UNITED NATIONS Security Council by ewghwehws

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									      UNITED NATIONS - Security Council




China-
Taiwan
conflict:
The position
of France
           UNITED NATIONS - Security Council

          WE BELIEVE THAT THE SECURITY COUNCIL
          MUST ADDRESS THIS ISSUE

Contrary to the point of view expressed by China’s ambassador to
the UN in 1997:
         “There is only one China in the world. The Government of the
        People's Republic of China is the sole legal Government
        representing the entire Chinese people. No change in the way in
        which leaders of Taiwan are produced or in the political system
        made by the Taiwan authorities can change the universally
        established fact that Taiwan is part of China. The question of
        Taiwan falls entirely within China's internal affairs. It brooks no
        outside interference whatsoever.”

…International community must intervene due to instability and an imminent
threat to peace in the region.
A major crisis in Taiwan could endanger many lives as well as economic
stability in the area and cause capital flight.
            UNITED NATIONS - Security Council

            FRANCE PROMOTES A PEACEFUL RESOLUTION
            OF THE CONFLICT – WE DON’T WANT WAR

 War would be unfair and destructive
   –   Military analyst predicts quick win by mainland China:
           “(…) mainland China would likely use tactical ground-to-ground missiles and cruise missiles, supplemented by long-
           range artillery, rockets and various other weapons to launch attacks on nearly one hundred key targets, such as Taiwan's
           airports, harbors, important highways, bridges and military command centers, missile bases and barracks, and these
           attacks would be successful within a very short time.

           (…) once the mainland launched similar attacks, not only the nearly 100 Taiwan's targets would be subjected to
           destructive attacks, but Taiwan's counter-attack capability would basically be destroyed.”

                                                                                    (Taiwan security reseach, Zhu Xianlong , 2002)


   –   Chinese military expenditure of US$27 b dominant compare to Taiwan’s US$7.2 b
   –   Prospects of US involvment are uncertain

 War would be economically and socially costly to all parties
  involved
   –   Nuclear capability of PRC could prove catastrophic
   –   Western investments could be endangered in China
           UNITED NATIONS - Security Council

          THE FRENCH POSITION

France has always sought peaceful solutions to international crises.
Vis-à-vis China
    •France has strong political and economic ties with China. We don’t want to
    alienate this major trading partner.
    •French corporations view the Chinese market as critical to their global
    strategy.
Vis-à-vis U.S.A
    •Franco-American reconciliation after the Iraq war.
    •The French approach would benefit the US who would strategically prefer to
    avoid war (bailing out the US )
    •France wants to explore all diplomatic means before getting involved in a
    military conflict, but would collaborate with the US if the situation
    deteriorates.
             UNITED NATIONS - Security Council

            CONFLICT SHOULD BE RESOLVED THROUGH
            BI-LATERAL NEGOCIATION WITH THE HELP OF
            A NEUTRAL 3rd PARTY

• Over the past 60 years, Taiwan and China have proved that they
  are unable to reunify peacefully

• Before adopting a military solution, both sides should open up to
  international help
   – Proven success in similar situations (i.e. the Israeli-Palestinian conflict of
     2006)

• With the help of a Security Council-appointed mediator (France?),
  and within a realistic timeframe, we are confident that both parties
  could resolve their differences
       UNITED NATIONS - Security Council

       FRANCE PROPOSE:


A few carrots…                             …and a stick
•A clear timetable to tie    •Both sides will need to
up negotiations              commit to collaborative
                             behavior in negotiations
•Clear commitment and
deadlines agreed by          •Failure to do so will
both parties                 result in economic
                             sanctions (i.e. the
•Help from neutral
                             withdrawal of foreign
mediator (France?)
                             direct investment, an
•International               embargo,etc.)
community commitment
to «One China»
                    UNITED NATIONS - Security Council

                   Proposed resolution



Considering that it is its duty to investigate any situations likely to lead to international
   frictions or to give rise to a dispute in order to determine whether the continuance of
   such dispute or situation may endanger international peace and security, and likewise
   to determine the existence of any threat to peace,1

Considering that members of the council want to avoid military conflict for economic and
   social reasons,

It is proposed that PRC holds bilateral talks with ROC and a neutral 3rd party (France)
      under the supervision of this council and succesfully conclude an accord before the
      end of 2010 that would be impletmented before 2015

In the case that any party involved prove uncollaborative, appropriate economic sanctions
     shall be decided and implemented by this council

. .


1Based   on the phrasing of resolution 87 (1950)

								
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