The duality of
（双重性） Canadian life has been called the "Twin Solitudes."
One Canada， English and Calvinist （加尔文教徒）in origin， tends to be
staid and smug and work obsessed. The other， French and Catholic， is
more creative， lighthearted， and inclined to see pleasure as the end
purpose of labor. These two peoples live side by side throughout Québec
and in the nine provinces of English Canada， but the blending（混合）
occurs in particularly intense fashion in Québec province's largest city，
Montréal. French speakers， known as Francophones， constitute 66% of the
city's population， while most of the remaining population are speakers
of English——Anglophones. （Those few residents who speak neither， or
who have another primary tongue， are called Allophones.） While both
groups are decidedly North American， they are no more alike than Margaret
Thatcher and Charles de Gaulle.
Montréal is a modern city in nearly every regard. Its downtown
bristles with skyscrapers， but these are playful， almost perky （活
有生气的） with unexpected shapes. The city aboveground is mirrored
by another below， where an entire winter can be avoided in coatless
comfort. To the west and north of downtown are Anglo commercial and
residential neighborhoods， centered around Westmount. To the east and
north are Francophone quartiers， centered on Outremount and Plateau
Over the past decade， there has been the undeniable impression of
decline in Montréal. A bleak （无希望的）mood has prevailed in many
quarters， driven by lingering recession and uncertainty over the future.
There is some truth in the perception. After all， it remains possible
that Québec will yet choose to fling itself into an unknown independence
from the rest of Canada.
Lately， ripples of optimism are spreading through the province and
its largest city. Unemployment， though still high， shows signs of
shrinking. A new $900 million high-tech theme park is to be installed near
the Port of Montréal， a project wrested away from the city's bitter rival，
Toronto. Favorable currency exchange and the presence of skilled workers
have made the city a favored site for Hollywood film and TV production，
last year attracting movies starring Bruce Willis， John Travolta， and
Eddie Murphy， among others， that brought in over $700 million in revenue.
That success inspired the construction of two major film studios， one
completed and another expected to be Canada's largest.
To many American city dwellers， Montréal already might seem an urban
near-paradise. The subway system， called the Métro， is modern and swift.
Streets are clean and safe. There are rarely more than 60 homicides（杀
人案件） a year in Montréal， compared to the hundreds of murders annually
in every American city of comparable or greater size. Montréal's best
restaurants are the equal of their south-of-the-border compatriots in
almost every way， yet they are as much as 30% to 40% cheaper. And the
government gives visitors back most of the taxes they collect.