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					     ANDHRA PRADESH

NATIONAL CONFERENCE FOR RABI CAMPAIGN
                  2005 – 06
       (15th & 16th September 2005)




COMMISSIONER & DIRECTOR OF AGRICULTURE
           ANDHRA PRADESH



                1                  1
   Kharif 2005 - SEASONAL CONDITIONS (as on 13.9.05)
Rainfall (mm)             Normal                       Actual     Deficient
        2005 (13.9.05)     545.6                       517.0       -5%
Deficit Rainfall (-59% to –20%)                        Srikakulam, Vizianagaram,
                                                       Visakhapatnam, Prakasam
Water levels in Major Reservoirs                       & Nellore
                                            Reservoir
                            Full Reservoir
           Reservoir                        level this
                            Level (ft)
                                            year(ft)
           Almatti                 1705.00           1704.02
           Narayanpur              1615.00           1612.61
           Jurala                  1045.00           1037.62
           Thungabhadra            1633.00           1633.00
           Srisailam                 885.00           884.50
           Nagarjunasagar            590.00           590.00
           Singur                  1717.85           1699.89
           Nizamsagar              1405.00           1379.25
           Sriramsagar             1091.00           1091.00
           Yeluru                    284.00           228.35
           Somasila                  330.00           291.84
           Kandaleru                 278.89           199.22
                                       1                                   2
AREA & PRODUCTION ( TENTATIVE) DURING KHARIF 2005
 Sl. No.   Crop                     Normal Area
                                                                             likely
                                                         Likely     Producti Producti
                                Season
                                             Correspond- area       vity     on (lakh
                                             ing Week    covered    (kg/ha)  MTs)

     1     Paddy(Planted)           23.73          18.33       26       2907     75.58
     2     Maize                     4.49           4.33      6.5       3925     25.51
           Coarse Grain              9.45           8.88     9.75                30.58
     3     Redgram                   4.66           4.29      5.7        689      3.93
     4     Greengram                 3.74           3.64        3       1.55       5.7
           Total Puses               9.67           8.94     9.88                 6.28
           Total Foodgrains         42.85          36.15    45.63               112.45
     5     Groundnut                14.35          13.75     15.2       1086      16.5
     6     Castor                    2.89           3.04     3.75        501      1.88
     7     Soybean                      0           0.83     1.37       1445      1.98
           Total Oilseeds           21.26          19.93    23.19                26.13
    8      Cotton                    9.82           8.92      9.7       2510     24.35
    9      Chillies                  1.83           1.27      1.2       2658      3.19
    10     Sugarcane                 2.19           2.11     2.28      83232    189.77
           Total Drycrops           52.73          48.63    54.27
           Total Cropped Area       78.83          69.19    82.75

  Note: Total Cropped Area will go upto 82.75 lakh ha. Dry crops to 54.27 lakh
  ha. Paddy to 26.0 lakh ha
  Production - Paddy - 75.78 lakh MTs (63.35 in 2004-05), Total Food Grains –
  112.45 lakh MTs (83.46 in 2004-05)
                                         1                                               3
AREA & PRODUCTION DURING RABI 2004-05 & 2005-06

                                                 Productivity       Production
                      Area in lakh ha
                                                   (kg/ha)          ( lakh MTs.
SL.
        CROP
No                         2004-        2005-    2004-   2005-
                  Normal                                         2004-05   2005-06
                            05           06       05      06

 1    PADDY        10.76     8.47        12.90    3537    3774     29.95       48.69
      Food
 2                 25.76    22.06        27.29    --      --       46.64       71.24
      Grains

 3    Dry Crops    22.40    22.73        23.49    --      --       --          --

      Total
 4    Cropped      33.16    31.20        36.39    --      --       --          --
      Area




                                    1                                      4
Crop wise Area & Production Targets for Rabi 2005-06


