numbers)

  Graph 8 shows the actual distribution of MDG
  centric questions. Members of the Rashtriya Janata
  Dal asked 33.2% (260 Questions), the Bhartiya Janata
  Partys asked 17.9% (140), while the Bahujan Samaj
  Party (BSP) asked 16.4% (129) of the total questions.



  Ministry wise Questions
  Table 3

                    Total
                  Number
                     of
                  Questions                MDG       MDG       MDG       MDG   MDG     MDG     MDG   MDG
Ministry Name      Asked      Percentage    1         2         3         4        5       6    7     8
Health Ministry     123        15.71%       0         0         1         0        8   114      0     0
Human
Resources
Ministry            106        13.54%       1         87       16         1        0       1    0     0
Public Health        86        10.98%       3         0         0         0        0       1   82     0


                                                     10
and
Engineering
Ministry
Rural
Development
Ministry         83   10.60%   75    0    0   0    0   0   8    0
Water
Resources
Ministry         70   8.94%    1     0    0   0    0   0   69   0
Food and
Consumer
Protection
Ministry         49   6.26%    48    0    0   0    1   0   0    0
Urban
Development
and Housing
Ministry         45   5.75%    2     0    0   0    0   0   43   0
Schedule
Caste/Schedule
Tribe Ministry   37   4.73%    12    21   4   0    0   0   0    0
Agriculture
Ministry         29   3.70%    20    0    0   0    0   0   9    0
Social Welfare
Ministry         23   2.94%    6     0    1   16   0   0   0    0
Disaster
Management
Ministry         22   2.81%    10    0    0   0    0   0   12   0
Revenue and
Land Reforms
Ministry         19   2.43%    17    1    0   0    0   0   1    0
Forest and
Environment
Ministry         15   1.92%    1     0    0   0    0   0   14   0
Labour
Employment
and Training
Ministry         14   1.79%    14    0    0   0    0   0   0    0

                                    11
Home Ministry      13   1.66%   7    0   5   0   0   1   0   0
Building
Construction
Ministry           11   1.40%   0    0   2   0   0   8   1   0
Minority
Welfare
Ministry           9    1.15%   3    6   0   0   0   0   0   0
Road
Construction
Ministry           8    1.02%   1    0   0   0   0   0   7   0
Backward
Class and
Extremely
Backward
Class Welfare
Ministry           3    0.38%   2    0   1   0   0   0   0   0
Animal and
Fish Resources
Ministry           2    0.26%   0    0   0   0   0   2   0   0
Industry
Ministry           2    0.26%   1    0   1   0   0   0   0   0
Minor Irrigation
Ministry           2    0.26%   0    0   0   0   0   0   2   0
Panchayati Raj
Ministry           2    0.26%   2    0   0   0   0   0   0   0
Personnel and
Administrative
Reforms
Ministry           2    0.26%   2    0   0   0   0   0   0   0
Science and
Technology
Ministry           2    0.26%   0    0   2   0   0   0   0   0
Transport
Ministry           2    0.26%   2    0   0   0   0   0   0   0
Co-operative
Ministry           1    0.13%   1    0   0   0   0   0   0   0
Information        1    0.13%   0    0   1   0   0   0   0   0

                                    12
Technology
Ministry
Planning and
Development
Ministry           1         0.13%       0        0       1    0       0      0      0      0
Sugarcane
Ministry           1         0.13%       1        0       0    0       0      0      0      0


  Table 3 shows the number of MDG related questions asked to each of the Ministries. The third
  column titled Percentage gives the percentage share of questions that each Ministry has from
  the total MDG related questions asked. This table highlights that the maximum number of
  MDG related questions (123) were directed towards the Health Ministry (15.71%), followed by
  the Human Resources Ministry (13.5%) and Public Health and Engineering Ministry (10.9%).

  State and Constituency Specific Questions
  Out of the 783 MDG centric questions, 168 were asked on pan Bihar issues. Others were region
  centric and targeted specific assembly constituencies, districts and blocks.

  Distribution of Region Specific Questions
  Table 4 highlights the top 20 regions on which MDG related questions were discussed in the
  Bihar Assembly. This table shows that maximum number of questions (53) was addressed
  towards the development needs of Patna. This was followed by Samastipur and Darbhanga (35
  questions), Madhubani (34 questions) and Nalanda at 26 questions each from a total of 783
  MDG centric questions.

