Ontario by ewghwehws

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 32

									                      Ontario
I.      Intro
II.     The Land
III.    Loyalists & Other Immigrants
IV.     Pioneering & Wheat
V.      Changes in the Land
VI.     The Countryside after 1850
VII.    Industry after 1850
VIII.   Logging
IX.     Colonization
X.      Conclusion
     Discussion Questions
» Week 8
   To what extent was the environment to
    blame for the postbellum poverty of
    the South?
» Week 9
   How did Thoreau’s work and thinking
    differ from that of the Hudson’s
    School’s in their understanding of the
    human place in nature?
               The Land
»   Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Lowlands
»   Deciduous Forest
»   Ojibwa
»   Rice Lake
»   Treaties
     Toronto Purchase, 1806
                Surveys
»   Private property & capitalism
»   Township system
»   Less human, less ecological
»   Hierarchical Society
»   Gov. Guy Carleton
Land Allocation, Essa Township,
         Home District
             Loyalists
» American Revolution
» 8-10,000 loyalists to Quebec (Upper
  Canada)
» John Graves Simcoe
» Richard Cartwright
» “Late Loyalists”
Loyalist Resettlement in
Nova Scotia & Quebec
        Pioneering & Wheat
»   Scattered Settlement
»   Assault on the Forest
»   Burning, chopping & girdling
»   Potash
»   Wheat-fallow-wheat
»   Ontario & the Market Revolution?
»   Population grows 6X after 1825
»   Almost all land claimed by 1850
 Changing
Countryside
Land Distribution, 1851
       Changes in the Land
»   From forest to farmland
»   Simplified ecology
»   Climate & groundwater
»   Fish & rivers
Railways
    Buildings and Structures
» Georgian
» Victorian
Georgian Houses
Victorian Gothic Styling
Late Victorian & Arts &
   Crafts North Bay
Countryside
Small Towns
Small Towns
Functional Town Centres
 Georgian Style
Kingston City Hall
Classical (Georgian) Style for
       Legal Buildings
   Osgoode Hall, Toronto
Italianate & 2nd Empire
         Styles
Gothic Revival Style
  Parliament Hill
Industrial Buildings and
     Landscapes
              Heavy Industry
»   Great Lakes as industrial heartland
»   Toronto & Hamilton – heavy industry
»   Quebec – household goods, food
»   Factory production
»   Shoes
     49 craft manufacturies, 1846
     Sewing machine
     Sessions, Carpenter and Co. -- 510 employees in 1870
         Heavy Industry
» Hamilton
» Metal-works, soap, tanneries, meat
  packers
» Hamilton Harbour
» 360 gallons H2SO4 per week
» sewage
              Logging

» Ottawa
  Valley
» Fisheries
  Act, 1865
          Colonization
» Ottawa-Huron tract
» Logging versus resettlement
» The appeal of countryside & farming
Colonization Roads
           Colonization
» “extensive valleys of fertile lands lie
  behind the rocky hills which skirt the
  northerly shore of Lake Huron”
» Ottawa & Opeongo Rd
» Bobcaygeon Rd
» Northern railway to Gravenhurst by 1875
» Muskoka Navigation Company
» “My heart is in Muskoka”
            Questions
» Why did settlers bring such severe &
  rapid changes to the ecology of
  southern Ontario? What about this
  ecology aided in this process?
» Why was the history of areas north of
  the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence
  lowlands so different?

								
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