Docstoc

Understanding Bullying_ Autism Spectrum Disorders and the

Document Sample
Understanding Bullying_ Autism Spectrum Disorders and the Powered By Docstoc
					Understanding Bullying,
Autism Spectrum Disorders
                    and
the importance of home-school collaboration




                           By Amanda Gray
                                    Presented to
      The July meeting of the Hawkesbury Autism and Aspergers Support Group
                                   12th July, 2010




  Building resilience and strengthening social skills through story-telling and games
                                 www.learn2bebuddies.com.au
                      Is this bullying?

            Sam comes up to you and says,
              “Ashley moved my bag!”

• Is Ashley bullying Sam?                                                      The
                                                                            behaviour:
• How significant is the incident?                                            Moving
• How might you respond to Sam?                                               another
                                                                             child’s bag




      Building resilience and strengthening social skills through story-telling and games
                                     www.learn2bebuddies.com.au
                   What to look for...
                    Sam comes up to you and says,
                      “Ashley moved my bag!”

• You talk to some classmates, ask Sam some more questions
  and find out that Ashley is “egged on” by 5 other students,
  and later you observe that the general reaction to the
  incident is that the majority of the class thinks it is a joke.

• You find that it has been happening regularly for more than
  a month, and it happens before each class and just before
  assembly/home room every morning. The bag is moved
  while Sam is not looking, and has recently begun to be
  moved further and further away.

       Building resilience and strengthening social skills through story-telling and games
                                      www.learn2bebuddies.com.au
Is it bullying? How serious is it?
                   Context                   When?




             Who?              Where?
                                                          The
                                                       behaviour:
                                                         Moving
                                                         another
                                                        child’s bag
                 The nature of
                                            Duration
                 the behaviour



          Frequency             Intensity


  Building resilience and strengthening social skills through story-telling and games
                                 www.learn2bebuddies.com.au
                What to look for...
                Sam comes up to you and says,
                  “Ashley moved my bag!”

• Both teachers and family have noticed a change in Sam’s
  behaviour. He is beginning to be reluctant to go to school.
  He also seems to find it very difficult to settle at the
  beginning of each lesson and often gets reprimanded when at
  assembly for not paying attention. He seems distracted,
  always lags behind when moving to class and, most recently,
  refused to put his bag down in the allotted area before
  assembly. This lead to a “meltdown”, which in turn lead to
  him being sent home until the incident was fully investigated.

• From what you have heard from other students, and by
  watching Ashley and co, the greater the reaction they get
  from Sam, the greater the “joke” they think it is. It seems to
  be affording them some enjoyment.
     Is it bullying? How serious is it?
      Context                   When?




 Who?             Where?
                                             The
                                          behaviour:
                                            Moving
                                            another
                                           child’s bag
     The nature of
                               Duration                                   The impact of
     the behaviour
                                                                          the behaviour
                                                          On the
Frequency          Intensity                           “perpetrator”                   On the
                                                                                      “victim”
            Building resilience and strengthening social skills through story-telling and games
                                           www.learn2bebuddies.com.au
               What to look for...
               Sam comes up to you and says,
                 “Ashley moved my bag!”

• Sam has high functioning Autism. He is in year 7 and is
  struggling to adjust to the demands of high school. He has
  some difficulty communicating his feelings, and takes
  everything literally. He struggles to tell the difference
  between a practical joke and serious behaviour. He does
  not yet have a friendship group, though he has been
  allotted a buddy. He also struggles with any changes to his
  routine, no matter how small.

• Ashley and co are confident communicators, popular, have
  been friends since Kindergarten and have a few students
  from year 8 and year 9 in their friendship group. Whenever
  confronted or questioned about their actions, they just say
  “It’s just a joke!”
     Is it bullying? How serious is it?
                                                     Age
                                                                          Characteristics
      Context               When?
                                                                          of the children


                                                                 Social
 Who?           Where?                                           Skills            Communi-
                                          The                                        cation
                                       behaviour:                                     Skills
                                        Moving
                                        another
                                       child’s bag
     The nature of
                            Duration                               The impact of
     the behaviour
                                                                   the behaviour
                                                    On the
Frequency       Intensity                        “perpetrator”                   On the
                                                                                “victim”
Is it bullying? How serious is it?
“Being human, our thoughts, instincts and opinions
  often influence our decision making. This can be a
  problem, particularly when it comes to responding
  to bullying. What you think is trivial, may in fact
  be causing severe distress to the victim, and what
  you think is serious, may in fact be having little
  impact, or causing no distress at all." (p16)


