Docstoc

Architecture and Visitor Center Visualized Concept Study

Document Sample
Architecture and Visitor Center Visualized Concept Study Powered By Docstoc
					BUFFALO
VISITOR AND
ARCHITECTURE
CENTER
Visualized Concept Study
Prepared by Ralph Appelbaum Associates, Inc.
February 12, 2009
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The Project                                      4

Content: Stories and Themes                      10

Exhibition: The Visitor Experience              29

Institutional Program                           56

Positioning: Making VAC a Destination           94

Preliminary Exhibition Implemenation Schedule   100
    THE PROjECT



4
ExECUTIVE SUmmARy
Ralph Appelbaum Associates is very pleased to present the Visualized Concept
Study for Buffalo’s Visitor and Architecture Center (VAC) to be located inside the
Richardson Olmsted Complex (The ROC). This study provides a general overview
of the Center’s positioning, content and overall program. This presentation is the
expression of a four-month study resulting from meetings and conversations with
the Center’s staff, consultants and Boards, the directives from a design workshop
in early September 2008 and several subsequent studies.

This presentation outlines the Center’s preliminary stories and themes, the visitor
experience through its exhibitions, an institutional and building program, and
strategies to make it an attractive destination. We look forward to our involvement
during the institutional, content and design development phases of this vital
project for the city of Buffalo, the state of New York and the nation.




                                                                                      5
    PROjECT gOALS
    During this four-month process, Ralph Appelbaum Associates was directed to
    pursue the following goals for Buffalo’s Visitor and Architecture Center:

    >   Conceive a program that would make VAC an attractive destination
    >   Identify possible locations for VAC within the Richardson Olmsted
        Complex, especially inside Building 45
    >   Think about possible additions to the building
    >   Craft a preliminary content approach with stories and themes
    >   Conceive a preliminary exhibit sequence and experience
    >   Draft a program of activities




6
VISION
The incredible richness of buildings, integrated parks and dynamic society made
Buffalo a model of urban living in the past. The importance of public spaces
and infrastructure in cities, the role of architecture and landscaping in human
and urban well-being, as well as the essential role of public health in our future,
are the main legacy of the Richardson Olmsted Complex. As these issues are
essential to the present and future development of sustainable societies and
cities, Buffalo has a unique opportunity to become a new model of urban living
today.

By addressing these and other timely issues through its programs and exhibitions,
the Visitor and Architecture Center will become a catalyst to make this dream
come true. The Center will be the main cultural and educational attraction within
the multifunctional Richardson Olmsted Complex and will serve to brand the
Complex as a dynamic urban project. Together with museums in the surrounding
area, and building on the dynamism of Elmwood Village, the Center and the entire
Complex will help revitalize the Northern part of the city. In addition, the Center
will serve as the orientation and meeting point for those exploring the museum
area, the city and region.

The Visitor and Architecture Center will thus become an essential force with this
vibrant cultural campus and a destination for tourists and residents when visiting
the region.




                                                                                      7
    PROjECT mISSION
    The Buffalo Architecture Center celebrates our region’s architecture, design,
    landscaping and cultural institutions. The Center provides a setting for the public
    to learn and understand the artifacts, stories and significance of Buffalo’s more
    than 200 years of world-class architecture and urban design.

    The Center is located in the towers of a national historic landmark, the H.H.
    Richardson-designed former Buffalo State Asylum for the Insane. Recognizing the
    special place in which it resides, it exhibits the 125-year history of society’s quest
    to heal mental illness here.

    The Visitor Center will orient the public to the Architecture Center, the Museum
    District and related attractions of the Buffalo Niagara Region.




8
INTERPRETIVE STRATEgIES
AND TECHNIQUES
As Buffalo’s Visitor and Architecture Center will not be a collecting institution, it
will employ these interpretive strategies and techniques to shape the exhibition
and community programs:
>     A multimedia show that serves as the main introduction to the
      Architecture Center
>     Audiovisual experiences that introduce key stories
>     Interactive programs that engage young visitors
>     Interpretive exhibition elements such as models and objects that
      serve as metaphors to express larger ideas
>     An active education and community program
>     Outdoor installations, events and interventions that activate the site
>     Tours of the city’s architecture that show Buffalo’s main buildings,
      architecture and landscaping
>     Tours of the Complex and its grounds during and after construction




                                                                                        9
     CONTENT:
     STORIES AND
     THEmES

10
Contemporary museums and interpretive centers are no longer just places to
discover collections of objects and images but are learning environments where
important stories are told in engaging and personal ways. As the Visitor Center
and Architecture Center are institutions that will share the same roof, their stories
need to be integrated to ensure a continuous narrative experience. Visitors should
feel that the story line, themes and content of both institutions are seamlessly
connected.

The Visitor and Architecture Center explores three complementary stories that
take visitors on a journey that starts at the city level, zooms into its architecture
and main architects, and concludes with the Richardson Olmsted Complex.
Throughout the Center, the stories of the three main figures that created the
Complex — H.H. Richardson, Frederick Law Olmsted, Thomas S. Kirkbride —
will be featured. The Center’s content will provide great insight into contemporary
issues such as the relevance of public spaces, the increasing importance of
sustainable urban development and landscaping, and the role of public health.




