STUDY OF COST & PRODUCTIVITY THROUGH IMPLEMENTATION OF SAFETY

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					  A STUDY OF THE FACTORS INFLUENCING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM FOR THE CONSTRUCTION
                       FIRMS IN PENANG




                      LEONG KIT KENG




               UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA
  A STUDY OF THE FACTORS INFLUENCING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM FOR THE CONSTRUCTION
                       FIRMS IN PENANG




                             LEONG KIT KENG




                             This report is submitted
        As a partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the
                     Bachelor Degree in Civil Engineering




                         Faculty of Civil Engineering
                        Universiti Teknologi Malaysia




                             SEPTEMBER, 2004
                              ACKNOWLEDGEMENT




       I wish to express my sincere appreciation to my supervisor, Puan Hajah Normala Binti
Hashim for her patience, guidance and assistance in supervising me throughout this research.


       I also wish to express my greatest gratitude to my wife Luan Wah for her love, support,
understanding, patience, encouragement and cares throughout the civil engineering course.
                                        ABSTRACT




       The construction industry of Malaysia has a very high rate of accidents and poor site
safety accident record. In 24th February 1994, Malaysia government has enacted Occupational
Safety and Health Act 1994. Thus, the factors influencing the implementation of occupational
safety and health program become an interesting topic to study.


       This study was conducted through collected questionnaires of 105 respondents regarded
the factors influencing the implementation of occupational safety and health program in
construction firms. The results of study found that the higher the employer commitment the
stronger the implementation of OSH program. The finding also shown that the stronger the
enforcement of government regulations the stronger the implementation of OSH program in the
organization. Further, the more concern of the employee towards OSH the stronger the
implementation of OSH in the organization and lastly the more active the functioning of SH
Committee the stronger the implementation of OSH in the organization.


       The results also shown that current employers and the government attitudes towards
safety and health problems is using reactive method rather than proactive or plan for a preventive
action, which can be carry out before the accidents take place.
                                       CONTENT




CHAPTER          DESCRIPTION                                 PAGE


                 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT                                    i
             ABSTRACT                                        ii
                 CONTENT                                            iii




CHAPTER I        INTRODUCTION                                       1


                 1.0    Introduction                                1
                 1.1    Statement of the Problem                    2
                 1.2    Objective of Study                          2
                 1.3    Research Questions                          3
                 1.4    Scope of Study                              3
                 1.5    Limitation of Study                         3
                 1.6    Research Hypotheses                         3
                 1.7    Significance of Study                       4




CHAPTER II       LITERATURE REVIEW                                  1


                 2.0    Introduction                                6
                 2.1    Study Regards to Employee Concern,
Safety and Health Committee and
                     Government Enforcement                           7
              2.2    Occupational Safety and Health
                     In Malaysia                                      10
              2.3    Implementation of Occupational Safety
                     And Health Program and Productivity              11
              2.4    The Fundamental Benefit of Implementation
                     Occupational Safety and Health Program           13
              2.5    Parties Responsible for the Construction
                     Safety and Health and Employer’s Commitment      15
              2.6    Compliance of Occupational Safety and
                     Health Regulatory                                17
              2.7    Establishing and Implementing Safety and
                     Health Program                                   18
              2.8    Planning                                         18
              2.9    Occupational Safety and Health Program Cost      19
              2.10   Accident is Cost                                 20
              2.11   Occupational Safety and Health Committee         22
              2.12   Theoretical Framework                            25
                     2.12.1 Independent Variables                     26
                            2.12.1(a) Employer Commitment             26
                            2.12.1(b) Government Regulations and
                                        Enforcement                   26
                            2.12.1(c) Employee Concern                28
                            2.12.1(d) The Role of Safety and Health
                                        Committee                     28
                     2.12.2 Dependent Variable                        29
              2.13   Hypotheses                                       30
              2.14   Conclusion                                       31




CHAPTER III   METHODOLOGY                                             32
             3.1   Research Design                               32
                   3.1.1   Type of Study                         32
                   3.1.2   Nature and Setting of Study           33
                   3.1.3   Unit of Analysis                      33
                   3.1.4   Time Horizon                          33
                   3.1.5   Population and Sample Size            33
             3.2   Measure                                       34
             3.3   Questionnaire Design                          34
             3.4   Questionnaire Administration                  36
             3.5   Data Analysis Method                          36
                   3.5.1   Data Preparation and Entry            36
                   3.5.2   Reliability of Measures               37
                   3.5.3   Descriptive Analysis                  37
                   3.5.4   Regression Analysis                   37




