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Nutrients

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									   Nutrients
Nutrients for Your Body
6 Major Classes of Nutrients
Water – “The” essential for all body functions
Carbohydrates – “go” foods
Fats – “go” foods
Proteins – “grow” foods
Vitamins – “glow” foods
Minerals – “glow” foods
         Carbohydrates
          “GO” Foods
“The main source of energy”
Two types of Carbohydrates:
– Simple Carbohydrates
– Complex Carbohydrates
 Sources of Carbohydrates
    Simple        Complex
Carbohydrates   Carbohydrates

Found In:       Found In:
– Fruits        – Bread
– Milks         – Rice
– Table Sugar   – Pasta
            Proteins
         “GROW” Foods
“essential for the growth and repair of
body cells”
Made of Amino Acids
  Amino Acids in Proteins
Amino Acids are chains of building
blocks that make up proteins.

Your body can manufacture some Amino
Acids.

Essential Amino Acids, can’t be made by
your body and must come from the food
you eat.
  Complete and Incomplete
          Proteins
Complete Proteins:



Incomplete Proteins:
     Complete and Incomplete
         Protein Sources

Complete Proteins   Incomplete Proteins

Found In:           Found In:
–   Meat             – Dry Beans
–   Fish             – Nuts
–   Poultry          – Grains
–   Milk
–   Cheese
–   Eggs
               Fats
            “GO” Foods
“Another source of energy”
 Your body depends on fat cells for
energy storage and protection against
temperature changes.
Fat also carry certain vitamins in your
bloodstream and help you skin stay
healthy.
       Sources of Fats
Found In:
– Butter
– Red Meat
– Cheese
            Vitamins
         “GLOW” Foods
 “substances that help regulate body
functions”
Vitamins help your body use other
nutrients and fight infection, among
other things.
Some vitamins dissolve in water, and
some vitamins only dissolve in fat
droplets.
        Vitamins (cont.)
 Water Soluble          Fat Soluble
    Vitamins             Vitamins

Vitamins C and the   Vitamins A, D, E, and
B-Complex Vitamins   K
Must be replaced     May be stored by
every day            the body for longer
                     periods of time
       Sources of Vitamins
Found In:
–   Fruits
–   Leafy Green Vegetables
–   Whole Grain Breads
–   Some Meats
            Minerals
         “GLOW” Foods
 “elements that help your body work
properly”
Calcium and phosphorus, for example,
strengthen bones, keep muscles healthy,
and help your heart beat regularly.
Several Minerals allow the body to use
other types of nutrients.
       Sources of Minerals
Found In:
–   Milk
–   Meats
–   Dried Beans
–   Vegetables
–   Fruits
–   And Whole-Grain Cereals
           Water
      “THE ESSENTIAL”
“essential to life”
Carries nutrients throughout your body
It helps with digestion, removes waste,
and cools you off.
 Which of the six nutrients is
 most likely to be lacking in a
        meatless diet?
How could someone who wanted
  to avoid meat make up for
      missing nutrients?
       QUIZ
Know 6 Nutrients and
 2 Sources of each.

September 21st, 2009

								
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