Slide 1 - Brookwood High School by yurtgc548


									What is a LEGEND?
Billy the Kid: Outlaw Legend
Billy the Kid: Outlaw Legend

Here is how the legend is told:
   Billy the Kid: Outlaw Legend
• Billy the Kid is known as one of the most
  ruthless killers in history.

• Legend has it that he killed 21 men in his short
  life of 21 years - that’s one man for each year of
  his life.

• Billy the Kid met up with a gang called “The
  Boys” after he ran away from home and headed
  out west. He found himself caught in the Lincoln
  County War in New Mexico.
   Billy the Kid: Outlaw Legend
• He killed his first man, a bully named Frank
  Cahill, when he was just 12 years old.

• Legend has it that he killed for the enjoyment of
  it – loved to see his victims kick.

• Billy the Kid was wanted and apprehended and
  sentenced to death; but he managed to escape
  on April 28, 1881.
   Billy the Kid: Outlaw Legend
• Billy the Kid was finally gunned down on July 14,
  1881, by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner, New

• There was an old man who claimed to be Billy the
  Kid years later, but most feel that story is untrue.

• People today are still fascinated by this legendary
  figure and continue to debate the truth about the
So, what is a LEGEND?
•   A “legend” is a story from the past about a
    subject that was, or is believed to have been,

•   Legends concern people, places, and events.

•   A legend is always associated with a particular
    place and a particular time in history.
•   Often the legend is romanticized, growing in
    scope until the figure appears larger than life in
    the retelling.
•   So, how is a legend different from a myth or

•   Myths and folktales are narratives that are NOT
    based on fact.

Paul Bunyan


Robin Hood


King Kong

King Arthur

Billy the Kid

      Myths Across Cultures
 Mythsare traditional stories that unfold
 the world view of a group of people, their
 customs, and their beliefs.

 Myths   explain the mysteries of life.

 Mythsexplore supernatural characters
 each with distinct powers and
Native American Myth
                         “The First Fire”
   In the beginning of the world, there was no fire. The animal
   people were often cold. Only the Thunders, who lived in the
   world beyond the sky arch, had fire. At last they sent
   Lightning down to an island. Lightning put fire into the
   bottom of a hollow sycamore tree . . . Everyone that could
   fly or could swim was eager to go after the fire . . .
   At last Water Spider said that she would go . . . “But you
   are so little, how will you carry enough fire?" the council
   "I'll manage all right," answered Water Spider. "I can spin
   a web." [S]o she spun a thread from her body and wove it
   into a little bowl and fastened the little bowl on her back.
   Then she crossed over to the island and through the grass.
   She put one little coal of fire into her bowl and brought it
   across to the people.
   Every since, we have had fire. And the Water Spider still
   has her little bowl on her back. (Excerpt)
Japanese Myth                “Amaterasu”
          Amaterasu was the Sun goddess of the old Japanese
          religion called Shinto. When her brother Susanowo
          treated her badly, she hid in the cave of heaven and
          closed the entrance with an enormous stone. This
          made the world dark, and evil spirits came out of
          their hiding places.
          In despair, a conference of the gods decided to trick
          Amaterasu into coming out by having a party near
          the cave. They put a big mirror in front of the cave
          and beautiful jewels on a tree. Uzume, the goddess
          of laughter, began a dance accompanied by loud
          Hearing the music and laughter, Amaterasu was so
          curious that she took a look outside to find out what
          was going on. She was so fascinated by her own
          brilliant reflection in the mirror that she came out
          of the cave. Finally, the light covered and colored
          the world.
Greek/Roman Myth
   Pegasus was a winged horse that came out of Medusa
   when she was be-headed by Perseus. The Gordon Medusa
   was once a beautiful Lybian princess. Because she was
   seduced by the sea god Poseidon in the temple consecrated
   to Athena, Athena transformed her into a monster. She
   had hair of serpents and anyone who looked at her face
   was turned into stone.
   After his birth, Pegasus lived on the Mount Helicon. One
   day, an ancient Greek hero whose name was Bellerophon
   believed that he could fly with Pegasus to Olympus, where
   the gods lived. To prevent him from doing that, Zeus sent
   a horsefly to bite Pegasus. Bellerophon lost control of his
   horse and fell back to Earth.
   Pegasus continued to fly alone and reached Olympus,
   where Zeus received him. Since then, he transports
   thunderbolts for Zeus, who placed his figure in the night
   sky in the constellation of the winged horse.
“Myth   and falsehood are not synonymous. What
is truth to one is fancy to another; however, it is
not up to any of us to decide that one
community's mythology is any more or less valid
than another's. Myth is a positive force that unites
many cultures rather than divides them.
Throughout the world myths provide people with
explanations, histories, role models,
entertainment, and many other things that enable
them to direct their own actions and understand
their own surroundings”.
Native American
Oral tradition, myths, and
    Why Native American Myths?
   Native American
    myths indirectly
    teach the values,
    ideals, and
    customs of a
    particular culture
        What are myths about?
   Creation
   Natural phenomena
   Origins of humans
   Customs
   Events beyond control
   Institutions of
    religious rites of
Important terms to know
               Origin myths-
                explain how life
                began and traditional
                stories passed down
                from generation to
                generation. They
                explain phenomena
                such as customs,
                religious rites, or
                events beyond control
Oral traditions
           Stories, poems and
            songs convey a
            people’s values,
            concerns, and history
            by word of mouth
                Cultural details
   While reading, notice
    references to objects,
    animals, or practices
    that show how the
    people of a culture
    live, think, or worship.
   Information about Billy the Kid:
    Author: Ms. Marcelle Brothers,
         Co-founder of the Billy the Kid Historic Preservation Society

   Song: “Billy 1”
    Album: Soundtrack - Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid
    Artist: Bob Dylan

   Beowulf Image:

   Paul Bunyan Image:

   Zeus Image:

   Robin Hood Image:

   Blackbeard Image:

   King Kong Image:
(What  is a myth?)
(What is mythology?)
(Native American Image)
(The First Fire Excerpt)
(Goddess of Amaterasu Image/Myth) Courtesy of Corel corporation.
(Pegasus Image/Myth) Courtesy of Corel corporation.

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