Massachusetts

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					Massachusetts
State Flag
State Flower




           The Mayflower
State Insect




               The Ladybug
State Bird


   The black-capped
chickadee is the state
bird of Massachusetts.
Massachusetts


   The Land
Rocky Land
 The first Englishmen who
  settled here were not happy
  with the land because:
    there were big rocks
     everywhere.
    the only crop that seemed to
     grow was the cranberry.

 Because of this, many
  people took to the sea to
  make a living.
 Today, both cranberries and
  fishing are important
  businesses here.
Cape Cod
 A cape is a point of land
  that juts out into a large
  body of water.
 Cape Cod looks like a
  great arm that curves
  out toward the sea.
 You can find many
  sandy beaches on the
  coasts of Cape Cod.
Cape Ann
            There is another
             cape in
             Massachusetts. It is
             called Cape Ann.

            See if you can
             locate it on the map.
Mountains
 In the western part of
  the state you will find
  the Berkshire
  Mountains.
 People call them the
  “purple hills” because
  the hills seem to turn
  purple at dawn and
  dusk when the fog
  settles in.
The Islands

               An   island is land
                 surrounded by water on all
                 sides.

               Some islands that are part of
                 Massachusetts are:
                   Martha’s Vineyard
                   Nantucket
                   Elizabeth Islands

               Try to find them all on the
                 map.
Massachusetts


 Bodies of Water
Bays
 A   bay is water surrounded
   by land on three sides.

 Massachusetts has three
   well-known bays:
     Cape Cod Bay
     Buzzards Bay
     Massachusetts Bay

 Try to find them all on the
   map.
Quabbin Reservoir

A   reservoir is a
  lake made by
  people.
 The Quabbin stores
  water for many
  people.
 It is located in the
  middle part of the
  state.
Connecticut River
                Farms are spread along
                 both sides of the river.
                In the late 1800s,
                 people built mills along
                 the river and made
                 paper from logs that
                 were floated down from
                 Vermont each spring.
Charles River
 The Charles River is a river
   in Massachusetts.
 It travels through 22 cities
   and towns in eastern
   Massachusetts, from
   Hopkinton to Boston on the
   Atlantic Ocean.
 By the 19th century, the
   Charles River was one of the
   most industrialized areas in
   the United States.
 Its hydropower soon fueled
   many mills and factories
 People Use Rivers
 Water is very important to us
   because all living things use
   water.
 A long time ago, rivers made
   transportation easier. It was
   easier to float down a river
   than to make a road.
 In the past, rushing water
   was used to power               Water Power Diagram
   machines.
 Today, many people use
   water for fun. They can go:
     Swimming
     Boating
     Rafting
     Fishing
                                       River Rafting
         Massachusetts


          Natural Resources

Natural Resources are things found in
nature that people use.
Forests
   Forests are homes to many
    animals.

   People hike and camp in
    forests.

   People cut down trees and
    use the wood to make:
     Homes
     Furniture
     Toys
     Paper
Water
                                      Massachusetts borders the
                                       Atlantic Ocean.
                                      People use the ocean to
                                       find:
                                           Fish
                                           Shellfish
                                           Lobster
                                           Clams
                                           Cod            Sea Scallops

                                           Flounder
                                           Haddock
                                           Sea Scallops


Lobster Boat in the Atlantic Ocean                         Haddock
Soil
 Some places in
  Massachusetts have
  very good soil for
  farming. Farmers grow:   Cranberry Bog

      Apples
      Potatoes
      Corn
      Cranberries
      And more



                              Apples
Minerals
                Massachusetts has
                many minerals that
                people use. Some
                of these minerals
                include:
                    Sand
                    Gravel
                    Crushed Stone
      Gravel
Massachusetts


   Animals
Animals in the Ocean
               Lobsters live near
                the water’s shore
                near Cape Cod.
     Cod       Cod and salmon
                swim farther out to
                sea.
               For part of the year
                you can see whales
                in the ocean.
     Whale
Animals on the Land
 Common animals
 for this area include:
   Chipmunks
   Squirrels
   Raccoon
   Deer
   Skunks
   And More…
Massachusetts


 Famous People
Captain John Smith
 John Smith was an
  explorer from England.
 He helped to settle
  Virginia.
 He gave Massachusetts
  its name.
 He believed
  Massachusetts was the
  most beautiful land in
  the world.
Theodore Seuss Geisel
               Better known as Dr. Seuss,
                Theodore Seuss Geisel was
                born in Springfield, MA.
               He wanted to make learning
                fun, so he wrote books that
                teach children how to read in
                a fun way.
               Some of his books include:
                  The Cat in the Hat
                  Green Eggs and Ham
                  The Grinch Who Stole
                   Christmas
Johnny Appleseed
             An American pioneer
                  born as John
             Chapman, he became
             a folk hero by planting
             apple trees from New
              England to the Ohio
                  River Valley.
 Massachusetts


Important Towns/Cities
Boston
 Boston is the capital city
  of Massachusetts.
 It is where the leaders
  of our state meet to
  make laws.
 Some interesting things
  to do in Boston include:
      riding the swan boats at
       the Public Garden.
      ice skating at Frog Pond.
      seeing a baseball game
       at Fenway Park.
Worcester
             Worcester is the second
              largest city in New
              England after Boston.
             Worcester has many
              factories that make
              many different things,
              including:
                  Farm equipment
                  Roller Skates
                  Shredded Wheat
New Bedford
   In the 1800s, New Bedford was
    one of the world’s greatest
    whaling ports.

   A port is a place where boats
    can dock.

   Today, many people visit the
    New Bedford Whaling Museum.

   Many of New Bedford’s people
    work in factories that make
    textiles (cloth), electrical
    machines, rubber products, and
    metal goods.

				
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