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					The Road to Victory!!!!
    The Defeat of the Nazis and the
  bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
                   War in the Pacific
   By May, 1942, the Japanese
    had gained control of the
    Philippines.
       Bataan Death March:
        Japanese soldiers forced
        American and Filipino soldiers
        to march 68 miles across the
        island without food and water.
   By June, 1942, the United
    States had severely damaged
    two Japanese fleets in the
    battle at Midway and Coral
    Sea
The Pacific (continued)
               General Macarthur, head of
                the US forces in the Pacific,
                came up with the offensive
                strategy of Island Hopping
                the idea being to take critical
                Japanese islands while
                bypassing others.
                    One of the costliest battles of
                     the war came from this
                     strategy, Iwo Jima,
                     demonstrated the
                     determination of the Japanese.
                         In Japan leading up to this,
                          people were taught that
                          surrender was the greatest
                          dishonor.
                         This resulted in soldiers
                          fighting to the death at all
                          costs and treating prisoners
                          horrifically.
                  The Nazis Defeated
   With a strong foothold
    after freeing France, the
    Allies moved into
    Belgium in December,
    1944
       In response, Hitler
        launched a huge counter
        attack which resulted in
        the Battle of the Bulge
            Germany was unable to
             break through the Allied
             lines, but it did stall their
             advance.
            This would be Hitler’s last
             near victory of the war.
Battle of the Bulge
Germany Defeated
           The Allies began to
            bomb Germany nonstop
            preparing for the
            invasion
               Americans, British and
                French moved farther
                East as the Russians
                moved farther West.
               In April, 1945 they met at
                the Elbe River.
               The Allied Powers had
                taken Germany.
     The Fall of the Dictators and VE
                   Day!
   Italy and Mussolini
       Mussolini was captured and executed
   Hitler
       Knowing that the end was near, Hitler married his long time
        mistress, Eva Braun, and they both committed suicide in their
        bunker.
   May 7, 1945 Germany surrenders
   May 8, 1945 proclaimed VE Day! (Victory in Europe)
                Manhattan Project
   Manhattan Project:
     Scientists offered another
      solution
     During the war, many
      German scientists had
      immigrated to the United
      States, including Albert
      Einstein.
     Einstein warned President
      Roosevelt that the Germans
      were preparing an atomic
      weapon.
     Roosevelt approved the
      Manhattan project, in which
      a team of scientists
      developed and tested the
      first atomic weapon in July
      1945.
             Invasion or The Bomb
   Knowing of the Japanese
    determination, American
    officials estimated that an
    invasion of Japan may
    cost 1 million or more
    casualties.
       Japan had begun
        kamikaze or suicide
        missions
       After hearing of the
        successful test, President
        Truman, who had taken
        office after FDR’s death in
        April, decided to use the
        bomb.
The Decision
         Truman   warned
          Japan to surrender
          or face “utter and
          complete
          destruction”
         When the Japanese
          ignored the
          deadline, the US
          launched its new
          weapons
          Hiroshima and Nagasaki
   August 6, 1945 the American plane The Enola Gay dropped
    the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
       Instantly killed more than 70,000 people and many more in the months
        and years to follow due to radiation sickness.
       Emperor Hirohito did not respond.
   August 9, 1945, the United States drops another atomic bomb
    on the city of Nagasaki.
       Again, more than 40,000 people were killed instantly, and many more
        over the next few months and years.
   September 2, Japan surrenders unconditionally on the USS
    Missouri in Tokyo Bay.

				
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posted:8/14/2012
language:English
pages:11