          Findley, I. (2006). Responsibility: Beating bullying in
                              Findley, I. press: Responsibility:
             Australian schools. ACER(2006). Camberwell. Beating bullying in
                               Australian schools. ACER press: Camberwell.
    Building resilience and strengthening social skills through story-telling and games
                                   www.learn2bebuddies.com.au
   Is it bullying? How serious is it?
 a desire to hurt +
 hurtful action +
 a power imbalance +
 (typically) repetition +
 an unjust use of power +
 evident enjoyment by the aggressor +
 a sense of being oppressed on the part of the victim.
            p51 Rigby, K. (2002a). New Perspectives on Bullying. Jessica
                            Kingsley Publishers: London.

   Understanding the nature of bullying helps us better
 understand how to prevent and respond to it, case by case,
        in a consistent, supportive and effective way.
     Building resilience and strengthening social skills through story-telling and games
                                     www.learn2bebuddies.com.au
Bullying and Autism Spectrum Disorders
• Communication – receptive, expressive
• Social skills – naivety, poor social imagination,
  isolation, idiosyncratic behaviour, coping skills
• Cognitive inflexibility – idiosyncratic
  behaviour, routine, narrow interests
• Physical difference
• Sensory Sensitivities
  http://www.learn2bebuddies.com.au/pages/freeinformationsheets.html
                  www.learn2bebuddies.blogspot.com
                  www.learn2bebuddies.wordpress.com
      Building resilience and strengthening social skills through story-telling and games
                                     www.learn2bebuddies.com.au
A three pronged approach


                           The Child


                                           School
                 Peers
                                           Culture


Building resilience and strengthening social skills through story-telling and games
                               www.learn2bebuddies.com.au
           Prevention and protection
• Buddy systems
   –   http://learn2bebuddies.wordpress.com/2010/06/15/we-cant-force-them-to-be-friends/


• Building empathy and understanding
   – http://learn2bebuddies.wordpress.com/2010/05/10/building-empathy-one-step-in-
     preventing-bullying/

• Social skills training
   – http://learn2bebuddies.wordpress.com/2010/05/16/teaching-social-skills-another-step-
     in-preventing-bullying/
   – http://learn2bebuddies.wordpress.com/2010/05/21/stop-think-do/

• Vigilance
   – http://learn2bebuddies.wordpress.com/2010/03/26/bullying-the-early-warning-signs/

• Proactive anti-bullying policies
   – http://learn2bebuddies.wordpress.com/2010/07/03/anti-bullying-policies-reactive-or-
     preventative/
          Building resilience and strengthening social skills through story-telling and games
                                                www.learn2bebuddies.com.au
   The Importance of Home-School
           Collaboration
• Parents know the child
• Teachers know the classroom
• Principal knows the school

Only when we all openly share and respect each
  other’s areas of “expertise” will we be able to
   get the full picture and avoid practices that
         increase the chances of bullying.
     Building resilience and strengthening social skills through story-telling and games
                                    www.learn2bebuddies.com.au
          Effective communication
  http://www.learn2bebuddies.com.au/pages/freeinformationsheets.html

• Informal, frequent contact
• Communicating positively and regularly
   – Communication books http://www.disabilitysolutions.org/pdf/4-2.pdf
• Working for an equal balance of power
• Building trust
   –   Respect
   –   Competence
   –   Personal regard
   –   Integrity
       Building resilience and strengthening social skills through story-telling and games
                                      www.learn2bebuddies.com.au
            Information Resources
• Tony Attwood:
  http://www.mindsandhearts.net/gfx/pdf/Strategies%20to%20
  reduce%20bullying%20asperger%20syndrome.pdf

• Learn to be Buddies:
  – www.learn2bebuddies.wordpress.com
  – www.learn2bebuddies.blogspot.com
  – Free information articles:
    http://www.learn2bebuddies.com.au/pages/freeinformationsheets.html
  – Bullying in Schools Booklet and other articles for
    purchase:
    http://www.learn2bebuddies.com.au/pages/estore/articles.html
      Building resilience and strengthening social skills through story-telling and games
                                     www.learn2bebuddies.com.au

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:4
posted:8/14/2012
language:
pages:16