Adobe Photoshop Work Area Creating a New Document • FILE > New • Choose the correct width and height in inches. • Resolution MUST be 150 • Color Mode MUST be CMYK and 16 bit • Choose the background color you want to use. If cutting out multiple images choose transparent. • Select OK • Go to the Layers Palette, double click on the locked background layer and rename it. Opening a Digital Photograph • FILE > Open • Choose Image and select OK • Go to the Layers Palette, Double click on the 1st Layer, name the layer and click OK. • IMAGE > Image Size – Resolution > 150 • IMAGE > Image Adjustments > Auto Levels • IMAGE > Image Adjustments > Auto Contrast • IMAGE > Image Adjustments > Auto Color Tool Bar Tools Marquee Tool • Elliptical & Rectangular Marquee Tool (M) ~ Allows you to draw a rectangle or oval selection by clicking and dragging. • After the selection choose SELECT > Inverse to select the background and select delete. • If you want to keep the background simply use the move tool to move the selected area. • Single Row Marquee Tool ~ Deletes a single row of pixels. Move Tool • Move Tool (V) ~ Moves images around the window. • Checking the Auto Select Layer Box allows you to move the image you select. • With both windows open use the Move Tool to simply drag the selected image into the other window. Lasso Tool • Lasso Tool (L) ~ Allows you to create a freeform outline of a selection. • Polygonal Lasso Tool allows you to create straight lines. • Magnetic Lasso Tool allows you to draw along the edge of an image by “snapping” to the object’s edge. • ONLY use this tool when there is a distinct edge. Magic Wand Tool • Magic Wand Tool (W) ~ Selects every neighboring pixel with the same or similar gray level or color. • Setting the tolerance level higher will select a wider range of colors. Crop Tool • Crop Tool (C) ~ Allows you to crop part of your photograph. Click and drag over the area you want to keep and select enter. • To create an exact width and height of the area you cropped type in the dimensions at the top of the active window. Perspective Crop Tool • When the Perspective choice in the options bar is turned on (it becomes available once you’ve created a cropping rectangle), you will be able to move each corner of the cropping rectangle independently. • This allows you to align the four corners with the lines that would be level in real life but may appear in perspective in a photograph. Spot Healing Brush Tool • Spot Healing Brush Tool (J) ~ Like the clone stamp tool but it does away with the pesky requirement to choose a source point and automatically selects the surrounding area. Patch Tool • Patch Tool (Tear-off Spot HB) ~ It is a combination of the healing brush and the lasso tool. • Drag the Patch Tool around an area you want to fix like the Lasso Tool. • Click inside the selection and drag it to the part of your image that you want to copy. • Most of the time you will still need the Healing Brush to clean-up the area. Red Eye Tool • Red Eye Tool (Patch Tear-off Tool) ~ Click on the area of red in the eye and it will automatically soften the red tint. Brush Tool • Brush Tool Basic Settings for all Editing Tools~ The Brush Preset Palette only allows you to change the hardness and diameter of your brush. • The opacity and flow (how much of the opacity will show up on the first paint stroke) can also be changed for most of the editing tools. Brush Tool • Brush Tool (B) ~ The Brush Tab allows you to create your own brush with many more settings. • Brush Tip Shape ~ Updates the overall look of your brush – Diameter ~ size of your brush – Hardness ~ determines how quickly the edges fade out – Roundness ~ compresses a brush in 1 dimension – Angle ~ rotates only oval and round brushes – Spacing ~ determines the distance between the paint daubs Brush Tool • 3 basic concepts with the rest of the brushes: – Jitter ~ allow a particular option (like size or opacity) to vary across a paint stroke. The higher the jitter, the more the setting will vary. – Minimum ~ determines the range the jitter setting can use to vary a setting. – Control ~ determines when PS should vary a setting using jitter. Brush Tool • Shape Dynamics ~ will change the shape of the brush you have chosen. • Scattering ~ will cause PS to vary the position of the paint daubs that make up a stroke. • Texture ~ allow you to vary the opacity of your brush based on a texture that you specify. Brush Tool • Dual Brush ~ allows you to create a brush stroke that’s made with 2 brushes at once. • Color Dynamics ~ allows you to vary the color of your brush across the brush stroke using the foreground/background