CHAPTER IV   RESULTS
             4.1   Introduction                                  39
             4.2   Questionnaire Collection                      39
             4.3   Respondents Profile                           39
             4.4   Reliability Analysis                          41
             4.5   Pearson Correlation Analysis                  42
             4.6   Regression Analysis                           43
                   4.6.1   Relationship between Employer
                           Commitment, Government Regulations
                           And Enforcement, Employees Concern,
                           Safety and Health Committee’s Roles
                           And Implementation of Occupational
                           Safety and Health Program             44
CHAPTER V   CONCLUSIONS & EXPECTED FINDINGS
            5.0   Introduction                                     46
            5.1   Discussion of Results                            46
            5.2   Implications                                     49
            5.3   Limitation of the Study                          50
            5.4   Suggestion for Future Research                   51
                  5.4.1   Comparative Study Between Other
                          Sector                                   51
                  5.4.2   Comparative Study of Perception and
                          Behavior Between Different Employees
                          Level                                    51
                  5.4.3   A Study of Implementing of Safety and
                          Health Program Can Increase The
                          Productivity and Profit of Contractors   51
            5.5   Conclusion                                       52




            BIBIOGRAPHY                                            53
            APPENDIX A-Questionnaire                               59
            APPENDIX B-SPSS Output                                 64
            APPENDIX C-Sample Of Answered Questionnaire            74
                     LIST OF TABLE




TABLE NO.   DESCRIPTION                                  PAGE




4.1         Profiles of the Respondents                         41
4.2         Reliability Assessment of Variables                 42
4.3         Correlation Matrix                                  43
4.4         Relationship between Independent Variables
            And the Implementation of Occupational
            Safety and Health program                           44
                    LIST OF FIGURE




FIGURE NO.   DESCRIPTION             PAGE




3.1          Research Framework             25
APPENDIX B-SPSS OUTPUT

Descriptives
                                     Des criptive Statis tics

                                 N          Minimum       Max imum        Mean       Std. Deviation
 Employ er Commitment                105           1             5          2.26              .919
 Gov enment Enf orc ement            105           1             5          2.04              .923
 Employ ee Concern                   105           2             5          3.01              .714
 OSH Committee                       105           1             5          2.65              .748
 Implementation of OSH               105           1             5          2.43              .895
 Valid N (lis tw is e)               105




Frequencies


Frequency Table
                             Manage m e nt Le vel

                                                                       Cumulativ e
                       Frequenc y     Percent       V alid Percent      Percent
 V alid   Top Mgmt            15          14.3                14.3           14.3
          SH Mgr              13          12.4                12.4           26.7
          SH Of f icer        32          30.5                30.5           57.1
          SH Sup              33          31.4                31.4           88.6
          Site Sup            12          11.4                11.4          100.0
          Total              105         100.0              100.0



                            Contractor Clas s

                                                                   Cumulativ e
                  Frequenc y     Percent        Valid Percent       Percent
 Valid    G7             52          49.5                49.5            49.5
          G6             53          50.5                50.5           100.0
          Total         105         100.0              100.0

                            Years incor pe ration

                                                                     Cumulativ e
                    Frequenc y       Percent      V alid Percent      Percent
 V alid   1-3 y r           9             8.6                8.6             8.6
          4-6 y r          31            29.5               29.5           38.1
          7-9 y r          21            20.0               20.0           58.1
          10-12 y r        20            19.0               19.0           77.1
          > 12 yr          24            22.9               22.9          100.0
          Total           105           100.0             100.0
                               No of Staff

                                                              Cumulativ e
                 Frequenc y     Percent      V alid Percent    Percent
V alid   1-10           40          38.1               38.1         38.1
         11-20          35          33.3               33.3         71.4
         21-30          20          19.0               19.0         90.5
         31-40           5           4.8                4.8         95.2
         > 40            5           4.8                4.8        100.0
         Total         105         100.0             100.0

                              Annual Budget for SH

                                                                      Cumulativ e
                        Frequenc y      Percent      V alid Percent    Percent
V alid   <RM10k                39           37.1               37.1         37.1
         RM10k-RM20k           30           28.6               28.6         65.7
         RM21k-RM30k           23           21.9               21.9         87.6
         RM31k-RM40k            7            6.7                6.7         94.3
         > RM40k                6            5.7                5.7        100.0
         Total                105          100.0             100.0
Reliability (Independent Variables-Employer Commitment)
    ****** Method 1 (space saver) will be used for this analysis ******
_