        Area in Lakh ha. Productivity in Kgs/ha. Production in lakh Qtls
Sl.                Normal Targeted     Normal      Targeted     Targeted
         Crop
No                  Area    Area     Productivity Productivity Production
 1         2          3       4           5            6            7
 1    Rice           10.76    12.90         3368         3774       486.85
 2    Maize           2.25      2.64        4556         5446       143.77
 3    Jowar           3.50      3.55         964         1106         39.26
 4    Bengalgram      4.00      4.10        1011         1338         54.86
 5    Greengram       2.80      2.90         364          519         15.05
 6    Blackgram       3.60      3.70         610          684         25.31
 7    Groundnut       3.25      3.40        1200         1800         61.20
 8    Sunflower       3.00      3.20         772         1092         34.94

      Total Area     33.16     36.39                                861.24




                                   1                                   5
    KHARIF 2005 - CROPPING PATTERN TRENDS


   Promotion of Crop Diversification- Addl. MSP
    to Jowar, Bajra, Ragi, Redgram
   Increase in the areas of Maize, Soybean, Castor
    & Redgram
   Reduction in areas of Chillies, Cotton, Tobacco
   Increased intercropping of       Cotton    with
    Soybean/ Short duration pulses
   Increased intercropping of Groundnut with
    Redgram, Bajra, Jowar, Castor

                      1                         6
                      BUDGET RELEASES AND EXPENDITURE
                          UNDER CSS DURING 2005-06
                                                                             (Rs. In Lakhs)
                Approved Outlay                      Releases                   Expenditure
Scheme
            Central    State     Total     Central    State     Total     Central   State        Total


ISOPOM       3463.60   1154.52   4618.12   1169.00    389.66    1558.66   2134.49   711.39       2845.88
MM II -
              542.71    131.24    673.95    219.51     73.18     292.69    159.77    53.26        213.03
Cotton
Work
Plan on
Macro
             3300.00    366.68   3666.68   1200.00    133.34    1333.34    597.84    65.36        663.20
Manage
ment
Basis
Total        7306.31   1652.44   8958.75   2588.51    596.18    3184.69   2892.10   830.01       3722.11



          Note: State Govt. have released 3 qtrs. Budget on pre
          seasonal basis under State Plan Schemes. On the similar
          pattern CSS budget may be released

                                            1                                                7
ADDITIONAL FUNDS REQUIRED DURING 2005-06
                                                     ( Rs. in lakhs)
Sl.                               Addl. Funds
                                              Reasons
No.            Scheme             required
                                              Increase in area –
  1 ISOPOM                                    Maize, Pulses,
                                       244.00 Oilseeds

              RVP                      200.00
              RMG Capacity
              building                 250.00
    Macro
              Green Manure Seed
  2 Manage-
              Distribution             136.53
    ment
              ICDP – Paddy               25.00 SRI technology
              Total Macro
              Management                611.53
  3 ANTWA                              600.00
      TOTAL                          1455.53

                             1                                 8
1   9
                                 Yie ld tre nds of Paddy in AP

                         4000                                                   3368




          Yield Kgs/ha
                                 2650            2978           3009
                         3000
                         2000            2936           2596            3047
                         1000
                            0
P                               1999-   2000-   2001-   2002-   2003-   2004-   2005-
                                 00      01      02      03      04      05*     06**
A                                                       Years


D      Kharif 05 - 26.0 lakh ha area, 75.58 lakh MTs Production
D      Increase productivity from 2860 kg/ha to 2907 kg/ha in
        Kharif 05
Y      3368 kg/ha to 3774 kg/ha in Rabi 05-06
       SRR – 69%
       SRI Technology promotion
       Seed treatment with Carbendizim, Seedling root dip in
        chloripyriphos
        Effective nursery management
       Application of fertilizers based on soil test data
       Application of zinc in deficient areas
       Adoption of IPM technologies
                                           1                                            10
                                    Yie ld tre nds of M aize in AP

                  5000
                  4000    3258                   3401               3436                3913




         Kgs/ha
                  3000
                  2000              2994                  2826                  2879
                  1000
                    0
                         1999-00   2000-01   2001-02    2002-03   2003-04   2004-05* 2005-06**

M                                                       Years

A      SRR – 75%
I      Maintenance of optimum plant population -66,000 plants /ha.
Z      1 or 2 irrigations at critical stages like Knee high stage,
        flowering and grain filling stage.
E      Surface drainage to be provided to protect from water logging.
       Timely control of weeds – use herbicides Atrataf.
       Balanced fertilizers through INM
       Basal application of ZnSO4 @ 20 kgs/ha
       Adoption of IPM practices
       In sequence of crops, maize-groundnut & maize-
        redgram, maize-sunflower is advocated to maize-maize.
       Inclusion of pulses in crop sequence.

