REAL MEANING OF A TEXT
40 Days In The Word – Part 5 February 26, 2012
Pastor Mark Schwarzbauer Family Worship Center
Intro: Don’t you hate it when people say “you said…” and
you know that’s NOT what you said? Or they take what you
said and twist it around or take you out of context and use it
against you. Sometimes it is just poor communication.
Other times it’s intentional. You are not alone. People do it
to God all the time! So today we will look at how to really
understand the meaning of a Bible Text for yourself!
Text: Luke 6:37-38 37 “Judge not, and you shall not be
judged. Condemn not, and you shall not be condemned.
Forgive, and you will be forgiven. 38 Give, and it will be
given to you: good measure, pressed down, shaken together,
and running over will be put into your bosom. For with the
same measure that you use, it will be measured back to you.”
Part One: Principles for Accurate Interpretation
I. Context, Context and Context… affects the meaning
of your words.
A. Literary context…
1. Read what is before and after.
2. Watch for metaphors and other figures of speech
(pulling my leg).
B. Historical context…
1. Words change over time (gay, manufacture).
2. The word “pin” has over 60 different meanings!
A short stiff piece of wire with a sharp point
A baker's rolling pin
A button or broach
A bowling pin
A takedown in wrestling
An ID number for your credit card
A flagpole in the hole at a golfcourse
VERBS To fix the blame for a crime
3. Consider the historical setting – what’s going on?
C. Geographical context… words can mean
different things in different places (bubbler vs. water
II. The Two Steps in Hermeneutics…
1. Step One: What did it mean to the original
2. Step Two: How does that meaning apply to you
III. Last week we learned about the 4 parts to Bible
Study: Observation: What does it say?
Interpretation: What does it mean?
Correlation: What other verses explain it?
Application; What will I DO about it?
IV. Today we will take that further as we look deeper into
Interpretation & Correlation
Part Two: Judge Not.
I. Observation: What does it say?
A. Who is speaking? Jesus to disciples.
B. Historical context- Gadara?
1. Luke 6:17 NOT the Sermon on the Mount, similar
as He spoke to different audiences (no recordings-
town to town Luke 4:42-44), on a “level place” and
“standing” vs. “sitting”
2. Talking to His disciples, Vs. 20.
C. Literary Context…
1. The verse before 37 (vs. 36) says “be merciful.”
2. The verse after (vs. 38) talks about “giving.
D. Geographical context- Galilee and region of Gadara.
1. Big contrast rich and poor – judged socially.
2. Persecution ~ put downs “can any good thing
come out of Galilee.” The audience knows what
it’s like to be criticized, condemned.
G. The Key words in 37&38… Judge not, Condemn
not, Forgive, Give.
1. Two things to NOT do and two things to DO.
2. These are replacement behaviors and go together.
II. Interpretation: What does it mean? What did it
mean to the people it was originally spoken to…
A.We have to be careful to not read into it our current
1. Modern errant view “the Bible says you can’t judge
anybody for anything.”
2. Post modern society.
a. (I have told you to use your mind- never check
your mind in at the door).
b. “You can’t judge” is A JUDGMENT!
c. “You can’t judge because there is no such thing as
right or wrong, it’s all relative…” (Self -
contradicting statement ~ apply the statement to
the statement). The statement can’t be right if
there is no such thing!
d. “There are no absolutes” IS AN ABSOLUTE!
B. Reading your own ideas in is called “Eisegesis” and
you can make the Bible say whatever you want!
C. Exegesis – getting the meaning “out of” the text.
1. What did the speaker intend?
2. What did it mean to the people it was originally
III. “Judge” The Greek word (krinete).
A. To separate.
B. Exercise judgment on = criticize, or treat people
with a critical spirit.
III. Correlation: What other verses explain it?
A. In the Scriptures God is known for His "righteous
B. John 5:30.
1. Based upon Father's will.
2. Unrighteous judgment is self-willed.
C. John 7:24 ~ “Do not judge according to appearance,
but judge with righteous judgment.”
1. We are called to judge righteous judgment ~
God’s loving view- not wanting to perish.
2. Not according to appearance, man's perspectives,
with a critical spirit.
3. Romans 1:18-32 (We are not to excuse sin as
D. So there is “righteous” good judgment and bad or
“unrighteous” judgment that pushes people away and
condemns them (often for the very thing we are guilty
Part Three: Condemn Not.
I. Greek word for “condemn” (katadikadzete).
A. To give judgment against.
B. Condemn- put down in value.
C. Used against people.
II. The spirit of condemnation.
A. Putting people down.
C. Ungodly discrimination.
D. Walking in self-righteousness.
III. Reaping what you sow.
A. Damaging relationships.
B. Consider how others are treating you...
It often reflects how you are treating others!
IV. Laws of reciprocity are here.
V. Now Paraphrase to express your understanding…
My paraphrase of 36-38… “Take it easy on people.
Stop being critical and putting people down. Instead, let go
of personal offenses and people won’t hold things against
you either. Be the person who builds people up and people
will reciprocate heaping all kinds of appreciation
overflowing back on you. The kind of treatment you dish
out to other people is what will come back to you.”
Part Four: Application- What will you do about it?
I. Application; What will I DO about it?
II. Spacepets… Sin to confess? Promise to claim? Attitude
to change? Command to obey?
Example to follow? Prayer to pray? Error to avoid? Truth to
believe? Something to praise God for?
III. Step two: how will you apply this in your relationships?
IV. Real results come from real change which starts with
honest assessment and genuine commitment that you follow
We have learned how to exegete instead of eisegete.
We have practiced another skill.
Now we need to apply the lesson.