How To Generate Electricity In Nigeria Through Recycle System - Without Generator or Solar Energy (i) This system is called Recycling System because once setup it generates electricity 24/7 –― unless you switch it off, and it charges itself so that it produces electricity recurrently. Since there is a kinetic energy produced in the process hence the system does not run down and no fuel, sun, public electricity or generator is needed to keep it working. This is not inverter because inverter is one of the components nor is it solar because you do not need solar energy or panel which often time very expensive to purchase and manage. This is a wonder of the century. It is so easy to setup and it cost you nothing to maintain unlike your Solar system and generator that you have to service almost every two months and unreliable public power supply where you pay bills for what you do not enjoy. This system supplies current to your entire household or company once setup and it recharges itself simultaneously as long as the system is on. Six major components are needed to build a recycling system. One inverter Deep Cycle Battery ― Dry Cell Car Alternator Charge Controller ― Solar Charge Controller Car, Lorry or Standing Fan Motor One Extension Box 1mm cable wire Functions Of The Components Inverter: Inverter converts the Direct Current (D.C) from the Deep Cycle Battery to Alternate Current (A.C) for the output of the appliances. Inverter is of different sizes. Deep Cycle Battery (Dry Cell): Deep Cycle Battery supplies Direct Current (D.C) for power generation. Normal car battery can be used but it is not as durable and does not last long as Deep Cycle Battery. It is advisable to use the later. Car Alternator: As the inverter converts D.C produced by Deep Cycle Battery to A.C when in use, the battery is outputting and thereby power is being used up, hence charging is necessary. This is where Car Alternator comes in. It recharges the Deep Cycle Battery for constant flow of Direct Current. Car Alternator replaces the function of Solar Panel and ensures that your system does not run out of Direct Current for inverter to convert to Alternate Current for outputting the appliances. Solar Charge Controller: This is the regulator of the system. It regulates the charging of the battery. It also regulates the Direct Current supplied by the Deep Cycle Battery to maintain stable and normal flow of current that goes into the inverter for Alternate Current output. It protects your appliances against thunder strike and other environmental or weather effect. Solar Charge Controller as it is been really called comes in 12volts/24volts/48volts with different sizes of ampere. The volts and the ampere of your battery will determine the type of Solar Charge Controller that a particular project or sizing will require. Car, Lorry or Standing Fan Motor: It energizes the alternator by rotating it to keep the Deep Cycle Battery charging. As long as the Fan motor rotates the alternator, the Deep Cycle Battery will keep charging. This is very important for your system to keep producing current. Take note, please, ensure that your alternator comes with capacitor. It is always attached to the end of the wires of the Fan Motor. If it is not there, make sure you ask for it or ask for another one that has capacitor. Capacitor determines the speed of the fan. So to have a required speed, you need a working capacitor. The bigger the capacity of the capacitor the faster the fan rotates and the quicker the battery charges. Extension: This is the place where you plug your appliances. It is recommended that you go for a very strong and durable extension box. Sizing The System Sizing is the process of evaluating, rating and knowing the capacity of work load of your electrical appliance and getting the adequate material for it. Despite that this system can be used to power a whole room to a whole company yet I strongly advise here that before embarking on any project it is strongly advisable that you first know the capacity of the appliances you are building the system for. Before I take you on the sizing I will like to first take you on the general principle that will guide you in building a correct system. The general principle is as follow: 12volts 200amps battery goes for 1000watts inverter 12volts 300amps battery goes for 2000watts inverter 12volts 400amps battery goes for 3000watts inverter 12volts 500amps battery goes for 4000watts inverter 12volts 600amps battery goes for 5000watts inverter 1000watts – 2000watts Inverter goes with 12volts 20amps Charge Controller. 2500watts – 5000watts Inverter goes with 12volts 40amps Charge Controller. Better still, you can follow the volts of the battery you are using. If you are using 24volts battery then you can not use 12volts charge controller. It will not charge it. If you have problem with the sizing, this is the easiest way to measure your load. If you have generator, just check the watts/KVA of the generator then you will be able to get the idea of the sizing you need. Some bigger generators are 2.7KVA that is 2700watts. Hence, if this kind of generator can power your whole house successfully but let us say you need one air conditioner now then you have to go for 4KVA that is 4000watts. WARNING: Some people who are into this or who have the knowledge of electrical may advise that you can ignore the principle above. Well, if you do, I guarantee that you will still have light but you risk loosing your battery too soon. In short, your battery will not last. Hence, it is better if your load is less than the whole output of the recycle system. I believe that is simple to follow? For One Room Connection A room with one bulb, one fan (standing, ceiling, or table), one DVD or CD player, one TV set, and one computer set. Requirement One 800 – 1000watts of inverter. One 12volts 200amperes of Deep Cycle Battery. One car alternator. One 60 watts of car or standing fan motor. One 20 amperes of Charge Controller. The project above should not be more