Disaster Prevention and Early Recovery

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					Disaster Prevention and Early
   Recovery in Central Asia
  Program status, strengthening and
        potential next steps
                    Maxx Dilley
                    Chief, Disaster Reduction and Recovery Team
                    Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery
                  Outline
• Challenges in identifying and managing risks
  associated with natural hazards
• UNDP Disaster Reduction and Recovery
  Program
• Program strengthening measures from UNDP
  practice
• Available resources
       Hazard-related outcomes
• Major natural hazards in Central Asia and the
  Caucasus
  – drought, floods, extreme temperatures, landslides
    and earthquakes
• Consequences (disaster event) =
                hazard exposure x vulnerability
• Non-natural hazards
  – land mines
  – global financial crises, food price increases
     Hazard-related outcomes



Drought
     Hazard-related outcomes



Drought   →   water
     Hazard-related outcomes



Drought   →   water →   energy
     Hazard-related outcomes

                                   Cold
                                    ↓
Drought   →   water →   energy →
     Hazard-related outcomes

                                 Cold
                                  ↓
Drought   →   water →   energy → Home/
                                 School
                                 Heating
      Hazard related outcomes



Drought
      Hazard related outcomes



Drought   →   water
      Hazard related outcomes



Drought   →   water →   energy
                        prices
     Hazard related outcomes?
                                   Food
                                   prices
                                    ↓
Drought   →   water →   energy
                        prices →
                                    ↑
                                   Reduced
                                   Remittances
     Hazard related outcomes?
                                 Food
                                 prices
                                  ↓
Drought   →   water →   energy   Food
                        prices → Insecurity
                                   ↑
                                 Reduced
                                 Remittances
      DRR program and budget
• Kazakhstan ($442,500)
  – 2003 earthquake recovery
  – 2004-2007 local level earthquake risk mgt I & II
  – 2008 flood recovery
• Kyrgyzstan ($2,787,000)
  – 2007 local government DRR capacity building
  – 2007 National Disaster Reduction Advisor
  – 2007 enhanced response coordination
  – 2008 mainstreaming DRM into decentralization
         DRR program and budget
• Tajikistan ($13M*)
   – 2005-7 Disaster Risk Management Program I
   – 2007-9 Disaster Risk Management Program II
   – 2008 compound crisis response
   – 2009 strengthening early recovery capacities
• Uzbekistan ($1,279,325 [pending])
   – 2009(?) strengthening DRM capacity

*Early Recovery project includes some non-disaster components
      DRR program and budget
• Total DRR 2005-2009 budget: $18M
• Regional strengthening 2009
  – CPR team in Bratislava
  – Regional Disaster Reduction Advisor, Almaty
 Program strengthening measures
• Comprehensive “one system” national DRR
  programs
  – “one-UN” pilot examples
  – UN-WB-EC post-crisis cooperation agreements
  – recovery preparedness and early recovery
    coordination with humanitarian assistance
• Regional technical assistance support project
  – UNDP Asia tsunami recovery program example
  – SE Europe regional program coordination example
                          Resources
• UNDP DRR service lines
    – risk identification (GRIP)*
    – recovery (IRP)* and early recovery (CWGER)
    – capacity development (CADRI)*
    – Climate Risk Management (BCPR and BDP)
    – gender
    – mainstreaming and governance
    – urban risk management
• NDRAs
*ISDR thematic platform
Resources

				
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posted:8/14/2012
language:English
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