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					       The Last Emperor
       Puyi of the Qing Dynasty
               1908-1912



Text
Sun Yatsen

The Republic of
    China


 Reality: rule by
  War Lords
  Sun Yatsen
and Jiang Jieshu



Leaders of the
 Guomindang


               Qu i ckTi me ™ an d a
               GIF d e co mpre ss or
      a re ne ed ed to se e thi s p i cture .
Early Years of Republic

  May 4 Movement (1917): student-led;
        frustration with Japan;
    disappointment with Versailles



 Guomindang works closely with USSR
 Jiang Jieshi
      or
Chiang Kai-shek
1930’s:
          Civil War between
     Nationalists and Communists


 In addition, the Japanese are making
           inroads into China
The Long March 1934-35
Late 1930’s - 1945: A
  Common Enemy:
Mao and Jiang Jieshi
     “join forces”



  Communists (CCP)
happy to let Nationalists
   do the real fighting
Supreme Leader: 1949
Nationalists are left with Taiwan
            c m
         Q ui kTi e™ and a
TI FF ( Uncom pr ess ed) decom pr essor
                          s c
   ar e needed t o see t hi pi t ur e.
             c m
         Q ui kTi e™ and a
TI FF ( Uncom pr ess ed) decom p r essor
                           s c
   ar e ne eded t o see t hi pi t ur e .
             c m
         Q ui kTi e™ and a
TI FF ( Uncom pr essed) decom pr ess or
                            s c
   ar e nee ded t o see t h i pi t ur e.
 The Great Leap Forward: 1958


  In the end: up to 38 million died of
       starvation and relocation



“Production first: Life takes second place.”
Mao on the Great Leap Forward:

      On peasants: “Educate peasants to eat
          less, and have more thin gruel.”



 On the 38 million deaths: “Deaths have benefits. They can
  fertilize the ground.” (or) We are prepared to sacrifice 300
 million Chinese for the victory of the world revolution. Don’t
 make a fuss (over this). At most - people die ...it’s best if half
                      the population is left.”
       On loyalty:



“My farts are socialist farts, they have
           to be fragrant.”
Out with the Old: “Growing flowers is a hangover from the
old society, a pastime for the scholar class, bourgeois class,
 and other layabouts. We must change it now. Get rid of
                      most gardeners.”




  Anti-Intellectual: “The more books you
read, the more stupid you become. Reading
            too much ruins you.”
The Cultural Revolution 1966-1976




                   QuickTime™ an d a
               AVC Coding decompressor
             are need ed to see this p icture .
             “Poisonous Weeds”:
porcelain
            Opera        dance
      Really, really bad: any
            Theater     cinema
   poetry
                          art
         kind of westernStory telling
              Folk Art
   literature
                     comics
    all music, except songs praising CCP and
                        Mao
    traditional architecture
The Red Guard
Humiliation to all “opponents”.
          Or: death
Mao and Nixon
Mao: to this day - a much beloved figure in
                  China

				
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