                                             1                                              11
                                            Yield trends of Groundnut in AP




        Yield in Kgs/Ha
                          1500              1091                                     1242
                                                       739               660   888
                          1000                                   558
                           500        607
G                            0
                                 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05*    2005-
R                                                                                     06**

O                                                            Years


U                   Popularize varieties like Tirupathi-2, ICGV-86590,
N                    Tirupathi-3, ICGS-86325, Vemana etc.
                    Improving seed production chain to achieve the
D
                     targeted SRR - 17%
N                   Intercropping with redgram, castor, cotton, sorghum
U                     and bajra.
T                   Use polythene mulch technology
                    Popularization of Rhizobium culture and PSB
                    Supply of Gypusm to increase oil content
                    Popularize IPM technologies
                                                   1                                         12
                                     Yield trends of Sunflower in AP

                 1200                                                                    974
                 1000                            818
                                                           663




        Kgs/Ha
S                 800
                  600
                        573
                                    853                                678
                                                                                   906
                  400
U                 200
                    0

N                       1999-00   2000-01       2001-02   2002-03   2003-04   2004-05*   2005-06**
                                                          Years
F
L         SRR – 94%
          Avoid low lying areas in cultivation.
O
          Maintain optimum plant population 75,000 / ha
W         Soil test based fertilizer application for balanced use
E          of fertilizer and supplement for the micronutrient
           deficiencies.
R         Wherever the bee activities are low advise hand
           pollination at thetime of flowering for good seed
           setting.
          Spraying of 0.2% borax increases the seed setting
          Adoption of IPM measures for control of Heliothis,
           Spodptera and necrocis disease.
                                            1                                                  13
                                         Yield trends of Redgram in AP



    Kgs/ha
             1000
R                        358
                                 427           449
                                                          348
                                                                     418
                                                                                458
                                                                                         616
                0
E
                    1999-00    2000-01     2001-02      2002-03     2003-04   2004-05*   2005-06**
D                                                        Years
G
R             SRR – 26%
              Use of improved varieties.
A             Adoption of improved production technologies
M              viz., balanced application of macro and micro
               nutrients.
              Application of Phosphorus through SSP in
               order to supply Calcium and Sulphur.
              As inter crop in Groundnut, Maize, Bajra and
               other pulse crops.
              Popularization of rabi redgram to manage
                from Heliothis attack.
                                           1                                                   14
                                   Yield trends of Bengalgram in AP

B                1500
                                  1399
                                                                                     1338
                                                1273              1083
E


        Kgs/ha
                 1000
                                                         979                 1008
                 500
N                  0
                            584

                        1999-00   2000-01   2001-02    2002-03   2003-04   2004-05* 2005-06**
G                                                      Years

A
L    Use of improved varieties.
G    Adoption of improved production technologies
      viz., balanced application of macro and micro
R
      nutrients.
A    Application of Phosphorus through SSP in order
M     to supply calcium and sulphur.
     Adoption of IPM against podborer.
     Replacement to non remunerative crops like
      tobacco and jowar in black soils
                                      1                                                     15
     Intensive Cotton Development Programme
                    under MM II
Impact
   By introduction and implementation of TMC there is a
    steady increase in area yield and production.
   The cotton was grown in an area of 5.54 lakh hect. with a
    production of l7.43 lakhs bales and productivity 204 Kgs
    during the year 1985-86 has gone up to 11.74 lakh hect.
    with a production of 21.84 lakh bales with productivity
    316 Kgs during the year 2004-05 (final estimated figures).
   Close monitoring of Bt. Cotton hybrid programme in
    State