                                                                                        11
     CONTENT: STORIES AND THEMES




     STORy 1:
     OUR CITy


12
Explored in the Visitor Center, the first story reveals the city and region’s main
attractions: its society, geography, culture and heritage over past, present and
future. Special emphasis is given to Buffalo’s history, its industries, important
urban and social changes, as well as to opportunities for the city and the region
in the future.




                                                                                     13
STORY 1          The first experience focuses on the different attractions in the city
                 and the region. Visitors will be able to learn about the importance
THEmE 1:         of each place through the voice of its protagonists and visitors.
                 Special attention will be given to attractions and sites in Eire,
THE CITy TODAy   Niagara and Cattaraugus counties.

                 Visitors will also be able to research different tours to the region,
                 including culinary tours, wine tours, tours to state parks and
                 historical tours of significant sites and villages like Fort Niagara,
                 Lewiston and Ellicottville.

     14
STORY 1            Seeing how the city has changed over time is essential to                This exploration may be thematically arranged as follows:
                   understanding its present and future prospects. This theme
THEmE 2:           features the historical development of the city from the time of         >    City of trade: The role of the Erie Canal and Lake Erie
                   Black Rock village to the expansion of the downtown area and             >    City of people: Buffalo and America, the railroad and
THE CITy CHANgES   Canal Street, the impact of transportation, the different waves of            the grain depot
                   immigration shaping the city’s current cultural diversity, as well       >    Green city: Environment and landscaping
                   as the growth of suburban areas and its changing demographics.           >    City of splendor: The city’s treasures
                   Special attention will be given to forward-looking initiatives related   >    Suburban city: Leisure activities
                   to the revitalization of the city, sustainable design projects and the   >    Metropolitan city: Natural resources
                   rise of the creative class.                                              >    Creative city: Arts and education

                                                                                                                                                           15
STORY 1           This theme explores the city and the region by looking in depth       An engaging way to gather information and learn further may be
                  at its different aspects and industries such as education, arts and   organized as follows:
THEmE 3:          culture, entertainment and sports, binational connections, wine
                  and food, recreation, transportation, water and planning.             >   See: Museums, galleries and entertainment activities
BUFFALO CENTRAL                                                                         >   Rest: Accommodations
                                                                                        >   Taste: Restaurants, bars and wineries
                                                                                        >   Play: Natural parks, outdoor activities
                                                                                        >   Learn: College, university, community learning




     16
17
     CONTENT: STORIES AND THEMES




     STORy 2: OUR
     ARCHITECTURE,
     BUILDINgS,
     ARCHITECTS AND
18
     LANDSCAPE
Buffalo has an extremely rich architectural heritage, making it a primary
destination to learn about America’s architectural history. The second main
story focuses on Buffalo and the region’s architecture, especially its acclaimed
architects, the incredible mix of buildings and styles and its carefully designed
landscape system. The Center will equally feature buildings, architects and
parks in Buffalo’s downtown, East and West sides. Given the increasing
relevance of landscape architecture in urban living, landscaping stories and
issues will be featured in the Center’s exhibition and education program.

This story, together with the story of the Richardson Olmsted Complex and
the hospital, will be told in the Architecture Center.




                                                                                    19
STORY 2                     Given the protagonist role of Buffalo in American architectural
                            heritage, it is important to provide an overview of the city’s
THEmE 1:                    architecture and its central role in shaping the country’s
                            architectural history. This introduction serves to contextualize
OUR ARCHITECTURE            critical aspects of the city’s architecture such as the waterfront,
                            the grain elevators, the role of patrons, the Erie Canal and the New
                            York Central Terminal. Special attention may be given to various
An Overview of Buffalo’s    preservation and sustainable design initiatives undertaken in the
Architectural Development   recent past and planned for the future.


     20
STORY 2                   Seeing how the city has changed over time is essential to                This exploration may be thematically arranged as follows:
                          understanding its present and future prospects. This theme
THEmE 2:                  features the historical development of the city from the time of         >    City of trade: The role of the Erie Canal and Lake Erie
                          Black Rock village to the expansion of the downtown area and             >    City of people: Buffalo and America, the railroad and
BUILDINgS                 Canal Street, the impact of transportation, the different waves of            the grain depot
                          immigration shaping the city’s current cultural diversity, as well       >    Green city: Environment and landscaping
                          as the growth of suburban areas and its changing demographics.           >    City of splendor: The city’s treasures
Exploring Buffalo’s       Special attention will be given to forward-looking initiatives related   >    Suburban city: Leisure activities
Architectural Treasures   to the revitalization of the city, sustainable design projects and the   >    Metropolitan city: Natural resources
                          rise of the creative class.                                              >    Creative city: Arts and education