     R E L I A B I L I T Y        A N A L Y S I S      -   S C A L E     (A L P H A)

                                                              N of
Statistics for             Mean     Variance    Std Dev     Variables
      SCALE             22.5905      84.5326     9.1942            10


Item-total Statistics

                  Scale              Scale       Corrected
                  Mean             Variance        Item-                 Alpha
                 if Item            if Item        Total                if Item
                 Deleted            Deleted     Correlation             Deleted

P1_1             20.3905             66.5864           .9634             .9794
P1_2             20.3619             65.3485           .9648             .9796
P1_3             20.6762             68.8941           .9436             .9801
P1_4             20.6190             66.2381           .9495             .9800
P1_5             20.5238             67.6172           .9547             .9797
P1_6             19.3238             68.4711           .8701             .9824
P1_7             20.0667             70.0436           .9206             .9809
P1_8             21.2952             75.9408           .8591             .9850
P1_9             20.0667             70.3128           .9132             .9812
P1_10            19.9905             66.5672           .9277             .9807



Reliability Coefficients

N of Cases =          105.0                         N of Items = 10

Alpha =       .9828
Reliability (Dependent Variable-Implementation of Occupational
Safety & Health Program)
    ****** Method 1 (space saver) will be used for this analysis ******
_



     R E L I A B I L I T Y        A N A L Y S I S      -   S C A L E        (A L P H A)

                                                                 N of
Statistics for             Mean     Variance    Std Dev        Variables
      SCALE             24.3143      80.0830     8.9489               10


Item-total Statistics

                  Scale              Scale       Corrected
                  Mean             Variance        Item-                    Alpha
                 if Item            if Item        Total                   if Item
                 Deleted            Deleted     Correlation                Deleted

P2_1             22.4000             60.9923           .9257                .9706
P2_2             20.8000             63.6808           .8560                .9727
P2_3             20.5429             64.1929           .8081                .9747
P2_4             22.1810             66.2458           .9145                .9708
P2_5             22.7905             65.7634           .8587                .9723
P2_6             22.7905             68.1288           .9058                .9719
P2_7             22.1905             62.7903           .9330                .9697
P2_8             21.4762             61.4634           .9485                .9693
P2_9             22.7619             68.1447           .9063                .9719
P2_10            20.8952             69.1139           .9141                .9724



Reliability Coefficients

N of Cases =          105.0                         N of Items = 10

Alpha =       .9744
Reliability (Independent Variables-Government Regulations &
Enforcement)
    ****** Method 1 (space saver) will be used for this analysis ******
_



     R E L I A B I L I T Y        A N A L Y S I S      -   S C A L E        (A L P H A)

                                                                 N of
Statistics for             Mean     Variance    Std Dev        Variables
      SCALE             12.2667      30.6397     5.5353                6


Item-total Statistics

                  Scale               Scale      Corrected
                  Mean              Variance       Item-                    Alpha
                 if Item             if Item       Total                   if Item
                 Deleted             Deleted    Correlation                Deleted

P3_1             10.1524             22.2073           .8712               .9504
P3_2             10.3143             24.8714           .7405               .9652
P3_3              9.8571             22.0852           .9347               .9448
P3_4             10.2667             18.8513           .9006               .9515
P3_5             10.5143             20.7137           .9288               .9433
P3_6             10.2286             20.0049           .9300               .9434



Reliability Coefficients

N of Cases =          105.0                         N of Items =     6

Alpha =       .9582
Reliability (Independent Variables-Employees Concern)
    ****** Method 1 (space saver) will be used for this analysis ******
_



     R E L I A B I L I T Y        A N A L Y S I S      -   S C A L E     (A L P H A)

                                                              N of
Statistics for             Mean     Variance    Std Dev     Variables
      SCALE             21.0952      24.9524     4.9952             7


Item-total Statistics

                  Scale              Scale       Corrected
                  Mean             Variance        Item-                 Alpha
                 if Item            if Item        Total                if Item
                 Deleted            Deleted     Correlation             Deleted

P4_1             17.9333             16.8705           .9559             .9358
P4_2             18.2952             18.2293           .8728             .9432
P4_3             17.9238             18.6864           .8260             .9471
P4_4             18.5905             18.0518           .8476             .9454
P4_5             17.8095             19.9634           .8139             .9497
P4_6             17.9238             16.1864           .9374             .9394
P4_7             18.0952             21.3370           .7286             .9574



