Jabir ibn Hayyan and development of chemistry in his time

Document Sample
Jabir ibn Hayyan and development of chemistry in his time Powered By Docstoc
					  Jabir ibn Hayyan development of chemistry in his time

Abu Abdullah Jabir bin Abdullah al-Azdi sign of an Iranian Muslim, no
different from the wombs of Azd attributed was told that it was said of
Superficial Gamd Given the prevalence of Hayyan name at that time
between these two tribes and the most famous Kufi Hayyan Albargi Taabi'i
and narrator. Excelled in the science of chemistry, astronomy, engineering,
metallurgy, philosophy, medicine, pharmacy, and is Jabir ibn Hayyan first
.of March, practical chemistry
Born on the months novels in in 101 AH / 721 AD It was also 117 AH /
737 AD Arab world have varied stories to locate his birth, it is historians
who say that he was born in the island on the Euphrates in eastern Syria,
and some say that the origin of the city of Harran of the work
Mesopotamia in Syria. Perhaps this association due to the similarity in
names Fjibr attributed to Al-Andalus is the Arabic astronomer Al Jaber
succeeded, who was born in Seville and lived in the twelfth century AD.
.Some go to that he was born in the city of Tus acts of Khorasan in Iran.
At the beginning of the tenth century AD, the identity and the work of
Jabir Ibn Hayyan to be highly controversial in Muslim circles. Known as
the Christian West (Latin: Geber), causing great controversy because of the
writings in the thirteenth century was written in Latin in chemistry and
."Almitalogia, for an unknown writer was signed on behalf of "Geber

It is noteworthy Father George Kanawati that Jabra moved to the Arabian
Peninsula after the death of his father, when he was young, where he
studied the Koran, mathematics, and he went Ibn al-Nadim in the Index to
the difference on the ratio of Jabir to the Shiites or Baramkeh or
philosophers, but there are those who deny ever existed, so it should a
reservation on attributed to the Sabeans. Though originally from Khorasan
.has lived most of his life in Kufa
Started chemistry fairy is based on the legends worn, where seized the idea
of turning base metals to precious metals because the scientists in the
cultures pre-Islamic civilization they think metal Almntriqh such as gold,
silver, copper, iron, lead and tin than one type, and that the variability
stems from the heat, cold, drought, humidity, underlying the symptoms of
a variable (relative to the theory of the four elements, fire, air, water and
soil), so you can convert these metals from each other by a third substance
Elixir. With this in mind imagine some scientists earlier civilizations of the
Islamic civilization it is possible to create the elixir of life or the stone of
wisdom which removes the ills of life and prolong life

Examples Todhristihaly various tests and tools used by Jabir ibn Hayyan
Some scientists have been affected by the Arabs and early Muslims Kjibr
ibn Hayyan, Abu Bakr al-Razi theory of the four elements that he
inherited the Arab and Muslim scholars from Greece, but they have
accurate scientific study; this study led to the development and application
of scientific method in the experimental field of experimental sciences.
Trying to find out the validity of the theory of the four elements have
helped scientists Arabs and Muslims to stand on a very large number of
chemicals, as well as knowledge of some chemical reactions, so to Muslim
scholars thanks to the development of the discovery of some chemical
processes simple, such as: Altkotairwaltsama and filtration] and
Althblorwalmelgma] and Alteixeid. With these simple operations could
geniuses of science in the field of chemistry for the invention of machines a
variety of scientific experiments which led the scientists to the modern era
of space conquest

Some of the achievements of Ibn Hayyan
This is a list simple and concise about some of the achievements of Jabir Ibn
:Hayyan of Science in Chemistry
.(Find a "caustic soda" or Alqtron (NaOH •
.The first gold of conjuring water •
First to introduce the method of separating the gold from the silver •
.solution by acids. Which is the predominant method to this day
.First to discover nitric acid •
.First to discover hydrochloric acid •
.Self-Baltold thought •
Johreinn added to the four elements, namely Greece (sulfur and mercury) •
.(and the Arabs added a third substance (salt
.First discovered by sulfuric acid and was named oil of vitriol •
Access improvements to the methods of evaporation, filtering, and fusion •
.and crystallization and distillation
able to prepare a lot of chemicals Xlved mercury and arsine oxide •
.((arsenious oxide
succeeded in developing the first method of distillation in the world. •
Have invented the distillation apparatus is used when a glass has a long
suppression is still known today in the West as "Alembic" from "Alombaiq"
in Arabic. Has been able to Jabir ibn Hayyan to improve the quality of glass
.This tool mixes manganese dioxide
.making paper is combustible •
.explain in detail how to prepare arsenic and antimony •
Written by
.Secrets of chemistry •
.the end of the workmanship •
.the assets of chemistry •
.aware of the Commission •
.Mercy •
.small yeasts •
"Fund of Wisdom" •
"Book of the King" •
Certificates of Western
That Jabir ibn Hayyan, who is laying the foundations for the scientific
chemistry of modern and contemporary, and saw so many of the scholars of
.the West
Berthelot Berthelot said of him: "The Chemistry Jaber in what Aristotle in
And said that the English philosopher Francis Bacon: (The Jabir ibn
Hayyan was the first knowledge of the chemistry of the world, is Abu
According to Max Meyerhof: the evolution of chemistry can be traced
back in Europe to Jabir Ibn Hayyan directly. The greatest proof of this is
.that a lot of terms created by still used in various European languages
We have deliberately Jabir ibn Hayyan on experience in research, and
secure it firmly. He recommends his disciples, saying: "The first duty to
work and conduct experiments, because it does not function experiments
are not up to the lowest ranks of perfection. You my son to experience up
".to knowledge