colors. – Hue ~ allows PS to change the basic color of the brush to random colors – Brightness ~ allows PS to randomly darken the color. – Saturation ~ varies the vividness of the color. Brush Tool • Noise ~ Adds a noisy look to soft-edged brushes • Wet Edges ~ causes the middle of your brush to become 60% opaque. • Airbrush ~ when the flow is below 100% it causes paint to build up when you stop moving your cursor. • Save your brush! once you have created your own by clicking on the brush palette menu and saving it to your H drive or Flash Drive. Clone Stamp Tool • Clone Stamp Tool (S) ~ Copies information from one area of your image and applies it somewhere else. • Choose a soft-edged brush with a hardness at around 25-50% so that it fades into the rest of your image. • Make sure the Clone-Aligned Tool is checked and hold down the Alt key and the mouse button at the point you want to start cloning. This will show a crosshair. As you move you mouse over the cloning area, the crosshair will move along with you. • If you don’t want to cover the entire image but want to only de-emphasis it, decrease the opacity of your brush. • Cloning between documents can be done by simply opening up both documents and having both visible. History Brush Tool • History Brush Tool (Y) ~ Lets you selectively return portions of your image to a previous state. • You must first select the source state in the History palette by clicking on the column to the left of the state from which you want to paint. Eraser Tool • Eraser Tool (E) ~ A sometimes useful tool especially when you use the opacity setting with it. • Deletes pixels while Masking does the same thing but does not delete pixels. • Check Preserve Transparency won’t erase the pixels, but instead paint in the background color. Background Eraser Tool Gradient Tool • Gradient Tool (G) ~ Simply click and drag across an image. You will get different results depending on what type of gradient you’ve chosen in the options bar. • Linear/Radial/Angle/Reflected/Diamond are the different options. Gradient Tool • Custom gradients can be created by first clicking directly on the preview options bar. – Choose the gradient you want to edit. – Dbl click on the color square to choose your own color or click on the area below the gradient to add another color. – IF you have a gradient you want to keep name it and click save. – Transparent Gradients can be achieved by decreasing the opacity. Paint Bucket Tool • Paint Bucket Tool (Tear-off Gradient Tool) ~ Use this tool to fill in areas with the foreground color. • Each time you click on the image, PS will fill areas that contain colors similar to the one you clicked. – The Tolerance can be adjusted. Blur, Sharpen, & Smudge Tool • Blur ( R), Sharpen & Smudge Tool (Tear-off Blur) ~ They do what they are suppose to do. The higher the pressure the quicker and faster the effects. Should only be used for minor fixes. • The Blur and Sharpen Filters work much better than the tools do. Dodge Tool • Dodge Tool (O) ~ Lightens your image. • In the Dodge Tool options bar you can decide if you want to lighten shadows, mid tones, or highlights and what exposure you want to lighten them with. • Works great with grayscale images. Burn Tool • Burn Tool (Tear-off Dodge) ~ Designed to darken areas of an image. • In the Burn Tool options bar you can decide if you want to lighten shadows, mid tones, or highlights and what exposure you want to lighten them with. • Works great with grayscale images. Sponge Tool • Sponge Tool (Tear-off Dodge ) ~ Allows you to paint across an image and soak up the color. • Desaturate will tone down the colors until it eventually becomes grayscale. • Saturate will intensify the colors as you paint over them. Selection Tool • Selection Tool (V) ~ Allows you to click on an object with the largest group containing that object. – Can select multiple groups by clicking and dragging over the desired objects OR by using the shift key and clicking on the objects. Direct Selection Tool • Direct Selection Tool (A) ~ Allows you to select a specific object within a group of objects. – Selecting directly on the stroke line w/ the DST allows you to manipulate the anchor points (they will show up white inside instead of blue) and handles. Type Tool • Type Tool (T) ~ Creates normal type ~ Type>Fonts allows you to see the style of font Type Mask Tool • Type Mask Tool () ~ This tool allows you to deliver a selection shaped like text, instead of an actual Type Layer. Pen Tool • Pen Tool (P) ~ Allows you to trace around a complex image with the same amount of detail as when you are drawing vector graphics. • After selecting the