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Motivation

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Motivation Powered By Docstoc
					          Motivation
… a need or desire that
energizes and directs
behavior
hunger, sex, belonging,
achievement, curiosity
Instinct-genetic
predispositions to behave
         Motivation
Physiological needs and
psychological wants
Drive Reduction Theory
–Push by need + pull by
 incentives = drive = behav. =
 reduction
–Goal is homeostasis
         Motivation
Optimal Arousal Theory
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
–Self-actualization
–Esteem
–Belongingness & love
–Safety
–Physiological
  Motivation of Hunger
Stomach vs body chemistry
–Glucose
–Leptin
–Hypothalamus
–Set point
–Basal metabolic rate
Motivation of Hunger
Taste preference
–Salt and sweet
–Neophobia… adaptive
Motivation of Hunger
        Breakfast!
Motivation of Hunger
Externals and internals
Motivation of Hunger
Eating disorders
 anorexia
 bulimia

Body Image
  Motivation of Sex
Describing
–Kinsey
–Brothers
–Hite Report
–Masters and Johnson
    Motivation of Sex
Physiology-sexual
response cycle
–Excitement
–Plateau
–Orgasm
–Resolution
–(refractory period)
 Motivation of Sex
Role of hormones
–estrogen and
 testosterone
   Motivation of Sex
Psychology
       External stim.
          +
       Imagined stim.
          +
       Physio. Readiness
       ________________
       Sexual motivation
   Motivation of Sex
Adolescent Sexuality
 effect of culture
 STDs and pregnancy
 Motivation of Sex

Sexual Orientation
–Brain
–Genes
–Prenatal hormones
     Need to Belong
Fundamental, pervasive,
adaptive
We need to be included,
accepted, loved, and to
avoid rejection
   Need to Belong
So we conform and
behave to create the
“right” impression
Remember: attachment?
     Need to Belong
POSITIVE=families, friends,
team
   Support
NEGATIVE=gangs, rivalries,
nationalism
   Exploitation, abuse
Exile, “silent treatment”, “time
out”, separation=painful
Achievement Motivation
Murray (1938)      TAT
Risk tolerance
–High Ach=moderate tasks
–Low Ach=easy or difficult
Achievement Motivation
Sources of Ach
–Encourage independence
–Control-rewards-threats
Intrinsic vs extrinsic
Achievement Motivation

I/O Psychology
–Leadership
–Theory Y
–Theory X

				
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posted:8/12/2012
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