Reliability Coefficients

N of Cases =          105.0                         N of Items =   7

Alpha =       .9533
Reliability (Independent Variables-Safety & Health Committee’s Roles)
    ****** Method 1 (space saver) will be used for this analysis ******
_



     R E L I A B I L I T Y        A N A L Y S I S      -   S C A L E        (A L P H A)

                                                                 N of
Statistics for             Mean     Variance    Std Dev        Variables
      SCALE             15.8762      20.1288     4.4865                6


Item-total Statistics

                  Scale              Scale       Corrected
                  Mean             Variance        Item-                    Alpha
                 if Item            if Item        Total                   if Item
                 Deleted            Deleted     Correlation                Deleted

P5_1             12.4476             14.0958           .8723                .9551
P5_2             12.7143             14.5714           .8746                .9553
P5_3             13.7333             15.1974           .8349                .9600
P5_4             13.5429             13.6736           .8956                .9527
P5_5             13.6286             13.1973           .9409                .9476
P5_6             13.3143             13.7753           .8727                .9553



Reliability Coefficients

N of Cases =          105.0                         N of Items =    6

Alpha =       .9618




Correlations
                                                                    Cor relations

                                                             Employ er     Gov enment     Employ ee                   OSH        Implementati
                                                            Commitment     Enf orcement   Conc ern                  Committee     on of OSH
 Employ er Commitment          Pearson Correlation                     1           .985**      .987**                     .954**         .994**
                               Sig. (2-tailed)                          .          .000        .000                       .000           .000
                               N                                     105            105         105                        105            105
 Gov enment Enf orc ement      Pearson Correlation                  .985**            1        .978**                     .949**         .988**
                               Sig. (2-tailed)                      .000               .       .000                       .000           .000
                               N                                     105            105         105                        105            105
 Employ ee Concern             Pearson Correlation                  .987**         .978**          1                      .941**         .989**
                               Sig. (2-tailed)                      .000           .000             .                     .000           .000
                               N                                     105            105         105                        105            105
 OSH Committee                 Pearson Correlation                  .954**         .949**      .941**                        1           .959**
                               Sig. (2-tailed)                      .000           .000        .000                           .          .000
                               N                                     105            105         105                        105            105
 Implementation of OSH         Pearson Correlation                  .994**         .988**      .989**                     .959**            1
                               Sig. (2-tailed)                      .000           .000        .000                       .000               .
                               N                                     105            105         105                        105            105
   **. Correlation is signif icant at the 0.01 lev el (2-tailed).




Regression (Independent Variables to Dependent Variable)
          Variable s Enter ed/Re m ovebd

               Variables          Variables
 Model         Entered            Remov ed              Method
 1           OSH
             Committe
             e,
             Employee
             Conc ern,
             Gov enmen
                                                .     Enter
             t
             Enf orceme
             nt,
             Employer
             Commitm
                 a
             ent
    a. All requested variables entered.
    b. Dependent Variable: Implementation of OSH

                                                                                  b
                                                                    Model Sum m ary


                                                                                            Change Statistics
                                    Adjusted        Std. Error of     R Square                                                            Durbin-W
 Model       R         R Square     R Square        the Estimate      Change     F Change       df 1            df 2      Sig. F Change    atson
 1            .997 a       .993          .993               .076          .993   3567.218              4            100            .000        .917
   a. Predictors: (Constant), OSH Committee, Employee Concern, Govenment Enf orcement, Employer Commitment
   b. Dependent Variable: Implementation of OSH
                                                 ANOVAb

                             Sum of
Model                        Squares             df          Mean Square              F             Sig.
1         Regression           82.707                   4         20.677           3567.218           .000 a
          Residual               .580                 100           .006
          Total                83.286                 104
   a. Predictors: (Constant), OSH Committee, Employee Concern, Gov enment
      Enf orcement, Employer Commitment
   b. Dependent Variable: Implementation of OSH

                                                                   a
                                                       Coe fficients

                                     Unstandardiz ed         Standardized
                                       Coef f icients        Coef f icients                                  Collinearity Statis tics
Model                                B          Std. Error       Beta               t          Sig.         Toleranc e        V IF
1       (Cons tant)                   -.282           .095                         -2.956        .004
        Employ er Commitment           .394           .064             .404         6.116        .000             .016        62.819
        Gov enment Enf orc ement       .207           .049             .213         4.222        .000             .027        36.644
        Employ ee Concern              .355           .066             .283         5.403        .000             .025        39.356
        OSH Committee                  .126           .034             .105         3.719        .000             .087        11.486
  a. Dependent Variable: Implementation of OSH

