Problem – Food or Fuel? • "Food or fuel" is the dilemma regarding the risk of diverting farmland or crops for biofuels production in detriment of the food supply on a global scale. • Biofuel production has increased in recent years. Some commodities like maize, sugar cane or vegetable oil can be used either as food, feed or to make biofuels. Causes – Food or Fuel? • Oil price increases - Transforming vegetable oil into biodiesel is not very hard or costly so there is a profitable arbitrage situation if vegetable oil is much cheaper than diesel. • Government policy - France, Germany, The United Kingdom and The United States governments have supported biofuels with tax breaks, mandated use, and subsidies. Solution • Legislation - forbid bio-fuel extraction from corns. - farmlands for food crops should not turn into biofuel production. - use non-edible crop plants such as Camelina for biofuel production only. Solution - Camelina • Camelina can thrive on marginal agricultural land where many trees and crops won't grow, or would produce only slow growth yields. It can be harvested and crushed for oil and the remaining parts can be used to produce high quality omega-3 rich animal feed, fiberboard, and glycerin. Camelina does not take away from land currently being utilized for food production. Most camelina acres are grown in areas that were previously not utilized for farming. For example, areas that receive limited rainfall that can not sustain corn or soybeans without the addition of irrigation can grow camelina and add to their profitability.
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