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Conservation Effects

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					U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service                  Conservation Effects Worksheet
Name:         Windbreak Project                         Address:                                                                     OPID No.                          Field or Tract No.:
Resource Setting:                                                   Resource Problems Before Treatment:                              Benchmark Description:
Land Use : Potatoes/Grain/Alfalfa              MLRA :               Soil: wind erosion is severe on fields that have                 Enterprise : Potato/Alfalfa/Grain
Soils: Erosive; Sandy Loams; Deep - 60 inches; T is 2 to 5          been cultivated for spring planting of potatoes or sugar beets   Location : Butte Valley, Klamath Basin, Tulelake Basin
tons per acre; Windbreak Suitability Group is 6K; I Value is
134; C Value is 30; Moisture subgroup is C.
Wind : Blows from south, southwest and southeast; Critical
period is March 1st to May 1st.                                                                                                      Description of Treatment Option:
Animals : Deer, ground squirrels, antelope, rabbits.
Threatened and Endangered Species: Include Swenson
Hawk and Golden Eagle.
Other : Highway - county road borders field


                       Benchmark Conditions                                                            Effects                                                    Impacts
                                                                                    (Effects of continuing the benchmark system)         Comparison of Effects of Benchmark and Treatment Option
Management                                                            Natural Resource Effects
Irrigation and Water                                                  Soil: Soil erosion exceeds "T"
Irrigation well pumps groundwater from 200 to 500 feet;               Sediment:
Combination of wheel lines on alfalfa and solid set sprinklers
on potatoes and grain; system is installed right after planting
on May 1st; uses a mainline feed line
Crop Rotation
Minimum of 5 years of alfalfa with a potato-spring
grain-potato-spring grain 9 year rotation
Pest Program
Ground rig spraying of herbicide, fumigants and insecticides          Economic Effects
Limited control of ground squirrels                                   On-site Damages -
Weeds controlled are broadleaf
Vapam (potato fumigant) kills all plants within 3 feet from
application; also uses T-Rone? and ?
Timing
Fields coming out of alfalfa that are south of target field will
blow sand and damage newly planted crops
Crop Field Improvements
Limited fence; no fixtures besides well and pump
Some fields have center pivot irrigation systems
Road System
combination of county and farm roads surround most fields
Field Size
80 acres




U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service                           Conservation Effects Worksheet -Page 2
Name:                              Address:                                                                                          OPID No.                        Field or Tract No.:
Resource Setting:                                                     Resource Problems Before Treatment:                            Benchmark Description:
                     See page 1                              See page 1                                          See page 1
                      Actions                                 Effects                                              Impacts
            (Kinds, Amounts, and Timing)   (Effects of continuing the benchmark system)   Comparison of Effects of Benchmark and Treatment Option




Comments:
U.S. Department of Agriculture                        Conservation Treatment Information
Soil Conservation Service                             Land Use: Alfalfa/Grain/Potato rotation on HEL ground
Field Office:                                                          Resource Setting:
Conservation Treatment:
Alternative 1 : most "technically complete and correct" windbreak
system



Resource Problems Before Treatment: (see accompanying guidance documents for additional information)




                                 Actions                                                                 Effects
(Kinds, Amounts, and Timing; I.D. existing and proposed)                                   (Effects of Conservation Treatment)
RMS Option 1.                                                          Natural Resource Effects




Comments:
       The use of brand names does not constitute an endorsement by NRCS                                                NRCS CA OCTOBER 1993
U.S. Department of Agriculture                                 Conservation Treatment Information - Page 2
Soil Conservation Service                                      Grazing Land; Western Sacramento Valley foothills
                                     Actions                                                                        Effects
(Kinds, Amounts, and Timing; I.D. existing and proposed)                                             (Effects of Conservation Treatment)
RMS Option 2:                                                                   RMS Option 2:
Planned Grazing System:                                                         Natural Resource Effects
       - increase animal units by 50%; allow 10
       days grazing per paddock with a 60 to                                    Economic Effects
       90 day resting period                                                    Costs:
Proper Grazing Use:                                                                    Fencing
                                                                                Installation:
       Leave 750 #'s residue by October 1                                               Well, tank, pipe, troughs
Fencing:                                                                                Seeding (200 acres)
       - create 12 grazing cells using 7 miles of                               Total
       high tensile, electric fence                                             Operating and Maintenance:
Water Development:
       - install 10,000 gallon tank, well, 1 mile                               Benefits:
       pipeline and 6 troughs                                                   Herd size will double and beef output may also double.
Deferred Grazing:                                                               Gross revenue should double.
       - use a 60-90 day deferred grazing period                                One year payback on capital investment
       during season
Range Seeding:                                                                  Social Effects
       - plant perennials on loamy and clay                                      - More active management will be needed by the rancher.
       loamy sites                                                               -More labor and family assistance may be needed.
                                                                                 - Better compliance with government rules and regulations
                                                                                may reduce long term costs of production (compared
                                                                                to less flexible restrictions on management practices)
                                                                                - Local rural economy may be sustained


RMS Option 3                                                                    RMS Option 3
Planned Grazing System including                                                Natural Resource Effects
       - Proper Grazing Use                                                     Economic Effects
       - Deferred Grazing                                                       Costs
       - Better water distribution                                                     Fencing
                                                                                Installation:
       - Fencing                                                                        Well, tank, pipe, troughs
       - Increase water development from 2 to 4                                         Seeding (200 acres)
       pastures                                                                 Benefits:
                                                                                 - Increases herd size by 10% and weaning weights by 50 #'s
                                                                                 - Increases recreational opportunities such as hunting
                                                                                 - Diversifies land use management and reduces risk
                                                                                 - Reduces the need for regulatory actions that would




                                                                                increase the cost of production
Comments:


       The use of brand names does not constitute an endorsement by the SCS                                              SCS, CA OCTOBER 1993
U.S. Department of Agriculture                                   Conservation Treatment Information - Page 3
Soil Conservation Service                                        Grazing Land; Western Sacramento Valley foothills
                                     Actions                                                                         Effects
(Kinds, Amounts, and Timing; I.D. existing and proposed)                                             (Effects of Conservation Treatment)




                                                                                  Social Effects
                                                                                   - More intensive management will require an education
                                                                                  and extension program
                                                                                   - Breaking traditional management methods will require
                                                                                  special marketing programs
                                                                                   - Landowner/landuser disputes may increase
RMS Option 4
Spring Development                                                                RMS Option 4
        - Spring box, 600' pipeline, 1000 gallon                                  Natural Resource Effects
       tank, 2 - 180 gallon troughs,
Livestock Exclusion
        - 1/2 acre fenced out with 2 strand barbwire
       and hog fence
Critical Area Treatment
        - treat 1.5 acres, plant 5 # red clover and
        10 # Blando Brome; mulch with 1 ton straw
       apply 200 #s of 16-20-0 fertilizer
Planned Grazing System
        - includes Proper Grazing Use, Deferred




       Grazing
     - includes fencing and development of
     32 pastures


Comments:


     The use of brand names does not constitute an endorsement by the SCS   SCS, CA OCTOBER 1993
n Treatment)
CS CA OCTOBER 1993




n Treatment)




               Low
                     12000
                      8000
                     20000




by the rancher.


s and regulations




weights by 50 #'s
S, CA OCTOBER 1993




n Treatment)




               $
S, CA OCTOBER 1993

				
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