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Greece

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					Greece
         Essential Questions
   What motivated the Greeks and
    why?
   What factors did geography and
    environment play in the Greeks’
    attitudes towards life?
   How is Greek civilization and
    government related to ours today?
             Geography
   Peloponnesus
   Crete
   Minoans
   Mycenaeans
   Troy
                  Minoans
   2800 B.C. (2000-1450 B.C.
    flourished)
   Knossos (King’s palace)
    • Discovered by Arthur Evans
    • Brightly colored rooms with wall art
    • Workshops for making vases, ivory
      figurines, and jewelry
    • Bathrooms with drains
   Traders and Sailors
   Peaceful
Palace Complex
Theseus and the Minotaur
               Disappearance
   Sudden disappearance
   Potential Causes?
    • Natural disaster?
    • Disease?
    • Moved away?
    • Invasion?
         By whom?
             Mycenaeans
   Mycenae located in Northeast
    Peloponnese
   1400-1200 B.C. (gone by 1100 B.C.)
   Discovered by Heinrich Schliemann
           Mycenaeans cont.
   Extensive commercial
    network (trading, sailing)
    • pottery found all over
      Mediterranean
   Grave circles (Tholos)
   Jars found in tombs
                Warriors
   Murals depict hunting
    and fighting
   Homer’s stories of
    military conquest
   Troy
Homer’s Works




      Iliad
     Odyssey
                   Iliad
   Story time!
   Cast of characters
   Trojans             Greeks
    Paris           Helen (Menelaus)
    Priam               Agamemnon
    Hector              Achilles
                        Patroclus
        Themes…or so what?
   Wrath and pride of Achilles (hubris)
   Heroes
   Valor, excellence (arete)
   Weakness and vulnerability
                    Odyssey
   Story time!
   Odysseus
   Penelope
   Lotus Eaters
   Polyphemus
   Laestrygonians (cannibals)
   Circe
   Hades
   Sirens
   Scylla and Charybdis
   Cattle of Helios
   Calypso
           Themes and stuff
   Example of arete
   Greek ideals: wisdom, cunning,
    bravery
   Xenia (hospitality)

				
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posted:8/14/2012
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