  Table 4
                       Number of                                   Number of Questions
   Region              Questions Asked       Region                Asked
   Patna                       53            Supaul                        20

   Samastipur                  35            Lakhisarai                     19

   Darbhanga                   35            Bhojpur                        19

   Madhubani                   34            Vaishali                       17
   Nalanda                     26            Katihar                        17
   Purnia                      26            Nawada                         16
   Siwan                       24            Muzaffarpur                    16
   Begusarai                   21            East Champaran                 15
   Sitamarhi                   21            Bhagalpur                      14
   Saran                       20            Aurangabad                     14




                                                13
MDG Centered Participation of Women MLAs in Bihar Assembly

Graph 10




Out of the 26 women Assembly members, 17 have asked MDG related questions. Ms. Sunila
Devi (13 questions) of the Indian National Congress has asked the highest number of MDG
centric questions, followed by Ms. Asha Devi of Danapur (Bhartiya Janata Party ) and Ms.
Nagina Devi of Lok Janshakti Party (10 questions). All women Assembly members have largely
asked questions centered around MDG 1 “End Poverty and Hunger” and MDG 7 “Environment
Sustainability”, which falls in line with the overall trend of the Bihar Assembly.




Annexure 1

Categorisation of Millennium Development Goals

Following is an explanatory note on the themes and sub-themes used to categorise the
Millennium Development Goals.

Millennium Development Goal 1:
End Extreme Poverty and Hunger
The first Millennium development goal has been divided into 6 themes and 6 sub-themes:
 Employment
 Food Security
 Unorganised, Small Scale, Labour Intensive Sector

                                            14
   Social Security And Safety for the Unemployed and the Unorganised Sector
   Central Schemes and Programmes
   State Schemes and Programmes

Some of questions under the theme ‘Employment’ have been further categorised into the sub
theme of Infrastructure. The theme Central Schemes and Programmes covers questions
revolving around the issues of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, Indira Awas
Yojana, Below Poverty Line Citizens’, Schedules Caste and Scheduled Tribe centric schemes and
Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme.

All employment schemes for women have been included under MDG 3 and questions raised to
evaluate and assess the Mid Day Meal Scheme have been included under MDG 2.

Millennium Development Goal 2
Achieve Universal Primary Education
MDG 2 has been divided into four themes:
 Central Schemes and Programmes
 State Schemes and Programmes
 SC/ST/Economically Weaker Children
 Infrastructure and Administration
The theme of ‘Central Schemes and Programmes’ has been further divided into the sub-themes
of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan and Mid Day Meal Scheme. All female child centric education
schemes are included under MDG 3.

Millennium Development Goal 3
Promote Gender Equality and Women Empowerment
MDG 3 has 5 themes:
 Central Schemes and Programmes
 State Schemes and Programmes
 Violence against Women
 Education of Women
 Employment of Women
It has no sub themes.

Millennium Development Goal 4
Reduce Child Mortality
MDG 4 has three themes:
 Malnutrition
 State Schemes and Programmes
 Central Schemes and Programmes
It has no sub themes.

Millennium Development Goal 5
Improve Maternal Health

                                             15
The fifth millennium development goal has 3 themes:
 Central Schemes and Programmes
 Maternal Deaths
 State Schemes and Programmes

Millennium Development Goal 6
Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other Diseases
MDG 6 has six themes:
 Central Schemes and Programmes
 State Schemes and Programmes
 Diseases
 Malpractices
 Drugs
 Health Infrastructure
National Rural Health Mission related questions have been put under the theme of Central
Schemes and Programmes.

Millennium Development Goal 7
Environment Sustainability
The seventh millennium goal has been divided into the following themes:
 Water Conservation
 Drinking Water
 Forest, Wasteland, Biodiversity Conservation
 Central Schemes and Programmes
 Air Pollution
 Flood and Drought
 State Schemes and Programmes
 Waste Management
 Clean Technology
 Climate Change

Millennium Development Goal 8
Develop a Global Partnership for Development
No question has been put under the eighth Millennium Development Goal.



i
  On matters of public importance of an urgent nature, Short Notice Question can be asked by MLAs for oral
answers. A minimum of only 3 days notice needs to be given for these.

ii
 Full forms of list of parties mentioned in Table 1, Table 3 and Graph 10: Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), Bhartiya
Janata Party (BJP), Janata Dal United (JDU), Lok Janshakti Party (LJP), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), Communist
Party of India- Marxist (CPI M), Communist Party of India Marxist Leninist (CPI ML), Communist Party of India
Marxist Leninist Liberation (CPI ML L), Samajwadi Party (SP), Nationalist Congress Party ( NCP), Akhil Jan Vikas
Dal (AJVD), Indian National Congress (INC)



                                                      16

								
To top