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Indo-Europeans

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					 Indo-Europeans
Indo-European origins and the
          Aryans
           Indo-Europeans
► The Indo-Europeans (IE) were first noticed
 by a British Jesuit in the 16th C
    - noticed a remarkable similarity between
    European and Indian languages

▪Devah / Dio  God
● sarpah / serpe  snake
       Indo-European spread
► IElanguages
1500 BC




► IElanguages
   500 BC
          Indo-European spread
► IE   languages circa 500 AD
        Indo-European Spread
► Countriesin green are countries whose languages
  have been based or influenced by Indo-Europeans
         Indo-European lifestyle
     we know about the IE comes from
► What
 comparative linguistic and cultural studies

► Nota lot of archeological evidence, most
 are widely accepted hypothesis's
         Indo-European lifestyle
► Patriarchal,   hereditary society

► Semi-nomadic      (had some animal domestication)

► Polytheistic   (practiced sacrificial rites)

► Operated   on a Caste system of social
hierarchy
                     Aryans
► Aryans are an ethnic description of proto-Indo-
  Iranians

► Name  “Aryan” derived from Sanskrit for “noble” or
  “honorable”

► Not to be confused with Nazi claims of “Aryan
 Race”
► Indo-European Aryans ≠blonde hair, blue eyes,
 fair-skinned
Migration of Aryans
► Hittites   are the major power in Anatolia and
  the West

► Aryans become the major power East of the
  caucus mountains

► We  have no real archaeological evidence
  from the Aryans, most info is taken from
  sacred text the Vedas
► Religious text   Vedas provides us with a
 picture of Aryan life
    Vedas also a major Hindu sacred text

► Aryans were militarily successful, but did not
 leave a lasting cultural impact
    Aryans adopted their culture from the
    places they conquered
           Aryan Caste System

► Caste:a rigid class system based on hereditary
  background

► No way to move up in class structure, stuck in
  caste for life

► Determines: work/careers, potential spouses, who
  you can dine with, ect…
          Aryan Caste System
► 1. Brahmins (priests)
► 2. Warriors
► 3. landowners and
  wealthy merchants
► 4. peasants and
  regular traders
► 5. untouchables (those
  who do not fit into any
  other caste, lowest of
  low)
             Aryan migration
► Aryans   expanded their empire East

► Aryanseventually migrate into India, and
 mix with the population
   Indo-Iranian > Indo-Aryan

   Mahabarata tells the story of Aryan kings
    struggles in conquering and controlling India

				
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