                                                                          a
                                                 Colline arity Diagnos tics


                                                                             Varianc e Proportions
                                    Condition                      Employ er      Gov enment       Employ ee               OSH
Model   Dimension     Eigenvalue     Index        (Cons tant)     Commitment     Enf orcement      Conc ern              Committee
1       1                  4.884        1.000             .00              .00             .00            .00                   .00
        2                   .108        6.728             .03              .00             .01            .00                   .00
        3              5.247E-03       30.507             .04              .01             .06            .02                   .96
        4              2.447E-03       44.673             .08              .35             .93            .05                   .00
        5              8.888E-04       74.124             .84              .64             .00            .93                   .04
  a. Dependent Variable: Implementation of OSH

                                                          a
                                      Res iduals Statistics

                           Minimum        Max imum              Mean          Std. Deviation            N
Predicted Value                 1.12           4.89               2.43                 .892                 105
Residual                        -.22            .14                 .00                .075                 105
Std. Predicted Value         -1.467          2.753                .000                1.000                 105
Std. Residual                -2.904          1.897                .000                 .981                 105
   a. Dependent Variable: Implementation of OSH
                      Charts

                             Histogram
                             Dependent Variable: Implementation of OSH
                        14

                        12

                        10

                         8

                         6
Frequency




                         4
                                                                                Std. Dev = .98
                         2                                                      Mean = 0.00
                         0                                                      N = 105.00
                               -3

                               -2

                               -2

                               -1

                               -1



                                                         0.



                                                                 1.

                                                                        1.

                                                                               2.
                                -.5



                                                         .5
                                  .0

                                  .5

                                  .0

                                  .5

                                  .0



                                                           00



                                                                   00

                                                                          50

                                                                                 00
                                                            0
                                    0
                                    0

                                    0

                                    0

                                    0

                                    0




                             Regression Standardized Residual


                                            Normal P-P Plot of Regression Standardized Residual
                                            Dependent Variable: Implementation of OSH
                                     1.00




                                      .75
  Expected Cum Prob




                                      .50




                                      .25



                                     0.00
                                       0.00       .25     .50      .75           1.00


                                            Observ ed Cum Prob
           UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI
                 MALAYSIA
                            FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM
                        81310 SKUDAI, JOHOR BAHRU, MALAYSIA


                                                             Date:

Dear Participant,

Re: A STUDY OF THE FACTORS INFLUENCING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM FOR THE CONSTRUCTION
FIRMS IN PENANG

I am conducting a study of productivity through implementation of safety programs at
construction sites.

This study is a partial requirement for the completion of my degree of civil engineering at
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, which is supervised by Pn. Normala. I would be most grateful for
your kind participation in this study.

Your response to this questionnaire will be kept strictly confidential and they will be used solely
for academic purposes and none of the respondents will be identified in this study in any manner
whatsoever.

I sincerely appreciate your co-operation in taking time off from your busy schedule to participate
in this study.

Thank you very much.


Yours faithfully,


_________________
Leong Kit Keng
Civil Engineering Student, UTM


This study is endorsed by


_____________________
Pn. Hajah Normala
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Awam
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
                                     QUESTIONNAIRES

Answers provided will be kept ANONYNMOUS AND STRICTLY CONFIDENTAL.
There is no right or wrong answer and we have interested only in your true opinion.

Note:
OSH = Occupational Safety and Health
PPE = Personal protective equipment e.g. safety shoes, goggles, face mask, etc.

                                       PART I
Read the statements below and indicate your agreement/disagreement by circling the most
appropriate response.

1=Strongly Disagree      2=Disgree     3=Neutral        4=Agree       5=Strongly Agree

1   OSH problems are discussed in the managerial level meetings            1   2   3     4   5

2   Management’s follow-up on OSH problems and programs, including         1   2   3     4   5
    SH committee’s recommendation is effectively conducted.

3   All Managers/Executives are heavily involved and concerned in the      1   2   3     4   5
    OSH programs.

4   My company has a strong “Safety Culture” environment.                  1   2   3     4   5

5   Management reviews all investigations          (accidents/complaints   1   2   3     4   5
    pertaining to SH) report regularly.