                                                                                                                                                                  21
STORY 2                  To better understand the importance and uniqueness of Buffalo’s         >   McKim, Mead and White
                         architectural heritage, it is essential to delve into its architects’   >   H.H. Richardson
THEmE 3:                 creativity, work and skills. Interpretive exhibit elements such as      >   Frederick Law Olmsted
                         interviews, models and images will serve to clarify the architects’     >   Joseph Dart and Robert Dunbar
ARCHITECTS               works and lives.                                                        >   Richard Upjohn
                                                                                                 >   Benjamin Rathburn
                         Some of the main architects to be featured are:                         >   Frank Lloyd Wright
Discovering their work                                                                           >   Eero Saarinen
and lives                >    Joseph Ellicott                                                    >   Toshiko Mori
                         >    Louis Sullivan
                         >    Louise Blanchard Bethune
      22
STORY 2                The Olmsted Park System is a vital aspect of Buffalo’s urban           Interpretive and interactive exhibit elements will reveal key
                       fabric. To understand America’s oldest system of connected public      historical and current aspects of the following parks conforming to
THEmE 4:               parks and parkways, it is essential to understand the philosophy       this unique park system:
                       and design process of Frederick Law Olmsted and his partner
LANDSCAPE              Calvert Vaux. This interconnected system of parks integrated to the    >    Cazenovia Park
                       cityscape is a useful tool to think about the role that landscape      >    Delaware Park
                       architecture can play in some of the world’s rapidly growing cities.   >    Front Park
Visiting the Olmsted   In addition, this exploration of landscape architecture will shed      >    Martin Luther King Jr. Park
Park System            light on the increasing relevance of parks and greenery to human       >    Riverside Park
                       health and the overall urban environment.                              >    South Park
                                                                                              >    Parkways and Circles
                                                                                                                                                             23
     CONTENT: STORIES AND THEMES




     STORy 3:
     THE BUILDINg


24
The Richardson Olmsted Complex and grounds is a landmark and unique point
of reference in Buffalo. Understanding the conception, design and uses of the
Complex will help us understand its relevance in the city’s fabric and enrich our
visit to the buildings and grounds. This story — to be told in the Architecture
Center — will focus on the H.H. Richardson buildings and the Olmsted-Vaux
grounds, as well as Kirkbride’s mental health treatment and the life at the
hospital in earlier days.




                                                                                    25
STORY 3           The design and layout of the Richardson and Olmsted Complex
                  responds to the ideas behind the Kirkbride Plan devised in 1844
THEmE 1:          by Thomas Story Kirkbride. In this plan, the buildings where
                  patients resided were designed to have curative effects. This
THE BUILDINg      philosophy of moral treatment was taken into consideration when
                  H.H. Richardson and F.L. Olmsted designed this Complex. Both
AND THE gROUNDS   Richardson and Olmsted paid special attention to staggered
                  floorplans and wings, the importance of natural light and
                  fresh air, the role of extensive surrounding grounds, as well
                  as building ornaments.

     26
STORY 3        This theme focuses on the history of daily life at the mental
               hospital from the late 1800s until it closed in the mid-1970s.
THEmE 2:       Images, documents and objects could illustrate the life and people
               working and living in the Complex.
THE HOSPITAL



                                                                                    27
28
ExHIBITION:
THE VISITOR
ExPERIENCE

              29
     EXHIBITION: THE VISITOR EXPERIENCE




     THE
     VISITOR
     CENTER

30
When visitors enter through the new lobby, they will encounter the information
and ticketing desk, coatcheck, café and gift shop. Next they will stop at the
Visitor Center, a non-ticketed experience. The Visitor Center will focus on the
story of the city and will include three main experiences, each exploring a
different theme.




                                                                                  31
THE CITy TODAy   In the main gallery of the Visitor Center, visitors will discover
                 Buffalo’s main attractions by way of a large interactive map of the
                 city and the region projected onto the floor. Visitors are invited
                 to walk over the map to learn about Buffalo’s most interesting
                 sites. The main attractions are highlighted on the map. When
                 visitors step onto a specific attraction, they activate it and trigger
                 additional information using animated text, images and sound.
   32
33
THE CITy CHANgES   This gallery features a diorama or model of the city, showing how
                   the city has expanded and changed over the years. When visitors
                                                                                         of the park system by looking at historic and contemporary
                                                                                         images projected over the model and listening to a narrative audio
                   approach certain parts of the model, they activate an interactive     program.
                   media and audio program that projects images and text over the
                   model explaining the evolution of the city. For instance, visitors
                   will see the city’s origins as a small village on the shores of the
                   Erie Canal, the development of the downtown area or the growth
   34
BUFFALO CENTRAL   In this interactive resource area, visitors can gather specific
                  information about the region’s attractions, along with lodgings,
                                                                                       of community events and purchase tickets for sport games and
                                                                                       cultural events. On the other side of each station, visitors can pick
                  restaurants, entertainment and educational activities. The gallery   up free brochures, printed information and maps. A representative
                  has a series of stations with interactive screens on one side and    from the Visitor Center will be at the information desk in this
                  brochures on the other. At the interactive screens, visitors can     gallery answering questions, offering personalized assistance and
                  plan a complete tour of the region or a day trip; they can make      helping to organize the tours and visits.
                  hotel reservations, plan a dinner, book tours, browse a calendar
                                                                                                                                                        35
THE TOWER   Visitors interested in visiting the Architecture Center will go to the
            main building of the Richardson Complex and take the elevator to
                                                                                     The experience begins as a journey through exciting multimedia
                                                                                     attraction of images and sounds that immerse us in Buffalo’s most
            the fourth floor. When visitors are in the elevator and the doors        important treasure: its breathtaking architecture. At the end of this
            close, an audio show starts and the floor lights up. As the elevator     experience, visitors reach the top of the tower. The elevator then
            goes up, the image on the floor progressively reveals an aerial view     becomes an observation deck that provides sweeping views of the
            of Buffalo. The walls of the elevator show rapidly changing images,      Complex and Elmwood Village.
            becoming a time capsule taking visitors to the early 19th century.
   36
37
     EXHIBITION: THE VISITOR EXPERIENCE




