Figurative Language - Get Now PowerPoint

					        Figurative Language
• Literal means the EXACT or REAL
  meaning of a word or phrase.
• Figurative language communicates ideas
  beyond the literal meanings of words.
                Let’s Practice
Literal                       Figurative
I was digging down in      I was down in the dumps
the dumps trying to        when my best friend
find my lost Narrative.    moved.



                          You should butter up
Please butter up the
                          the teacher before you
bread before you
                          tell her you lost the
put it in the oven.
                          assignment.
                Now You Try
My little sister is a pain in the neck!   Figurative

Don’t lose your marbles when              Literal
you put the game away.

Hate is a knife that stabs love
                                          Figurative
in the back.

Love is a rose, but you’d                 Figurative
better not pick it.

 We were one brick short of               Literal
 finishing the new porch.
                    Similes
Compares unlike things using the words like or as.
She ran like the wind.

          He’s stubborn as a mule.

  Earth is like a misty marble rolling around the galaxy.

          He’s sly as a fox.

 I am like a flower, ready to bloom.

         He’s sharp as a tack.
Ginkgo
Willow
“Willow and Ginkgo” by Eve Merriam
            pgs 449-450
  Find three similes in the poem.

    How is “like an etching” better than “like a drawing”?

 Why does “like the king’s favorite daughter” work
 better than “like a daughter”?


       Why do you think the author’s heart goes
       to the ginkgo?
    “Sun” by Valerie Worth
                   page 451
What is the sun compared to in the final stanza?



                    =
What other things can you compare the different
strengths of the sun to?
                  Homework
On a fresh sheet of paper, write a correct Language
Arts heading in the upper left-hand corner.

 Write ten of your own similes.
                Starters…..
Night is like…..         ________as strong as______
Red tastes like….        ________as full as________
Anger is like….          ________as rough as______
The wind is like…..      ________as deep as_______
Television is like…      ________as ancient as_____
School is like…          ________as black as______
The moon is like…        ________as fast as_______
The ocean is like…       ________as silent as______
Friendship is like…      ________as sad as________
Joy tastes like….        ________as red as________
Confusion sounds like…   ________as loud as_______
                   Metaphors
    Makes a comparison.
     Does not use “like” or “as.”



Simile:
Earth is like a misty marble rolling around the galaxy.

Metaphor:
Earth is a misty marble rolling around the galaxy.
              Let’s Change It…
Television is like the drug of the nation.
      Television is the drug of the nation.

A day without orange juice is like a day without sunshine.
     A day without orange juice is a day without sunshine.
This class is like a three ring circus!
     This class is a three ring circus!

 The bar of soap was slippery as an eel during the dog’s bath.
    The bar of soap was a slippery eel during the dog’s bath.
 The clouds were billowy as cotton candy.
    The clouds were billowy cotton candy.
           Simile or Metaphor?
The test was a piece of cake.

The ruby was red as blood.

 A sapphire shines blue as heaven.

 The highway was a silver ribbon winding
 through the countryside.

 The dawn approached my window like a welcomed
 visitor bearing gifts.

 The dragonfly was a blue jewel gliding over the pond.
  “Ankylosaurus” by Jack Prelutsky
             page 454
Metaphors in the poem are…..


“…its hide was a fortress…” (“as sturdy as steel” is a simile)

“…it tended to be an inedible meal.”
“…a mouthful of pegs.”

“…its tail was a cudgel.” (A cudgel is a short, thick stick or club.)
“Cumulus Clouds” by Sheryl L. Nelms
             page 457
    What are the clouds being compared to?
    How are they similar to whipped cream?
                  Homework
On a fresh sheet of paper, write a correct Language
Arts heading in the upper left-hand corner.

 Write ten of your own metaphors.
                  Starters…
Time is…                Clocks are…
War is a…               White is…
Cigarettes are…         Food is…
Ropes of…               A circle is…
Hate is…                Cars are…
Shoes are…              Marriage is…
Teeth are…              The army is…
Tears are…              Hands are…
Doubt is…               Kiss of…
The moon is…            Morning is…
House of…               Heart of…
Tornado of…             Mountains of…

				
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posted:8/12/2012
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