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Politics and Reform

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					   SSUSH13 The student will identify major efforts
    to reform American society and politics in the
    Progressive Era.
   Define: The Gilded Age
   Students will learn:
   The definition of political machines
   About corrupt politics
   Agenda:
   Warm up activity: EOCT review
   Powerpoint/notes
   ch 16 vocabulary
Politics and Reform
               Ch 16
             US History

Chapter 16
US History
 Short video on political machines

 http://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=US
 History
 II&lesson=46&topic=1&width=800&height=684&topicTitle
 =The%20Tweed%20Ring%20and%20Machine%20Politics
 &skinPath=http://www.hippocampus.org/hippocampus.s
 kins/default



Tammany Hall was a corrupt
political machine in New York
                     Corrupt Politics
 Patronage: political jobs given to friends
 President Garfield was shot
   by a man seeking patronage
 Chester Arthur becomes
  president and passes the
   Pendleton Act




   http://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?course=US History
    II&lesson=46&topic=2&width=800&height=684&topicTitle=Corruption%20in%20Busin
    ess%20and%20Government&skinPath=http://www.hippocampus.org/hippocampus.s
    kins/default
   President Grover Cleveland
 Railroads  are corrupt
 Change rates daily
 Rebates: refunds/lower rates given to
  larger companies for using the railroad
 1887 Interstate Commerce Commission to
  regulate the railroads
 Courts often sided with the railroads
Benjamin Harrison as President
 McKinley   tariff was passed cutting taxes
  on tobacco/sugar but increased taxes on
  imports.
 Government budget develops a deficit
 Sherman Antitrust Law: no trusts were
  allowed (business combinations) illegal to
  restrain trade or commerce between the
  states.
     Populism: a political movement by the farmers
      (Populist/People’s party)
     Green backs were paper money that could not
      be exchanged for gold or silver coins
     Inflation: decrease in the value of money
     Deflation: increase in the value of money and
      decrease in prices
Oliver Kelley forms the
Grange (Patrons of
Husbandry)
http://www.hippocampus.org/course_locator?cou
rse=US History
II&lesson=45&topic=3&width=800&height=684&t
opicTitle=Farming%20Becomes%20a%20Busin
ess&skinPath=http://www.hippocampus.org/hipp
ocampus.skins/default
 Sherman Purchase Act of 1890: U.S. treasury to
  purchase 4.5 ounces of silver per month
 Populist candidate: James Weaver
    To increase the money supply

    Unlimited coinage of silver

    Graduated income tax

    8 hour work day

    restrictions on immigration

   Panic of 1893: Railroads/bankrupt, stock market
     crashed, banks closed
   Election of 1896: William Jennings Bryan Cross
     of Gold Speech
   McKinley wins
Sharecropping: A farmer who works the land for a land
owner.
The landowner provides the equipment, seeds in
exchange for a share of the crop
Exodusters: A mass migration of
   African Americans from the south
   to Kansas
 Disfranchising  African Americans:
  denying the right to vote
 Poll tax
 Grandfather Clause: if ancestor was on
  the voting rolls in 1867, you could vote.
Segregation: Separation of the races
 Jim Crow Laws were the laws to enforce
   segregation




http://video.pbs.org/video/1555798144
    Plessy vs. Ferguson 1896
 Homer  Plessy challenged the law that kept
  him from riding in a “white only” railroad
  car.
 Supreme Court ruling: Separate but Equal
 Between   1890-1899 there was an average
  of 187 lynching by mobs each year.
 Ida B. Wells wrote about the injustices of
  the lynching's and was forced to leave the
  south for fear of her life.
        A Call for Compromise
 Booker T. Washington        Demand full rights.
 Achieve economic
  goals rather than
  political/legal goals.

				
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posted:8/10/2012
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