pen tool choose the paths icon at the top before you start tracing. • After the tracing is complete open the Paths Palette and select the Load Path as a Selection (3rd icon at the bottom that looks like a dotted circle). Shape Tool • Geometric Shapes (M) & (Tear off rectangle tool) ~ The rectangle, rounded rectangle, ellipse, polygon, line segment tool and Custom Shape Tool. – Use the shift key to constrain the object’s proportions. – Use the alt & shift key to create the object from the center out. Eye Dropper Tool • Eyedropper Tool (I) ~ Picks up stroke, fill, color, and text attributes from other objects by simply selecting the object you want to change and clicking on the other object with the eyedropper. Foreground Color • Foreground Color ~ The top box is the foreground color and determines which color will be used when you use any of the painting tools. Background Color • Background Color ~ The bottom box is the background color; it is used when you are erasing the background image or when you increase the size of your document by using Image>Canvas Size. Foreground/Background Color • Fill Color • Color Slider • Hue • Saturation • Brightness • Color # Quick Mask Mode • Quick Mask Mode (Q) ~ If an image is more complicated than a rectangle, you can use Quick Mask to select it quickly and precisely. • Select the Edit in Quick Mask Mode Tool. • Select the area you do NOT want deleted as carefully as you can, using the brush tool. • If you are looking for a softer edge, decrease the hardness of the brush. • To erase a mistake with the mask tool use the Erase Tool. Quick Mask Mode • To increase/decrease the diameter of the brush use the bracket keys. • Select the Edit in Standard Mode Tool and you have your selected area. • Filters in QMM ~ After creating a selection choose Filter > and whatever filter you want to use. The Select Menu • Color Range ~ You can select multiple areas and then change the fuziness setting to increase or reduce the range of colors that will be selected. – The eyedropper tool allows you to add or subtract colors from the selection. A low fuzziness setting with many clicks usually produces the best results. • Feather ~ Fades the edges of an object. This version only affects the selection that’s currently active. The Select Menu • Modify Command ~ A very handy set of selection tools that will help clean up selections. – Border ~ Selects a border of pixels centered on the current selection. If you use a setting of 10, the selection will be 5 pixels inside the selection and 5 pixels outside the selection. – Smooth ~ Attempts to round off any sharp corners in a selection. The Select Menu • Modify Command Cont. – Expand ~ Enlarges the selection while attempting to maintain its shape. – Contract ~ Reduces the size of the current selection while attempting to maintain its shape. • Grow ~ Will search for colors that are similar to an area that has already been selected. • Similar ~ Works just like the Grow command except that it looks over the entire document for similar colors. The Select Menu • The Ultimate Clean –Looking Selection ~ After your image is selected go to SELECT > Modify > Expand or Contract. Type in a # depending on how close you are the edge and click OK. A safe # is 1-3. • Go back to SELECT > Feather and type a # depending on how soft or hard on an edge you want to create. Even if you want a hard edge a 1 will give you just enough of a soft edge that it will not look cut-out. Selection Quick Tips • Quick Tips – Ctrl/alt/J ~ Creates a new layer for the area being selected. – Ctrl + clicking the box in the layer will create a selection around the object in the specific layer. New Layer Adjustments • New Layer Adjustments ~ Allows you to apply adjustments and degrade your original image, change your mind, have instant before -and - afters, and apply the same edits to multiple images. • LAYER > New Adjustment Layers > ………. New Layer Adjustments • Levels ~ Allows you to find the lightest and darkest colors and make your adjustments based off of them. – Holding the Alt key drag the white and black sliders to find the lightest and darkest spots of the image. – Now take the white eye dropper over the lightest area and the black eyedropper over the darkest area. This will give you a highly contrasting image. New Layer Adjustments • Curves ~ Allows you to make a much more contrasting image than most other adjustment levels. • Color Balance ~ Allows you to make separate adjustments for red/cyan, green/magenta, and blue/yellow. • Brightness/Contrast ~ Allows you to blow out highlights or shadows. New Layer Adjustments • Hue & Saturation ~ Allows