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					  Alexa Seychel
 Cortney Becklin
  Danil Churzin
Andrew Dymond
   Mexico: 1810-1821
                              United States: 1776-1789
                              Fought the British to declare
   Mexicans fought for        the United States a sovereign
    independence from          nation
    Spanish                   Replaced Articles of
    Conquistadors              Confederation with the
                               Constitution
                              Already were developed
   Signing of Treaty of       with political leadership and
                               institutional development
    Cordoba recognized
    Mexican
    Independence
   1846 Mexico invaded American troops

   Argument was over territory including California,
    Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and parts of
    Colorado, Nevada, and Utah

   Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ended the war in
    1848

   United States gained the land

   Mexico received $15 million and the 80,000
    Mexicans in the land were supposed to receive
    property rights
   During the Mexican revolution, over 890,000
    immigrants moved north of the border to safety

   Bracero Program, between 1942 and 1964, made it
    legal for workers to migrate north for seasonal
    employment

   1965 Immigration and Nationality Act eliminated
    immigration quotas for family members

   1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act
    strengthened penalties on employers who hired
    illegal immigrants and border patrol funding
    increased 338%
   North American Free Trade Agreement passed in 1994

   Purpose was to eliminate import and export tariffs
    over the next 15 years

   Free trade was established in just 30 months

   Farmers in Mexico were not given proper time to
    adjust to agricultural price drops

   Since the agreement, poverty in Mexico has been on the
    rise
   Most border security checks involve only
    stating the country of your citizenship or the
    country in which you were born and the you
    are allowed to pass
   If any suspicious vehicles attempt to cross the
    border at any check point then that car will be
    pulled aside for a more thorough inspection
   At many of the check points there are deputy
    search dogs to allow the border patrol officers
    to do an even more thorough search
   The U.S.-Mexico border extends approximately
    2,000 miles from the Pacific Ocean in the west
    to the Gulf of Mexico in the east.
   This region lies within four U.S. states and six
    Mexican States
   The border runs from the southern most tip of
    Texas and the southern most tip of California
   Large cities the border runs through include:
    San Diego, Tijuana, Baja, Matamoros,
    Tamaulipas, and Brownsville
   The border’s total length is 1,969 miles
   Diseases run high

   Water is polluted and inconsumable

   Drug crimes effect local communities

   Higher than average infant mortality rates
   Fastest growing economic region in North
    America because of NAFTA
   Cities on both sides of the border experience
    annual double-digit economic growth in terms
    of percentages
   1997: approximately $137 billion passed
    through U.S.-Mexican border ports
   Represents 88% of total trade between U.S. and
    Mexico
 United States/Mexico Border Relations:
              Immigration

  *12.7 million Mexican immigrants lived in the
 United States in 2008, of which 55% were illegal.

 *The average Mexican hourly wage is $4.15 and
about 40% of the Mexican population is below the
                  poverty line.

*Immigrants generally come to the U.S. for a better
                      life.
                                   Danil Churzin
*A ‘coyote’ is someone who specializes in human
  smuggling, bringing people across the United
                States from Mexico.
 *Several thousands have died crossing the U.S.
         and Mexico border since 1994.
Acquiring permanent resident status requires:
               *Medical tests
            *Over $1,400 in fees
           *Affidavit of Support
              *Finger printing
                 *Interview
                    *Illegal immigrants are identified
               by trained officers during corrections,
                    highway patrol, or criminal
               investigations and set on their way to
                             deportation.
*The Bureau of
Immigration and Customs
Enforcement (ICE) spent
about $219 million in 2008
to remove 34,000 illegal
immigrants.
                                            Border fencing encompasses four
                                            primary components: vehicle,
                                            pedestrian, technological, and
                                            natural

                                            •Vehicular fencing: remote
                                            locations too difficult to survive
                                            by traveling on foot
                                            •Pedestrian fencing: areas where
                                            a high amount of people have or
                                            possess the ability to cross
                                            unlawfully
                                            •Tower-based cameras, sensors,
  Ideal Border Fence that extremists        ground-based radar, mobile
would like to see across the entire U.S.-   surveillance and aerial systems
            Mexico Border                   typical comprise technological
                                            fences
                                            •Natural borders can be found
                                            wherever rives or mountain
                                            ranges
   it will soften the surge of unlawful immigration
   increase food safety
   Promote highway safety
   decrease illegal drug trafficking
   improve the overall economy
   It estimated that roughly one-third of the
    foreign born population is living in the United
    States illegally
   the barriers would be a tremendous
    waste of tax dollars on an ultimately
    ineffective deterrent to illegal
    immigration.
   Janet Napolitano :”You show me a
    fifty foot wall and I’ll show you a
    fifty-one foot ladder at the border.”
   An online blogger writes that, ”the
    Great Wall didn't work for China,
    the Berlin Wall didn't work for the
    Soviet Union, and Hadrian's Wall
    didn't work for the Romans”
   the barricades would endanger the
    health and safety of the intended
    immigrants, interrupt and devastate
    animal habitats, disrupt migration
    patterns, and in effect substantially
    damage the natural environment
   However the trouble with the leading type of
    fencing, pedestrian, is that it exists in a variety
    of ways
   the Endangered Species Act, Migratory Bird
    Treaty Act, National Environmental Policy Act,
    Coastal Zone Management Act, Clean Water
    Act, Clean Air Act, and the National Historic
    Preservation Act to extend triple fencing
    through the Tijuana River National Estuarine
    Research Reserve

				
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posted:8/17/2012
language:English
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