                            1                             16
SEED SUPPLY PLAN FOR KHARIF 2005
Total Quantity of seed required for Kharif 2005 : 38.76 lakh Qtls.
Supply plan prepared ( 35% SRR)                 :13.45 lakh Qtls.
Total seed distributed during Kharif 2005        :13.48 lakh Qtls
SEED REPLACEMENT RATE ACHIEVED
        Crop            2005       2004   Crop            2005 2004
        Paddy           69         52     Groundnut       17     16
        Jowar           58         23     Sesamum         10     9
        Bajra           14         12     Castor          34     30
        Maize           75         68     Sunflower       94     93
        Redgram         26         16     Soybean         100    55
        Greengram       29         15     Cotton          100    94
        Blackgram       19         16     Average         35
RABI 2005-06
Total Quantity of seed required for Rabi 2005    : 14.99 lakh Qtls.
Supply plan prepared (42 % SRR)                  : 5.87 lakh Qtls.
                               1                                17
SEED VILLAGE PROGRAMME - KHARIF 2005
 1.      No. of village covered                        : 1166 villages
 2.      No. of units ( 4 ha each) covered            : 1978 Nos.
 3.      Qty. of Foundation seed utilized             : 6063 Qtls.
 4.      Extent covered                               : 7907 Ha.
      Crop              Qty. of        Extent in Ha     Expected Seed
                    Foundation seed      covered.        Production
                        in Qtls.                           (Qtls)
Paddy                        3590.50          4916.00        1,96,638
Redgram                        51.20           517.00            3619
Greengram                       7.30            50.00             250
Blackgram                      10.30            60.00             300
Groundnut                    1625.20          1011.20          12,134
Castor                         36.90           369.00            2952
Soybean                       741.60           984.00           7,872
Total                  6063.00             7907.20      2,23,765
 RABI 2005 -- 5.23 lakh qtls seed will be produced in SVP by
 trained farmers
                                1                                 18
State Seed Farm- Kharif 2005 programme
                                                        27 Seed Farms

         Crop           Breeder seed      Extent      Expected
                        utilized (Qtls)   in Ha.    yield in Qtls.
Paddy                            254.10    335.00           20328
Castor                             6.60     64.20             396
Redgram                           19.37    165.60            1937
Bengalgram (Rabi)                 10.67     40.00           106.70
Jowar                              5.75      0.75             7.00
Soybean                            1.50      2.20            24.00
Cotton                             0.03      0.40             1.50
Groundnut                         19.50      8.00           156.00
Mesta                              0.25      2.00            10.00
                Total           312.77    624.40        23034.20

                            1                                 19
State Seed Farms - Programme for RABI 2005-06

      Crop          Breeder seed      Extent in Ha.   Expected
                     Proposed                           Yield
                       (Qtls)                          (Qtls))
   Paddy                   74.80             101.40      598.40
   Jowar                       7.00           100.0       70.00
   Bengalgram              68.25              93.20       109.2
   Blackgram               11.50              32.40       46.00
   Greengram                   4.10           14.00       16.40
   Groundnut               31.00              14.00       24.80
   Castor                      1.00            10.0        6.00
   Sesamum                     0.65            14.0       16.25
   Safflower               10.00              100.0        5.00
            Total         208.30            479.00      892.05
                           1                                20
Seeds – Effective Regulations

1. Establishment of 19 seed testing laboratories under Single
   window Diagnostic facility
2. Establishment of DNA Finger print unit at State level under
   consultancy of NBPGRI with approval of ICAR
3. Appointment of Law Officer at District level and State
   level
4. Notification of certain courts as special courts to take up
   speedy disposal of cases relating to seeds.




