Challenges by wuyunyi

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									European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




Using Structural and Cohesion
  Funds to invest in energy
    efficiency in buildings

                            Peter Berkowitz
                                    Head of Unit
             Policy Conception, DG Regional policy
                                                             1
 European Union
 Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




            Cohesion Policy 2007-2013
                                                              Approved
                        Category                                             %
                                                               (EUR m)
Indirect climate change                                           40.004   11,6 %

Railways (incl. TEN)                                              22.821   6,6 %
Mobile rail assets (incl. TEN)                                     1.253   0,4 %
Cycle tracks                                                         618   0,2 %
Urban transport                                                    7.944   2,3 %
Multimodal transport (incl. TEN)                                   2.078   0,6 %
Intelligent transport systems                                      1.066   0,3 %
Ports                                                              3.352   1,0 %
Inland waterways (local, regional, TEN)                              872   0,3 %
Direct climate change                                              9.654   2,8 %
Renewable energy (wind, solar, biomass, hydro,
                                                                   4.812   1,4 %
geothermal, other)
Energy efficiency, co-generation, energy management                4.468   1,3 %
Mitigation and adaption to climate change                            374   0,1 %
Total climate change (direct + indirect)                          59.312   17,2%

Total cohesion policy budget                                     344.498   100%     2
     European Union
     Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




    Examples of cohesion policy funding
      for energy efficiency in buildings
                2007-2013




                                                                  3
European Union                                         │3
Cohesion Policy
              Green building cluster in Lower
         European Union
         Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion

                          Austria
  Support for:
  • 343 cooperation projects since 2001 with 1167
    companies involved
  • To develop innovation project ideas, identify
    project partners, develop project proposals,
    implement project and disseminate results
  • Examples of results: new brick system with
    certificate of Passive House Institute Darmstadt,
    completion of a production line for prefabricated
    timber constructed houses in passive house
    standard, a chimney for fresh air ventilation system
 •    Physical investments to demonstrate passive house technology: office
      building in passive house standard, a prototype 1.000 m² supermarket,
      passive house village




                                                                              4
Slide from material provided by A. Geisslhofer, Lower
Austria Development Agency
            European Union
            Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
                                The London Green Fund (1)

      London Waste &
      Recycling Board                                                                 The London Green Fund (a
                 £32m                                                                 JESSICA holding fund)
                                      £32m                   £50m
                                                                                      established in late 2009 to
                                 London Green Fund
                                      £100m*                                          invest in carbon reduction
                                     Managed by EIB                                   projects in line with the
                        £35                                  £50m                     Climate Change component
                        m
                                                                                      of the London Plan
                      Waste Urban             Energy Efficiency
  Private                                                             Private
                    Development Fund         Urban Development
  finance
                                                   Fund
                                                                      finance
                                                                                       Focused on energy
   Min                  Equity type               Loan type                           efficiency, waste and
                                                                           Min £50m
   £35m                 investment                investment                          decentralised energy as the
     High risk             Urban                   Urban
                                                                     Low risk         “3 biggest carbon reduction
                          Projects                Projects                            opportunities for London”
                                                                                      Governed by
                 * £15m   remains available for further investment                    representatives from the
Aiming to deliver outputs/impacts on job creation, tons of carbon                     Greater London Authority,
saved, and minimum energy usage savings                                               the Environmental Agency
                                                                                      and the London Waste and
                                                                                      Recycling Board.          5
Slide from material provided by F. Lee, EIB
                                                                                                                    5
       European Union
       Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
                         KredEx, Estonia (1)




Slide from material provided by M. Adler,                           6
KredEx
           European Union
                                    KredEx, Estonia (2)
           Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




    Scope of support:
    • Focus on multi-apartment buildings
    • Thermal insulation:
        – of the roof
        – of the walls/facade
        – of the cellar/roof ceiling
    • New windows/outdoors
    • New heating system/renovation of
       the heating system
    • Renovation of the ventilation system
       / new ventilation system
    • Installation renewable energy
       devices
    KredEx loan compared with commercial
       loan: 4,3 – 4,8% compared with 7-
       10%
Slide from material provided by M. Adler,                               7
KredEx
     European Union
     Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




      Cohesion policy funding for energy
            efficiency in buildings
                  2014-2020




                                                                  8
European Union                                         │8
Cohesion Policy
       European Union
       Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




            New elements in regulatory
                   proposals
•   List of thematic objectives developed around the Europe 2020 headline targets
    and flagship initiatives
•   minimum shares for climate change related expenditure
•   Climate change expenditure tracking
•   Stronger focus on financial instruments




