Docstoc

Adult_ Pediatric and Pregnant Female Phantom_Masses

Document Sample
Adult_ Pediatric and Pregnant Female Phantom_Masses Powered By Docstoc
					     Stabin MG and JA Siegel. 2003. "Physical models and dose factors for use in internal dose assessment." Health Physics 85
     Table 3. Total body dimensions and masses of source regions in the Cristy and Eckerman phantom series.
     Phantom:                    Newborn              1           5          10        15 Adult
     Phantom height (cm)               47.5       69.6         103         132        157         167
     Body surface area (cm2)a         2,100     3,900       7,500       9,600     13,300     18,000
     Organ                                               Mass (g) of Organ
 1   Adrenals                          5.83       3.52        5.27        7.22       10.5        16.3
 2   Brain                              352        884       1260        1360       1410        1420
 3   Breasts—including skin           0.205         1.1       2.17        3.65        407         403
 4   Breasts—excluding skin           0.107     0.732         1.51          2.6       361         351
 5   Gallbladder contents              2.12       4.81        19.7        38.5         49        55.7
 6   Gallbladder wall                 0.408       0.91        3.73        7.28       9.27        10.5
 7   GI Tract:
 8   LLI contents                      6.98       18.3        36.6        61.7        109         143
 9   LLI wall                          7.96       20.6        41.4           70       127         167
10   SI contents                       52.9        138         275         465        838       1100
11   Stomach contents                  10.6       36.2        75.1         133        195         260
12   Stomach wall                      6.41       21.8        49.1        85.1        118         158
13   ULI contents                      11.2       28.7        57.9        97.5        176         232
14   ULI wall                          10.5       27.8        55.2        93.4        168         220
15   Heart contents                    36.5       72.7         134         219        347         454
16   Heart wall                        25.4       50.6        92.8         151        241         316
17   Kidneys                           22.9       62.9         116         173        248         299
18   Liver                              121        292         584         887      1400        1910
19   Lungs                             50.6        143         290         453        651       1000
20   Ovaries                          0.328     0.714         1.73        3.13       10.5        8.71
21   Pancreas                            2.8      10.3        23.6           30      64.9        94.3
22   Remaining tissueb                2,360     6,400      13,300      23,100     40,000     51,800
23   Skeleton:
24   Active marrow                       47        150         320         610      1050        1120
25   Cortical bone                         0       299         875       1580       3220        4000
26   Trabecular bone                    140        200         219         396        806       1000
27   Skin                               118        271         538         888      2150        3010
28   Spleen                            9.11       25.5        48.3        77.4        123         183
29   Testes                           0.843       1.21        1.63        1.89       15.5        39.1
30   Thymus                            11.3       22.9        29.6        31.4       28.4        20.9
31   Thyroid                           1.29       1.78        3.45        7.93       12.4        20.7
32   Urinary bladder contents          12.4       32.9        64.7         103        160         211
33   Urinary bladder wall              2.88         7.7       14.5        23.2       35.9        47.6
34   Uterus                            3.85       1.45          2.7       4.16         79          79
35   Whole body                       3,600     9,720      19,800      33,200     56,800     73,700

     a As suggested in ICRP 23 (ICRP 1975).
     b “Remaining tissue” is defined as the part of the phantom remaining when all defined organs have been removed. This re
     BMI (kg m-2)                      15.96        20.07     18.66      19.05      23.04      26.43
sment." Health Physics 85(3):294-310.




ave been removed. This region of the phantom has been used in the radiation transport code to model muscle for dosimetric purposes. The a
uscle for dosimetric purposes. The appropriate masses of muscle to use in such calculations are newborn: 760 g; 1-y-old: 1,000 g; 5-y-old:
rn: 760 g; 1-y-old: 1,000 g; 5-y-old: 2,000 g; 10-y-old: 7,000 g; 15-y-old: 15,500; adult male: 28,000 g (ICRP 1975).
(ICRP 1975).
     Stabin MG and JA Siegel. 2003. "Physical models and dose factors for use in internal dose assessment." Health Physics 85
     Table 4. Masses of source regions in the pregnant female phantom series.
                                                      Three-month Six-month          Nine-month
                                     Adult female pregnant           pregnant        pregnant
     Phantom:                        (nonpregnant) female            female          female
     Organ                                                  Mass (g) of organ
 1   Adrenals                                      14             14              14             14
 2   Brain                                      1,200          1,200           1,200          1,200
 3   Breasts—excluding skin                       360            360             360            360
 4   Gallbladder contents                          50             50              50             50
 5   Gallbladder wall                               8              8               8              8
 6   GI Tract
 7   LLI contents                                 135            135             135            135
 8   LLI wall                                     160            160             160            160
 9   Small intestine contents                     375            375             375            375
10   Small intestine wall                         600            600             600            600
11   Stomach contents                             230            230             230            230
12   Stomach wall                                 140            140             140            140
13   ULI contents                                 210            210             210            210
14   ULI wall                                     200            200             200            200
15   Heart contents                               410            410             410            410
16   Heart                                        240            240             240            240
17   Kidneys                                      275            275             275            275
18   Liver                                      1,400          1,400           1,400          1,400
           b
19   Lungs                                        800            800             800            800
20   Ovaries                                       11             11              11             11
21   Pancreas                                      85             85              85             85
22   Remaining tissuea                         40,000         39,300          41,700         39,500
23   Skeleton:
24   Active marrow                   1,050c           1,050c         1,050c          1,050c
25   Cortical bone                              3,000          3,000           3,000          3,000
26   Trabecular bone                              750            750             750            750
27   Skin                                       1,790          1,790           1,790          1,790
28   Spleen                                       150            150             150            150
29   Thymus                                        20             20              20             20
30   Thyroid                                       17             17              17             17
31   Urinary bladder contents                     160            128             107           42.3
32   Urinary bladder wall                        35.9           36.9            34.5           23.9
33   Uterine wall                                  80            374             834          1,095
34   Fetus                           —                           458           1,640          2,960
35   Placenta                        —                —                          310            466
36   Whole body                                58,000         58,000          61,500         63,700
37   Whole body (Maternal tissues)             56,800         56,400          57,500         56,600

     a “Remaining tissue” is defined as the part of the phantom remaining when all defined organs have been removed. This reg
     b Although the mass reported in the phantom (Stabin et al. 1995) is 651 g, the value of 800 g recommended in the ICRP R
c Although the mass reported in the phantom (Stabin et al. 1995) is 1,300 g, the value of 1,050 g recommended in the Cris
ssment." Health Physics 85(3):294-310.




ave been removed. This region of the phantom has been used in the radiation transport code to model muscle for dosimetric purposes. How
commended in the ICRP Reference Man report (ICRP 1975) is used for dose calculations.
g recommended in the Cristy and Eckerman model (Cristy and Eckerman 1987) for the 15-y-old is used for dose calculations.
muscle for dosimetric purposes. However, the appropriate mass of muscle to use in such calculations in the adult female is 17,000 g.
d for dose calculations.
the adult female is 17,000 g.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:8
posted:8/13/2012
language:English
pages:12