     THE
     ARCHITECTURE
     CENTER

38
Once the tower experience comes to an end, visitors start the visit to the
Architecture Center. The permanent galleries of the Center tell the story of
Buffalo’s architecture — its buildings, architects and landscapes, as well as the
story of the Richardson Olmsted Complex and the history of the hospital. Both
the Tower and the Architecture Center are ticketed attractions.




                                                                                    39
INTRODUCTORy   After the elevator ride, visitors enter the first experience of the
               Center, a multimedia theater that shows the Introduction to Our
                                                                                     Buffalo and American architecture along with a view of the city’s
                                                                                     most important architects, buildings and parks. This multimedia
               Architecture. In this large space, panoramic images are projected     presentation could be timed or could run as a loop. When the
THEATER        onto a large-scale media canvas, animated text and diagrams           show concludes, visitors proceed to the Center’s permanent
               appear on the floor, and an evocative soundtrack creates a unique     exhibition galleries.
               media experience. The audiovisual experience serves as an
               introductory overview to the Center presenting key milestones in
   40
41
INTRODUCTORy
THEATER

   42
43
City scale             Building scale




                       RAA also explored another option that could serve as the
                       introduction to the Architecture Center. The introductory show
                       could be an audiovisual experience projected onto both a large-
                       scale diorama of Buffalo and a projection screen suspended
                       behind it. While the wide screen shows the introductory
                       film, the model is activated by images, light and words that
                       illustrate issues mentioned in the film. An interactive experience
                       allows visitors to gather additional information about Buffalo’s
                       architecture when they approach certain sections of the model.

                       The diorama will have an iconic presence in the gallery, drawing
                       visitors to it during the introductory show and special events.



Neighborhood scale




INTRODUCTORy THEATER
Alternate Studies

        44
45
OUR BUILDINgS   The first galleries of the permanent exhibition explore Buffalo’s
                most important buildings. This first gallery focuses on tall
                                                                                      When visitors interact with these stations, they activate different
                                                                                      parts of the model that visually illustrate their inquiry and at the
                buildings, design and different construction techniques. Models of    same time trigger an audio program describing key components of
                emblematic buildings such as City Hall and the Guaranty Building      each building.
                built in 1895 by Adler and Sullivan Architects are featured in this
                gallery. Visitors learn about these buildings through large-scale
                graphic surfaces or interactive stations located around the models.
   46
47
ExPLORINg   Another gallery looks into buildings that are no longer part of the
            cityscape, such as the famous Larkin Administration Building, St.
                                                                                  on the adjacent wall. This video explains the role of Frank
                                                                                  Lloyd Wright and the importance of the building in American
            Paul’s Episcopal Cathedral and Pierce’s Palace Hotel. Models,         architecture.
BUILDINgS   images and footage re-create those lost buildings and explain their
            use and history through interactive experiences. For instance,
            when visitors approach the model of the Larkin Administration
            Building, the model lights up and an audiovisual program starts
   48
49
INSIDE BUILDINgS   Another gallery of the permanent exhibition focuses on the design
                   of certain building interiors and architectural elements such as
                                                                                            gallery’s walls. This program shows images and 3D visualizations
                                                                                            of the interiors of those buildings.
                   plan, section, layout and circulation. This highly interactive space
                   invites visitors to walk around buildings that are not accessible or
                   no longer exist. Interactive floorplans of key buildings are projected
                   onto the floor of the gallery. When visitors walk over the plan and
                   the different spaces, they trigger an audiovisual program on the
   50
OUR ARCHITECTS   This permanent gallery features another important theme of the
                 Architecture Center: the architects, their work and lives. This
                                                                                     Sullivan table, for instance, a video biography begins. Visitors
                                                                                     move the ruler attached to the table to continue to another aspect
                 studio-like space is populated by a series of drawing tables that   of the video and learn about Sullivan’s work and his influence in
                 have embedded interactive screens. Each table is devoted to the     American architecture.
                 work of a different architect. When visitors approach one of the
                 tables, they can see on a touch screen a media program that
                 introduces the architect. When a person approaches the Louis
                                                                                                                                                    51
LANDSCAPE   This interpretive gallery explores the work of an important
            landscape architect, Frederick Law Olmsted, and his major
                                                                                explaining the role and nature of the different parkways that
                                                                                Olmsted and Vaux designed. When visitors approach one of the
            contribution to Buffalo, the park and parkways system. In this      models, an audiovisual program is projected onto the adjacent
            gallery, the park system is manifested through a series of models   wall. This visual presentation shows historic and current images of
            of each of the parks: Cazenovia Park, Delaware Park, Front Park,    each park that reveal its changing uses over time.
            Martin Luther King Jr. Park, Riverside Park and South Park.
            An interpretive rail connects these different models of parks,
   52
THE BUILDINg   The last story of The Architecture Center is about the Richardson
               Olmsted Complex design and its historic use as a state asylum
                                                                                    specific layout, which were conceived to have curative effects.
                                                                                    Special attention is also given to the therapeutic impact of
               for the insane. The first gallery looks into the design and          Olmsted and Vaux’s 200-acre surrounding grounds. A video
               architecture of the Complex, its main buildings and grounds.         program describes the materials, ornaments and Romanesque
               Sketches, drawings and images document the design process,           style of the building, as well as its current preservation initiative.
               layout, circulation and uses of the buildings as conceived by H.H.
               Richardson. Interpretive graphics explain the use of Kirkbride’s
                                                                                                                                                        53
LANDSCAPE   The last galleries of The Architecture Center explore the life and
            history of the Buffalo State Hospital. This interpretive exhibit
                                                                                     history. Some of the rooms in the building could be re-creations
                                                                                     of some of the original hospital facilities such as a patient room, a
            gallery presents an overview to the history of the hospital, its staff   treatment room or the kitchen.
            and patients. Historical images and documents show evidence of
            the life of the mental hospital. When visitors approach the bed
            at the center of the room, stories of different patients, staff and
            family members are presented through projected images and oral
   54
55
     INSTITUTIONAL
     PROgRAm


