Organization and Focus
1.1 Create compositions that establish a controlling
impression, have a coherent thesis, and end with a
clear and well-supported conclusion.
1.3 Support thesis or conclusions with analogies,
paraphrases, quotations, opinions from authorities,
comparisons and similar devices
You should always begin a paper by formulating your thesis.
What is a thesis?
A thesis is an argument or a claim an author makes
about how things are and/or ought to be.
A thesis can also be called the main idea.
In stories, the thesis is called the theme.
Your thesis should always be supported by evidence.
Evidence comes in various forms such as:
research opinions from experts
examples analogies/ comparisons
Thesis: Colon cancer is a serious disease affecting many
Americans and should continue to be studied.
Examples of Evidence
“A research study conducted in 2002 by UCLA showed that the
incidence of colon cancer has increased significantly in the last
“About 7 in 10 colon cancer patients have a family history of the
“Norma Smith from Iowa, for example, lost 3 members of her
immediate family to colon cancer. All of them were under the
age of 50.”
“My mother was diagnosed with colon cancer at the age
of 48. Because of her young age, doctors did not
correctly pinpoint her condition until it spread through her
lymphatic system and became life-threatening.”
“Alan Beauman never thought he would spend his 50s shuffling
between chemo and radiation treatments. A successful stock
broker looking forward to early retirement, he expected to be
spending leisurely days fishing instead. Unfortunately, he was
never advised to get a colonoscopy during his annual checkups. . .”
“It is essential that patients have a colon screen once they reach
fifty, even earlier if there is a family history of colon cancer,” says
Dr. Steven Atwood of UCLA’s oncology department.
1) Formulate a thesis sentence that either supports the idea of
an intelligence-increasing operation in our modern society or
argues against the use of such an operation.
2) Give three general reasons why you feel the way you
1)With your group:
Decide on a thesis
Decide on 3-4 general reasons to support your thesis.
Give 1 or 2 different types of evidence to support each
Put all of the above on your poster to share with the class.