Wiki About Chris Grayling Christopher Stephen Grayling

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					Christopher Stephen Grayling, MP (born 1 April 1962), is a British politician. A member of the Conservative Party,
he served in the Shadow Cabinet from 2005 to 2010 and was the party's Shadow Home Secretary from 2009 to 2010.
Following the 2010 general election, he was appointed aMinister of State in the Department for Work and
          [1]
Pensions. He has been a Member of Parliament (MP) representing the constituency of Epsom and Ewell since
2001.

Early life
Chris Grayling was born in London and grew up in Buckinghamshire.

Education
Grayling was educated at the Royal Grammar School in High Wycombe. He then
went on to Cambridge University, where he completed a Bachelor of Arts degree
in history at Sidney Sussex College in 1984.

Life and career
Grayling joined BBC News in 1985 as a trainee, becoming a producer in 1986. He
left the BBC in 1988 to join Channel 4 as an editor on its Business
Daily programme. He rejoined the BBC in 1991 as a business development manager on BBC Select. On leaving the
BBC in 1993, he ran several television production companies, including managing the corporate communications
division of Workhouse Ltd from 1992-5 and SSVC Group inGerrards Cross from 1995-7. He became a management
consultant in 1997 with Burson Marsteller, where he remained until his election toWestminster.

Prior to joining the Conservative Party, Grayling was a member of the Social Democratic Party, along with a number of
                               [2]
other Cameron frontbenchers.

Political Career
Councillor
Grayling was selected to contest the Labour-held marginal seat of Warrington South at the 1997 general election, but
was defeated by Labour candidate Helen Southworth by 10,807 votes. He was elected as a councillor in the London
Borough of Merton in 1998 and remained on the council until 2002.

Member of Parliament
He was elected to the House of Commons for the Surrey seat of Epsom and Ewell at the 2001 general
election following the retirement of the veteran Tory MP Archie Hamilton. Grayling held the seat with a majority of
                                                                                              [3]
10,080 and has remained the MP there since. He made his maiden speech on 25 June 2001.

Shadow Cabinet
He served as a member of the environment, transport and the regions select committee from 2001 until he was
promoted to the Opposition Whips' Office by Iain Duncan Smith in 2002, moving to become a spokesman
on health later in the year. He became a spokesman on education and skillsby Michael Howard in 2003, and following
the 2005 general election he became a member of Howard's Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Leader of the House of
Commons, and since the election of David Cameron as the leader of the Conservative Party in December 2005 he
has served as theShadow Secretary of State for Transport. In June 2007, he was made Shadow Secretary of State for
Work and Pensions, a post he held until January 2009 when he became Shadow Home Secretary.

Conservative Attack Dog
                                                                                                                 [4]
Grayling became known as a national politician through his “attack dog” pressure on leading Labour politicians. He
was heavily involved in the questioning of David Blunkett, the then Work and Pensions Secretary, over his business
                                            [5]
affairs that led to his resignation in 2005. He also challenged Cherie and Tony Blair over the money they made from
lectures while he was in Downing Street and former Minister Stephen Byers over his handling of the Railtrack
          [6]
collapse.
Controversy
Expenses claims
                          [7]
Between 2001 and 2009, Grayling claimed for a flat in Pimlico, close to the House of Commons, despite having a
                                           [8]                                                 [9]
constituency home less than 17 miles away and owning two buy to letproperties in Wimbledon. Grayling says he
uses the flat when "working very late" because he needs to "work very erratic and late hours most days when the
                              [10]
House of Commons is sitting."

During the Parliamentary expenses scandal, The Daily Telegraph reported that Grayling refitted and redecorated the
flat in 2005 at a cost of thousands of pounds. Grayling said that both the water and electrical systems failed "leaving
                                       [9]
the place needing a major overhaul".

Comparing Moss Side to The Wire
As Shadow Home Secretary Chris Grayling's provoked controversy in August 2009 when he compared parts of to
Britain to the Baltimore set TV series The Wire. In a speech on gang problems he also talked about the gang
problems in Manchester’s Moss Side. His Comments met with an angry response in Manchester, from locals and the
       [11]
police. Having been out on patrol for a day with the police, observing the results of a shooting at a house, he
described himself as having witnessed an "urban war". Police responded that gang related shootings in Greater
Manchester had fallen by 82 percent on the previous year, and that to speak of "urban war" was
                    [11]
"sensationalistic". Local councillor Roy Walters complained of the Moss Side unfairly being a "negative target" due
                           [11]
to historical associations. However he was defended by right wing commentators who said he spoke for the
“mainstream majority”. Sticking by his comments, he said, "I didn't say Moss Side equals Baltimore. What I said is that
                                                                                                     [12]
we have in Moss Side symptoms of a gang conflict in this country which I find profoundly disturbing". Baltimore, with
a population of about 600,000, was noted as having 191 gun related murders in the past year, in comparison to Moss
                                          [11]
Side, population 11,000, which had none.

Statistics controversy
Grayling came under fire as Shadow Home Secretary over the Conservative Party's use of violent crime
            [13]
statistics. In February 2010, the Conservative Party issued press releases to every constituency in the UK claiming
that crime had "risen sharply" in the UK. However, they failed to take into account the more rigorous system for
recording crime. The chairman of The UK Statistics Authority, Sir Michael Scholar, said that the figures Grayling was
                                                                                                     [14]
using were "likely to mislead the public" and "likely to damage public trust in official statistics". Scholar further added
that reliable statistics showed that there had not been an increase in crime during Labour's period in
       [15]
office. However a subsequent report produced by the independent House of Commons library confirmed that
                                                                                                          [16][17][18]
Grayling and the Conservative Party had been right to say that violent crime had risen significantly.