56
For museums and interpretive centers to become national and international
destinations, they need to offer an attractive institutional program supported
by a building that provides appropriate spaces and a staff that runs an
efficient institutional operation. The main key program components of these
institutions usually include:

>    Parking (to be shared with other ROC partners)
>    Drop-off area
>    Lobby — includes meeting area, ticketing, information
     and welcome desk, coatcheck, restrooms (to be partially
     shared with other ROC partners)
>    Book and gift shop
>    Café/restaurant
>    Permanent exhibition galleries
>    Temporary exhibition gallery
>    Event space for rent
>    Resource and information center
>    Education center: classrooms for schools, adult education
     and training
>    Administration offices
>    Back of house — includes storage, security, preparation
     area, control rooms and mechanical rooms

This is the standard sequence of the main program components in
different museums.




                                                                                 57
     INSTITUTIONAL PROGRAM




     BUILDINg
     PROgRAm


58
Ralph Appelbaum Associates has explored different options for the location
of the Visitor and Architecture Center within the Richardson Olmsted
Complex. RAA was asked to study the location of the Center within Building
45 and explore the possibility of having a new addition as a lobby and main
entrance to the Complex.

This study presents two different options resulting from the various
discussions and directives explored during the four-month Visualized Concept
Study process.




                                                                               59
TWO ENTRANCES
                                                                      NORTH
                                                                   Primary Entry
All parties involved in the project agreed that the main
entrance to the ROC will be through Building 45. In
addition, it was agreed that the building will have two
entrances: The North entrance will be the main entry
to the Complex and the VAC, while the South historical
entrance will provide historic significance and operate as
a secondary access to Building 45.

To locate the main entry to VAC on the North side of
the Complex is essential to ensure both the circulation
and entrance of large groups of tourists and students
and also the accessibility of visitors with disabilities. The
historical entrance to the building will be operational and
will remain intact.




                                                                    SOUTH
                                                                Secondary Entry

   60
CIRCULATION
     north                                         north

The layout and circulation of Building 45 was modified
during the operation of the hospital to comply with its
needs at a certain period of time.

RAA recommends two interventions to improve the
circulation in this building: restoring the original central
staircase reconnecting the second and third floors and
creating a new staircase between the third and fourth floor
               north                                 north
as shown in the longitudinal section.


              north                              north


                      f_1                                              f_2




                             f_1                               f_2
                                                                                          expanded exterior
    north                                          north
                                                                                          circulation connects
                                                                                                o
                                                                                          all f l ors
                             f_1                               f_2


                                                                             expanded exterior
             north                               north
                                                                             circulation connects
                                                                                   o
                                                                             all f l ors



                                                                             expanded exterior
             north                               north
                                                                             circulation connects
                                                                                   o
                                                                             all f l ors




                       f_3                                               f_4                                                      west elevation
                              f_3                                f_4                                             west elevation


                                                                                                                                       61
ELEVATOR – THE TOWER
RAA suggests placing an elevator in one of the towers
to facilitate circulation to the building’s upper floors and
to provide appropriate access to visitors with disabilities.
This elevator could be designed as part of a visitor
attraction that takes visitors through a multimedia
journey to the top of the tower. Adding another elevator
could further improve circulation.




   62
63
     INSTITUTIONAL PROGRAM




     NEW
     ADDITION


64
During this study, several options for a possible addition to the Complex were
discussed. The Complex lacks a large lobby that can accommodate school
and tourist groups visiting the Visitor and Architecture Center. It has been
agreed that the new addition should be located on the North side of Building
45 and serve as the main entrance to the Richardson Olmsted Complex.




