Coral Reef Ecology by ert554898

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									Coral Reef Ecology
     Coral Reefs– Stony Coral
• CaCO3 exoskeleton
• Warm waters > 75
  degrees
• Shallow waters < 100
  feet
• 3.5% salinity
Types of Reefs

       • Fringing– up from sea
         bottom close to shore
       • Barrier– separated
         from shore by deep
         channels
       • Atoll- circular reefs
         that enclose a lagoon
Types of Stony Coral
  Brain Coral
Only outside alive
Bubble Coral
Cabbage Coral
Cup Coral
Staghorn Coral
  with snails
Star Coral
Fire Coral
Coral Spawning
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Reef Fish
Balloon Fish
Big Eye
Butterfly Fish
Angelfish
Barracuda
Moray Eel
Frog Fish
Grouper
Lionfish
Seahorse
Squirrel Fish
Wrasse
White Tip Shark
Manta Ray
Other Reef Inhabitants
Coral Crab
Cuttlefish
Dolphin
Flatworms
Giant Clam
Jellyfish
Nudibranch
Purple Sea Squirt
Scale Worm
Scallop
Sea Fan
Sea Star
Sea Turtle
Soft Coral
Sunken Ship
Sponges
Christmas Tree Worm
     Importance of Coral Reefs
• Protecting beaches and
  shorelines
• Diversity of species–
  rain forests of the
  ocean
• Aesthetic beauty and
  tourism
Reefs in Danger!
Causes of Reef Endangerment
              • Natural-- storms
              • Resorts– sediment,
                altered shoreline
              • Introduced species
                (crown-of-thorns)
              • Paved over for airports
              • Overfishing and
                bleaching
Protect Our Reefs!

								
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