you to change the intensity of the image. • Selective Color ~ In CMYK mode it allows you to fine tune the color. • Channel Mixer ~ Allows you to mix the channels, combing content from one or more channels and feeding it into another. • Gradient Map ~ Allows you to make custom grayscale conversions and for creating truly wacky color effects. New Layer Adjustments • Photo Filter ~ Designed to stimulate traditional over-the-lens warming and cooling filters. • Invert ~ Useful for masks. • Threshold ~ Useful for turning images into 1-bit black and white bitmaps. • Posterize ~ Allows you create an image that looks like a silkscreen print. Black & White Photo • LAYER>New Adjustment Layers>Black and White • IMAGE > Adjustments > Desaturate Sepia-tone Photo • LAYER>N.A.L>Black and White – Select Tint and adjust Saturation • IMAGE > Adjustments > Desaturate – IMAGE > Adjustments > Variations – Move Fine/Coarse slider 1 notch closer to Fine – Click on more yellow and Red – Click OK Layer Styles • A bunch of really neat options are available under the Layer > Layer Style Menu or by simply dbl-clicking on the layer you want to create effects to. • Layer styles create in one simple step the same results that would usually require multiple layers and a lot of memory. Layer Styles • All of the styles are listed on the left side of the LS window. By simply clicking the check box it will add the preset style. • To experiment with a specific style dbl-click on the name and a separate box will appear. • To copy a specific Layer Style to multiple layers drag the small “f” found in the layer to the layer you want to Style. – You may also right-click on the original style layer, choose Copy Layer Style, go to the new layer, right click, and choose Paste Layer Style. Layers Palette • Photoshop treats every layer as if it were a separate document. Extract Filter • Extract Filter ~ This command is best for images that have soft or fuzzy edges, like hair or objects in motion. • You need to define 3 areas of your image: areas that should be left alone, areas that should be deleted, and areas that have a mix of both. • By comparing the first two areas, Photoshop figures out what to do with the third. Extract Filter • The general idea is to use the Edge Highlighter tool to define the boundary between subject and background (it shows up as a green overlay). – Make sure that the green highlight is a continuous line around your entire image. – Make sure that your highlighted areas needs to overlap both the subject and the background. – Only check the Smart Highlighting check box if you run across a very crisp edge. Extract Filter – After you’ve defined the boundary, go back and highlight any areas that you missed. – You can temporarily transform the Highlighter into an eraser so you can remove overspray from your image. You can temporarily transform the Highlighter into an eraser so you can remove overspray from your image by holding down the Alt button. Extract Filter • You then will click with the Fill tool (paint bucket) to fill whatever side of that boundary you’d like to keep(it shows up as a blue overlay). – If the subject of the photo is quite similar to the background, but they defer in texture, then try turning on the Textured Image check box. • Click the Preview Button. Extract Filter • The Eraser tool may help delete extra parts of the highlighted area. • The Cleanup Tool will slowly lower the opacity of an area. – If you hold down the Alt key, the clean-up tool will allow you to bring back areas that should not have been deleted. • The Edge Touchup Tool will make the edge crisper, especially on the straight edge areas. Creating a Cast Shadow • To exaggerate the height of an object, you can create a shadow that falls at an angle away from the subject. • Start by isolating the subject on its own layer. • Ctrl-click the small window of the isolated layer to create a selection. • Create a new layer, name it cast shadow, and place it underneath the subject layer. • Press D to reset your foreground color to black. Creating a Cast Shadow • Select the foreground to transparent gradient and using the gradient tool drag from the bottom to the top of the subject. • Ctrl-D will deselect the subject. • With the cast shadow layer selected choose Edit>Transform>Distort; the transform bounding box will appear. Move the handles until you get the desired angle. • To create a more natural looking shadow choose Filter>Blur>Gaussian Blur and use a setting just high enough to slightly blur the shadow. • Finally, use the Opacity setting to achieve proper brightness.
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