The ATOMIC BOMB & the END of WWII TO BOMB OR NOT TO BOMB? RECAP… 1. Name the Allied strategy in Europe & the Pacific. 2. Name 2 battles in Europe 3. Name 4 islands we go to in the Pacific…can you get the right order? (hint: MGIO) 4. What type of warfare do the Japanese use? 5. What “lie” did the Japanese tell & what happened because of it? The Allies are worried about Invading Japan… They’ve been “warned” not to invade You invade us…. This happens to you! But… the allies have something else up their sleeve… Manhattan Project: “The best kept secret of War” • 600,000 worked on it • July ’45 they tested it in New Mexico – Flash visible from 180 miles away – More powerful than they thought To bomb or not to bomb? Here’s what Truman had to decide…Do we, 1. Not drop the bomb…Invade Japan and lose an estimated 2 million allied troops & waste millions developing this bomb 2. Drop other (non atomic) bombs on cities in Japan & blockade so they starve 3. Drop the A bomb in the ocean to scare Japan into surrender (and the SU?) 4. Drop the Atomic Bomb on civilian populations to make Japan surrender & save US/Allied lives Many Protested its use… Including the scientists who made it! BUT… Truman ordered it to be used • Gave Japan one last chance… • “prompt & utter destruction” • Japan refused to surrender AUGUST 6th , 1945 The Enola Gay B-29 bomber released “Little Boy” over Hiroshima – NOT an Important Japanese military center – 43 seconds later, every building collapsed in dust – Japan still refused to surrender AUGUST 9th 1945 …3 days later… The “Fat Man” was dropped on Nagasaki Est. 200,000 died from bomb, radiation, burns, debris, etc Japan surrenders on September 2, 1945 WWII is over 1st day of During the following months… Explosion: • 15–20% died from – 60% died from radiation sickness flash or flame • 20–30% from flash burns burns • 50–60% from other – 30% from falling injuries debris • In the following – 10% from other DECADES: causes. – leukemia & solid cancers from exposure to radiation released by the bombs.
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