History of Madhubani Paintings

Document Sample
History of Madhubani Paintings Powered By Docstoc
					                               History of Madhubani Paintings

Madhubani Paintings as an art form originated among Hindu women who lived in villages that were
established near the Madhubani town in northern India. The original idea behind the evolving of this
art was to mark special events happening in a life time including the seasonal festivals, religious
customs, marriages and other occasions. Further, the main reason for the life and growth of this art
form was due to the age old tradition being followed in these villages of teaching this art to the
daughters, thus ensuring this special painting skill was passed on from one generation to the next
and was thus preserved from the winds of change by these women.

As you come near the surroundings of northern part of Bihar, in India, you can see these art forms
being practiced in form of paint figures taken from nature and myth with the painted surfaces
including individual household and walls of the villages. With the people residing in Mithila region
using this art form as their own form of language and in turn giving their region a distinguished
identity, the history of this region is also not recent and goes back to around 2500 years.

                                                          Though the villages around Madhubani
                                                          were practicing this folk art for past
                                                          many centuries, the women who are
                                                          carrying the legacy of the Madhubani art
                                                          have been introduced to the outside
                                                          world only recently, around a few
                                                          decades ago. With many of the woman
                                                          flocks engaged in painting being
                                                          illiterate, they could not exploit their
                                                          artistic power as individual producers of
                                                          this work of art as only few could mark
                                                          the drawn paintings in their own names.
With changing times, some of the factors that led to the emergence of this art form from the
confines of villages was the drought that struck this area in 1966-68. For supporting the loss in
agriculture, this new source of income was promoted by the India Handicrafts Board who
encouraged village women artists to paint these traditional art forms on handmade paper for
commercial selling. Since that time, the art of Madhubani painting has replaced agriculture as
primary source of income.

Today, the state government of Bihar and Government of India have taken many encouraging steps
towards preserving this diminishing art form and to bring it to international art platform so that
people from around the world could know, appreciate and help this art form grow. The success
achieved by the women of Mithila in propagating this art is also because of their expertise in
successfully transferring the techniques of bhitti chitra used by them to paper medium, thus making
this painted art take wheels and travel to far corners, reaping appreciation from art lovers around
the world.


Shared By:
Description: Deatils about history of Madhubani Paintings