The American Presidential
Candidate – one who is nominated or
qualified for public office
Nominate – to appoint or propose for
appointment to office
Caucus – a closed meeting of a group of
persons belonging to the same political
party, usually to select candidates or
decide on policy
Delegate – a person acting for (or
Step 1: Candidate announces
plan to run for President.
In order to be able to run for
President, the candidate must meet
the following requirements:
–Be at least 35 years old.
–Be a native-born citizen of the U.S.
–Must have been a U.S. resident for the
past 14 years.
–Cannot run for a 3rd term as President.
Step 2: Candidate campaigns
to win delegate support.
This is otherwise known as the
nomination campaign. Candidates are
competing against others in their
same political party, hoping to get
chosen as their candidate. They
campaign in an attempt to win
delegates and gain voter support.
Step 3: Caucuses and primary
elections are held in each
Voters in each state cast votes for
who they want to be the candidate for
their party. This gives the public a
say in who the candidates are.
Step 4: Party National Conventions
National Party Conventions are held to
unify the party behind their platform (set
of beliefs and goals) and to announce their
official nominee for President and Vice-
In the U.S., there are two main parties:
Democrats and Republican. Independents
sometimes run, but are insignificant in
Step 5: Citizens cast their
Elections are held every 4 years on
the Tuesday after the first Monday of
November. Voters cast their ballots,
and in doing so, select groups of
electors in the electoral college.
Step 6: The Electoral
College casts its votes.
The electors who make up the electoral college are
who actually vote for president.
Each state has a number of electors equal to its
number of congressmen.
Electors are usually elected by popular vote in
each state, and all the electoral votes for a
state go to the candidate who leads the popular
vote in that state.
Electors cast their ballots on the first
Monday after the second Wednesday in
Electors are pledged to support a certain
candidate, although not required to do so.
Each elector casts one vote, and a
candidate must receive at least 270
electoral votes in order to become
Step 7: The President is
The President officially enters office on
January 20. In the inauguration ceremony,
he takes the Presidential oath:
“I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully
execute the office of President of the United
States, and will to the best of my ability,
preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of
the United States.”
The president will hold this office for the
next four years
The 2008 Presidential
This year is actually a election year
in the United States
US citizens will cast their votes on
November 4, 2008
The electoral college will officially
elect the president in December 2008
The Republican Party candidate is
The Democratic Party candidate is Barack
Obama. This is a historic nomination
because this is the first time a major party
has chosen an African-American as it’s
The Democratic National Convention will
be start on August 25, 2008 in Denver
Barack Obama will be officially be
announced as the nominee for the
A running mate (or vice president) will be
also be formally announced
On September 4 the Republican National
Convention will take place in Minneapolis
There John McCain will officially be
announced as the Republican Candidate
His running mate (or vice presidential
candidate) will be officially announced as
In January of 2009 the United States will
inaugerate either President Obama or
He will serve as president until 2012 when
he may choose to run again, or step aside
and let another candidate from his party