                                                                                 65
     BUFFALO CENTRAL
     This new extension to Building 45 will become a large
     gathering space for school groups, architectural tours,
     tourists and regular visitors. This will be an orientation
     and congregation space within the cultural campus
     and a reception area for the hotel, conference center
     and residences that may also occupy the Richardson
     Olmsted Complex. This new addition will house the
     main amenities of the Visitor and Architecture Center:
     welcome and information desk, coatcheck, restrooms,
     ticketing and gift shop. RAA suggests that the Visitor
     and Architecture Center both have a significant iconic
     presence in this space, which will help brand the space
     in a distinctive way. In addition, RAA recommends
     locating the temporary exhibition galleries in this
     new addition if the institution is interested in hosting
     traveling exhibits that require current museum-quality
     facilities.

     As visitors walk into this new atrium filled with natural
     light, they can gather information about different
     activities and exhibitions in the Visitor Center as well as
     the Architecture Center.




66
  Primary Entry




NEW ADDITION




                  67
     OPTION A: ExTERIOR ADDITION




     RAA suggested two different options for this new addition. The
     first option envisions a glass structure standing on the North of
     Building 45. This building could have an iconic presence with
     stairs or an elevator connecting the upper floors of Building 45.



68
                                                                      OPTION B: UNDERgROUND ADDITION




The second option suggests a below-ground addition that pays          dialogue between this new addition and the landscape above.
tribute to the landscape. This new building could be a unique         This new building will give access to the first floor of Building 45,
example of new green architecture that can be seamlessly              where visitors can start their tour to the various spaces within this
integrated into the landscape of the Complex. A series of skylights   building.
could provide natural light to the space and create a compelling


                                                                                                                                        69
     INSTITUTIONAL PROGRAM




     BUILDINg 45



70
The final location of the Visitor and Architecture Center within the Richardson
Olmsted Complex will largely depend on the needs and requirements of other
possible entities that will be part of the Complex. During this study and after
several studies and discussions, RAA suggests two different options for the
location of the Visitor and Architecture Center in Building 45.




                                                                                  71
BUILDINg 45: OPTION 1
The first option proposes the location of the
Architecture Center’s permanent exhibition
galleries on the third and fourth floors and the
Visitor Center’s galleries as part of the new
addition.

This option uses the elevator ride to the tower and
the large space on the fourth floor as the main
attraction of the Architecture Center. The Tower
and the Chapel are the only two iconic spaces
within the Complex. RAA suggests using these
two spaces because they best accommodate
impressive exhibition experiences that may attract
larger number of visitors.

The Chapel space on the fourth floor is used by
the Center during museum hours and can be
rented for events and activities at off-museum
                                                                    FLOOR 4   Architecture Center - Permanent Exhibition
hours. The design of the introductory experience
at the former Chapel needs to be flexible to ensure
effective operations when the space is rented for                   FLOOR 3   Architecture Center - Permanent Exhibition
these events.

                                                                    FLOOR 2   Mixed - use


                                                                    FLOOR 1   Mixed - use




   LOCATION                                           BUILDING 45




   72
                                         V ISITO R A N D A RC HITEC TURE C EN TER


                                         M IXED - USE




                                                                      FLO O R 4


                                                                      FLO O R 3


                                                                      FLO O R 2
FLO O R 2
                                                                      FLO O R 1
FLO O R 1




   CIRCULATION   BU ILDIN G 1 0   BU ILDIN G 4 5




                                                                                    73
BUILDINg 45: OPTION 1




                        PERM A N EN T   PERM A N EN T                   PERM A N EN T
                        EXH IBITIO N    EXH IBITIO N                    EXH IBITIO N
                          G A LLERY       G A LLERY                       G A LLERY

                           7 30 sf         6 10 sf                         7 10 sf
                                                                                            RESTRO O M S
                                                                                        T
                                                                                               3 60 sf




                                                                                                   V ERTIC A L
                                                                                                C IRC ULA TIO N




                                                                                                                  P


                        PERM A N EN T                   PERM A N EN T                       PERM A N EN T
                        EXH IBITIO N                    EXH IBITIO N                         EXH IBTIO N
                          G A LLERY                       G A LLERY                           G A LLERY

                            6 50 sf                       1 45 0 sf                            6 50 sf




 fLOORPLAN: fLOOR 3


 74
                                                          Ba ck of House
                     O THER US E
                                                              3 60 sf
                        5 50 sf




                                      IN TRO DU C TO RY
                     TH E TO W ER       EXPERIEN C E         V ERTIC A L
                                                          C IRC ULA TIO N
                        5 50 sf           4 60 0 sf




                     Ba ck of House                       Ba ck of House

                         6 50 sf                             6 50 sf




fLOORPLAN: fLOOR 4


                                                                            75
BUILDINg 45: OPTION 2
The second option locates the Visitor and Architecture
Center on the first and second floors of Building 45,
eliminating the ride to the tower and a large exhibit
space for multimedia experiences. The permanent
exhibition galleries are located in the first and second
floors of Building 45.