6   My company delegate with full authority and responsibility for OSH     1   2   3     4   5
    Mgr./Officer to carry out their duties.

7   In my company, /*PPE programs are consistently reviewed and            1   2   3     4   5
    upgraded to ensure ease of use and comfort.

8   In my company, ergonomic factors are considered very important         1   2   3     4   5
    when buying chairs.

9   In my company, different tasks are provided with the most              1   2   3     4   5
    appropriate illumination (lighting).

10 In my company, there are adequate first-aid equipment, facility and     1   2   3     4   5
   sufficient number of first aiders.
                                           PART II

1   In my company, housekeeping and physical arrangement are                 1   2   3   4   5
    systematic, properly segregated, tidy and very well maintained.

2   In my company, the safe operations of machines are given important       1   2   3   4   5
    consideration during procurement and/or design.

3   In my company, general working areas are excellently designed and        1   2   3   4   5
    maintained to the extent that accident is unlikely to occur.

4   In my company, the program for maintaining machinery, guard’s            1   2   3   4   5
    hand tools, controls and other safety features of machinery is closely
    followed.

5   In my company, Job Safety Analysis (JSSA) is completely being            1   2   3   4   5
    carried out on every task.

6   In my company, measures taken to prevent injury from handling of         1   2   3   4   5
    materials are regularly taken.

7   In my company, assessment of health hazards is carried out               1   2   3   4   5
    repeatedly.

8   In my company, the plans to eliminate hazard or reducing workers’        1   2   3   4   5
    risk to health exist.

9   In my company, monitoring programs are carried out consistently by       1   2   3   4   5
    a competent person/company.

10 In my company, the health hazards information is systematically           1   2   3   4   5
   disseminated and updated from time to time.


                                           PART III

1   My company implement OSH program not because of Malaysian                1   2   3   4   5
    government laws.

2   My company commits to OSH even before OSH Act 1994 was                   1   2   3   4   5
    introduced.

3   It is part of my company policy to implement OSH                         1   2   3   4   5

4   The government always enforces the law in my company in order to         1   2   3   4   5
    reduce or prevent workplace injuries/illness.

5   The government authorities always conduct inspection in order to         1   2   3   4   5
    improve my workplace OSH.
6   The government authority should introduce more regulations to         1   2   3   4   5
    accomplish OSH Laws.



                                         PART IV

1   Workplace safety and health is very important from the employees’     1   2   3   4   5
    perception.

2   Employees have strong commitment toward workplace safety and          1   2   3   4   5
    health.

3   Employees never complaint regarding OSH.                              1   2   3   4   5

4   Employees always make suggestion pertaining to workplace safety       1   2   3   4   5
    and health.

5   Employees cooperation to OSH training or programs is very good.       1   2   3   4   5

6   Employees completely accepted responsibility assigned pertaining to   1   2   3   4   5
    OSH.

7   Every employees wears any *PPE provided.                              1   2   3   4   5



                                          PART V

1   Safety and Health Committee (SHC) is chaired by a senior manager      1   2   3   4   5
    who is able to make decisions on SH matters

2   SHC is getting full support form the top management.                  1   2   3   4   5

3   SHC actively involved in promoting OSH to all levels of               1   2   3   4   5
    employees

4   SHC furnish consultation and cooperation between management and       1   2   3   4   5
    workers in upgrading safety and health at work

5   SHC provide a two-way communication channel for dissemination         1   2   3   4   5
    of OSH issues

6   SHC always enhancing interest and motivation of all groups of         1   2   3   4   5
    employees at the workplace in OSH.
PART VI-Organization’s and Respondents’ Profile.

   1.            Position:        1. Top Management
                         2. Safety & Health Manager
                         3. Safety & Health Officer
                         4. Safety & Health Supervisor
                         5. Site Supervisor

   2.            Contractor 1. G7                                  4. G4
        Class:          2. G6                            5. G3
                        3. G5

   3.            Year of         1. 1-3 years                    4. 10-12 years
        Incorporation: 2. 4-6 years                      5. > 12 years
                         3. 7-9 years

   4.            Number of 1. 1-10                                 4. 31-40
        Staff:         2. 11-20                          5. > 40
                       3. 21-30

   5.           Annual Budget 1. < RM10k                        4. RM31k–RM40k
        for OSH        2. RM10k-RM20k                    5. > RM40k
        Program:       3. RM21k-RM30k


THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR PARTICIPATING IN THIS SURVEY

				
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