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旅游英语 The Pyramids,Egypt 埃及金字塔 by leon806

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									古埃及金字塔是奴隶制帝王的陵墓,最宏大的当为吉萨三座大金字塔。塔基呈方形,每边长
230 米,高 146 米,用 230 余万块巨石(每块平均重达 2.5 吨)垒成,国王墓室用一块 400 吨
重的石板垒成。整体规模雄伟壮观,设计科学,构造复杂,历时 30 年建成。古希腊时即被
称为世界七大奇迹之一,1980 年列入世界遗产名录。

Built 4,000 years ago, the three great pyramids at Giza, in the Egyptian desert remain the most
colossal1 buildings ever constructed. 矗立在埃及沙漠中吉萨的三座大金字塔建于 4000 年前,
它们一直都是有史以来最宏大的建筑。

The pyramids were built by Egyptians under the orders of the Egyptian leader, whose title was
Pharaoh2. There was a sequence of Pharaohs culminating3 around 2615 B.C., with the Pharaoh
Cheops who built the biggest thing ever built, the Great Pyramid, also known as Khu             fu.
Cheops built a pyramid 770 feet on one side and 481 feet tall. How ancient builders managed to
build these massive structures has never been fully answered but the effort clearly required brains
and brawn4.

金字塔是埃及人在他们的领袖——名为法老——的命令下建造的。在公元前 2615 年左右,
几任法老相继统治埃及,基奥普斯法老建造了有史以来最大的金字塔——大金字塔,      也被称
为胡夫金字塔。胡夫金字塔每边长 770 英尺,高 481 英尺。古代的建筑者是如何建造这些庞
然大物的,这一直是个未解之谜,但很明显它需要付出大量的脑力和体力。

Was there engineering genius involved? Yes, there was. For example, when you're putting the
block right at the top, how are you going to lug5 a block of stone that weighs several tons 480 feet
up a structure? How are you going to do it, and how are you going to do it without leaving
scratches6 on all the rest of the structure? And how many people does it take to drag a block
weighing several tons 480 feet up into the sky? Approximately, 2.3 million blocks of stone were
cut, transported and assembled to create the Great Pyramid.

The Pharaohs may have set out to build magnificent tombs for themselves, but in the end they
created monuments to human potential. There's a universal message in the pyramids. The
pyramids belong to Egypt, but the pyramids also belong to the world. That's why we can all
identify the pyramids as an early monument of human greatness.

法老们的初衷是为自己建造豪华的陵墓,而最终他们创建的却是昭示人类潜能的纪念碑。金
字塔蕴含着一种共同的信息,金字塔属于埃及,但它也属于世界。因此我们完全可以把金字
塔作为展示人类伟大文明的早期纪念物

								
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