                                                                                9
        European Union
        Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




           Thematic Objectives to Deliver Europe 2020:
           an integrated framework for the CSF Funds
•   Strengthening research, technological development and innovation
•   Enhancing access to, and use and quality of, information and communication
    technologies
•   Enhancing the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises, the
    agricultural sector (for the EAFRD) and the fisheries and aquaculture sector (for
    the EMFF)
•   Supporting the shift towards a low-carbon economy in all sectors
•   Promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention and management
•   Protecting the environment and promoting resource efficiency
•   Promoting sustainable transport and removing bottlenecks in key network
    infrastructures
•   Promoting employment and supporting labour mobility
•   Promoting social inclusion and combating poverty
•   Investing in education, skills and lifelong learning
•   Enhancing institutional capacity and an efficient public administration
                                                                                    10
       European Union
       Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




                            Investment Priorities
• Supporting the shift towards a low carbon economy in all sectors:
  (ERDF/CF/ETC)
    – Production and distribution of renewable energy
    – Energy efficiency and renewable energy in SMEs
    – Energy efficiency and renewable energy in public infrastructures and residential
      buildings (only ERDF)
    – Smart distribution systems as well as low-carbon strategies for urban areas




                                                                                         11
         European Union
         Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




                           Ex-ante conditionalities

Applicability: supporting energy efficiency and renewable energy use in public
infrastructures, including in public buildings, and in the housing sector

Conditonality: Actions have been carried out to promote cost-effective improvements of
energy end use efficiency and cost-effective investment in Energy efficiency when
constructing or renovating buildings.

Criteria for fulfilment:
•   Measures to ensure minimum requirements are in place related to the energy
    performance of buildings consistent with Article 3 (methodology for calculating energy
    performance), Article 4 (setting minimum energy performance requirements) and
    Article 5 (calculation of cost-optimal levels) of Directive 2010/31/EU.
•   Measures necessary to establish a system of certification of the energy performance
    of buildings consistent with Article 11 of Directive 2010/31/EU.
•   Measures consistent with Article 13 of Directive 2006/32/EC on energy end-use
    efficiency and energy services to ensure the provision to final customers of individual
    meters in so far as it is technically possible, financially reasonable and proportionate
    in relation to the potential energy savings.                                            12
        European Union
        Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




                       Thematic concentration
                       Minimum share of ERDF investments on:
                          • shift towards a low carbon economy
                                   • research & innovation
                                 • competitiveness of SMEs     6%

                                                                            6%




80%                                                50%
                              20%



      More developed & transition regions                            Less developed regions



  + 4% limit on investment in housing abolished
   Minimum EUR 17 billion for shift towards a low carbon economy                             13
  European Union
  Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




                              EE in the CSF

Supporting the shift towards a low carbon economy in all sectors

Key targets and objectives:
• Link to EU 2020 headline targets
• Reference to 2050 Low Carbon Economy Roadmap
• Reference to Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, Energy
   Services Directive, Renewable Energy Directive and SET Plan




                                                                   14
  European Union
  Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




                           EE in the CSF (2)

Key actions for the ERDF
• Energy performance contracting
• Key actions for the ERDF and Cohesion Fund:
• EE and RES-H and in public buildings, in particular for demonstration
   and deep renovation
• EE and RES in SMEs
• Innovative RES technologies (SET-Plan, Energy Roadmap 2050, third
   generation biofuels)
• Marine-based RES
• Integrated low carbon strategies and SEAPs for urban areas




                                                                          15
    European Union
    Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




                             EE in the CSF (3)
General implementation principles:
• Focus not only on 2020 but also on 2050 targets
• Bulk of investment should be made by private sector, public funding should
  complement and leverage private funding and avoid crowding out
• Financial instruments should be supported where potential for revenue
  generation of cost-savings is large

Complementarity and coordination:
• ETS, especially NER300 and other auctioning revenues
• LIFE, especially integrated projects
• Synergies with actions in other TOs, including R&I, SME support, etc.



                                                                               16
     European Union
     Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




                                 Possibilities
Different types of investments:                        Different types of financing
• physical investment in                               • grants
   energy efficiency in public                         • Financial instruments, e.g.
   buildings and housing                                  loans, interest rate subsidy,
• education and training in                               support to ESCOs, etc.
   building sector
• innovation
• support for start-ups and
   SMEs in the sector
• etc.


                                                                                          17
European Union
Regional Policy – Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion




   Thank you for your attention!




                                                             18

								
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