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Buddhism

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					       Reviewing Hinduism
1. What is the goal of life for Hindus?
2. How do you achieve that goal?
3. How does Hinduism reinforce the Caste
   System? How does it reinforce the
   Ritual of Suttee?
Buddhism
                          Buddhism
Siddhartha Gautama
• A prince with every “everything”,
    discovers a great deal of human
    suffering outside “his world.”
• Gives up “everything” to seek the
    cure for human suffering.
• Goal: To seek Nirvana
    Means end of the self and a reunion       “The Middle Path”
    in life with the Great Soul
             Four Noble Truths                   Next Page
1. Ordinary life is suffering             1. Stupas and temples
2. This suffering is caused by our           were built to honor the
    desire to satisfy ourselves              death of Gautama.
3. The way to end suffering is to end
    desire for selfish goals and to see     Stupas are stone
    others as extensions of ourselves       towers that house
4. The way to end desire is to follow       relics of the Buddha
    the middle path
•   Right View:      The Middle Path
    We need to know the Four Noble Truths
•   Right Intention:
    We need to decide what we really want
•   Right Speech:
    We must seek to speak truth and to speak well of others
•   Right Action:
    The Buddha gave five precepts: “Do not kill. Do not steal. Do not lie. Do
    not be unchaste. Do not take drugs or alcohol.”
•   Right livelihood:
    We must do work that uplifts our being.
•   Right effort:
    The Buddha said, “Those who follow the Way might well follow the
    example of an ox that arches through the deep mud carrying a heavy
    load. He is tired, but his steady, forward-looking gaze will not relax until
    he is out of the mud.”
•   Right mindfulness:
    We must keep our minds in control of our senses: “All we are is the result
    of what we have thought.”
•   Right concentration:
    We must meditate to see the world in a new way.
Two Religions
           Why Fat Buddha Statues?
• The "Fat Buddha" is not THE Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama
• The statue is not an idol.
• Rubbing the belly of a fat Buddha Statue is not a prayer of any sort… it's just
  a more or less superstitious habit
• Buddha means "one who has achieved a state of perfect
  enlightenment" and there are several people who have been given
  the title.
• Siddhartha lived from around B.C. 560 to B.C. 480, it
  was not until around 127 BC that statues actually depicting him
  became prevalent.
• Nobody knew what he really looked like, he was from a noble family
  and had been described as tall, slender, and of "manly build", but that
  may have been just because that is what people expected "Nobles"
  to look like.
• The image of a fat overfed Buddha didn't fit with his teachings, and
  an "enlightened one" might be so enlightened as to disregard
  material needs like eating…
• Buddhism reached China around 100AD, and was wide spread there
  by 600AD.
• We get three theories on Fat Buddha.
• First the physical image of a Noble was not athletic or a
  warrior, but a well fed person of leisure. People tried to rub a
  fat man's belly in hopes of luck and ample meals.

• Then there is the story of a Chinese Buddhist monk in the
  6th century, who just happened to have a belly that shook
  like jelly, he was a kind fellow who dedicated himself to
  helping others, and was regarded as the incarnation of the
  Boddhisatva Metteya, who had reached nirvana but stayed
  around just to help people.
• And finally the theory held by most Buddhist scholars. A sagely Zen
  monk appeared in China around 850 A.D. and died in 916A.D. He
  said his name was "Knowing This" (ChiChe). No one knew where he
  came from, he carried a big fat bag and was famous for his fat belly.
  When asked how to obtain nirvana he would lay down the bag and
  not said a word. When asked about what happened after reaching
  nirvana he would pick up the bag and walk away, still not a word. It is
  pretty much accepted that such a monk existed. He is probably the
  inspiration for Fat Buddha, as the statues began appearing in the late
  800's, 1200 years after the Gautama's death. If you'll look at an
  authentic Fat buddha, you'll see he has a sack on his back.

				
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posted:8/11/2012
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