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Forging new generations of engineers Writing a Technical Report JUST THE FACTS! Report Format • Reports need to be neat, organized and word- processed. When done someone could read your report and duplicate the results. Written in third person with no pronouns. • TITLE PAGE: • Title of project, names of student participants, course title, institution were work was done, date. • ABSTRACT: • A summarization of the report. This summary should include the objectives of the project and what was accomplished. This summary should be short and to the point with specific information and one paragraph in length. Report Format • TABLE OF CONTENTS: • All sections listed in order with page numbers to find the information. • INTRODUCTION: • Should be a brief explanation of the project or activity. What is the purpose of the activity? What are you going to learn and what are you going to do? Report Format • BACKGROUND: • Information and background research of the topic. Information gathered in order to accomplish the task. What you studied of previous research and designs done by others. Explain why your work is different. • MATERIALS: • List of materials needed to do the project or activity. Report Format • PROCEDURE: • Details on how you did the lab, activity or project. Step by step process showing sketches, schematics, equations, photos, etc. This written part needs to be very specific as to your step by step procedure as well as what you learned in each of the steps. This section may be broken into subsections. Report Format • RESULTS: • How well did you accomplish your objectives? Discuss suggestions for improvement and errors and problems that occurred during the process. Where could this project go in the future? Do the results agree with your purpose? • CONCLUSION: • Brief explanation of what you learned and what the activity was all about. Report Format • APPENDIX: • This section should include Drawings orthographic, isometric, assembly, schematics, exploded views, written programs, flow charts, and tables of information pertinent to the report but too large to fit in the written documentation. • CITATIONS: • Books, magazines, journals, Internet sources, etc. that were used to obtain and learn information. Since this is a technical report the format should follow APA guidelines. Section Breakdown. INTRODUCTION One paragraph. KEY IDEA #1 As many paragraphs as needed. KEY IDEA #2 As many paragraphs as needed. KEY IDEA #3 As many paragraphs as needed. CONCLUSION One paragraph. Emphasizes the point in the introduction. PARAGRAPH BREAKDOWN One concept or principle per paragraph. You may need more paragraphs. Graphics, Citations INTRODUCTION SENTENCE tables, mixed in for Citations equations,in for mixedofetc. proof FACT, EXAMPLE #1 should be information proof of placed here to information FACT, EXAMPLE #2 help explain your design. FACT, EXAMPLE #3 CONCLUSION SENTENCE Example Paragraph Presently the current circuit will count, but simply attaching the outputs on the 74163 to a hex display will not work, a decoder is necessary. The 7447 is the decoder that will change the binary information that exits the 74163 into a code that a hex display can read and display the information. The 7447 is not a difficult integrated circuit. The input pins A3 – A0 receive information from the 74163 in binary. The pins called test, RBI, and RBO all need to be connected to a power source for the circuit to function properly. The pins that are labeled a-g are the hex output pins. The 7447 is placed into the circuit between the 74163 and the hex display. The information will come from the 74163 and exit towards the seven- segment display. A group of resistors will be needed between the 7447 and the hex-display. Figure 4 in the appendix will show where these resistors are located. The seven segment display reads information as decimal and displays it so it can easily be read. Pins a-g act as inputs for the device, this device also requires that it be connected to a power source. The displays are implemented so that any person can read the clock, and no conversions are necessary. The entire schematic for the ten-minute clock can be seen in the appendix. Quality Technical Sentence? The project Identify and should have explain in Identify the no identity detail. project as to who. The project we made used many engineering principles. Quality Technical Sentence? Identifies the key operational Identifies what principles that will you are be discussed in discussing each paragraph. without I or we. The bottle cap assembly end effecter has three main parts: the servo motors, the gripper mechanism, and the pressure sensor.
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