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					       Problem – Food or Fuel?
• "Food or fuel" is the dilemma regarding the
  risk of diverting farmland or crops for biofuels
  production in detriment of the food supply on
  a global scale.
• Biofuel production has increased in recent
  years. Some commodities like maize, sugar
  cane or vegetable oil can be used either as
  food, feed or to make biofuels.
        Causes – Food or Fuel?
• Oil price increases
  - Transforming vegetable oil into biodiesel is
      not very hard or costly so there is a
      profitable arbitrage situation if vegetable
      oil is much cheaper than diesel.
• Government policy
  - France, Germany, The United Kingdom and
      The United States governments have
      supported biofuels with tax breaks, mandated
      use, and subsidies.
                 Solution
• Legislation
  - forbid bio-fuel extraction from corns.
  - farmlands for food crops should not turn
     into biofuel production.
  - use non-edible crop plants such as
     Camelina for biofuel production only.
             Solution - Camelina
• Camelina can thrive on marginal agricultural land
  where many trees and crops won't grow, or would
  produce only slow growth yields. It can be harvested
  and crushed for oil and the remaining parts can be
  used to produce high quality omega-3 rich animal feed,
  fiberboard, and glycerin. Camelina does not take away
  from land currently being utilized for food production.
  Most camelina acres are grown in areas that were
  previously not utilized for farming. For example, areas
  that receive limited rainfall that can not sustain corn or
  soybeans without the addition of irrigation can grow
  camelina and add to their profitability.

				
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posted:8/11/2012
language:English
pages:4