                          1                               21
          Effective Soil Health Management
   3.00 Lakh soil samples tested during kharif 2005 and soil
    health    cards    with     fertilizer   recommendation
    communicated to farmers
   2.00 lakh soil samples planned to be tested for Rabi
    2005-06
   14,000 Micro nutrient and 2000 water samples analysed
   Portable soil testing kits developed by ANGRAU is
    being supplied for self and quick assessment of soil
    fertility
   Proposed to supply 10,000 soil testing kits during 2005-
    06
   Gypsum being supplied @ 5 M.T. per ha to cover 15,500
    ha at 75 % subsidy for reclamation of alkaline soils
   Zinc Sulphate being supplied @ 50 Kgs /ha at 50%
    subsidy to cover 2.65 lakh ha for correcting Zinc
    Deficiency

                          1                             22
    INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT

Vermicompost

   20,000 vermicompost units are being promoted during
    2005-06 at 75% subsidy
   Technical guidance rendered for construction of shed and
    vermicompost development
   Significant impact on soil productivity observed.
Green manure
    50,000 qtls of green manure seed planned to be
    distributed in the state during 2005-06.
   32,000 qtls already distributed.


                             1                          23
 AP Fertilizer Consumption moving towards the right NPK ratios
Product-wise fertilizer consumption (MTS)
          S.No       Product   2000-01     2001-02   2002-03   2003-04   2004-05

          1          N         13.62       11.83     10.36     11.39     11.57
          2          P         6.03        5.47      4.34      4.74      5.39
          3          K         2.09        2.27      2.03      2.40      2.92
  N:P:K Ratio
          S.No   Product       2000-01 2001-02       2002-03 2003-04 2004-05
          1      N             7           5         5         5         4
          2      P             3           2         2         2         2
          3      K             1           1         1         1         1

        During the present year the monsoon being very active in
        A.P., it is anticipated all time high consumption of
        Fertilizers. So far 16.91 lakh MTs supplied.
                                       1                                           24
PROMOTING IPM THROUGH FARMERS’ FIELD SCHOOLS
Principles

   Grow a healthy crop
   Conserve natural enemies
   Conduct regular field observations
   Farmers become IPM experts

Implementation – Kharif 2005

   Villages Covered                     : 3647
   Farmers trained                      : 1,09,410
   Modules prepared on FFS              : Rice,Cotton, Groundnut,Oilseeds,Pulses,
    (Facilitators’ manuals)                Maize and Non formal education &
                                           group dynamics(distributed to field staff)

    Telugu booklets on FFS              :   Rice, Cotton,Groundnut and Redgram
                                             (distributed to FFS farmers)
    14 Bioagent Labs strengthened
     5 new labs under construction
In Rabi 2005 - planned to cover 3417 villages & train another 1,02,510 farmers
                                   1                                          25
Crop & Agriculture term loan disbursements                              (Rs.
                              In crores)

               HEAD                        2003 – 04   2004 – 05
               Crop Loans                   7903        10285
               Agrl. term loans              1116       3336
               Total Agrl. loans            9019        13621


                                   % Increase            51

    For the year 2005, department has identified 10.25 lakh new
     eligible farmers and playing a facilitator role to bring them to
     banking net
    Exemption of stamp duty is increased from Rs. 1.00 lakh to
     Rs. 2.00 lakhs on documents executed by the farmers for
     crop loans and reschedule of loans


                             1                                     26
          KHARIF 2005
        CREDIT - As on 31.08.05
          Item                Year      Year        %
                              (2004-05) (2005-06)   increase
Crop Loans (Crores)           5360      8650        61
Rythu Mitra Groups            4527      7772        72
covered ( Nos)
Credit extended to RMGs       29.14     84.73       191
(Crores)                                (17,293
                                        Tenant
                                        farmers
New non loanee farmers        195430    3,08,657    58
covered (Nos)
Credit extended to new non 362          588         62
loanee farmers (Crores)
                          1                              27
        Promotion of Farm Mechanisation
       Government of India approved models of Power Tillers, ISI
        marked quality Agricultural Equipments are being distributed
        under our Farm Mechanization Scheme.
       An amount of Rs. 4299.56 lakhs have been allocated under
        different programmes for Farm Mechanization Scheme
        during the year 2005-06

