Problem – Food or Fuel?
• "Food or fuel" is the dilemma regarding the
risk of diverting farmland or crops for biofuels
production in detriment of the food supply on
a global scale.
• Biofuel production has increased in recent
years. Some commodities like maize, sugar
cane or vegetable oil can be used either as
food, feed or to make biofuels.
Causes – Food or Fuel?
• Oil price increases
- Transforming vegetable oil into biodiesel is
not very hard or costly so there is a
profitable arbitrage situation if vegetable
oil is much cheaper than diesel.
• Government policy
- France, Germany, The United Kingdom and
The United States governments have
supported biofuels with tax breaks, mandated
use, and subsidies.
- forbid bio-fuel extraction from corns.
- farmlands for food crops should not turn
into biofuel production.
- use non-edible crop plants such as
Camelina for biofuel production only.
Solution - Camelina
• Camelina can thrive on marginal agricultural land
where many trees and crops won't grow, or would
produce only slow growth yields. It can be harvested
and crushed for oil and the remaining parts can be
used to produce high quality omega-3 rich animal feed,
fiberboard, and glycerin. Camelina does not take away
from land currently being utilized for food production.
Most camelina acres are grown in areas that were
previously not utilized for farming. For example, areas
that receive limited rainfall that can not sustain corn or
soybeans without the addition of irrigation can grow
camelina and add to their profitability.