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Early Childhood Care in China

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 26

									EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND
EDUCATION IN CHINA


Yunfan jiang
Bing liu
Teresa
Khinthannwe
Hua Chen
                     AGENDA
 Welcome Animoto
 Overview of China → By Khin
 History → By Kathy
 Underlying Philosophy → By Ellie
 Type of Childcare System → By Fiona
 Availability and Accessibility → By Ellie
 Training of ECE → By Teresa
 Difference → By Khin
WELCOME TO CHINA
         OVERVIEW OF CHINA
   People's Republic of China (PRC)

   With nearly 4000 years of history

   Area: 9,596,960 square kilometres

   Population: 1.3 billion

   Capital City: Beijing

   People: Composed of 56 ethnic groups, China is a
    united multi-national country.
    ---- The Han nationality - 92 %,
    ---- 55 nationalities - 8%.
                      OVERVIEW OF CHINA CON’T…



   Main Language: Mandarin (Beijing dialect)

   Religion: Officially atheist; Confucianism,
    Buddhism, Taoism. Also Islamic and Christian
    communities

   Major Industries: Iron, steel, coal, machinery,
    textiles

   Currency: Renminbi (RMB)
HISTORY OF CHILDCARE SYSTEM

           1898~1911                 1911~1949
   The first public        Revolution and World
    kindergartens were       War Ⅰ (1911)
    created in 1903         War between China and
                             Japan(1937-1945)
                            Civil war(1924-1949)
HISTORY OF CHILDCARE SYSTEM CON’T…
            1949 ~ 1977                      1978 ~ NOW

   When PRC was founded in          China reopen the door to
    1949, childcare restarted         the world
   1969~1977                        A national conference
    -The Cultural Revolution          which focused on ECE is
    - Schools were closed             the turning point
    - Early childhood education      Western philosophies
    also came under serious           started to make the
    attack                            strongest influence
UNDERLYING PHILOSOPHY
   Internal

  Tao Xingzhi (1891-1946)
 Key features

 Build good habits and attitudes
UNDERLYING PHILOSOPHY CON’T…


   Feng Dequan (1935---)
 Key features

  - Edutainment
  - Environment influence
  - Love children
    UNDERLYING PHILOSOPHY CON’T…
                        EXTERNAL
   At beginning based on            High Scope, Reggio Emilia,
    Japanese training                 and Montessori are being
    institutions                      widely applied into
   American and European             kindergartens nowadays
    models of preschool
    education
   USSR theories and practices
    in ECE started to be
    systematically applied all
    over China(1949)
TYPE OF CHILDCARE SYSTEM
   Public ECE program
       Government agencies provide funding support. ECE
        programs are non-profit.
       Forms: nursery, kindergarten, children welfare institute.
       Licensed and regulated. Take part in quality assessment
        programs.
       Learning environments are in good condition.
       Requirements on qualification of teacher
       Implement teacher tenure. Good wages and benefits.
        Low turn-over ratio.
       Capacity is very limited. Only enroll the children who
        parents are staff of operator.
TYPE OF CHILDCARE SYSTEM CON’T…

   Private ECE program
     No funding support from Government.
     Form: nursery, kindergarten, parent-child learning
      center, weekend classes, home-based tutoring
      station, etc.
    PRIVATE ECE PROGRAM CON’T…

   Licensed
     Fee-for-service. High fee, usually not affordable.
     Learning environments are in good condition.

     Individual ECE programs have their own
      recruitment criteria.
     Wages and benefits are usually not bad. Turn-
      over ratio is higher than in public ones.
     Capacity is larger than public ones.
PRIVATE ECE PROGRAM CON’T…

   Unlicensed
     Not regulated and lack of supervision.
     Many problems involving health, safety and
      curriculum.
     No training.

     There are a lot of unlicensed programs in China.
AVAILABILITY

          Increasing but small
          11,639,000 units (2003)

          24,750,000 units (2008)

          enrollment rate for 3 - 6years
           less 50%
                     BEI JING



 4793 daycares in 1990
 1266 daycares in 2009

 New DNA- 41,575,000

  in 2007- 2009
 Only 24.8 million available
ACCESSIBILITY
   Unequal
   Geographically accessible
   Fee - for - service
   Government funding
   Only 1% of whole education
    funding
   Private pay still major
   Cultural and social
   Lack of resources available to
    support children with special
    needs
TRAINING OF ECE

   The first course to train nursery teachers was
    offered at a women's middle school in the
    city of Suzhou in southern China in 1889.
IN 1952

 The Teachers’ School
  Regulations was
  issued
 Both preservice and in-
  service training
TRAINING OF ECE CON’T…

     1995 require                       1978 start
    certificate and                    college and
       diploma                       university course




                        Training




                      2000 require
                        degree
TRAINING OF ECE CON’T…
WHAT ECE LEARN?

   Policy and regulations
   Language arts,
   Mathematics,
   Early Childhood Education
TYPE OF TRAINING
• Teacher training school, fulltime and part-
  time
• College, fulltime 2 years course
• University, fulltime 4 years course
                        DIFFERENCE
          CANADA                           CHINA
   GDP : 0.3%                    GDP : 0.03%-0.05%
   Family Fee : $200-$800        Family Fee : $60-$400
   Ratio : 8 children per        Ratio : 8 – 12 children per
    ECE( 3-6 years)                ECE (3-6 years)
   Salary : $12.27 per hour      Salary : $ 1.5 per hour
   Quality – high                Quality – low
REFERENCE
  Childcare resource and research unit
http://www.childcarecanada.org/pubs/pdf/BNcan_spending05_06.pdf
 Jobyun.com
http://www.jobyun.com/gongzi_%D3%D7%B6%F9%D4%B0%C0%CF%C
   A%A6
 NEW HORIZONZ FOR LEARNING
http://www.newhorizons.org/trans/international/okeeffe.htm
 PRECIOUS CHILDREN
http://www.pbs.org/kcts/preciouschildren/earlyed/read_vaughan.html
 HENCHUWANG
http://www.hengchu.cn/edu/kindergarten/News_24925_1.shtml
THANK YOU
      ANY QUESTION?

								
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