What event from WWII does this show? How useful is this picture in debating today’s key question? Which of these images tells us more about the effects of the atomic bomb? Drawing by Sawami Katagiri Photograph taken days after the Hiroshima bomb was dropped in August 1945 WWII in Colour Was America right to use atomic bombs to end WWI? LOs To identify arguments for and against the use of the atomic bombs To reach a judgement on whether the US was justified in using them Why did the US decide to drop the bomb? Pacific war Millions invested in development Growing threat from USSR Vengeance for torture & suicide attacks What happened when the bomb was dropped? 6 August 1945 Enola Gay dropped atomic bomb on Hiroshima 70,000 immediate deaths 200,000+ deaths radiation and fall out 9 August, Nagasaki 40,000 deaths 14 August Japan surrenders www.peace- museum.org/welcome.htm What did the bombs look like? ‘Little Boy’ Uranium, Hiroshima ‘Fat Man’, Plutonium, Nagasaki How powerful were they? ‘Fat Boy’ blast equivalent to 20,000 tons of explosives detonated at once Strong winds from blast destroyed all buildings within a 1.5 mile radius Heat generated incinerated everything in its path What was the impact? Your task Study the sources from, ‘The Twentieth Century: A World Study’ (p.50-1). Gather evidence that Truman’s motives were acceptable and that is motives were questionable. Write a judgement, using 2 pieces of evidence to support your answer Which piece of evidence most helped you reach a decision? Explain your answer. Harry S Truman, US President who approved the use of atomic bombs in 1945 This house believes that the dropping of atomic bombs on Japan was a necessary evil to end WWII Extension Watch frozen in time Read the account of the bombing of Hiroshima by Kyoko Iwanaga on the BBC website. Summarise her story and explain whether her testimony has changed your view from today’s lesson. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthis day/hi/witness/august/9/new sid_4720000/4720807.stm Homework Imagine you are President Truman. Write a letter to the people of Japan explaining your decision to use the atomic bomb. You must: Provide reasons why you think it was necessary Respond to criticisms people have made Express how you hope event will be a force for good in the future Plenary What can you remember about the destructive power of the Bomb? 3 reasons for using it on Japan 3 criticisms made about Truman Your judgement? How might nuclear weapons have made the world a safer place?
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