Gay couples in B&Bs controversy
In March 2010, Grayling was recorded at an open meeting of the thinktank Centre for Policy Studies saying that during
the debates on civil liberties under the Labour Government, he had felt that Christians should have the right to live by
their consciences and that Christian owners of bed and breakfasts should have the right to turn away gay
         [19]
couples. Grayling said:

"I personally always took the view that, if you look at the case of should a Christian hotel owner have the right to
exclude a gay couple from a hotel, I took the view that if it's a question of somebody who's doing a B&B in their own
home, that individual should have the right to decide who does and who doesn't come into their own home. If they are
running a hotel on the High Street, I really don’t think that it is right in this day and age that a gay couple should walk
                                                                                                                       [20]
into a hotel and be turned away because they are a gay couple, and I think that is where the dividing line comes."
                                                                       [21]
When the recording was released by The Observer on 3 April 2010, Grayling's comments caused
         [22]
uproar, with Ben Summerskill, chief executive of the gay rights group Stonewall, saying that this position would be
                                                                                                     [22]
illegal and "very alarming to a lot of gay people who may have been thinking of voting Conservative". Lord
Mandelson, the most senior gay minister in the government, said that the comment showed that the Conservative
party had not changed, that "when the camera is on they say one thing, but when the camera is off they say
           [23]                                                            [24][25]
another". There have since been growing calls for Grayling to resign.               Conservative party leader David
                                                                [26]
Cameron was subsequently urged to "back or sack" Grayling, with gay rights campaigner Peter Tatchell saying that
"Cameron's silence is worrying. Many voters – gay and straight – will be disturbed by his failure to swiftly disown
Grayling's support for homophobic discrimination. What does this say about the sincerity and seriousness of his
                               [27]                                                               [28]
commitment to gay equality?" A poll for the website pinknews.co.uk released on 5 April found that support for the
                                                                                             [29]
Conservatives in theLGBT community had fallen drastically since Grayling's comment. Author Douglas Murray has
                                                                                                           [30]
dubbed Grayling "a political buffoon, unsure of what he is saying and with little idea of how to say it." Anastasia
Beaumont-Bott, founder of "LGBTory", a gay rights group that campaigns for the Conservatives, announced that she
would be voting for Labour, not the Conservatives, in response to Grayling's comment. She said, "I feel guilty because
as a gay woman affected by LGBT rights I am on record saying you should vote Conservative, and I want to reverse
that. I want to go on record to say don't vote Conservative. I'd go as far to say that I'll vote Labour at this general
            [31]
election." Beaumont-Bott was joined in defecting from the Conservatives to Labour a week later by prominent gay
                                     [32]
rights campaigner David Heathcote. However Grayling’s comments were defended by a number of commentators,
including the Today Programme presenter and leading gay broadcaster Evan Davis, and by leading Christian
         [33]
groups.

Grayling apologised on 9 April, saying "I am sorry if what I said gave the wrong impression, I certainly didn't intend to
offend anyone... I voted for gay rights, I voted for this particular measure." On 12 April edition of The Daily Politics,
presenter Andrew Neil claimed the programme makers had been unable to contact Grayling about an appearance and
                                                                                [34]
suggested that he had gone to ground since his comments were published. Since the start of the 2010 general
election campaign on 6 April, Grayling has been "hidden away" by the Conservatives, making very few public
              [35][36][37][38]
appearances.                   During the launch of the Labour Party's "LGBT Manifesto" on 15 April, Deputy Leader Harriet
Harman renewed calls for Grayling to be sacked, saying "We don't want to wake up and find we have a homophobic
                                                                                        [39]
home secretary. David Cameron should have sacked him as soon as he said that." It is unclear whether his
remarks were the reason that David Cameron chose to appoint Theresa May as Home Secretary in his new cabinet,
rather than Grayling who held the position in the Shadow Cabinet; Grayling was not given any cabinet post, as had
                                                                         [40]
been predicted by some media commentators prior to the election.

Appointment to Privy Council
On 28 May 2010 he was appointed to the Privy Counsel as part of the 2010 Dissolution of Parliament Honours
     [41][42]
List.

Personal life
In April 1987 Grayling married Susan Clare Dillistone in Surrey and they have a daughter, Laura (born December
1992), and a son, Matthew (born August 1996). He supports Manchester United, and can boast that he once hit
                                                    [43]
a four off the Australian fast bowler Dennis Lillee.

Publications

   The Bridgewater Heritage: The Story of Bridgewater Estates by Chris Grayling, 1983, Bridgewater Estates PLC
   A Land Fit for Heroes: Life in England After the Great War by Christopher Grayling, 1985, Buchan & Enright ISBN
    0-907675-68-9
   Holt's: The Story of Joseph Holt by Christopher Grayling, 1985, Joseph Holt PLC
   Just Another Star?: Anglo-American Relations Since 1945 by Christopher Grayling and Christopher Langdon,
    1987, Virgin Books ISBN 0-245-54603-0
   Insight Guide Waterways of Europe contribution by Chris Grayling, 1989, Apa Publications ISBN 0-88729-825-7

				
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