                                                                         FLOOR 4   Mixed - use


                                                                         FLOOR 3   Mixed - use



                                                                         FLOOR 2   Architecture Center - Permanent Exhibition


                                                                         FLOOR 1   Architecture Center - Permanent Exhibition




   LOCATION                                                BUILDING 45




   76
                                         V ISITO R A N D A RC HITEC TURE C EN TER


                                         M IXED - USE




                                                                      FLO O R 4


                                                                      FLO O R 3


                                                                      FLO O R 2
FLO O R 2
                                                                      FLO O R 1
FLO O R 1




   CIRCULATION   BU ILDIN G 1 0   BU ILDIN G 4 5




                                                                              77
BUILDINg 45: OPTION 2
                                                          MAIN ENTRY




                        ACCESS TO                                                                 ACCESS TO
                        BLDG 44                                                                   BLDG 10




                                                               SHARED
                                                            CIRCULATION




                                                                                          BACK OF HOUSE
                              MIXED - USE
                               ACCESS                                                        240 SF
                                                                             PERMANENT
                                            MIXED
                                                                             EXHIBITION
                                             USE
                                                                               GALLERY
                                            320 SF
                                                                                490 SF
                             CIRCULATION                                                              PERMANENT
                                                                                                       EXHIBITION
                                                                                                        GALLERY

                                                                                                        340 SF



                                                            PERMANENT
                                                            EXHIBITION
                                                              GALLERY

                                                              1140 SF




                             PERMANENT      PERMANENT                       PERMANENT     PERMANENT
                             EXHIBITION      EXHIBITION                     EXHIBITION    EXHIBITION
                               GALLERY        GALLERY                         GALLERY       GALLERY

                                640 SF        390 SF                          380 SF         650 SF




 fLOORPLAN: fLOOR 1
                                                          SECONDARY ENTRY




 78
                     ACCESS TO
                                                                                                               ACCESS TO
                      BLDG 44
                                                                                                                BLDG 10




                                                                     SHARED
                                                                  CIRCULATION




                                                                                                        BACK OF HOUSE
                          MIXED - USE
                           ACCESS                                                                          240 SF
                                                    PERMANENT                   PERMANENT
                                                     EXHIBITION                  EXHIBITION
                                                      GALLERY                     GALLERY

                                                      400 SF                      400 SF
                         CIRCULATION                                                                                PERMANENT
                                                                                                                     EXHIBITION
                                                                                                                      GALLERY

                                                                                                                      330 SF



                                                                  PERMANENT
                                                                   EXHIBITION
                                                                    GALLERY

                                                                    1430 SF




                                        PERMANENT                                          PERMANENT
                                         EXHIBITION                                        EXHIBITION
                                          GALLERY                                            GALLERY

                                          1200 SF                                             1200 SF




fLOORPLAN: fLOOR 2


                                                                                                                                  79
     INSTITUTIONAL PROGRAM




     BUILDINg 10



80
81
     BUILDINg 10
     Building 10 will be used in both options with the
     same program. The second floor of Building 10
     could house additional permanent exhibit galleries
     devoted to exploring the history of the hospital, as
     well as education and resource centers. The first floor
     could accommodate administration offices as well as
     temporary exhibition galleries.




82
FLOOR 2      Architecture Center


FLOOR 1      Architecture Center




  LOCATION     BUILDING 10




                                   83
BUILDINg 10




                                                                                      RESTROOMS

                                                                                        215 sf
                                                                                                        (to Floor 1)




                                                                                                          B.O.H
         Permanent exhibition Galleries                            education center
                                                                                                          165 sf




                  temPorary exhibitions Galleries
                                                    5200 sf




                B.O.H
                                                              outdoor sPace
                               outdoor sPace
                220 sf                                                                resource center




 fLOORPLAN: fLOOR 1
          SECOND floor
          BLDG 10
 84
                                                                                  115 sf                115 sf




                                                                                  120 sf                120 sf




                                                                                  110 sf                110 sf


                                                                                           administration

                                                                                  110 sf                110 sf
                                                                                                                                                                RESTROOMS

                                                                                                                                                                  215 sf
                                                                                  110 sf                110 sf                                                              (from Floor 2)




             studios                                                              225 sf                225 sf                                   studios                        B.O.H
    200 sf             215 sf        110 sf   110 sf   110 sf   110 sf   110 sf                                  110 sf        110 sf   110 sf         225 sf     225 sf
                                                                                                                                                                                165 sf




                                                                                    temPorary exhibitions Galleries
                                                                                                                     4000 sf




                            B.O.H
                                                                                                                     outdoor sPace
                                                outdoor sPace
                            220 sf




fLOORPLAN: fLOOR 2
                FIRST floor
                BLDG 10
                                                                                                                                                                                    85
     INSTITUTIONAL PROGRAM




     SITE PROgRAm



86
87
SITE PROGRAM    To place the ROC at the center of the surrounding education and
                arts district. an active program of activities and interventions must
OUTDOOR         activate the site.

