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					   The History of Microsoft
the Effect it had on Computing

                                 Presented by:
                                 Patrick McCadden
                                 Jeffrey Wieboldt
                                 Shane James
                                 Kenneth Kobel
               The Childhood of bill gates

   October 28, 1955, William Henry Gates ІІІ was born.

   Born into a family with a rich history in business and politics.

   Gates grew up in Seattle, Washington with his sisters.

   His father, William H. Gates ІІ is a Seattle attorney.

   His mother, Mary Gates who passed away was a school teacher,
    University of Washington regent, and chairwoman of united Way

   Gates attended private elementary school in Seattle.
   During his stay in elementary school, Gates
    revealed his interest in software and began
    programming computers at the age of 13.

   Gates surpassed all of his felloe students
    abilities in practically all subjects, especially
    the math’s and sciences.

   His parents recognized his intelligence and
    decided to enroll him at Lakeside, which is
    a private school known for its intense
    academic environment.

   Early in Bill Gates’ childhood, it was
    obvious that he inherited the aspiration,
    cleverness, and competitive spirit to               Bill Gates
    program computers.
                  Early Accomplishments

   In 1975, Bill Gates and Paul Allen were attending Harvard University
    when they made their first significant accomplishment in the world of
    personal computers.

   Paul Allen stumbled across an issue of popular Electronics, featuring
    the first minicomputer to rival commercial models, the Altair created
    by Ed Roberts.

   The Altair was an incredibly elementary, yet ground-breaking device
    that raised the hopes of future programmers.

   Gates and Allen determined to implement the BASIC computer
    language on the Altair.

   Gates and Allen joined Roberts and successfully implemented BASIC
    on the Altair.
   From that point on, Gates and Allen
    were given jobs at Robert’s Micro
    Instrumentation and Telemetry
    Systems (MITS) computer company.

   In July 1975, Allen and Gates formed
    a business partnership called

   Later on that year, Microsoft made      Altair
    an agreement with MITS to allow
    them to distribute their software,
    while not selling it to them.

   Years later, tension mounted
    between Microsoft and MITS, as
    Roberts wanted Gates and Allen to
    work for Altair.

   While the industry demanded more
    advanced software, Gates and Allen
    turned to other microcomputer
    manufacturers.                         Paul Allen
   A serious road block hindered Microsoft          Albuquerque Group
    as their revenue slowly began to trickle

   Gates discovered that club members
    were copying and freely distributing their
    software throughout the country.

   Gates wrote two letters to the clubs
    proclaiming his stance on the situation.

   Following a discussion at a computer
    seminar, Gates closed the issue and
    agreed to move on.                           Top row: Steve Wood (left),
                                                 Bob Wallace, Jim Lane.
   Months later, Gates and Allen hired          Middle row: Bob O'Rear,
    several young programmers and began          Bob Greenberg, Marc
    distributing to respectable companies        McDonald, Gordon Letwin.
    such as General Electric and Motorola.       Bottom row: Bill Gates,
                                                 Andrea Lewis, Marla Wood,
                                                 Paul Allen.
   After this, they established their first
    office in Albuquerque, New Mexico,
    where Microsoft began to take off an a
                The Growth Of Microsoft
   IBM played a crucial role in turning Microsoft into a superpower in
    the computing world.

   because of the changing market, IBM became increasingly interested
    in microcomputers.

   After wanting to enter the market themselves, IBM knew that they
    needed help from an outside company.

   Since Microsoft’s name kept turning up, and sales numbers were so
    high, IBM sought out Bill Gates.

   After a couple of meetings, IBM revealed to Gates that they
    wanted to release a little more than half a year a personal
    computer capable of running popular programs.
   Microsoft agreed and said that, given the specifications, they could
    do it. IBM called this plan “Project Chess”.

   Microsoft’s first step was finding the operating system they
    would use for the 16 bit microprocessor.

   Microsoft ended up buying the rights to an operating system
    called QDOS, or Quick and Dirty Operating System.

   Once Microsoft pulled all of this together, they were able to
    convince IBM that they were the right people for the job. On
    November 6, 1980 Microsoft signed a contract with IBM.

   Bob O’ Rear was the man in charge of developing MS-DOS. The new
    named for QDOS.

   In February 1981 MS-DOS ran on a prototype for the first time.
   IBM made MS-DOS the official system of the IBM PC.

   IBM announced their new microcomputer on August 12, 1981.

   Microsoft then entered software market. They released MS-DOS.

   The success of MS-DOS had a large impact on Microsoft and in turn
    on the field of personal computing.

   By 1984 MS-DOS clearly dominated the field.

   In 1986 Microsoft announced that half of its annual revenues came
    from sales of their operating system.

   This gave Microsoft financial stability. This stability allowed
    Gates to start developing other applications, such as Microsoft
    Word and Multiplan.
   These programs, beginning with MS-DOS, made Microsoft into a
    superpower, and changed the face of business and personal

   As of last year Microsoft’s net revenue was $28.37 billion.

   Computers worldwide now use Microsoft programs and its chairman
    Bill Gates is the richest man in the world.
                      The Windows Era

   Bill Gates proposed a creation of an interface manager to replace MS

   This interface would eliminate problems and be graphical and user

   This proposal became known as Windows and would have failed if
    not for the dedication of Bill Gates.

   The goal of the project was to make the interface independent of the
    hardware, workable in graphics mode, and standardize the
    appearance of applications.

   Work began on this project in September of 1981, by 1983 it had its
    official name of Microsoft Windows.
   In 1984, Bill Gates stated that Windows would be operating on 90% of MS
    DOS PC’s.

   This announcement is one that Microsoft would live to regret.

   The release date of Windows was pushed back several times due to
    problems. Other companies that wrote programs for Gates were not happy.

   In the summer of 1984, Microsoft did a company reorganization in the hopes
    of completing Windows.

   While Windows was being completed IBM released its Top interface. The
    product failed like most of its kind at the time.

   Windows was no Microsoft’s top priority and a team of thirty people were
    working twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week until its completion.
   Finally in November 1985, Microsoft Windows was released.

   Initial market reaction to the interface was mild. Computers could not adjust to it
    and the interface ran slow and had few programs to run on it.

   Program publishers lost interest in creating programs for Windows.

   Despite all the problems Microsoft faced, Windows series went on to become
    Microsoft’s best selling software.

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