    Impact and adaptability of the equipment
       Implementation of the Mechanization Programme has
        improved the Power Utility per hectare as follows
                  2001-02   --   1.60 KW / Ha
                  2002-03   --   1.64 KW / Ha
                  2003-04   --   1.70 KW / Ha
                  2004-05   --   1.72 KW / Ha

       In coming 5 years period the Power Utility can be improved
        to the level of 2.00 KW / Ha by intensifying the programme
        for having optimal farm productivity in the country.
                                     1                         28
        EFFECTIVE EXTENSION REACH
   Capacity enhancement training to all 3500 field functionaries in
    the department on INM, IPM, Quality control etc.,
   Preparation of village action plan on major crops – production
    gaps, credit gaps & mechanisation gaps
   Rythu Chaitanya Yatras – pre kharif village level farmers
    training programme conducted from 25th April to 15th May 05.
    18 lakh farmers covered.
   Organization of Kisan melas in all districts in the State from
    20th May to 6th June 05.
   Providing mobility i.e 4 wheeler on hire basis to all MAOs and
    divisional ADAs in the state & Cell phone facility
   Intensive use of bio-fertilizers and bio- pesticides involving
    RMGs
   Strengthening of 22 Farmers Training Centres in the state
   Strengthening of Crop resource groups
   3 ANGRAU scientists drafted per each ADA division to visit
    villages once in a month.
                              1                               29
Mass Media support to Agriculture Extension Scheme
 Agril. Technical quickies/ short films of 60 – 90 seconds
   duration are being telecasted in the TV channels of TV-
   9,E.TV-2, Teja News and MAA TV every day for the technical
   awareness among farmers on IPM, Crop diversification,
   precautions to be taken in purchasing seed, fertilizers,
   pesticides.
 Current information on agriculture practices crop wise are
   being telecast in DD (6.15 pm to 6.45 pm) and broadcasted
   through AIR (6.35 am to 6.45 am) every day to bring
   awareness among farmers to learn and adopt new agriculture
   operations.
 5 video cassettes on management practices of different crops
   like paddy, cotton, groundnut, castor etc and mandalwise
   situation based cropping patterns were prepared and
   distributed to all FTCs
 Literature on different subjects like IPM, INM, quality
   control of inputs etc for capacity enhancement of field
   functionaries of the dept.
 Frequently asked questions in Call Centre during 2004-05
   are documented & sent to all Gram Panchayats.
                           1                             30
1   31
    I.C.T. in AGRICULTURE
    So far hardware is supplied to PTLs, FTCs, Soil testing
     labs, 70 divisional offices & all the district Head Quarters.
    AGRISNET proposal for computerization of remaining
     divisional offices has been sent for GOI approval.
    APSWAN connection to Commissionerate, all district HQ
     offices & PTLs
    Web based Software for monitoring daily crop sown
     particulars is positioned
    Software for online monitoring of departmental schemes up
     to the division level is under progress
    Web based software for quality control of pesticides , Soil
     testing is under progress.
    Software for Employee data base management is under
     progress.

                            1                                 32
    PROGRESS OF REFORMS IN APMC


APMC Act has been suitably ammended on the lines
suggested in the MODEL APMC Act drafted by
Govt. of India




                     1                        33
AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT AGENCY
                     (ATMA) –       10 districts
   Institutional framework established for preparation of action
    plan
   Commissioner & Director of Agriculture –Nodal Officer
        State level       - Inter Dept. Working group
        District level - Governing body
                          - Management committee
        Block level       - Block technology team
                          - Farmers advisory committee
   Project director and staff deployed
   State level orientation workshop on extension reforms
    organized
   State and district level training for Master Trainers and
    District Core Team organized
   Preparation of Research extension plan underprogress.
   SERP will be submitted by 30th Sep’ 2005


                             1                              34
STATUS OF QUARANTINE FACILITIES IN A.P.


NPPTI has submitted detailed proposals to Ministry
of Agriculture, GOI.




                       1                      35
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