TEmPORARy       The Visitor and Architecture Center should promote outdoor
                temporary installations by young and emerging architects and
INSTALLATIONS   designers as exemplified by P.S.1 in New York City and the
                Serpentine Gallery in London.




     88
SITE PROGRAM   In addition, the grounds of the Complex could be populated with
               events such as film screenings, music festivals and events, outdoor
OUTDOOR        performances and other events.

FESTIVALS



                                                                                     89
SITE PROGRAM    The building’s architecture will anchor the Visitor and Architecture
                Center as an attraction in the site and the city. The building’s
THE BUILDINgS   towers provide a distinctive element that makes the Center stand
                out to the citizens of Buffalo and tourists alike. At night, the
ExTERIOR        façade of the building will be distinctively lit to reinforce its unique
                style. A light and sound show will activate the site during the
                weekend as a further draw to the Center.




     90
91
     INSTITUTIONAL PROGRAM




     EDUCATION
     AND COmmUNITy
     PROgRAmS

92
The Visitor and Architecture Center needs to promote active education and
community programs to create an engaged community of members and patrons
that support the Center. Some of the programs suggested are:

EDUCATION PROGRAM
>   School education program
>   Teachers’ training program
>   Architectural guide tour training program
>   Guided tours of Buffalo and the site
>   Adult education
>   Lectures
>   Conferences
>   Specialized workshops
>   Film series
>   Subscription to periodicals and journals

COMMUNITY PROGRAMS
>   Volunteer program
>   Weekend activities
>   Lunch series
>   Artists- and architects-in-residence program
>   BRAC awards




                                                                            93
     POSITIONINg:
     HOW TO
     mAkE VAC A
     DESTINATION
94
VAC should become a destination for the residents of Buffalo and the region,
as well as a gateway to tourists interested in exploring the city’s architectural
treasures or visiting Niagara Falls.

To be the gateway to Buffalo and the Niagara region, VAC needs to become the
center of departure and arrival of all tourist and architectural tours. An interpretive
area with information and interactive stations will serve as an engaging space
where visitors wait to board the different tours.

To become a destination, VAC needs to have a strong presence in the city, the
state and the nation. To do so, the Center needs to offer a rich program of
exhibitions and activities, and articulate a compelling communication campaign.
The program of activities and exhibitions outlined in this presentation ensures
that the Center will become a central institution within the Complex and the
cultural complex and will be unique pole of attraction in the city.

Some of the communication strategies suggested to attract visitors to VAC are:




                                                                                          95
                                                                     A SIgNIFICANT VISUAL PRESENCE UPON
                                                                     ARRIVAL AT BUFFALO’S AIRPORT




                                                                     CLEAR SIgNAgE AND DIRECTIONS TO VAC
                                                                     ON ROADS AND HIgHWAyS

             NORTH

     Buf falo Architecture
      and Visitor Center
            NEXT EXIT




                             -- Visitor and architecture center --
96
                             Our heritage OUR FUTURE

                                                                                                                                                    A COmPELLINg VISUAL PRESENCE ON PUBLIC
                             ExPLORE                                                   Our architecture
                                                                                       Our buildings


                            Joseph Dart anD robert Dunbar
                                                                                       Our architects

                                                                                                                           freDerick law olmsteaD
                                                                                                                                                    SPACES AND TRANSPORTATION SySTEm
                             DISCOVER OUR CITy
                                                                            grain elevators       gorDon bunshaft
                                     h.h. richarDson
                                                            ellicott square                                                    toshiko mori
                                                                      marine miDlanD    the seconD courthouse
                               frank lloyD wright                                                                   m&m bank




                                                                                                                                                    AN ACCESSIBLE BIkE SySTEm TO TOUR THE
                                                                                                                                                    CITy’S ARCHITECTURAL TREASURES




-- Visualized concept study --
                                                                                                                                                                                             97
     AN INTERACTIVE DEVICE USED
     IN CARS WHEN TOURINg THE CITy’S
     AND REgIONAL ATTRACTIONS




     gRAPHIC CONTENT ON mALLS AND ON mAIN
     STREETS TO ENgAgE PEDESTRIANS




98
NEW mAPS AND BROCHURES OF BUFFALO
AND THE REgION




                                    99
      PRELImINARy
      ExHIBITION
      ImPLEmENTATION
      SCHEDULE
100
Jan 2009 – May 2009
Institutional Planning and Concept Design (5 months)

June 2009 – October 2009
Schematic Design (5 months)

November 2009 – April 2010
Design Development (6 months)

May 2010 – October 2010
Final Design (6 months)

November 2010
Bidding and Negotiation (1 month)

December 2010 – August 2011
Fabrication and Installation (9 months)
NOTE: Architectural fit out scope completed May 2011

September 2011
Testing (1 month)



Visitor and Architecture Center OPENS
October 2011



                                                       101
102
CLOSINg REmARkS
The process to create and shape Buffalo’s Visitor and Architecture Center has
already begun. Ralph Appelbaum Associates is not only enthusiastic but also
deeply committed to continuing the development of this exciting project, one of
great relevance to the city, state and country’s civic and architectural heritage.




                                                                                     103

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:29
posted:8/16/2012
language:Latin
pages:104