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Massachusetts State Flag State Flower The Mayflower State Insect The Ladybug State Bird The black-capped chickadee is the state bird of Massachusetts. Massachusetts The Land Rocky Land The first Englishmen who settled here were not happy with the land because: there were big rocks everywhere. the only crop that seemed to grow was the cranberry. Because of this, many people took to the sea to make a living. Today, both cranberries and fishing are important businesses here. Cape Cod A cape is a point of land that juts out into a large body of water. Cape Cod looks like a great arm that curves out toward the sea. You can find many sandy beaches on the coasts of Cape Cod. Cape Ann There is another cape in Massachusetts. It is called Cape Ann. See if you can locate it on the map. Mountains In the western part of the state you will find the Berkshire Mountains. People call them the “purple hills” because the hills seem to turn purple at dawn and dusk when the fog settles in. The Islands An island is land surrounded by water on all sides. Some islands that are part of Massachusetts are: Martha’s Vineyard Nantucket Elizabeth Islands Try to find them all on the map. Massachusetts Bodies of Water Bays A bay is water surrounded by land on three sides. Massachusetts has three well-known bays: Cape Cod Bay Buzzards Bay Massachusetts Bay Try to find them all on the map. Quabbin Reservoir A reservoir is a lake made by people. The Quabbin stores water for many people. It is located in the middle part of the state. Connecticut River Farms are spread along both sides of the river. In the late 1800s, people built mills along the river and made paper from logs that were floated down from Vermont each spring. Charles River The Charles River is a river in Massachusetts. It travels through 22 cities and towns in eastern Massachusetts, from Hopkinton to Boston on the Atlantic Ocean. By the 19th century, the Charles River was one of the most industrialized areas in the United States. Its hydropower soon fueled many mills and factories People Use Rivers Water is very important to us because all living things use water. A long time ago, rivers made transportation easier. It was easier to float down a river than to make a road. In the past, rushing water was used to power Water Power Diagram machines. Today, many people use water for fun. They can go: Swimming Boating Rafting Fishing River Rafting Massachusetts Natural Resources Natural Resources are things found in nature that people use. Forests Forests are homes to many animals. People hike and camp in forests. People cut down trees and use the wood to make: Homes Furniture Toys Paper Water Massachusetts borders the Atlantic Ocean. People use the ocean to find: Fish Shellfish Lobster Clams Cod Sea Scallops Flounder Haddock Sea Scallops Lobster Boat in the Atlantic Ocean Haddock Soil Some places in Massachusetts have very good soil for farming. Farmers grow: Cranberry Bog Apples Potatoes Corn Cranberries And more Apples Minerals Massachusetts has many minerals that people use. Some of these minerals include: Sand Gravel Crushed Stone Gravel Massachusetts Animals Animals in the Ocean Lobsters live near the water’s shore near Cape Cod. Cod Cod and salmon swim farther out to sea. For part of the year you can see whales in the ocean. Whale Animals on the Land Common animals for this area include: Chipmunks Squirrels Raccoon Deer Skunks And More… Massachusetts Famous People Captain John Smith John Smith was an explorer from England. He helped to settle Virginia. He gave Massachusetts its name. He believed Massachusetts was the most beautiful land in the world. Theodore Seuss Geisel Better known as Dr. Seuss, Theodore Seuss Geisel was born in Springfield, MA. He wanted to make learning fun, so he wrote books that teach children how to read in a fun way. Some of his books include: The Cat in the Hat Green Eggs and Ham The Grinch Who Stole Christmas Johnny Appleseed An American pioneer born as John Chapman, he became a folk hero by planting apple trees from New England to the Ohio River Valley. Massachusetts Important Towns/Cities Boston Boston is the capital city of Massachusetts. It is where the leaders of our state meet to make laws. Some interesting things to do in Boston include: riding the swan boats at the Public Garden. ice skating at Frog Pond. seeing a baseball game at Fenway Park. Worcester Worcester is the second largest city in New England after Boston. Worcester has many factories that make many different things, including: Farm equipment Roller Skates Shredded Wheat New Bedford In the 1800s, New Bedford was one of the world’s greatest whaling ports. A port is a place where boats can dock. Today, many people visit the New Bedford Whaling Museum. Many of New Bedford’s people work in factories that make textiles (cloth), electrical machines, rubber products, and metal goods.
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