VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 50 POSTED ON: 8/17/2012
Coral Reef Ecology Coral Reefs– Stony Coral • CaCO3 exoskeleton • Warm waters > 75 degrees • Shallow waters < 100 feet • 3.5% salinity Types of Reefs • Fringing– up from sea bottom close to shore • Barrier– separated from shore by deep channels • Atoll- circular reefs that enclose a lagoon Types of Stony Coral Brain Coral Only outside alive Bubble Coral Cabbage Coral Cup Coral Staghorn Coral with snails Star Coral Fire Coral Coral Spawning Coral Reef Ecosystem Reef Fish Balloon Fish Big Eye Butterfly Fish Angelfish Barracuda Moray Eel Frog Fish Grouper Lionfish Seahorse Squirrel Fish Wrasse White Tip Shark Manta Ray Other Reef Inhabitants Coral Crab Cuttlefish Dolphin Flatworms Giant Clam Jellyfish Nudibranch Purple Sea Squirt Scale Worm Scallop Sea Fan Sea Star Sea Turtle Soft Coral Sunken Ship Sponges Christmas Tree Worm Importance of Coral Reefs • Protecting beaches and shorelines • Diversity of species– rain forests of the ocean • Aesthetic beauty and tourism Reefs in Danger! Causes of Reef Endangerment • Natural-- storms • Resorts– sediment, altered shoreline • Introduced species (crown-of-thorns) • Paved over for airports • Overfishing and bleaching Protect Our Reefs!
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