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					Istanbul (Turkey)
  The famous Blue Mosque at dusk Known in previous incarnations (作为
化身、代表)as Byzantium (拜占庭)and Constantinople (君士坦丁堡),
the ancient city of Istanbul has over the past few decades grown a healthy
cosmopolitan skin. Turkey had an economic good time in the 1980s that led
in turn to resurgence (恢复生机)in national tourism when the
thoroughfares of Istanbul were crowded with new restaurants, hotels,
cafes and cultural institutions. The feel-good optimism was dashed by a
devastating earthquake in 1999 but the city has since recovered some if
its equanimity (心绪平静)。

    The Bosphorus, the strait flowing between the Sea of Marmara and the
Black Sea, creates a natural north-south divide in Istanbul - European
Istanbul comprises the bulk(大部分)of the city to the west, while Asian
Istanbul is to the east. European Istanbul is itself divided by the Golden
Horn into the Old City to the south, and Beyoglu and other modern districts
to the north. The Egyptian Dikiltas marks the site of the city's ancient
hippodrome.

    The Old City is where you'll find all the main sights, such as Topkapi
Sarayi (Topkapi Palace), Sultan Ahmet Camii (Blue Mosque), Aya Sofya
(Sancta Sophia), the Atmeydani (Hippodrome) and the old city walls.
The 21st-century version of Istanbul is a short walk north across the
Galata Bridge, and is exemplified by bustling Taksim Square, the eye
of the city's commercial storm. Buses, trams and the developing Metro
system, not to mention footpower, will get you around the two main parts
of the city - ferries(渡轮)can run you between them and across the
Bosphorus to Asian Istanbul, although there's little of interest for
tourists in this suburban area.

				
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posted:8/14/2012
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