than 800watts but if otherwise then you have to increase the size of the inverter and the Deep Cycle Battery. You will get to know this as we go on. Specification 2 If you need to use pressing iron, a refrigerator, more than one bulb with the sizing in specification 1, the add ups will be around 1740watts or more, here is the right sizing: One 2000watts of inverter. One 12volts 300amperes of Deep Cycle Battery. One car alternator. One 60 watts of car or standing fan motor. One 12volts 20amperes or 12volts 30amperes of Charge Controller. However, 12volts 30amperes will serve better though 12volts 20amperes will also work. It is always advisable that you check the watts of the appliances to know the exact sizing. Please, always unplug your refrigerator if you want to iron cloth because pressing iron only consumes 1000 to 1400watts of power. Why do you need to unplug your fridge or any other? It is because it is not advisable to have load that is up to the exact current output of your sizing at a usage. Always make sure you have some watts left, at least, 100 to 150 watts. The benefit of this is that, your battery’s life-span will be longer. Specification 3 If you will need to use one air conditioner with the sizing in specification 2 then your project will be higher than 1740watts but may fall between 2800watts to 3000watts, here is the right sizing: One 3000watts of inverter. One 12volts 400amperes of Deep Cycle Battery. One big vehicle alternator e.g. Trailer e.t.c. One Industrial fan motor. One 12volts 40amperes of Charge Controller This sizing will suffice for the project but always bear in mind that you can use more appliances only if you are careful enough to know the capacity of the appliance and unplug some appliances for the other. In other words, do not exceed your sizing, but if you have more appliances above your sizing just unplug some appliances for the other and when you are through using it just plug back your normal appliance. Connection You have to get your connection correctly otherwise you may jeopardize your system. Please take extra care while connecting. The connection is so simple that an elementary school pupil can set it up but it requires that you take your time and do it properly. Make sure you read the manual over and over, most especially this connection aspect until you can do it even if you are dosing. You can always refer to your manual. Please, when doing the connection, always connect the negative wire first before the positive. Also make sure you ask the vendor to differentiate the negative wire from the positive because many at times the wires may not come with the kind of colours you are familiar with. Once you can differentiate between the wires, and then mark them with whatever you like for further easy recognition you can go home with it. Now, let’s have the settings Setting One Car Alternator: It comes with a bolt. Always ensure you get one that has a bolt and capacitor attached to the end of the wires, if not, do not buy. Ask for the one that has capacitor. Take the Car Alternator bolt and the fan motor to a welder and weld the bolt the head of the fan motor rod. Then screw the welded bolt on the fan motor rod to the car alternator tightly so that when the fan motor is connected to electricity it will propel, rotate and energize the car alternator. As the car alternator rotates, the deep cycle battery charges. Now, since the car motor will propel the car alternator and produce a little vibration then it must be stationary. Something must hold them in place. Just have a carpenter build a kind of box that will hold the car alternator and the car motor in place. Setting Two Charge Controller: This controller has 6 ports, 3 positive (+) and 3 negative (-) with 3 different symbols on it.(Get 1mm bundle rolls of wire (cable), not flexible wire, please). The 6 ports are divided into three separately. The first one has a striped rectangular shape with two holes. First, connect the car alternator negative wire to the hole marked (-) and then the positive to the hole marked (+) and screw them tightly. If you can not differentiate the wires, ask the seller to show you the negative from the positive. The second has a rectangular shape like a car battery with two holes. Here, connect and screw tightly the negative (-) wire from the deep cycle battery to the negative (-) port first and then the positive (+) to the positive hole, using part of the cable wire. The third has a diagram like electric bulb with two ports. Using the cable wire, connect and screw tightly the negative (-) wire from the inverter to the port first and then the positive (+) to the positive from the inverter. Do not forget to screw them tightly with screw driver. Always screw the negatives first before the positives. Setting Three Extension: At the back of the inverter, there is a plug space there, plug the extension to this space and plug the fan motor on one of the posts on the extension. The other port spaces are meant for your appliances. After this connection, switch on the inverter. However, your appliances are not yet powered. Why? The Charge Controller is not yet switched on. There is a button on the flat surface of the Controller. Switch it on by pressing it. Immediately you do this, the fan motor will start rotating energizing the car alternator to rotate and charge the deep cycle battery. Always put on the inverter first before you put on the controller. Now you can plug all you sized appliances on the extension and enjoy uninterrupted supply of electricity. However, you need to ask a carpenter to help you build a portable box that will hold compactly both the fan motor and the car alternator. You might ask; how do I have it power a whole house? All you have to do is to bring in the generator wire and plug it on the extension. You are done! If you do not have this wiring, you can enlist the help on an electrician to help you do the wiring. Period! Happy uninterrupted electricity!
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