Oil Boom 1 by hedongchenchen

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									OIL BOOM

“Black Gold”
 In Texas
Oil Terminology

Wildcatter - one who takes a
 risk in drilling in a new site
Gusher - oil spewing
 uncontrolled high into the air
Derrick - framework that
 supports pipe and bit
First Well    (p. 460)

1866
Oil Springs (Nacogdoches)
Lyne Barret/ Richard
 Dowling
Production - 10 barrels daily
Use - kerosene
First Refinery

Corsicana
J.S. Cullinan
1890
Uses of product: locomotive
 fuel, machine lubricant, road
 construction, kerosene
Spindletop Gusher

Pattillo Higgins - “salt dome”
 near Beaumont (E.Tx.)
Anthony Lucas drilled well
Jan 10, 1901 - gusher
Production: 500,000 barrels
 in six days
Spindletop Gusher
 After Spindletop

Oil company-Humble (Exxon)
    (p. 532-533)
Refineries - convert crude oil
 into usable products
Pipelines, tankers, storage tanks
Humble Oil Sign
 Oil in North Texas
1901 - 1918
W.T. Waggoner’s
 ranch
Electra- town named
 after Waggoner’s
 daughter
Burkburnett -
 “Fowler’s Folly” which
 was no folly afterall!
Permian Basin (W.Tx.)
1920’s (map p. 461)
Big Lake - largest U.S. oil pool
Santa Rita #1 supports the
 Permanent University Fund
 (U.T. and A. & M.)
Texon, Texas

The “Big Lake”
   Oil Pool
     and
 Santa Rita #1
In 1958 the Santa Rita #1 rig was moved to
 the U.T. campus to serve as a monument
Santa Rita #1
Texon: Big Lake Oil Town
Oil in East Texas (p. 498)

1930’s
“Dad” Joiner
Daisy Bradford #3
Kilgore, Longview,
 Tyler
Oil field - 43 x 5
 miles
“Dad” Joiner’s Daisy Bradford #3




    Waiting for the Core Sample
Kilgore – World’s Richest Acre
 Reaction to Proration

Violence in oil
 fields
Martial law - Tx.
 Nat’l Guard sent
 to oil fields
Tx. R.R.
 Commission
 gained authority
Gov. Ross Sterling declared “martial law”
in the oil fields to control “hot oil” production
 Tx Railroad Commission
              Proration



Limited # of wells
Regulated space between wells
Set production limits
Limited # of production days
Texas Railroad Commission
Today (p. 446-447)

Interstate transportation
Gas/Oil production
Gas utilities
Surface mining
Inspection/investigation of
 gas/oil operations
Oil Industry
Vocabulary
            Oil Production:




               Holding tanks

Pump Jack
                                Off-shore Rig

                     Refinery
Derricks – Wooden/Steel



        Derricks are
        used in the
      drilling process.
Crown Block



 Rests on top of
  the derrick to
support drill stem
    and cables
Drill Bit
Pumpjack
“Horseshead”
“Christmas Tree”
Holding Tanks
Oil Pipe Yard
Refineries




Refinery on the Houston
     Ship Channel

								
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