土耳其西北部港市-伊斯坦布尔

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					                             Istanbul (Turkey)




                       The famous Blue Mosque at dusk


    Known in previous incarnations (作为化身、代表)as Byzantium (拜占庭)

and Constantinople (君士坦丁堡) the ancient city of Istanbul has over the past
                          ,

few decades grown a healthy cosmopolitan skin. Turkey had an economic good

time in the 1980s that led in turn to resurgence (恢复生机)in national tourism

when the thoroughfares of Istanbul were crowded with new restaurants,

hotels, cafes and cultural institutions. The feel-good optimism was dashed by

a devastating earthquake in 1999 but the city has since recovered some if its

equanimity (心绪平静)。


    The Bosphorus, the strait flowing between the Sea of Marmara and the

Black Sea, creates a natural north-south divide in Istanbul - European Istanbul

comprises the bulk(大部分)of the city to the west, while Asian Istanbul is to

the east. European Istanbul is itself divided by the Golden Horn into the Old City

to the south, and Beyoglu and other modern districts to the north.
    The Egyptian Dikiltas marks the site of the city's ancient hippodrome.


    The Old City is where you'll find all the main sights, such as Topkapi Sarayi

(Topkapi Palace) Sultan Ahmet Camii (Blue Mosque) Aya Sofya (Sancta
                ,                                ,

Sophia), the Atmeydani (Hippodrome) and the old city walls. The

21st-century version of Istanbul is a short walk north across the Galata Bridge,

and is exemplified by bustling Taksim Square, the eye of the city's commercial

storm. Buses, trams and the developing Metro system, not to mention

footpower, will get you around the two main parts of the city - ferries(渡轮)

can run you between them and across the Bosphorus to Asian Istanbul,

although there's little of interest for tourists in this suburban area.

				
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